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And dub me knight :'
Fal. What! is the old king dead ?
Pist. As nail in door :The things I speak, are just. Is't not so ?
Ful. Away, Bardolph ; saddle my horse. -Masie: Fal. 'Tis so.
Robert Shallow, choose what office thou wilt in the Sil. Is't so? Why, then say, an old man can do land, 'tis thine.—Pistol, I will double charge thee somewhat.
with dignities. Re-enter Davy.
Bard. O joyful day! I would not take a knight
hood for my fortune. Davy. An it please your worship, there's one
Pist. What? I do bring good news?
Fal. Carry master Silence to bed.-Master Shal
low, my Lord Shallow, be what thou wilt, I am for. Enter Pistol
tune's steward. Get on thy boots; we'll ride 21 Fal. How now, Pistol ?
night:--0, sweet Pistol:- Away, Bardolph. [Era Pist. God save you, Sir John!
BARD.)--Come, Pistol, utter more to me ; and, Fal. What wind blew you hither, Pistol ? withal, devise something to do thyself good. Boos
Pist. Not the ill wind which blows no man to boot, master Shallow; I know, the young king is guod.--Sweet knight, thou art now one of the sick for me. Let us take any man's horses; the greatest men in the realm.
laws of England are at my commandment, Happy Sil. By'r lady, I think 'a be ; but goodman Puff are they which have been my friends; and woe to of Barson.
my lord chief justice ! Pist. Puff?
Pist. Let vultures vile seize on his lungs also ! Puff in thy teeth, most recreant coward base! - Where is the life that late I led, say they : Sir John, I am thy Pistol, and thy friend,
Why, here it is; Welcome these pleasant days. And helter-skelter have I rode to thee;
[Ezert. And tidings do I bring, and lucky joys, And golden times, and happy news of price.
SCENE IV. London. A Street. Ento Beadles, Fal. I prythee now, deliver them like a man of dragging in Hostess QUICKLY, and DOLL TEAEthis world.
SHEETS Pist. A foutra for the world, and worldlings base!
Host. No, thou arrant knave; I would I might die, I speak of Africa, and golden joys.
that I mighi have thee hanged: thou hast drava Fal. O base Assyrian knight, what is thy news?
my shoulder out of joint. Let king Cophetua know the truth thereof. esit. And Robin Hood, Scarlet, and John. (Sings; to me ; and she shall have whipping-cheer enong,
1 Beard. The constables have delivered her erer Pist.
Shall dunghill curs confront the Helicons ? I warrant her: There bath been a man or two lately And shall good news be baffled ?
killed about her. Then, Pistol, lay thy head in Furies' lap. Shal. Honest gentleman, I know not your breeding. I'll tell thee what, thou damned iripe-visayed raxcal
Dol. Nut-hook, nut-hook, you 'ie. Come on; Pist. Why then, lament therefore. Shal. Give me pardon, sir:--If, sir, you come better thou hadst struck thy mother, thou pape:
an the child I now go with do miscarry, thou badet with news from the court, I take it, there is but two
faced villain. ways ; either to utter them, or to conceal them. I
Host. O the Lord, that Sir John were come! he am, sir, under the king, in some authority.
But Pist. Under which king, Bezonian ?" speak, or die. would make this a bloody day to somebody.
pray God, the fruit of her womb miscarry! Shal. Under King Harry.
1 Bead. If it do, you shall have a dozen of Pist. Harry the Fourth? or Fifth ?
cushions'' again; you have but eleven now. Cobe, Shal. Harry the Fourth. Pist. A fouira for thine office !- tbat you and Pistol beat among you.
I charge you both go with me ; for the man is dear, Sir John, thy tender lambkin now is king;
Doll. I'll tell thee what, thou ihin man in a ces Harry the Fifth's the man. I speak the truth:
ser!" I will have you as soundly swinged for thes, When Pistol lies, do this; and fig me, like 'The bragging Spaniard.
they most probably had it from the Romans. beasts of themselves : and lose their reason, whiles they seems to accompany the phrase with an appropre pretend to do reason."
gesticulation. In explaining the higas dar of the Spe? | He who drank a bumper on his knees to the health iards, Minshew says, after describing it, ' a manner of his mistress, was dubbed a knight for the evening. they use in England in hore the nose irith the Arder, a
2 In Nashe's play called Summer's Last Will and in disgrace.' The phrase is amply explaiced it Testament, 1600, Bacchus sings the following catch :- Douce's Illustrations of Shakspeare, vol.i. n. 192.
* Monsieur Mingo for quaffing doth surpass 7 Steevens remarks that this proverbial expressioni In cup, or can, or glass ;
oftener used than understood. The door nail is the on God Bacchus, do me right,
in ancient doors on which the knocker strikes. Es And dub me knight,
therefore used as a comparison for one irrecotets Domingo.
dead, one who has fallen (as Virgil says) dia berte In Rowland's Epigrams, 1600, Mousieur Domingo is i. e. with abundant death, such as reiteraled sprukes celebrated as a loper. It has been supposed that the in the head would produce. troduction of Domingo as a burthen to a drinking song 8 In the quarto, 1600, we have .Enter Snele, bed was intended as a salire on the luxury of the Domini three or four officers.' And the name of Sarckis is part cans; but whether the change to Samingo was a blun: fixed to the Beadle's speeches. Sincklo is also der of Silence in his cups, or was a real contraction of duced in The Taming of the Shrew, he was an actoria San Domingo, is urcertain. Why Saint Dominick the same company with Shakspeare. should be the patron of topers does not appear.
9 It has already been observed (Merty Wives of 3 So in Bulleine's Dialogue of the Fever Pestilence, Windsor, Act i. Sc. 1) that mut-hook was a cera of me 1564 :
proach for a bailiff or constable. Cleveland seras No winde but it doth turn some man to good.” committee-man:- He is the devil's rul-hook, the sign 4 Barston is a village in Warwickshire, lying be with him is always in the clutches.". tween Coventry and Solyhull.
10 That is to stuff her ont, that she might content 5 Bezonian, according to Florio a bisogno, is 'a neu pregnancy. In Greene's Dispute between a He C4259 ledied souldier, such as comes needy to the wars:' Coc. catcher, &c. 1592– 10 wear a cushion under her on grave, in bisongne, says “a filthie knave, or clowne, a kirtle, and to faine herself with child." raskall, a bisonian, base humoured scoundrel. Its 11 Doll humorously compares the beastles per original sense is a beggar, a needy person; it is often figure to the embossed figures in the mine oma met with very differently spela in the old comedies. pierced convex lid of a censer made of thin mal. T
6 An expression of contempt or insult by putting the sluuery of rush-strewed chambers rendered censere thumb between the fore and iniddle finger, and forming fire pads in which coarse perfumes were bur a coarse representation of a disease to which the name of necessary utensils. In Much Ado About Nothing, Bfcus has always been given. The custom has been re. chio says that be had been entertained for a periaren garded as originally Spanish, but without foundation, smoke a muusty room a: Leonato's.
you blue-bottle rogue !' you filthy famished cor Pist. The heavens thee guard and keep, most rectioner ! if you bo not swinged, I'll forswear half- royal imp of fame! kirtles, 2
Fal. God save thee, my sweet boy! 1 Bend. Come, come, you she knight-errant, come. King. My lord chief justice, speak to that vain Host. O, that right should thus overcome might! Well; of sufferance comes ease.
Ch. Just. Have you your wits ? know you what Dol. Come, you rogue, come; bring me to a jus 'tis you speak ? tice.
Fal. My king! my Jove! I speak to thee, my Host. Ay; come, you starved blood-hound.
heart! Dol. Goodman death! goodman bones!
King. I know thee not, old man: Fall to thy Host. Thou atomy: thou !
prayers; Dol. Come, you thin thing; come, you rascal! How ill white hairs become a fool, and jester! 1 Bead. Very well.
[Exeunt. I have long dream'd of such a kind of man;
So surfeit-swell’d, so old, and so profane;" SCENE V. A public Place near Westminster But, being awake, I do despise my dream.
Abbey. Enter Proo Grooms, strewing Rushes. Make less thy body hence, and more thy grace; 1 Groom. More rushes, moro rushes.
Leave gormandizing; know, the grave doth
For thee thrice wider than for other men :2 Groom. The trumpets have sounded twice.
1 Groom. It will be two o'clock ere they come Reply not to me with a fool-born jest ; from the coronation : Despatch, despatch.
Presume not, that I am the thing I was: [Ereunt Grooms. For heaven doth know, so shall ihe world perceive,
That I have turn'd away my former self; Enter Falstaff, SHALLOW, Pistol, BARDOLPH, So will I those that kept me company, and the Page.
When thou dost hear I am as I have been, Fal. Stand here by me, master Robert Shallow; Approach me; and thou shalt be as thou wast, I will make the king do you grace: I will leer upon The tutor and the feeder of my riots : him, as 'a comes by; and dogbut mark the coun- Till then, I banish thee, on pain of death, tenance that he will give me.
As I have done the rest of my misleaders, Pist. God bless thy lungs, good knight. Not to come near our person by ten mile.
Fal. Come here, Pistol; stand behind me.-0, For competence of life, I will allow you, if I had had time to have made new liveries, I would That lack of means enforce you not to evil: have bestowed the thousand pound I borrowed of And, as we hear you do reform yourselves, you. [T. SHALLOW.). But 'tis no matter; this We will,--according to your strength, and qualipoor show doth better: this doth infer the zeal 'I had to see him.
Give you advancement.? –Be it your charge, my Shal. It doth so.
lord, Fal. It shows my earnestness of affection. To see perform'd the tenor of our word. Shal. It doth so.
(Eseunt King, and his Train. Fal. My devotion.
Fal. Master Shallow, I owe you a thousand Shal. Ii doth, it doth, it doth.
pound. Fal. As it were, to ride day and night; and not Shal. Ay, marry, Sir John ; which I beseech you to deliberate, not to remember, not to have patience to let me have home with me. to shift me.
Fal. That can hardly be, master Shallow. Do Shal. It is most certain.
not you grieve at this ; I shall be sent for in private Fal. But to stand stained with travel, and sweat- to him : look you, he must seem thus to the world. ing with desire to see him : thinking of nothing else; Fear not your advancement; I will be the man yet, putting all affairs else in oblivion; as if there were that shall make you great. nothing else to be done, but to see him.
Shal. I cannot perceive how; unless you give Pist. 'Tis semper idem, for absque hoc nihil est : me your doublet, and stuff me out with straw. I Tis all in every part.
beseech you, good Sir John, let me have five hunShal. 'Tis so, indeed.
dred of my thousand. Pist. My knight, I will inflame thy noble liver, Fal. Sir, I will be as good as my word: this that And make thee rage.
you heard, was but a colour. Thy Doll, and Helen of thy noble thoughts,
Shal. A colour, I fear, that you will die in, Sir Is in base durance, and contagious prison;
John. Haul'd thither
Fal. Fear no colours; go with me to dinner. By most mechanical and dirty hand :
Come, lieutenant Pistol ;-come, Bardolph :--1 Rouse up revenge from ebonden with fell Alecto's shall be sent for soon at night. snake,
Re-enter PRINCE John, the Chief Justice, Officers, For Doll is in; Pistol speaks nought but truth.
fc. Fal. I will deliver her.
Ch. Just. Go, carry Sir John Falstaff to the [Shouts within, and the Trumpets sound. Pist. There roar'd the sea, and trumpet-clangor Take all his company along with him.
Fleet ;'° sounds.
Fal. My lord, my lord, Enter the King and his Train, the Chief Justice Ch. Just. I cannot now speak: I will hear you among them.
soon. Take them away. Fal. God save thy grace, King Hal! my royal 8 Henceforward. Hal!
9 This circumstance Shakspeare may have derived
from the old play of King Henry V. But Hall, Holin. 1 Beadles lleually wore a blue livery.
shed, and Stowe give nearly the same account of the 2 A half kirtle was a kind of apron fore part of dismissal of Heury's loose companions. Every reader the dress of a woman. It could not be a cloak, as Ma regrets to see Falstaff so hardly used, and Johnson's fone supposed; nor a short bedgown, as Steevens ima. vindication of the king does not diminish that feeling. gined.
Poins, Johnson thinks, ought to have figure in the con3 The hostess's corruption of analony.
clusion of the play, but I do not helieve that any one 4 Warburton thought that we should read :
had ever been sensible of the poet's neglect of him until "Tis all in all and all in every part.'
Johnson pointed it out. 5 A similar scene occurs in the anonymous old play 10 Johnson confesses that he does not see why Fa). of King Henry V. Falstaff and his companions ad. staff is carried to the Fleet; he has committed no new dress the king in the same manner, and are dismissed fault, and therefore incurred no punishment; but the as in this play.
different agitations of fear, anger, and surprise in him 6 Child, offspring.
and his company, mado a good scene to the eye ; and 7 Profane (says Johnson) in our author often signi. our author, who wanted them no longer on the stage, he love of talk
was glad to find this method of sweeping them away.' 62
Pisi. Si fotunn me tot merta, spero me contenda. These scenes, which or make the oth arte! Hasry (Excurt Fal. SHAL. Písz. Bard. Page, the Fourth, might then be the fresci Hertog and Officers.
but the truth is, Zha: they do not use very a P. John. I like this fair proceeding of the king's : I believe they er.ded as they are mended in bots
ly to either play. When these piaye re repented, lic ha'h intent, his wonted foilowers
bot Sbakspeare seems to have desired thatbe wa Stall all be very well provided for ;
series of action, from the beginninz of Richard the & But all are banish'd, till their conversations cond the eod of Henry the Fiju, should be conside Appear more wise and modest to the worid. ered by the reader as obe Fork upon one plan, only Ch. Just. And so they are.
broken into parts by the Decessity of exhibition P. John. The king bath call'd his parliament, my First and second parts of Henry the Fourth Pa.
None of Shakspeare's piaya are pure read than this lord. Ch. Just. He hath.
haps no author has ever, in two plays, afforded so much
delight. The great events are interesting, for the fate P. Jolun. I will lay odds,—that, ere this year of kingdoms depends upon them; the slighter scarexpire,
rences are divertiog, and, excepe one or two, suberly We bear our civil swords, and native fire, pritable; the incidents are multiplied wih wonderfal As far as France: I heard a bird so sing,
fertility of invention, and the characters diversified with Whose music, to my thinking, pleas'd the king.
ete utinos nicety of discernment, and the probantes
skill in the nature of man. Come, will you hence?
The prince, who is the hero both of the come and EPILOGUE.
tragic par, is a young man of great abilities and findent passions, whose sentiments are right, though his &c.
tions are wrong; whose virtues are obscured by negliSpoken by a Dancer.
gence, and whose understanding is dissipaled by lenny. First, my fear; then, my court'sy; last, my speech. when the occasion forces out his latent qualities, be is
In his idle bours he is rather love than wicked; and My fear is, your displeasure ; my court'sy, my duty; great without effort, and brave without tumull The and my speech, to beg your pardons. If you look tritter is roused into a hero, and the hero again repree! for good speech now, you undo me : for what I in the tritler. The character is zreal, original, and just have to say, is of mine own making; and what, in Percy is a rugged soldier, choleric air quarrelame, deed, I should say, will, I doubl, prove mine own and has only the soldier's virtues, generosuy and cowmarring. But to the purpose, and so to the venture.–Be it known to you (as it is very well,) I shall I describe thee? thou compound of sense and pice;
But Falstaff, unimitated, unimitable Falstaff, how was lately here in the end of a displeasing play, to of sense which may be admired, but not esteemed; of pray your patience for it, and to promise you a vice which may be despised, but hardly detested Fala better. I did mean, indeed, to pay you with this: staff is a character loaded with faults, and with those which, if, like an ill venture, it come unluckily home, faults which naturally produce contempt. He is a thedi I break, and you, my gentle creditors, luse. Here, and a gluuon, a coward and a broaster, always ready to I promised you, I would be, and here I commit my cheat the weak, and prey upou the poor; to terrily be
At once olsequis body to your mercies: bate me some, and I will timorous, and insult the defenceless.
ous and malignalit, he satirizes in their absence dinse pay you some, anil, as most debtors do, promise whom he lives by flattering. He is familiar with the you infinitely.
prince only as an agent of rice, but of this familiarity be If my tongue cannot entreat you to acquit me, is so proud, as not only to be supercilious and hanghy will you command me to use my legs? and yet that with common men, but to think his interest of mpor. were but light payment,--to dance out of your debt. tance to the Duke of Lancaster. Yet the man thus car. But a gond conscience will make any possible satis- rupt, thus despicable, makes himsell necessary in the faction, and so will l. All the gentlewomen here prince that despises him, by the most pleasing of all have forgiven me; if the gentlemen will not, then citing laughter; which is more frequently indulged, as
qualities, perpetual gaiety; by an unfailing power of el. the gentlemen do not agree with the gentlewomen, his wit is not of the splendid or ambitious kind, but coe. which was never seen before in such an assembly. sits in easy scapes and sallies of levity, which make
One word more, I beseech you. If you be not sport, but ráire no envy. It must be observed, that he too much cloyed with fat meat, our humble author is stained with no enormous or sanguinary crimes, so will continue the story, with Sir John in it, and that his licentiousness is not so offensive but what it may
be lome for his mirth. make you merry with fair Katharine of France:
The moral to be drawn from this representation is, where, for any thing I know, Falstaff shall die of that no man is more dangerous than he that with a will a sweat, unless already he be killed with your hard to corrupt, hath the power to please ; and that neither opinions ; for Oldcastle died a martyr, and this is wit nor honesty ought to think themselves safe with not the man. My tongue is weary; when my legs such a companion, when they see Henry seduced by are too, I will bid you good night : and so kneel
Falstaff. down before you ;-- but, indeed, to pray for the the first and Second
Parts of Henry the Fourth. The
Mr. Upton thinks these two plays improperly called queen.'
first play ends, he ways, with the peaceful settlement of
Henry in the kingdom by the defeat of the rebels. This I FANCY every reader, when he ends this play, crice is hardly true ; for the rebels are not yet finally sup. out with Desdemona, O most lame and impotent con. pressed. The second, he tells us, shows Henry the clusion! As this play was not, to our knowledge, divi. Fifth in the various lights of a good-natured raké, till, ded into acts by the author, I could be content to con. on his father's death, ho assumes a more manly char. clude it with the death of Henry the Fourth :
acter. This is true; but this representation gives us de “In that Jerusalem shall Harry die.'
idea of a dramatic action. These two plays will appear I Most of the ancient interludes conclude with a pray- tion or critical discoveries, to be so connected, that the
to every reader, who shall peruse them without ambier for the king or queen. Hence perhaps, the Virant second is merely a sequel to the first; to be two only Rez ct Regina, at the bottom of our modern play bills. I because they are too long to be one.
KING HENRY THE FIFTH.
THE transactions comprised in this play commence dowed with every chivalrous and kingly virtue ; open,
about the latter end of the first, and terminate in sincere, affable, yet suill disposed to innocent raillery, the eighth year of this king's reign: when he married as a sort of reminiscence of bis youth, in the intervals Katharine, princess of France, and closed up the differ between his dangerous and renowned achievements. ences betwixt England and that crown.
To bring his life after his ascent to the crown on the This play, in the quarto edition of 1608, is styled The stage was, however, attended with great difficulty. Tho Chronicle History of Henry, &c. which seems to have conquests in France were the only distinguished event been the title appropriated to all Shakspeare's historical of his reign: and war is much more an epic than a dramas. Thus in The Antipodes, a comedy by R. dramatic object. If we wouli have dramatic interest Brome:
war must only be the means by which something else is These lads can act the emperors' lives all over,
accomplished, and not the last aim and substance of the
whole.' And Shakspeare's Chronicled Histories to bool.
In King Henry the Fifth, no opportunity was The players, likewise, in the folio of 1623, rank these äramatic ; but he has availed himself of other circum.
afforded Shakspeare of rendering the issue of tho war pieces under the title of Histories.
stances attending it with peculiar care. "Before the It is evident that a play on this subject had been per- battle of Agincourt he paints in the most lively colours formed before the year 1592. Nash, in his Pierce Den the light-inined inpatience of the French leaders for nilree, dated in that year, says, “What a glorious thing the moment of beule, which to them seemned infallibly itis to have Henry the Fifi represented on the stago, leading the French king prisoner, and forcing both him the measiness of the English king and his army, from
the moment of victory; on the other hand, he paints and the Dolphin lo swearo tealtie. Perhaps this same their desperate situation, coupled with the firm dcter. play was thus entered on the books of the Stationers' mination, if they are to fall, at least to fall with honour. Company Thomas Strode] May 2. 1594. A booke He applies this as a general contrast between the French enutuled The famous Victories of Henry the Fift, con and English national characters ; a contrast which betaining the honourable Battle of Agincourt.' There are two more entries of a play of King Henry V. viz.
trays a partiality for his own nation, certainly excusable between 1596 and 1615, and one August 14, 1600. Ma: rious document asihat of the memorable battle in ques.
in a poet, especially when he is backed with such a gloJone had an edition printed in 1599, and Steevens had tion. He has surrounded the general events of the war two copies of this play, one without dato, and the other with a fulness of individual characteristic, and even dated 1617, both printed by Bernard Alsop; from one of
sometimes comic features, A heavy Scotchman, a hot these it was reprinted in 1979, among six old plays
on Irishman, a well-meaning, honourable, pedantic Welsh; which Shakspeare founded, &c. published by Mr. Ni man, all'speaking in their peculiar dialects. But all chols. It is thought that this piece is prior to Shak. this variety still seemed to the poet insufficient to ani. speare's King Henry V. and that it is the very displeas. mate a play of which the object was a conquest, and noing play' alluded to in the epilogue to the Second Part
thing but a conquest.
He has therefore tacked a proof King Henry IV. for Oldcastle died a martyr, &c? logue (in the technical language of that day, a chorus) Oldcastle is the Falstaff of the piece, which is despica to the beginning of each act. These prologues, which ble, and full of ribaldry and impiety.. Shakspeare unite epic pomp and solemnity with lyrical sublimity, seems to have taken not a few hints from it; for it com- and among which the description of the two camps beprehends, in some measure, the story of the two parts fore the battle of Agincourt forms a most admirable ignorance could debase the gold or Shakspeare into night piece, are intended to keep the spectators con. searc, could exalt such base metal into gold. This and that they must supply the deficiencies of the represuch dross, though no chemistry, but that of Shak. / stantly in mind that the peculiar grandeur of the actions
there described cannot be developed on a narrow stage; piece must have been performed before the year 1588, sentation from their own imaginations. As the subject Tarlton, the comedian, who played both the parts of the Chief Justice and the Clown in it, having died in chose rather to wander beyond the bounds of the spe.
was not properly dramatic, in the form also Shakspeare This anonymous play of King Henry V. is neither di. cies, and to sing as a poetic herald, what he could not vided into acis or scenes, is uncommonly short, and has represent to the eye, than to cripple the progress of the all the appearance of having been imperfectly taken action by putting long speeches in the mouths of the down during the representation.
persons of the drama.
" However much Shakspeare celebrates the French There is a play called Sir John Oldcastle, published in 1600, with
the name of William Shakspeare prefixed conquest of King Henry, still he has not omitted to hint to it. The prologue of which serves to show that a
to us, after his way, the secret springs of this undertakformer piece, in which the character of Oldcastle was self on the throne; the clergy also wished to keep him
ing. Henry was in want of foreign wars to secure himintroduced, had given great offence :
employed abroad, and made an offer of rich contribu• The doubtful title (gentlemen) prefixt
tions to prevent the passing of a law which would have Upon the argument we have in hand,
deprived them of the half of their revenues. His May breed suspense, and wrongfully disturbe learncu bishops are consequently as ready to prove to The peaceful quiet of your seuled thoughts. him his undisputed right to the crown of France, as he To stop which scruple, let this breese sullice : is to allow his conscience to be tranquillized by them. It is no pamper'd glution we present,
They prove that the Salic law is not, and never was, Nor aged councellour to youthful sinne ;
applicable to France; and the matter is treated in a But one whose vertue shone above the rest,
more succinct and convincing manner than such subA valiant martyr and a vertuous pecre;
jects usually are in manifestocs. After his renowned In whose true faith and loyalty exprest
battles Henry wished to secure his conquests hy mar. Unto his sovereigne, and his countries weale, riage with a French princess; all that has reference to We strive to pay that tribute of our love
this is intended for irony in the play. The fruit of this Your favours merit : let faire truth be grac'd, union, from which two nations promised to themselves Since forgd invention former time defac’d.' such happiness in future, was that very feeble Henry Shakspeare's play, according 10 Malone, seens to the Sixth, under whom every thing was so miserably have been written in the middle of the year 1599. There lost. It must not, therefore, be imagined that it was are three quarto eclitious in the poet's lifetime, 1600, without the knowledge and will of the poet that an he1602, and 1603. In all of them the choruses are omit-roic drama turns out a comedy in his hands; and ends, lod, and the play commences with the fourth speech or in the manner of comedy, with a marriage of convethe second siene.
nience.'* King Henry the Fifth is visibly the favourite hero of
+ Schlegel. Shakspeare in Enghwh history: he portrays him en
DUKE of BEPFORD, Brothers to the King.
PERSONS REPRESENTED. KING HENRY THE FIFTH.
Boy, Servant to them.
A Herald. Chor us. Duke of Exeter Uncle to the King.
CHARLES THE SIXTA, King of France. DUKE or YORK, Cousin to the King.
LEWIS, the Dauphin. EARL of SALISBURY,
Dukes of Burgundy, Orleans, and Bourbon. EARL of WESTMORELAND,
The Constable of France. Earl of WARWICK.
RAMBURES, ARCHBISHOP of CANTERBURY.
French Lords Bishop of Ely.
Governor of Harfleur. EARL of CAMBRIDGE, Conspirators against the
MONTJoy, a French Herald. LORD SCROOP,
Ambassadors to the King of England. Sir THOMAS GREY,
King. Sir Thomas ERPINGHAM,
ISABEL, Queen of France. Gower,
Officers in King KATHARINE, Daughter of Charles and Isabel. FLUELLEN, MACMORRIS,
Alice, a Lady attending on the Princess Katharine.
QUICKLY, Pistol's Wife, an Hostess.
Lords, Ladies, Officers, French and English SolWILLIAMS,
diers, Messengers, and Attendants.
The SCENE, at the beginning of the Play, lies in now Soldiers in the same. Pistol,
England; but afterwards wholly in France.
Which in the eleventh year o' the last king's reign
Was like, and had indeed against us pass'd, 0, FOR a muse of fire, that would ascend
But that the scamblings and unquiet time The brightest heaven of invention !
Did push it out of further question. A kingdom for a stage, princes to act,
Eli. But how, my lord, shall we resist it now! And monarchs to behold the swelling scene ! Cant. It must be thought on. If it pass against us, Then should the warlike Harry, like
himself, We lose the better half of our possession : Assume the port of Mars : and, at his heels,
For all the temporal lands, which men derout Leash'd in like hounds, should famine, sword, and By testament have given to the church, fire,
Would they strip from us : being valued thus,Crouch for employment. But pardon, gentles all, As much as would maintain, to the king's honour, The flat unraised spirit, that haih dar'd,
Full fifteen earls, and fifteen hundred knights : On this unworthy scaffold, to bring forth
Six thousand and two hundred good esquires ;
And, to relief of lazars, and weak age,
And to the coffers of the king beside,
A thousand pounds by the year: Thus runs the bill. Attest, in little place, a million;
Ely. This would drink deep. And let us, ciphers to this great accompt,
'Twould drink the cup and all. On your imaginary forces? work :
Ely. But what prevention ?
Cant. The king is full of grace, and fair regard.
Ely. And a true lover of the holy church. Whose high upreared and abutting fronts
Cant. The courses of his youth promis'd it noi. The perilous, narrow ocean parts asunder.
The breath no sooner left his father's body,
But that his wildness, mortified in him,
Seem'd to die too :' yea, at that very moment, Think, when we talk of horses, that you see them
Consideration like an angel came, Printing their proud hoofs i' the receiving earth :
And whipp'd the offending Adam out of him: For 'tis your thoughts that now must deck our To envelop and contain celestial spirits.
Leaving his body as a paradise, kings, Carry them here and there ; jumping o'er times;
Never was such a sudden scholar made : Turning the accomplishment of many years
Never came reformation in a flood, Into an hour-glass; For the which supply,
With such a heady current, scouring faults ; Admit me chorus to this history;
Nor never hydra-headed wilfulness Who, prologue like, your humble patience pray
So soon did lose his seat, and all at once, Gently to hear, kindly to judge, our play.
As in this king.
Ely. We are blessed in the change.
Cant. Hear him but reason in divinity
And, all admiring, with an inward wish
King's Palace. Enter the Archbishop of Canter-cester, where King Henry V. held a parliament in the bury, and Bishop of Ely.
second year of his reign. But the chorus at the begin. Canterbury.
ning or the second act shows that the poet intended to My lord, I'll tell you,—that self bill is urg'd,
make London the place of his first scene.
4 'Canterbury and Ely.' Henry Chicheley, a Carthu. 10 for circle, alluding to the circular form of the John Fordham, bishop of Ely, consecrated 1988, died
sian monk, recently promoted to the see of Canterbury: theatre. The very casques does not mean the identical 1426. casques, but the casques alone, or merely the casques. * Imaginary forces. Imaginary for imaginative, or
5 i. e. scrambling. your powers of fancy. The active and passive aro of
6 Question is debate. ten confounded by old writers.
7 The same thought occurs in the preceding play, 3 This first scene was added in the folio, together with
where King Henry V. says:-. the choruses, and other amplifications. It appears
"My father is gone wild into his grave,