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Authorization.—1927 and 1945 River and Harbor Acts.

Location and description.-Improvement of the 195-mile middle section of the Mississippi River to provide a minimum depth of 9 feet and width of 300 feet, including improvement of the Chain of Rocks section of the river.

Operations, fiscal year 1948.-Channel regulating works and continuation of work at Chain of Rocks.

Proposed operations, fiscal year 1949.--Estimate for 1949 includes $9,100,000 for improvement of Chain of Rocks section as follows: Continue under continuing contract construction of lock, relocation of utilities under continuing contract, commence construction of canal and levees and land acquisition. For regulating works $900,000.

Justification.-Improvement of the critical Chain of Rocks section of the Mississippi River, authorized in 1945 and inauguarated with funds provided in the 1947 appropriation will, due to its location, benefit commerce to and from points on the upper Mississippi and Illinois waterway, and the Missouri River Valley. The construction of dikes and revetment work at critical sections of the middle Mississippi River will benefit a large volume of existing commerce and provide a stable 9-foot navigation channel with a reduction in annual dredging costs. Commerce during 1946 amounted to 4,190,000 tons.

Mr. ENGEL. Now, Chain of Rocks is wbere?
Colonel FERINGA. That is at St. Louis.
Mr. ENGEL. That is those locks in there?
Colonel FERINGA. Yes, sir.
Mr. ENGEL. That is $37.088.000?
Colonel FERINGA. That is correct.

Mr. ENGEL. You have bad $7,642,300, allotments to date; the tentative allocation in 1949 is $9,100,000; and required to complete after 1949 is $20,345,700.

Colonel FERINGA. Yes, sir.

Mr. Engel. For the regulating works, the total estimated cost is $54,847,000; allotments to date, $40,389,200; there is a tentative allocation for 1949 of $900,000; and additional required to complete after 1949 is $13,557,800.

What are the regulating works?

Colonel FERINGA. The regulating works are spur dikes and bank revetments for the whole part of the Mississippi River between the Ohio and Missouri. This year we have broken the project down between the two main features.

Mr. Engel. In other words, this regulating work is river work from the Ohio to the Missouri on the Mississippi?

Colonel FERINGA. Yes, sir.
Mr. ENGEL. And Chain of Rocks on the Mississippi is this cut-off?
Colonel FERINGA. Yes, sir. Do you want that explained?
Mr. ENGEL. Yes.

Colonel FERINGA. The Mississippi River normally flows along the channel I am pointing out. The Missouri River comes in above St.


, located right along here indicating). This so-called Chain of Rocks has always been extremely tortuous and hazardous. The traffic on the Mississippi River system has increased and is still increasing. They have a hard time to make this with a full tow, and occasionally have to make a double trip, which means they drop three or four barges, then come back and get them, and go up again.

During the war, this reach was so hard to navigate that when they brought the large boats down from the Great Lakes, we had to dis

charge water upstream from Fort Peck in order that this part [indii cating) could be navigated, and also from the upstream reservoir in Minresota on the headgaters of the Mississippi.

The Chain of Rocks project was authorized in the River and Harbor Act approved Marcb 2, 1945, and consists of a new canal being dug through fastland, lowland, and a lock being constructed at this location indicating). This means there will be slack water navigation along this location on the river, and additional water will pass through the normal cbannel of the river. The work is now under construction.

Mr. ENGEL. How long is that channel? Colonel FERINGA. About 10 miles, sir. Mr. TIBBOTT. Wbat will be the depth of water in the channel? Colonel FERINGA. It will furnish a depth in the waterway at these locks of 12 feet. The depth at these rocks during low water is very shallow, and the rocks stand out. We have enough water when the river is bigh, but you can see the rocks standing out when the water is low. Mr. ENGEL. What is the appropriation in 1948? Colonel FERINGA. $4,500,000.

Mr. KERR. How much is it contemplated it will cost to finish that canal?

Colonel FERINGA. The Chain of Rocks project will cost $37,000,000-$7,000,000 has been allotted, and the request is $9,100,000 for this coming fiscal year.

Mr. Engel. In 1946, 4,190,000 tons of freight went through. What is the tonnage through the Sault Ste. Marie?

Colonel FERINGA. It is the largest in the United States. General WHEELER. This year it has jumped up to 110,000,000. That is in 1947.

Colonel FERINGA. It is the biggest in the world. Mr. ENGEL. And here we have commerce of 4,190,000 tons? Colonel FERINGA. This is barge traffic. General WHEELER. You were mentioning the locks of the St. Mary's River. _That has the largest tonnage at any point in the world. Mr. ENGEL. That is where the ore comes down? General WHEELER. Yes, sir. Mr. CASE. This Chain of Rocks is just below the confluence of the two rivers, the Missouri and the Mississippi? Colonel FERINGA. Correct, sir.

Mr. Cass. What do your staff tell you will be the effect of the scouring action of the river there when you have the cut-off canal?

Colonel FERINGA. There will be a lock there, so there won't be any adverse effect one way or the other. I think the regimen of the river will not be affected one way or the other, because there will be a lock in there which will make slack water available for navigation. The excess water will still go along the normal channel.

General WHEELER. There will be no current.

Mr. CASE. Normally, what is the amount of sediment carried by the two streams? Do you get more sediment from the Mississippi or the Missouri?

Colonel FERINGA. From the Missouri, sir.
Mr. Case. Relatively, how much more?

Colonel FERINGA. I do not know the actual percentage, but it is tremendous.

Mr. CASE. How much of that will be cut off when you get the chain of dams built?

Colonel FERINGA. I would say the majority of it.

Mr. CASE. Is there a good deal of delta work there where Chain of Rocks is now, or any deposition of sediment?

Colonel FERINGA. Not at that location. As the name implies, it has a rocky bottom, and so much water comes through it that it takes it further downstream.

Mr. CASE. I did not know whether you had a basin head to stop the flow of water.

Colonel FERINGA. No, sir. You notice from the map that the Missouri River comes in just above that location, and then hits the rocky stretch of the river.

Mr. CASE. There is an elbow there. Is there any tendency for the deposition of silt at the elbow?

Colonel FERINGA. I do not believe there is; so far as I know, I think it is too swift a current for there to be any deposition at that location.

Mr. CASE. So whether or not you have silt there has no particular relationship to your problem of the locks?

Colonel FERINGA. I think that is correct.
Mr. CASE. That is all.



Mr. ENGEL. Item 30, Mississippi River between the Missouri River and Minneapolis, Minn.: Total estimated Federal cost, $173,111,000; allotments to date, $152,598,900; tentative allocation, fiscal year 1949, $2,000,000; additional to complete, $18,512,100.

(The justification of estimates follows:)
Item No. 30. Mississippi River between the Missouri River and

Minneapolis, Minn. (St. Anthony Falls project shown under
Total estimated Federal cost.

$173, 111, 000 Allotments to date..

1 152, 598, 900 Tentative allocation, fiscal year 1949.

2, 000, 000 Additional to complete after fiscal year 1949.

18, 512, 100 1 Includes 1948 appropriation of $731,700. Authorization.-1930 and subsequent river and harbor acts. Location and description.-Canalization of Mississippi River between Missouri River and Minneapolis, Minn., 662.6 miles, to provide 9-foot navigation, with various small boat harbors.

Operations, fiscal year 1948.Construction of four small boat harbors, completion lock 2 at Hastings, Minn., and guide and guard wall extensions.

Proposed operations, fiscal year 1949.- The 1949 estimate provides for payment of seepage damages, rectification of damages to levee districts as determined, guide and guard wall extensions, and channel excavation and alignment.

Justification.-Funds are needed for extension of guide and guard walls at locks 10, 16, and 21 to provide adequate facilities for the longer tows making use of the improvement. Funds should also be provided for payment of seepage damages. Payment authorized by River and Harbor Act approved July 24, 1946, after specific study was made of the damages. Commerce during 1946 amointed to 5,247,000 tons. Mr. Engel. Is this the St. Anthony Falls project?

Colonel FERINGA. No, sir; this is the Mississippi River up to St. Anthony Falls. We are not asking for St. Anthony Falls at this time. For this item we had $731,700 last year. Mr. Engel. For 1948? Colonel FERINGA. Yes, sir. Mr. Case. How far up the river would you be able to navigate when this work is completed?

Colonel Feringa. Through St. Paul to the municipal terminal in lower Minneapolis. Mr. ENGEL. Through St. Paul? Colonel FERINGA. Yes, sir; there is now quite a bit of navigation up there.

Mr. Case. How much has been spent on that St. Anthony Falls project? Colonel FERINGA. $412,100 has been allocated for planning. Mr. Case. When that falls is taken care of, how far can you go? Colonel FERINGA. It brings navigation to the Soo Line Railroad bridge about half a mile from the north city limit of Minneapolis. Mr. CASE. Nothing above Minneapolis? Colonel FERINGA. No. That would be additional work to go above Minneapolis. The work at St. Anthony Falls is between the cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul, and this will bring the channel right into the heart of the two cities. Right now they have to stop at St. Anthony Falls and when this is completed they will be able to bring traffic right into the heart of the two cities. Mr. Case. Of course, they can load at the harbor at St. Paul. Colonel FERINGA. That is for shipping downstream, but they consider it a great advantage if they can go farther upstream.

Mr. Case. Is there any substantial river traffic up above Minneapolis now?

Colonel FERINGA. No substantial traffic at this time, nor would there be until this improvement was made at St. Anthony Falls. Mr. Engel. How much money is there in planning? Colonel FERINGA. For St. Anthony Falls? Mr. ENGEL. Yes. General WHEELER. $176,000. Colonel FERINGA. Yes, that is shown on page 373. Mr. Case. I would like to ask this question for the record: You mentioned $2,000,000 costs for that project. Would that take care of all the additional costs such as bridge relocation?

Colonel FERINGA. No, sir. The city of Minneapolis and the city of St. Paul are paying for the relocations and alterations of highway bridges and utilities, which is estimated to cost several million dollars. In addition to that they are going to make a contribution in cash of

Mr. Case. Do you have some planning funds-funds to work on this St. Anthony project?


Colonel FERINGA. Yes, for advanced planning; we requested money for advanced planning in this coming appropriation bill. Mr. Case. How much? Colonel FERINGA. $176,000. Mr. ENGEL. What would you do so far as your plans are concerned?

Colonel FERINGA. We will actually locate the work; it will provide funds for the design of the locks; it will enable us to tell the cities exactly what must be done on the bridges; it will enable us to start construction the moment that funds are made available.

MISSOURI RIVER, MOUTH TO KANSAS CITY Mr. ENGEL. Item 31, Missouri River, mouth to Kansas City: Total estimated Federal cost, $98,700,000; allotments to date, $82,604,700; tentative allocation, fiscal year 1949, $2,500,000; additional to complete after 1949, $13,595,300.

(The justification statement is as follows:) Item No. 31. Missouri River, mouth to Kansas City: Total estimated Federal cost..

$98, 700, 000 Allotments to date

182, 604, 700 Tentative allocation fiscal year 1949.

2, 500, 000 Additional to complete after fiscal year 1949.

13, 595, 300 1 Includes 1948 appropriation of $2,250,000. Authorization.—1945 River and Harbor Act.

Location and description.Provide 9-foot channel, 300 feet wide, length 386.2 miles, to be obtained by dredging, revetment of banks, dike construction, and cut-offs to eliminate sharp bends.

Operations, fiscal year 1948.-Construction of channel regulating works.

Proposed operations, fiscal year 1949.-Continue construction of channel regulating works at the most critical sections of the river.

Justification.—The work is required to provide for navigation requirements, also by means of revetments and dikes the channel is stabilized, the banks are held in place, and levees, under flood control authorization and funds, can be built. The work is an essential part of the comprehensive plan for the Missouri River basin.

Mr. ENGEL. What was the 1948 appropriation?
Colonel FERINGÁ. $2,250,000.
We have some photographs, Mr. Engel, which we would like to

show you.

Last year we had difficulty in explaining what we meant by pegging down the river. We stated last year it is important to take care of the banks of the river before we undertake levee work.

I found a series of photographs in one of the district offices showing What had been accomplished at one of these locations.

These photographs show the river near Corning, Mo.

The first photograph was taken in September 1934, and shows the river as being very wide, very shallow, very inefficient, with sand bars approximately across here [indicating).

The work was then initiated, and this picture shows the river at November 9, 1934. You can see the construction being built out here (indicating)

The next picture is in April 1935. This begins to show the part checked, and you can see where the sediment has been collected from the different locations forming a bar in here.

The next one was made last year. I was at that location. This is a picture taken in November 1947 at the same location where this dike was being built.

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