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your fires !

Dun. Welcome hither :

tille, before, these weird sisters saluted me, and refer. I have begun to plant thee, and will labour red me to the coming on of time, with, Hail, king that To make thee full of growing.'-Noble Banquo, shalt be! This have I thought good to deliver thee, That hast no less deserv'd, nor must be known my dearest partner of greatness ; that thou mightest No less to have done so, let me enfold thee, not lose the dues of rejoicing, by being ignorant of And hold thee to my heart.

what greatness is promised thee. Lay it to thy heart, Ban.

There if I grow,

and farewell. The harvest is your own.

Glamis thou art, and Cawdor; and shalt be Dun.

My plenteous joys, What thou art promis'd :-Yet do I fear thy nature, Wanion in fulness, seek to hide ihemselves It is too full o' the milk of human kindness, In drops of sorrow.2—Sons, kinsmen, thanes, To catch the nearest way: Thou would'st be great; And you whose places are the nearest, know, Art not without ambition; but without We will establish our estate upon

The illness should attend it. What thou would'st Our eldest, Malcolm; whom we name hereafter,

highly, The prince of Cumberland :' which honour must That would'st thou holily; would'st not play false, Not, unaccompanied, invest him only,

And yet would'st wrongly win; thou’dst hare, great But signs of nobleness, like stars, shall shine

Glamis, On all deservers.-From hence to Inverness, That which cries, Thus thou must do, if thou have it: And bind us further to you.

And that which rather thou dost few to do, Macb. The rest is labour, which is not us’d for Than uishest should be undone." Hie thee hither you :

That I may pour my spirits in thine ear;:
I'll be myself the harbinger, and make joyful And chastise with the valour of my tongue
The hearing of my wife with your approach; All that impedes thee from the golden round,
So, humbly take my leave.

Which fate and metaphysical aid doth seem
Dun.

My worthy Cawdor! To have thee crown'd withal. -What is your Mach. The prince of Cumberland !--That is a tidings? step,

Enter an Attendant. On which I must fall down, or else o'erleap,

[ Aside.

Attend. The king comes here to-night. For in my way it lies. Stars, hide

Lały M.

Thou’rt mad to say it: Let not light see my black and deep desires :

Is not thy master with him ? who, wer't so,

Would have inform'd for preparation.
The cye wink at the hand! yet let that be,
Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see. (Erit.

Aulend. So please you, it is true ; our thane is Dun. True, worthy Banquo; he is full.so valiant;*

coming : And in his commendations' I am fed ;

One of my fellows had the speed of him ; It is a banquet to me. Let us after him,

Who, almost dead for breath, had scarcely more Whose care is gone before to bid us welcome:

Than would make up his message. It is a peerless kinsman. (Flourish. Ereunt. Lady M.

Give him tending,

He brings great news. The raven himself is hoarse, SCENE V. Inverness. A Room in Macbeth's

(Erit Attendant. Castle. Enter LADY Macbeth, reading a Letter. That croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan

Under my battlements. Come, come, you spirits Lady M. They met me in the day of success; and That tend on mortal'o thoughts, unsex me here; I have learned by the perfectest report, they have And fill me, from the crown to the toe, top-full more in them than mortal knowledge. When I burned of direst cruelty! make thick my blood, in desire to question them further, they made themselves-air, into which they vanished. Whiles I stood Stop up the access and passage to remorse;

That no compunctious visitings of nature rapt in the wonder of it, came missives from the

fell purpose, nor keep peace between king, who all-hailed me, Thane of Cawdor; by which

The effect, and it!! Come to my woman's breasts, muge, which when done to a subject was always ac. 7 Thou would'st have that [i. e. the crown) wbuh companied with a saving clause-sauls le foy que jeo cries unto thee, thou must do thus, if thou woud's doy a nostre seignor le roy;' which he thinks suits well have it, and thou must do that which rather,' &c. The with the situation of Macbeth, now beginning to waver dilliculty of this passage in Italics seems to have arisca in his allegiance. Malone and Steevens scem to favour from is not having been considered as all uuered by this explanation : but safe may merely mean respect. the object of Macbeth's ambition. Malone is the achar ful, loyul; like the old French word sauf. Shakspeare of this regulation, and furnished the explanation. has used the old French phrase, sauf votre honneur,

8. That I may pour my spirits in thine ear.' So la several times in King Henry V.

Lord Sterline's Julius Cæsar, 1607: 1 i. e. exuberant.

Thou in my bosom used to pour thy spright" 2 In drops of sorrow.'

9. Which fate and metaphysical aid,' &c. ij. e. sulachrymas non sponte cadentes ffudit, gemitusque expressit pectore læto;

pernatural aid.

We find metaphysics expiaised

things supernatural in the old dictionaries. "To hare on aliter manifesta potens abscondere mentis

thee cround,' is to desire that you should be crown d. Gaudia, quam lachrymis.' Lucan, lib. ix.

10 That tend on mortal thoughts.” Mortal and deadly 3 Holinshed says, Duncan having two sons, &c. were synonymous in Shakspeare's time. In another he made the elder of them, called Malcolm, prince of part of this play we have the nortal sword,'and immer. Cumberland, as it was thereby to appoint him his suc. lal murders.? We have mortal war,' and maria! cessor in his kingdome immediatelir after his decease. hatred.' In Nashe's Pierce Pennilesse is a particular Macbeth sorely troubled herewith, for that he saw by description of the ye spirits, and of their othee. * The this means his hope sore hindered (where, hy he old second kind of devils, which he most employeth, are Taws of the realme the ortlinance was, that if he that those northern Martii, called the spirits of recenze, should succeed were not of able age to take the charge and the authors of massacres, and seedsmen of is upon himself, he that was next of blood unto him chief; for they have commission to incense med to should be admitted,) he began to take counsel how he rapines, sacrilege, theft, murder, wrath, fury, and a misht usurpe the kingdomne by force, having a just manner of cruelties: and they command certain of the quarrel so to doe (as he tooke the matter) for that Dun. southern spirits to wait upon them, as also great Arioch, cane did what in himn lay to defraud him of all manner that is termed the spirit of rerenge.' of title and claime, which he might in time to come pre- 11 Lady Macbeth's purpose was to be effected by tend, unto the crowne.'

action. 4. True, worthy Banquo,' &c. We must imagine pose," means in delay the execution of her purpose, ia

To keep peace between the effect and perthat while Macbeth was ullering the six preceding prevent its proceeding to effect.' Sir Wm. Dasena oras lives, Duncan and Banquo had been conferring apart. strange alteration of this play sometimes assorts a reaMacbeth's conduct appears to have been their subject; sonably good commentary upon it. Thus in the present and to some encomium supposed to have been bestowed instance: on him by Banquo, the reply of Duncan refers.

-make thick
5 The perfectest report is the best intelligence.
6 Missives, messengers.

My blood, stop all passage to remorse;
That no relapses into mercy may

Shake my

To cry,

shall put

compt, no

And take my milk for gall, you murd'ring ministers, Hath made his pendant bed, and procreant cradle : Wherever in your sightless substances

Where they most breed and haunt, I have observ'd,
You wait on nature's mischief! Come, thick night, The air is delicate.'
And pali' thee in the dunnest smoke of hell!

Enter LADY MACBETH.
That my keen knife see not the wound it makes ;
Nor heaven peep through the blanket of the dark, 2 Dun.

See, see ! our honour'd hostess !
Hou, hold ! Great Glamis ! worthy The love that follows us, sometime is our trouble,
Cawdor!

Which still we thank as love. Herein I teach you Enter MACBETH.

How you shall bid God yield us for your pains,

And thank us for your trouble. Greater than both, by the all-hail hereafter !

Lady M.

All our service, Thy letters have transported me beyond This ignorant present, and I feel now

In every point twice done, and then done double, The future in the instant.

Were poor and single business, to contend

Against those honours deep and broad, wherewith Macb.

My dearest love, Duncan comes here to-night.

Your majesty loads our house : For those of old, Lady M. And when goes hence? We rest your hermits."

And the late dignities heap'd up to them, Macb. To-morrow,-as he purposes.

Dun.

Where's the thane of Cawdor ? Lady M.

0, never We cours'd him at the heels, and had a purpose Shall sun that morrow see!

To be his purveyor: but he rides well : Your face, my thane, is as a book, where men

And his great love, sharp as his spur, hath holp him May read strange matters :-To beguile the time, To his home before us : Fair and noble hostess, Look like the time; bear welcome in your eye, We are your guest to-night. Your hand, your tongue : look like the innocent

Lady M.

Your servants ever flower, But be the serpent under it. He that's coming

Have theirs, themselves, and what is theirs, in Must be provided for: and you

To make their audit at your highness' pleasure, This night's great business into my despatch ;

Still to return your own. Which shall to all our nights and days to come Dun.

Give me your hand Give solely

sovereign sway and masterdom. Conduct me to mine host; we love him highly, Macb. We will speak further.

And shall continue our graces towards him. Lady M.

Only look up clear; By your leave, hostess. To alter favour' ever is to fear :

[Exeunt. Leave all the rest to me.

[Ereunt. SCENE VII. The same. A Room in the Castle. SCENE VI. The same. Before the Castle. Haut- Hautboys and Torches. Enter, and pass over the

boys. Servants of Macbeth atlending. Enter Stage, a Sewer," and divers Servanis with Dishes DUNCAN, MALCOLM, DONALBAIN, Banquo,

and Service. Then enter MACBETH. Lenox, MacduFF, Rosse, Angus, and Attend- Macb. If it were done, when 'tis done, then 'twero ants.

well Dun. This castle hath a pleasant seat:5 the air It were done quickly : If the assassination Nimbly and sweetly recommends itself

Could trammel up the consequence, and catch, Lnto our gentle senses.

With his surcease, success; that but this blow Ban. This guest of summer,

Might be the be-all and the end-all here, The temple-haunting martlet, does approve, But here, upon this bank and shoal of time,By his lov'd mansionry, that the heaven's breath We'd junip the life to come.12–But, in these cases, Smells wooingly here: no jutty, frieze,

We still have judgment here; that we but teach Buttress, nor coigne of vantage, but this bird Bloody instructions, which, being taught, return

To plague the inventor: This even-handed justice Shake my design, nor make it fall before 'Tis ripen'd to effect.'

8 The explanation by Steevens of this obscure pas. I To pall, from the Latin pallio, to wrap, to invest, sage seems the best which has been offered :- Marks to cover or hide as with a mantle or cloak.

of respect importunately shown are sometimes trouble2 Drayton, in his Mortimeriados, 1596, has an ex. some, though we are still bound to be grateful for them, pression resembling this :

as indications of sincere attachment. If you pray for us “The sullen night in mistie RUGGE is uprapp'd.' on account of the trouble we create in your house, and And in his Polyolbion, which was not published till 1612, thank is for the molestations we bring with us, it must we again find it :

be on such a principle. Herejn I teach you, that the "Thick vapours that like ruggs still hang the troubled inconvenience you suffer is the result of our affection;

and that you are therefore to pray for us, or thank us On this passage there is a long criticism in the Ram only as far as prayers and thanks can be deserved for bler, No. 169; to which Johnson in his notes refers the kindnesses that fatigue, and honours that oppress. You reader with much complacency.

are, in short, to make your acknowledgments for in. 3 1. e. beyond the present time, which is, according to tended respect and love, however irksome our present the process of nature, ignorant of the future.

mode of expressing them may have proved.'-- To bid is 4 Favour is countenance.

here used in the Saxon sense of to pray. God yield us, 5 i. e. situation.

6 i. e. convenient corner. is God reward us. 7 *This short dialogue,' says Sir Joshua Reynolds, 9 i. e. we as hermits, or beadsmen, shall ever pray 'has always appeared to me a striking instance of what for you. in painting is termed repose. The conversation very 10 In compl, subject to accompe. naturally turns upon the beauty of the castle's situation, 11 A sewer, an officer so called from his placing the and the pleasantness of the air ; and Banquo, observing dishes on the table. Asseour, French; from asseoir, the martlels' nests in every recess of the cornice, re- to place. marks, that where those birds most breed and haunt the 12 This passage has been variously explained. I have air is delicate. The subject of this quiet and easy con attempted brietly to express what I conceive to be its versation gives that repose so necessary the mind meaning Twere well it were done quichly, if, ichen after the tumultuous bustle of the preceding scenes, and 'tis done, it were done (or at an end ;) and that no sinisperfectly contrasts the scene of horror that immediately ter consequences would ensue. If the assassinaiion, succeeds. It seems as if Shakspeare asked himself, at the same time that it puts an end to Duncan's life, What is a prince likely to say to his attendants on such could make success certain, and that I might enjoy the an occasion? Whereas the modern writers seem, on crown unmolested, iced jump the lif: locum, i.c. hazarı the contrary, to be always searching for new thoughts, or run the risk of what may happen in it future state. To such as would never occur to men in the situation which tramme up was to confine or tie up. The legs of horses is represented. This also is frequently the practice of were trammeled to teach them to amble. There was Homer, who, from the midst of baules and horrors re- also “a trammel-net,' which was a long net to take Jieves and refreshes the mind of the reader, by intro. great and small fowl with by night. Surciast is €18. ducing some quiet rural image or picture of familiar salion. “To surceast or to cease from doing somedomcstic lifc.

thing; superscdco, Lat. ; cceser, Fr.- Burel.

air.'

Lady M.

Commends' the ingredients of our poison'd chalice I would, while it was smiling in my face,
To our own lips. He's here in double trust : Have pluck'd my nipple from his boneless gums,
First, as I am his kinsman and his subject, And dash'd the brains out, had I so sworn, as you
Strong both against the deed; then, as his host, Have done to this.
Who should against his murderer shut the door, Mach.

If we should fail,
Not bear the knife myself. Besides, this Duncan

Lady M.

We fail! Hath borne his faculties so meek, hath been But screw your courage to the sticking-place, So clear in his great office, that his virtues

And we'll not fail. When Duncan is asleep Will plead like angels, trumpet-tongued, against

(Whereto the rather shall his day's hard journey The deep damnation of his taking off:

Soundly invite him,) his two chamberlains
And pity, like a naked new-born babe,

Will I with wine and wassel' so convince, 1°
Striding the blast, or heaven's cherubin, hors'd That memory, the warder of the brain,
Upon the sightless couriers of the air,

Shall be a fume, an the receipt of reason
Shall blow the horrid deed in every eye,

A limbeck! only: When in swinish sleep That tears shall drown the wind. - I have no spur Their drenched iz natures lie, as in a death, To prick the sides of my intent, but only,

What cannot you and I perform upon Vaulting ambition, which o'erleaps itself,

The unguarded Duncan? what not put upon And falls on the other–How now, what news? His spongy officers; who shall bear the guilt

of our great quell?''3 Enter Lady MACBETH.

Macb.

Bring forth men-children only! Laly M. He has almost supp'd: Why have you For thy undaunted mettle should compose left the chamber?

Nothing but males. Will it not be receiv'd, 14 Macb. Hath he ask'd for me?

When we have mark'd with blood those sleepy two Larly M.

Know you not, he has? Of his own chamber, and us’d their very daggers, Macb. We will proceed no further in this business: That they have don't ? He hath honour'd me of late ; and I have bought

Who dares receive it other, Golden opinions from all sorts of people,

As we shall make our griefs and clamour roar Which would be worn now in their newest gloss, Upon his death? Not cast aside so soon.

Macb.

I am settled, and bend up Lauly M. Was the hope drunk,

Each corporal agent to this terrible feat. Wherein you dress'd yourself? hath it slept since ? Away, and mock the time with fairest show; And wakes it now, to look so green and pale

False face must hide what the false heart doth kn". At what it did so freely? From this time,

[Exeun. Such I account thy love. Art thou afeard To be the same in thine own act and valour,

ACT II.
As thou art in desire ? Would'st thou have that
Which thou esteem'st the ornament of life,

SCENE I. The same. Court within the Castle. And live a coward in thine own esteem;

Enter BANQUO and FLEANCE, and a Servant, Letting I dare not wait upon I would,

with a Torch before them. Like the poor cat i' the adage ?

Ban. How goes the night, boy! Macb.

Pr'ythee, peace : Fle. The moon is down: I have not heard the I dare do all that may become a man;

clock. Who dares do more,s is none.

Ban. And she goes down at twelve.
Lady M.
What beast was't then, Fe.

I take't, 'tis later, sir.
That made you break this enterprise to me? Ban. Hold, take my sword : -There's husband-
When you
durst do it, then you were a man;

ry's in heaven, And, to be more than what you were, you would Their candles are all'out.-Take thee that too. Be so much more the man. Nor time, nor place, A heavy summons lies like lead upon me, Did then adhere, and yet you would make both : And yet I would not sleep: Merciful powers! They have made themselves, and that their fitness Restrain in me the cursed thoughts, that nature

Gives way to in repose :16_Give me my sword;Does unmake you. I have given suck; and know How tender 'tis to love the babe that milks me :

Enter Macbeth, and a Servant with a Torch.

Who's there? 1 To commend was anciently used in the sense of the 8 The circumstance relative to Macbeth's slaugher Latin commendo, to commit, to address, to direct, lo of Duncan's chamberlains is copied from Holinshed's rorom mend.

account of King Duffe's murder by Donwald. 2 'The sightless couriers of the air are what the 9 Wassel is thus explained by Bullokar in his Er. pret elsewhere calls the vierless winds.

positor, 1616: Wassaile, a term usual hereofore for 3 So in the tragedy of Cæsar and Pompey, 1607 :- quaffing and carousing ; but more especially signifying "Why think you, Iords, that pris ambition's spur à merry cup (ritually composed, deck and fild rith That pricketh Cæsar to these high attempts

country liquor) passing about amongst neighbours, Malone has observed that there are two distinct meta- meeting and entertaining one another on the vigil or ere phors in this passage. I have no spur to prick the sides of the new year, and commonly called the wussail-bein? of my intent; I have nothing to stimulate me to the 10 To convince is to orercome. execution of my purpose but ambition, which is apt to 11 A limbeck is a vessel through which distilled liquors overreach itself'; this he expresses by the second image, pass into the recipient. So shall the recript (i. e. recep of a person meaning to vault into his saddle, who, by tacle) of reason be like this empty vessel. laking too great a leap, will fall on the other side.'

12 i. e. drowned in drink. 4 This passage is perhaps sufficiently intelligible; 13 Quell is murder ; from the Saxon quellan, to kill but as Johnson and Steevens thought otherwise, I must 14 i. e. apprehended, understood. offer a brief explanation.-'Would'st thou have the 15 Husbandry here means thrift, frugality. crown, that which thou esteem'st the ornament of life, 16 It is apparent from what Banquo says afterwards, and yet live a coward in thine own esteem,' &c. The that he had been solicited in a dream to attempx sonie adage of the cat is among Heywood's Proverbs, 1566 :- thing in consequence of the prophecy, of the witcher • The cat would eate fishe, and would not wel her feete.' that his waking senses were shocked at; and Shak

5. Who dares do more is none.' The old copy, in speare has here most exquisitely contrasted his charac. stead of 'do more,' reads " no more :' the emendation is ier with that of Macbeth. Banquo is praying against Rowe's.

being tempted to encourage thoughts of guilt even in bis 6 diere, in the same sense as cohere.

sleep; while Macbeth is hurrying into temptation, and 7 Bull screw your courage to the sticking-place.' revolving in his mind every scheme, however flasitimus, Shakspeare seems to have taken his metaphor irom the that may assist him to complete his purpose. The Bereiding up the chords of stringed instruments to their is unwilling to sleep, lest the same phantoms should proper degree of tension, when the peg remains fast in assail his resolution again, while the other is depriving jis sticking-piace; I. e. in the place from which it is noi himseli of rese through impauence to commit the murLo recede, or go back.

der.

now

their possets,

Macb. A friend.

| I see thee yet, in form as palpable Ban. What, sir, not yet at rest? The king's a-bed: As this whích now I draw. He hath been in unusual pleasure, and

Thou marshal'st me the way that I was going; Sent forth great largess' to your officers ::

And such an instrument I was to use, This diamond he greets your wife withal,

Mine eyes are made the fools o' the other senses, By the name of most kind hostess; and shut up Or else worih all the rest : I see thee sull: In measureless content.

And on thy blade, and Judgeon, gouts' of blood, Macb.

Being unprepar'd, Which was not so before;- There's no such thing: Our will became the servant to defect;

It is the bloody business, which informs Which else should free have wrought.“

Thus, to mine eyes.-Now o'er the one half world Ban.

All's well. Nature seems dead,' and wicked dreams abuse I dreamt last night of the three weir sisters : The curtain'd sleeper ;' witchcraft celebraies To you they have show'd some truth.

Pale Hecato's offerings; and wither's murder, Macb.

I think not of them : Alarum'd by his sentinel, ihe wolf, Yet, when we can entreat an hour to serve, Whose howl's his watch, thus with his stealthy pace, Would spend it in some words upou that business, With Tarquin's ravishing strides, towards his design If you would grant the time.

Moves like a ghost.lu- -Thou sure and tirinBan. At your kind'st leisure.

set earth, Macb. If you shall cleave to my consent, —when Hear not my steps, which way they walk, for fear

Thy very stones prate of my where-about, It shall make honour for you.

And take the present horror from the time, Ban.

So I lose none,

Which now suits with it.11-Whiles I threat, he In seeking to augment it, but still keep.

lives; My bosom franchis'd, and allegiance clear, Words to the heat of deeds too cold breath gives. I shall be counsel'd.

(A bell rings. Macb.

Good repose, the while ! I go, and it is done; the bell invites tne. Ban. Thanks, sir; The like to you! (Exit Ban. Hear it not, Duncan; for it is a knell Macb. Go, bid thy mistress, when my drink is That summons thee to heaven, or to hell. [Exit.

ready, She strike upon the bell. Get thee to bed. SCENE II. The same. Enter LADY MACBETH.

(Exit Servant. Is this a dagger, which I see before me,

Lady M. That which hath made them drunk, The handie ioward my hand ? Come, let me clutch What hath quench'd them, hath given me fire :

hath made me bold: thee : I have thee not, and yet I see thee still.

Hark!--Peace! Art thou nos, fatal vision, sensible

It was the owl that shriek’d, the fatal bellman, To feeling, as to sight? or art thou but

Which gives the stern'st good-night. He is about it: A dagger of the mind: a false creation,

The doors are open ; and the surfeited grooms Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain ?

Do mock their charge with snores: I have drugg'd 1 Largess, bounty.

2 The old copy reads offices. Officers of a household S Dryden's well known lines in the Conquest of was the common term for servants in Shakspeare's Mexico are here transcribed, that the reader may ob. time. He has before called the king's chamberlains serve the contrast between them and this passage of “his spongy officers.'

Shakspeare :3 Sieevens has rightly explained to shut up,' by All things are hush'd as Nature's self lay dead, *tn conclude,' and the examples he has adduced are The mountains seem to nod their drowsy head, sausfactory ; but Mr. Boswell supposed that it meant The liule birds in dreams their songs repeat, enclosed, and quoted a passage from Barrow to support And sleeping flow'rs beneath the night dews sweat, his opinion. The authorities of the poet's time are Even lust and envy sleep!' against Mr. Boswell's interpretation.

In the second part of Marston's Antonio and Mellida, 4 Being unprepared, our will (or desire to entertain 1602, we have the following lines :the king honourably) became the servant to defect (i. e. ''Tis yet the dead of night, yet allthe earth is clutch'd was constrained by defective means,) which else should In the Jull leaden hand of snoring sleep: Tree have wroughi (i. e. otherwise our zeal should have No breath disturbs the quiet of the air, been manilest by more liberal entertainments.) Which No spirit moves upon the breast of earth, relates not to the last antecedent, defect, but to will. Save howling dogs, night-crow's, and screeching owls,

Consent is accord, agreemeni, a combination for a Save meagre ghosts, Piero, and black thoughts particular purpose. By if you shall cleave to my con.

-I am great in blood, sent,' Macbeth means, if you shall adhere to me (i. e. Unequallid in revenge :--.you horrid scouts agree or accord with my views,) when ris, (i. e. when Thai sentinel swart night, give loud applause events shall fall out as they are predicted,) it shall make From your large palms.' honour for you! Macbeth mentally refers to the crowli 9 The old copy has sleepe. The emendation was which he expected w oblain in consequence of the mur. proposed by Steevens, and is well worthy of a place in der that he was about to commit. We comprehend all the text; the word nouo having been formerly acmiuled that passes in his mind ; but Banquo is still in ignorance to complete the metre. of it. His reply is only that of a man who determines to 10 The old copy reads sides : Pope made the alteration. combat every possible temptation to do ill; and there. Johnson objects to the epithet ravishing strides. But fore expresses a resolve thal, in spite of future com. Steevens has shown that a stride was not always an ac. binations of interest or struggles for power, he will at. tion of violence, impetuosity, or tumult. Thus in The tempé nothing that may obscure his present bonours, Faerie Queene, b. iv. c. vii. alarm his conscience, or corrupt loyalıy: Macbeth With easy steps so soft as foot could stride. could

never mean, while yet the success of his attack on And in other places we have an easy stride, a leisurable the life of Duncan was uncertain, to afford Banquo the stride, &c. Warburton observes, that the justness of most dark or distanı hint of his criminal designs on the the similitude is not very obvious. But a stanza in crown. Had he acted thus incautiously, Banquo woulu Shakspeare's Tarquin and Lucrece will explain it :naturally have become his accuser as soon as the mur. * Now stole upon the time in dead of night, der had been discovered. Malone proposed to read When heavy sleep had clos'd up mortal eyes; content instead of consent; but his reasons are far from No comfortable star did lend his light, convincing, and there seems no necessidy for change. No noise bul owls' and wolves' dead-boding crins ;

6 Dudgeon for handle; 'a dudgeon dagger is a dagger Now serves the season that they may surprise whose handle is made of the root of box,' according to The silly lambs. Pure thoughis are dead and still, Bishop Wilkins in the dictionary subjoined to his Real While lust and murder cake to stain und kill.' Charicler. Dudgeon is the root of bof. It has not 11 Macbeth would have nothing break through the been remarked that there is a peculiar propriety in giv. universal silence that added such horror to the night, as lag the word to Macbeth, Pugnale alla scoccese, being well suited with the bloody deed he was about io pera Scoich or dudgeon haft dagger,' according to Tur. form. Burke, in his Essay on the Sublime and Beautiful, riano.

observes, that all general privations are great because 7 Gouts drops; from the French gouttes.

they are torrible.

ets cry.

eyes!

That death and naturo do contond about them, So brainsickly of things :-Go, get some water, Whether they live or die.

And wash this filthy witness from your hand.Much. (Within.) Who's there ?-what, ho! Why did you bring these daggers from the place!

Lady M. Alack! I am afraid, they have awak'd, They must lie there: Go, carry them; and sinear And 'ris not done :-the attempt, and not the deed, The sleepy grooms with blood. Confounds us :-Hark!--I laid their daggors ready, Mach.

I'll go no more : He could not miss them.-Had he not resembled I am afraid to think what I have dono; My father as he slept, I had done't.-My husband ? Look on't again, I dare not. Enter MACBETH.

Lady M.

Infirm of purpose ! Macb. I have done the deed :-Didst thou not Are but as pictures: 'tis the eye of childhood,

Give me the daggers : The sleeping, and the dead, hear a noise ?

That fears a painted devil. If he do bleed, Lady M. I heard the owl scream, and the crick. I'll gild the faces of the grooms withal,

For it must seem their guilt. Did not you speak ?

(Erit. Knocking within Macb. When ?

Mach.

Whence is that knocking ? Lady M.

Now.

How is't with me, when every noise appals me? Macb.

As I descended ? What hands are here! Ha!' they pluck out mine Lady M. Ay: Macb. Hark!

Will all great Neptune's occan wash this blonde Who lies i' the second chamber?

Clean from my hand ? No; this my hand will rather Lady M.

Donalbain.

The multitudinous seas incarnardine," Macb. This is a sorry sight.

Making the green-one red.* (Looking on his hands. Lady M. A foolish thoughi, to say a sorry sight.

Re-enter LADY MACBETA. Macb. There's one did laugh in his sleep, and Laly M. My hands are of your colour ; but I

shame one cried, murder ! That they did wake each other; I stood and heard To wear a heart so white. (Knock.] I hear a them :

knocking But they did say their prayers, and address'd them At the south entry :-retire we to our chamber : Again to sleep.

A little water clears us of this deed : Lady M. There are two lodg'd together. How easy is it then? Your constancy Macb. One cried, God bless us! and, Amen, the Hath left you unattended-[Knocking.) Hark! other;

more knocking :. As' they had seen me, with these hangman's hands. Get on your nightgown, lest occasion call us, Listening their fear, I could not say, amen,

And show us to be watchers :--Be not lost When they did say, God bless us.

So poorly in your thoughts. Lady M.

Consider it not so deeply: Macb. To know my deed, 'twere best not kno Macb. But wherefore could not I pronounce, amen? myself.10

(Knock I had most need of blessing, and amen

Wake Duncan with thy knocking! I would, thoa Stuck in my throat.

could'st?

(Eseurt. Lady M.

These deeds must not be thought SCENE JII. The same. Enter a Porter. After these ways; so, it will make us mad. Macb. Methought, I heard a voice cry, Sleep no

(Knocking within

Porter. Here's a knocking, indeed! If a man more! Macbeth does murder sleep, the innocent sleep ;

were porter of hell-gate, he should have old'i turn

ing the key. [Knocking.) Knock knock, knock: Sleep, that knits up the ravell’d sleave of care,

Who's there, 1' the name of Belzebub ? Here's a The death of each day's life, sore labour's bath, Balm of hurt minds, great nature's second course,

farmer,"? that hanged himself on the expectation of Chief nourisher in life's feast;

plenty: Come in time; have napkins's enough about Lady M.

What do you mean? you; here you'll sweat for't. (Knocking.] Knock Macb. Still it cried, Sleep no more! to all the knock : Who's there i' the other devil's name house :

Faith, here's an equivocator,'* that could swear in Glamis hath murder'd sleep; and therefore Caudot

both the scales against either scale; who committed Shall sleep no more. Macbeth shall sleep no more !*

treason enough for God's sake, yet could not equiLady M. Who was it that thus cried? Why, ing.) Knock, knock, knock; Who's there ? "Faith,

vocate to heaven: 0, come in, equivocator. [Knock worthy thane, You do unbend your noble strength, to think

Should now for ever through these guilty hands,

Yet the sanguinolent stain would extant be. 1 As for as if.

7 To incarnardine is to stain of a red colour. 2 i. e. listening to their fear: the particle omitted. 8 In the old copy the line stands thus :-3 Sleave is unwrought silk, sometimes also called floss

Making the Green one, Red." silk. It appears to be the coarse ravelled part separa- The punctuation in the text was adopted by Stevens at ted by passing through the slave (reed comb) of the the suggestion of Murphy. Malone prefers the old weaver's loom ; and hence called sleaved or sleided punctuation. Steevens has well desented the arrangesilk. I suspect that sleeveless, which has puzzled the ment of his text, which seems to me to deserve the preetymologists, is that which cannot be sleaved, sleided, rerence. or unravelled; and therefore useless : thus a sleeveless 9. Your constancy hath left you unattended. -Vido errand would be a fruitless one.

note on King Henry V. Act v. Sc. 2. 4 Steevens observes that this triple menace, accomo. 10 This is an answer to Lady Macbeth's reproof. dated to the different titles of Macbeth, is too quaint to be. While I have the thoughts of this deed, it were best dat received as the natural ebullition of a guilty mind; but know, or be lost to myself.' Mr. Boswell thinks that there is no ground for his ob. Il i. e. frequent jection. He thus explains the passage ; Glamis hath 12 Here's a farmer that hanged himself on the er. murder'd sleep; and therefore my lately acquired dig. pectation of plenty.' So in Hall's Satires, b. iv. nity can afford no comfort to one who suffers the agony sat. 6:of remorse,--Curdor shall sleep no more ; nothing can • Each muckworme will be rich with lawless gaine, restore me to that peace of mind which I enjoyed in a Altho' he smother up mowe 3 of seven yeares graine, comparatively humble stale; the once innocent Mar. Anthang'd himself uchen corne groros cheap aga ne.' beth shall sleep no more.

13 i. e. handkerchiefs. In the dictionaries of the time 5 This quibble loo occurs frequently in old plays. sudarium is rendered by "naphin or handkerckiej, Shakspeare has it in King Henry IV. Part II. Act iv. wherewith we wipe away the suceal.' Sc. 4:-

14 i. e. a Jesuit. That order were troublesome to the England shall double gild his treble guilt. state, and held in odium in the reigns of Elizabeth and 6 Thus in The Insaliate Countess, by Marston, 1618:- James. They were inventors of the execrable doc.

* Although the waves of all the northern sex trine of equivocation

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