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Work remaining after 1949 consists of continuing the dredging of the channels to project depth for full project width, dredging Sandy Hook Bay anchorage and complete the dredging of Perth Amboy anchorage.

DELAWARE RIVEI, PA., N. J., AND DEL., PHILADELPHIA, PA., TO THE SEA

Mr. ENGEL. Item 6, Delaware River, Pa., N. J., and Del., Philadelphia, Pa., to the sea: Total estimated Federal cost, $34,900,000; allotments to date, $28,161,700; tentative allocation, 1949, $1,051.000; required to complete after 1949, $5,687,300.

(The justification is as follows:) Item No. 6. Delaware River, Pa., N. J., and Del., Philadelphia, Pa., to the sea: Total estimated Federal cost.

$34, 900, 000 Allotments to date.

128, 161, 700 Tentative allocation fiscal year 1949-.

1, 051, 000 Additional to complete after fiscal year 1949

5, 687, 300 1 Includes 1948 appropriation of $500,000. Authorization.-1945 River and Harbor Act.

Location and description.-Extending 37-foot channel from Navy Yard to Allegheny Avenue, enlargement of 37-foot anchorages at Port Richmond, Mantua Creek, and Marcus Hook.

Operations, fiscal year 1948.-Dredging a portion of the Mantua Creek anchorage to a depth of 35 feet.

Proposed Operations, fiscal year 1949.- Amount requested for 1949 is for completion of Mantua Creek anchorage to 35 feet over full project width and length.

Justification.---The large commerce on the Delaware River is important to widespread business and industrial activities. Enlargement of anchorage facilities will enable vessels not under way or engaged at terminals to keep clear of the congested navigation channels. Vessel traffic during 1946 amounted to 37,151,175 tons. In addition cargoes in transit amounted to 262,234 tons while car-ferry and cross-river traffic amounted to 2,346,602 tons.

Work remaining after 1949 consists of deepening Mantua Creek and Port Richmond anchorages from 35 to 37 feet and deepening channel above Philadelphia Navy Yard from 35 to 37 feet.

Mr. ENGEL. This is for an extension of the 37-foot channel.

Colonel FERINGA. No, sir; this is for partial deepening of the Mantua Creek anchorage turning basin which is right below Philadelphia. That area has a large volume of oil traffic and it is not practical to move all of the oil tankers into their berths at the same time. Che tankers want to use the anchorage basin until they can come in. This work will complete the 35-foot depth, and the remaining work to be done, to 37 feet, can be postponed at this time.

Mr. TIBBOTT. When was this project started?

General WHEELER. Enlargement of anchorage areas was authorized in the 1945 River and Harbor Act.

SCHUYLKILL RIVER, PA.

Mr. ENGEL. Item 7, Schuylkill River, Pa.: Total estimated Federal cost, $2,803,000; allotments to date; $1,456,000; tentative allocation, 1949, $1,295,000; additional to complete, $52,000. This is for deepening the channel in the Schuylkill River from 30 to 33 feet.

Colonel FERINGA. That is correct. And, the $52,000 probably will not be needed for many years.

(The justification is as follows:) Item No. 7. Schuylkill River, Pa.: Total estimated Federal cost..

$2, 803, 000 Allotments to date..

1, 456, 000 Tentative allocation fiscal year 1949..

1, 295, 000 Additional to complete after fiscal year 1949.

52, 000 Authorization.—1946 River and Harbor Act.

Location and description.- Deepening channel in Schuylkill River from Delaware River to Passyunk Avenue Bridge from 30 to 33 feet.

Operations, fiscal year 1948.- None.

Proposed operations, fiscal year 1949.- Complete project except for removal of some rock shoals, located above Passyunk Avenue Bridge.

Justification.- Deepening to 33 feet will permit large tankers to travel to and from their berths and discharge and load cargoes without awaiting favorable tides. Commerce during 1946 amounted to 12,805,823 tons.

BALTIMORE HARBOR AND CHANNELS, MARYLAND

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Mr. ENGEL. Item 8, Baltimore Harbor and channels: Total estimated Federal cost, $6,934,000; allotments to date, $4,655,000; tentative allocation, $871,400; remaining required to complete, $1,407,600.

(The justification is as follows:) Item No. 8. Baltimore Harbor and channels, Maryland: Total estimated Federal cost.

$6, 934, 000 Allotments to date.--.

4, 655, 000 Tentative allocation, fiscal year 1949..

871, 400 Additional to complete after fiscal year 1949.

1, 407, 600 i Includes 1948 appropriation of $400,000. Authorization.-1945 River and Harbor Act.

Location and description.- Modification of existing project to provide for deepening main channel from 35 to 39 feet, additional 30-foot anchorage, 27-foot cut-off channel to Chesapeake & Delaware Canal, and extension of 35-foot channel in Curtis Creek.

Operations, fiscal year 1948.- Commence deepening main channel from 35 feet to 39 feet, and complete cut-off channel to Chesapeake & Delaware Canal.

Proposed operations, fiscal year 1949.–1949 funds to be applied as follows: Continuation of work on main channel.

Justification.— Baltimore is one of the principal ports of the United States. Enlargement of channels is required to provide adequately for existing large commerce, which during 1946 amounted to 32,195,000 tons.

Work remaining after 1949 includes completion of main channel dredging and anchorage at cost of $268,200, also the deepening to 27 feet of portions of the Ferry Bar and Spring Garden sections at an estimated cost of $1,139,400, which is not required at the present time.

Mr. Engel. That is to begin deepening the main channel from 35 to 39 feet, and complete cut-off channel to Chesapeake and Delaware Canal.

General WHEELER. Yes sir.

Colonel FERINGA. You will note that commerce in 1946 amounted to over 32,000,000 tons.

Mr. ENGEL. That is the second largest harbor, is it not?

General WHEELER. In 1946 Baltimore was the third coastal port in the United States, being only 600,000 tons behind Philadelphia, but it looks like Baltimore is going to be No. 2 in 1947.

NORFOLK HARBOR, VA.

Mr. ENGEL. Item 9, Norfolk Harbor; total estimated Federal cost, $6,588,800; allotments to date, $6,480,800, and tentative allocation $108,000 which completes the entire allocation.

Colonel FERINGA. Yes, sir.

(The justification is as follows:) Item No. 9. Norfolk Harbor, Va: Total estimated Federal cost.

$6, 588, 800 Allotments to date..

6, 480, 800 Tentative allocation fiscal year 1949.

108,000 Additional to complete after fiscal year 1949. Authorization.-1945 River and Harbor Act.

Location and description.-Widening 25-foot channel in Eastern Branch of Elizabeth River from 200 to 300 feet in the section between the Norfolk and Western Railway Bridge and the Campostella Bridge.

Operations, fiscal year 1948.-- None.

Proposed operations, fiscal year 1949.— Widen Eastern Branch of Elizabeth River from 200 feet to 300 feet.

Justification.--Necessary to improve safety of navigation in an active and congested waterway to vessels going to and from shipyards, lighterage facilities and industrial concerns. Commerce at Norfolk Harbor during 1946 amounted to 16,041,000 tons, exclusive of 310,000 tons of cargoes in transit and 2,274,000 tons of car ferry traffic.

CAPE FEAR RIVER, N. C.

13, 345, 000 1, 264, 500

Mr. ENGEL. Item 10, Cape Fear River, N. C., at and below Wilmington: Total estimated Federal cost, $4,609,500; allotments to date, $3,345,000; tentative allocation, 1949, $1,264,500. This completes this project.

This is to increase the channel width from 300 to 400 feet and the depth from 30 to 32 feet.

General WHEELER. Yes, sir.

(The justification is as follows:) Item No. 10. Cape Fear River, N. C., at and below Wilmington: Total estimated Federal cost.

$4, 609, 500 Allotments to date.... Tentative allocation, fiscal year 1949

Additional to complete after fiscal year 1949. 1 Includes 1948 appropriation of $300,000. Authorization.-1945 River and Harbor Act,

Location and description.- Increase channel width from 300 to 400 feet, depth from 30 to 32 feet, enlarge anchorage basin at Wilmington, dredge 12-foot channel between river channel and Intracoastal Waterway and 25-foot channel in Northeast (Cape Fear) River.

Operations, fiscal year 1948.-Dredging anchorage and partial enlargement of main river channels.

Proposed operations, fiscal year 1949.—The 1949 estimate will complete widening and deepening of main river and bar channels, as well as 25-foot channel in Northeast River and 12-foot channel connecting with Intracoastal Waterway.

Justification.-Deepening channel to 32 feet will permit passage of larger-type tankers drawing 30.5 feet which now have to discharge part of cargo before entering river; 25-foot channel in Northeast River will permit vessels transporting fertilizer material to discharge cargo directly at plants above Hilton Bridge without rehandling. Commerce during 1946 amounted to 2,022,000 tons.

WINYAH BAY, s. C. Mr. ENGEL. Item 11, Winyah Bay, S. C.: Total estimated Federal cost, $3,144,800; allotments to date, $2,288,200; tentative allocation,

1949, $856,600, which completes the project of deepening the channel
from 18 feet to 27 feet.

(The justification is as follows:)
Item No. 11. Winyah Bay, S. C.:
Total estimated Federal cost-

$3, 144, 800 Allotments to date...

12, 288, 200 Tentative allocation, fiscal year 1949.

856, 600 Additional to complete after fiscal year 1949. 1 Includes 1918 appropriation of $800,000.

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Authorization.--1945 River and Harbor Act.
Location and description.- Deepening existing 18-foot channel from the Atlantic
Ocean to Georgetown, S. C., to 27 feet with a turning basin in Sampit River at
Georgetown.

Operations, fiscal year 1948.—Partial completion of 27-foot channel.
Proposed operation, fiscal year 1949.—The estimate of $856,600 for 1949 will
effect full completion of the channel and turning basin.

Justification.--The present 18-foot channel is inadequate for ocean-going
vessels serving established waterside industries at Georgetown. It is now neces-
sary to await stages of tide or enter or leave with partial cargoes. Commerce
during 1946 amounted to 309,000 tons.

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CHARLESTON HARBOR, S. C. Mr. Engel. Item 12, Charleston Harbor: Total estimated Federal cost, $4,191,000; allotments to date, $1,737,800; tentative allocations, 1949, $178,000; remainder to complete, $2,275,200.

(The justification is as follows:) Item No. 12. Charleston Harbor, S. C.: Total estimated Federal cost

$4, 191, 000 Allotments to date..

1, 737, 800 Tentative allocation, fiscal year 1949.

178, 000 Additional to complete after fiscal year 1949.

2, 275, 200
Authorization.--1940 and 1945 River and Harbor Acts.
Location and description.--35-foot channel from Ocean via Cooper River and
Town Creek (1940 act), and 30-foot anchorage between Castle Pinckney and
Fort Moultrie (1945 act).

Operations, fiscal year 1948.—Partial widening of channel between jetties. Proposed operations, fiscal year 1949.- The channel between the jetties will be completed and a turn in the south channel will be widened from present width of 500 feet to 600 feet.

Justification.-Commerce at Charleston is increasing through the utilization for commercial purposes of terminal facilities provided for military purposes during the war.

Full project dimensions are needed for the safety and convenience of large, deep-draft oceangoing vessels. Commerce during 1946 amounted to 4,855,000 tons exclusive 375,600 tons of cargoes in transit.

Work remaining to be done after 1949 is the dredging of the 30-foot anchorage between Castle Pinckney and Fort Moultrie.

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SAVANNAH HARBOR, GA. Mr. Engel. Item 13, Savannah Harbor, Ga.: Total estimated Federal cost, $ 9,060,700; allotments to date, $6,477,700; tentative allocations, 1949, $1,583,000; additional required to complete, $1,000,000.

(The justification is as follows:) Item No. 13. Savannah Harbor, Ga.: Total estimated Federal cost

$9, 060, 700 Allotments to date.

16, 477, 700 Tentative allocation fiscal year 1949.

1, 583, 000

1, 000, 000 Additional to complete after fiscal year 1949 Includes 1918 appropriation of $300,000.

70546-48--14

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Authorization.-1945 and 1946 River and Harbor Acts.

Location and description.-- Provides for deepening the existing 30-foot channel from the ocean to the Seaboard Air Line Railway Bridge, 26.2 miles, and the existing 26-foot channel, thence 3.4 miles to the Atlantic Creosoting Company, a total distance of 29.6 miles as follows: 36 feet deep from the ocean bar to Mile 9.7 at Quarantine, thence 34 feet deep to Mexican Petroleum Company, Mile 27, and thence 30 feet deep and extending the channel to a point near the Atlantic Coast Highway Bridge at Mile 30.9.

Operations, fiscal year 1948.—Deepening of channel and its extensions to the Atlantic Coast Highway Bridge.

Proposed operations, fiscal year 1949.The estimate for 1949 will be applied to continuation of work now under way leaving a balance of $1,000,000 required after 1949 to effect full completion of the project.

Justification.Until the channels are fully completed, the larger ships will be delayed waiting on tides and congestion with its delays and hazards will occur in the upper harbor. Commerce during 1946 amounted to 2,612,000 tons exclusive of 117,400 tons of cargoes in transit.

ST. JOHNS RIVER, FLA., JACKSONVILLE TO THE OCEAN

Mr. ENGEL. Item 14, St. Johns River, Fla., Jacksonville to the ocean: Total estimated Federal cost, $12,015,200; allotments to date, $7,107,200; tentative allocations, 1949, $1,201,600; required to complete, $3,706,400.

(The justification is as follows:)
Item No. 14. St. Johns River, Fla., Jacksonville to the ocean:
Total estimated Federal cost.

$12, 015, 200 Allotments to date...

7, 107, 200 Tentative allocation, fiscal year 1949.

1, 201, 600 Additional to complete after fiscal year 1949.

3, 706, 400 Authorization.—1945 River and Harbor Act.

Location and description.Deepening existing 30-foot channel to 34 feet between the ocean and Commodore Point, including a cut-off channel between Dames Point and St. Johns Bluff (Fulton).

Operations, fiscal year 1948.Partial dredging of the 34-foot channel.

Proposed operations, fiscal year 1949.-Funds for 1949 will be applied to deepening the section between Long Branch and Dames Point under a continuing contract.

Justification.-Continuation and early completion of project is needed to accommodate the needs of existing commerce, which during the year 1946 amounted to 2,540,000 tons.

Work remaining to complete after 1949 consists of work in the upper harbor, dredging the cut-off channel between Dames Point and Fulton and deepening from 30 to 34 feet the channel extending thence to the ocean.

Mr. ENGEL. For 1949 the partial dredging of the 34-foot channel?

Colonel FERINGA. The entire amount of money, $3,706,400 plus the estimate of $1,201,600 for 1949 will complete the 34-foot channel. The $1,201,600 included for 1949 will bring the depth of 34 feet to about 50 percent completion.

If I may call your attention to this map, Mr. Chairman: The part

green now is under construction; the part shown in red is what we contemplate doing with the $1,201,600.

Mr. ĖNGEL. Is this a part of the so-called Florida Ship Canal?

Colonel FERINGA. While the Florida Canal would go through part of the St. Johns River, deepening the river has been underway since 1880. This item for deepening in no way ties in with the cross Florida canal.

Mr. ENGEL. I was just wondering whether that was necessarily a part of it. When this work is completed it will cost $12,000,000.

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