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General WHEELER. This is for dredging the channel that serves Jacksonville. None of this deepening would be required for the cross Florida barge canal.

ST. JOHNS RIVER, FLA., JACKSONVILLE TO LAKE HARNEY

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Mr. Engel. Item 15, St. Johns River, Fla., Jacksonville to Lake Harney: Total estimated Federal cost, $1,313,000; allotments to date, $1,057,900; tentative allocation, $255, 100, which completes this project.

Colonel FERINGA. Yes.

(The justification is as follows:)
Item No. 15. St. Johns River, Fla., Jacksonville to Lake Harney:
Total estimated Federal cost.

$1, 313, 000 Allotments to date....

11, 057, 900 Tentative allocation fiscal year 1949.

255, 100 Additional to complete after fiscal year 1949. 1 Includes 1948 appropriation of $300,000. Authorization.--1945 and 1946 River and Harbor Acts. Location and description.--13-foot channel Jacksonville to Palatka completed under prior authorization. Latest authorizations provide for deepening existing 8-foot channel to 12 feet from Palatka to Sanford and side channel to Enterprise, and & cut-off channel 5 feet deep between Lake Monroe and Osteen Bridge.

Operations, fiscal year 1948. - Partial completion of 12-foot channel under continuing contract.

Proposed operations, fiscal year 1949.--Estimate for 1949 will complete all remaining features of authorized project.

Justification.-Completion of project essential for economical movement of barges handling petroleum products between Jacksonville and Sanford. Commerce during the year 1946 amounted to 238,746 tons.

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HOLLYWOOD HARBOR, FLA. Mr. Engel. Item 16, Hollywood Harbor, Fla.; the $376,000 completes the project?

Colonel FERINGA. Yes.

(The justification is as follows:) Item No. 16. Hollywood Harbor, Fla.: Total estimated Federal cost.

$2, 223, 000 Allotments to date.--

11, 847, 000 Tentative allocation fiscal year 1949.

376, 000 Additional to complete after fiscal year 19491 Includes 1948 appropriation of $410,000. Authorization.—1946 River and Harbor Act. Location and description.-Widening of existing turning basin by 200 feet on the north side and 500 feet on the south side and enlarging the flares of the entrance channel at the basin, all to a depth of 35 feet.

Operations, fiscal year 1948.-Widening south side of turning basin and southerly flare of channel.

Proposed operations, fiscal year 1949.-The estimate for 1949 is for widening the north side of the basin and enlarging the flare at the channel approach.

Justification.-- Enlargement of harbor facilities is urgent for the convenience and safety of established navigation and to permit construction by local interests of a much-needed additional slip and terminal facilities. Commerce during the year 1946 amounted to 1,287,000 tons.

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ST. THOMAS HARBOR, V. I.

Mr. Engel. We come now to St. Thomas Harbor, V. I.
Colonel FERINGA. That is correct.

Mr. ENGEL. This is a new project. $1,114,000 total estimated Federal cost; allotments to date, none; tentative allocation, fiscal year 1949, $1,006,000; addition to complete, $108,000.

(The justification is as follows:) Item No. 17. St. Thomas Harbor, V. I.: Total estimated Federal cost.

$1, 114, 000 Allotments to date.. Tentative allocation fiscal year 1949..

1, 006, 000 Additional to complete after fiscal year 1949

108, 000 Authorization.--1937 River and Harbor Act.

Location and description.-Dredging 36-foot channel, 33-foot anchorage, the construction of breakwater between Rupert Rock and the mainland, and removal of Scorpion Rock.

Operations, fiscal year 1948.- None.

Proposed operations, fiscal year 1949.-Dredge channel and anchorage and removal of Scorpion Rock.

Justification. - Work urgently requested by Governor of Virgin Islands in order to coordinate with Federal Works Agency in $10,000,000 construction program for rehabilitation of the islands. Important fueling station. Present depths restrict anchorage and maneuvering areas. Commerce during 1946 amounted to 393,000 tons.

Work remaining after 1949 is construction of about 700 feet of breakwater.

Mr. Engel. Dredging 36-foot channel, 33-foot anchorage, the construction of breakwater between Rupert Rock and the mainland, and the removal of Scorpion Rock.

How many people live down there; some 60 to 70 thousand?

General WHEELER. The number of passengers increased about 45 percent in 1945 over 1944.

Mr. ExGEL. How many people?

General WHEELER. The 1940 census showed 24,889. There were 393,000 tons of cargo handled by that port under the conditions that exist now.

Mr. NORRELL. I am on the Interior Department Appropriation Committee, and the committee also considers St. Thomas and St. Croix, V. I. You have been out there and have made these surveys and you have made these recommendations?

General WHEELER. Yes, sir.

Mr. NORRELL. And you are telling us now that you consider this is needed and is a reasonable request?

Colonel FERINGA. Yes, sir.

General WHEELER. The navigation portion is needed. We do not know much about the other work.

Mr. NORRELL. You do not know about the Federal works?
General WHEELER. No, sir.

Mr. ENGEL. But in the budget estimate before us, in item 17, for $1,006,000, and the $108,000 later to complete, you think is needed?

General WHEELER. Yes, sir.

Mr. Engel. The $1,006,000 is for dredging the channel and anchorage and removal of Scorpion Rock, and the work remaining after 1949 is for the construction of about 700 feet of breakwater. How deep is the water there?

Colonel FERINGA. From the map, at the entrance it is around 30 and 31 feet. As you can see it would be a small breakwater out to the

Rock which will reduce damage from the waves coming in here indicating). Here is where the $1,006,000 is going to be used. The breakwater will be constructed only if it is necessary. Mr. Engel. How much is the breakwater going to cost? Colonel Feringa. The amount needed to complete it is $108,000. This is shallow water, as can be seen, out to the existing Rock.

Mr. ENGEL. How deep is the water where the breakwater is to be built? Colonel FeringA. Our map is not complete, but I would imagine about 21 feet; it is shallow in here sindicating).

Mr. Engel. You are not going to build the 700 feet of breakwater in the 21 feet?

Colonel Feringa. No, sir; the breakwater crosses here (indicating]. Mr. Engel. What brought this up; a request of the Governor of the Virgin Islands?

Colonel FERINGA. Yes, sir. The project was authorized as a river and harbor project and in the 1937 River and Harbor Act. We have had no funds, although it was justified at that time. But they now have a rehabilitation program under way and the work needs to be done to take care of modern shipping. Mr. Engel. How deep is the channel now? General WHEELER. The depth is around 23 feet, 21 feet, and 18 feet.

Mr. NORRELL. Can you explain why this item was not included in the $10,000,000 by the Federal Works Agency instead item 17?

Colonel FERINGA. The River and Harbor work is not within their province, and I assume that is the reason.

TAMPA HARBOR, FLA.

Mr. Engel. Item 18, Tampa Harbor, Fla. Total estimated Fed-
eral cost, $10,446,000; allotments to date, $9,224,300; tentative
allocation, fiscal year 1949, $918,300; additional to complete after
fiscal year 1949, $303,400.

(The justification is as follows:)
Item No. 18. Tampa Harbor, Fla.:
Total estimated Federal cost.

$10, 446, 000 Allotments to date..

9, 224, 300 Tentative allocation fiscal year 1949

918, 300 Additional to complete after fiscal year 1949.

303, 400 Authorization.--1945 River and Harbor Act.

Location and description. Widening channels and enlarging turning basins in main harbor, dredge 9-foot channel in Hillsboro River, 2.4 miles long, above existing 12-foot channel

, and dredge a 25-foot channel in Alafia River.
Operations, fiscal year 1948.Partial completion of work in upper channels of
Tampa Harbor.

Proposed operations, fiscal year 1949.-The estimate for 1949 will provide for
completion of the widening of the channels and the turning basin thus completing
all work except the 9-foot channel in Hillsboro River and the 25-foot channel in
Alafia River.
Justification.--Early completion of the deep-water channels of Tampa Harbor
is essential for the convenience and safety of modern vessels moving a large and
rapidly increasing tonnage of commerce through this port.

Commerce during 1946 amounted to 3,700,870 tons.

Mr. Engel. This will provide for completion of the widening of the channels and the turning basins by completing all work except the 9-foot channel in Hillsboro River and the 25-foot channel in

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Alafia River.

Colonel FERINGA. That is right, sir. Mr. ENGEL. What about the $303,400? Colonel FERINGA. That will complete the channels in Hillsboro and Alafia Rivers.

Mr. Engel. Do any of the communities pay anything toward this work?

Colonel FERINGA. Originally they do. They pay some cash and they have to put up the money to provide for the land, release the United States from any damages and things of that kind.

Mr. TIBBOTT. General, did the recent storms do any material damage to the construction work that has already been done near Tampa?

General WHEELER. Near Tampa?
Mr. TIBBOTT. Yes.

General WHEELER. No; there was not much damage--none that I know of. There was some damage done at the Okeechobee area, but in Tampa no damage.

Colonel FERINGA. In the Tampa channels there was no damage, and as General Wheeler indicated there was some damage to projects in the Lake Okeechobee area; and it will be necessary for us to use some of the emergency funds to meet the immediate needs. Also we will have to do some work to pump out sand from channels filled up along the Gulf, but little, if any, work of that nature will be required at Tampa.

ST. JOSEPHS BAY, Mr. ENGEL. Item 19, for St. Josephs Bay, Fla.: Total estimated Federal cost, $502,500; allotments to date, $124,100; tentative allocation for 1949, $378,400; which is to complete this project, deepening existing 27- and 29-foot channels to 32 feet.

(The justification is as follows:) Item No. 19. St. Josephs Bay, Fla.: Total estimated Federal cost..

$502, 500 Allotments to date..

124, 100 Tentative allocation fiscal year 1949.

378, 400 Additional to complete after fiscal year 1949. Authorization.-1945 River and Harbor Act. Location and description.-Deepening existing 27- and 29-foot channels to 32 feet.

Operations, fiscal year 1948.—None.
Proposed operations, fiscal year 1949.-Complete project.

Justification.-Deepening urgently needed to serve deep-draft tankers delivering petroleum products to the pipe line serving the southeastern area from the terminal at Port St. Joe. Will effect substantial savings in transportation costs due to increased loads. Commerce during year 1946 amounted to 1,333,000 tons.

FLA.

JIM WOODRUFF LOCK AND DAM, FLORIDA, PART OF APALACHICOLA,

CHATTAHOOCHEE, AND FLINT RIVERS SYSTEM

Mr. ENGEL. Item 20, Jim Woodruff lock and dam, Florida, part of the Apalachicola, Chattahoochee, and Flint Rivers system: Total estimated Federal cost, $28,771,000; allotments to date, $1,916,000; tentative allocations, fiscal year 1949, $5,000,000; additional to complete after fiscal year 1949, $21,855,000.

(The justification is as follows:)

Item No. 20. Jim Woodruff lock and dam, Florida, part of Apalachi-
cola, Chattahoochee, and Flint Rivers system:

Total estimated Federal cost.-
Allotments to date..
Tentative allocation, fiscal year 1949.-

Additional to complete after fiscal year 1949.
Includes 1948 appropriation of $750,000 for planning.

$28, 771, 000 11, 916, 000

5, 000, 000 21, 855, 000

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Authoriza!ion.-1945 and 1946 River and Harbor Acts. Location and description.--Jim Woodruff lock and dam is one of four structures (Jim Woodruff, Upper Columbia, Fort Benning, and Buford) to be constructed in accordance with authority contained in the 1916 River and Harbor Act to provide important multiple water-resource development of the basin, including F-foot navigation channels to Columbus and Bainbridge, hydroelectric power, food control, water supply, and related benefits. Jim Woodruff lock and dam is on the Apalachicola River, 112.6 miles above the mouth and immediately below the confluence of the Chattahoochee and Flint Rivers. It provides for å navigation lock, dam and spillway, and hydroelectric powerhouse having an ultimate installed capacity of 30,000 kilowatts.

Operations, fiscal year 1948.-Construction of dam and turbines and generators, by continuing contracts. Proposed operations, fiscal year 1949.-Continuation of construction of earth dam, construction of lock, manufacture of turbines and generators, land acquisition, and Federal participation in connection with the reconstruction of the Seaboard Air Line Railway bridge across the Chattahoochee River at Omaha, Ga.

Justification. The Jim Woodruff lock and dam will extend navigation to Bainbridge, Ga., and constitute a link in the canalization of the Chattahoochee River, thereby extending low-cost water transportation into an area rich in natural resources. It will also provide a large block of hydroelectric power in an area where there is a considerable power shortage. Mr. Engel. Is not this the project that was voted down last year? Colonel FERINGA. I do not recall, sir. Mr. Engel. Which Mr. Rankin discussed? Colonel FERINGA. I thought Mr. Rankin was talking about the Tombigbee. Mr. Engel. This is different from the Tombigbee, of course. Colonel FERINGA. Yes, sir.

Mr. Engel. There was considerable discussion about the Jim Woodruff lock and dam and the other river locks.

Colonel FERINGA. The original appropriation was made in 1947, when we got construction money in the amount of $650,000 to start the work.

Mr. Engel. As I recall it, Mr. Rankin's testimony was that there was an old dam and lock there that needed repairs.

Colonel Feringa. Not at this location. I think you are thinking now of the lock at Demopolis on the Warrior River system. Mr. Rankin is interested in that, but this is across the State from Missisşippi; this is in the eastern part of Alabama, and forms part of the boundary between Alabama and Georgia.

Mr. Engel. There was no money in this appropriation last year? Colonel FERINGA. There was a million dollars set up for planning of which $750,000 was for the Jim Woodruff lock and dam, but no construction money was set up.

Mr. Engel. For last year? Colonel FERINGA. $1,000,000 for planning the Jim Woodruff and Buford projects. There is a dam upstream known as the Buford Dam.

Vr. Èngel. This is a different one; this is Jim Woodruff lock and

dam?

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