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POPULATION OF THE SEVERAL COUNTIES OF ENGLAND, WALES, & SCOTLAND. [from Returns presented to Parliament in 1831. )

WALES.
ENGLAND.

Countics.

Increase of Pop. per cent. Assessed Value
since 1821.

in 1815.

Pop.
Anglesey
Increase of Pop. per cent. Assessed Value

7

92,581 Counties.

48,325 since 1821.

in 1813.

Pop.
Brecon

146,539 47,763 Bedford 14 £343,685 95,383 Cardigan

10
141,889

64,780 Berks

10
643,781 145,289 Carmarthen

12

277,455 100,655 Buckingham

9
643,492 146,529 Carnarvon

15

125,198 65,753 Cambridge

18
645,554 143,955 Denbigh

8

221,783 83,167 Chester. 24 1,083,083 334,410 Flint

11

153,930 60,012 Cornwall

17
916,060 302,440 Glamorgan

24

334,192 126,612 Cumberland

10
705,446 169,681 | Merioneth

3

111,436 33,609 Derby

11
887,659 237,170 Montgomery

9
207,286

66,485 Devon 13 1,897,515 494,168 Pembroke

9

219,589 81,424 Dorset

10
698,395 151,252 Radnor

99,717 24,651 Durham

22

791,359 253,827 Essex 10 1,556,836 317,233

Total £2,131,596 805,236 Gloucester.

15

1,463,259 386,904 Hereford

7
604,614 110,976

SCOTLAND.
Hertford

10
571,107 143,341 | Aberdeen :

14

325,218 177,651 Huntingdon

9
320,188 53,149 | Argyll

4

227,493 101,425 Kent 12 1,644,179 479,155 Ayr

14

409,983 145,055 Lancaster 27 3,087,774 1,336,854 Banff

12

88,942 48,604 Leicester

13
902,217 197,003 Berwick

2

245,379 34,048 Lincoln 12 2,061,830 317,244 Bute

3
22,511

14,151 Middlesex 19 6,595 537 1,358,341 Caithness

14

35,469 34,529 Monmouth

36
295,097 98,130 Clackmannan

11

37,978 14,729 Norfolk 13 1,540,952: 390,054 | Dumbarton

22

71,587 33,211 Northampton

10
942,162 179,276 | Dumfries

4

295,621 73,770 Northumberland 1,240,594 222,912 | Edinburgh

15

770,875 219,592 Nottingham

20
737,229 225,320 Elgin

10

73,288 34,231 Oxford

11
713,147 151,726 Fife.

12

405,770 128,839 Rutland

5
133,487 19,385 Forfar

23

361,241 139,606 Salop 8 1,037,988 222,503 Haddingron

3

251,126 36,145 Somerset

13
1,900,651 403,908 Inverness

5

185,565 94,797 Southampton. 11 1,130,952 314,313 | Kincardine

94,861 31,431 Stafford 19 1,150,285 410,485 Kinross

17
25,805

9,072 Suffolk 9 1,127,404 296,304 Kirkcudbright

213,308 40,590 Surrey 22 1,579,173 486,326 Lanark

30

686,531 316,819 Sussex.

17
915,348 272,328 Linlithgow

3

97,597 23,291 Warwick 23 1,236,727 336,988 Nairn

4
14,902

9,354 Westmoreland

7
298,199 55,041 | Orkney & Shetland 10

20,938 58,239 Wilts 8 1,155,459 239,181 Peebles

5

64,182 10,578 Worcester

15
790,975 211,356 Perth

3

555,532 142,894 York, City & Ainstey 17 69,892 35,362 | Renfrew

19

265,534 133,443 East Riding 10 1,120,434 168,646 Ross & Cromarty

9

121,557 74,820 North Riding 2 1,166,948 190,873 Roxburgh

7

254,180 43,663 West Riding 22 2,396,222 976,415 Selkirk

43,584

6,733 Stirling

11

218,761 72,621 Total £49,742,895 13,089,336 Sutherland

7

33,878 25,518 Wigtown

9

143,425 36,258 Total £6,662,651 2,365,807

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CONSUMPTION OF WHEAT AND OTHER GRAIN IN THE UNITED KINGDOM,

IN A YEAR, SIX MONTHS, A MONTH, A WEEK, ETC.

(From M'CULLOCH's Commercial Dictionary.)
Wheat,
Other Grain,
Total.

Wheat,
Other Grain,

Total,
Quarters,
Quarters.
Quarters.

Quarters.
Quarters.

Quarters.
A Year .. 12,000,000 40,000,000 52,000,000 One month 1,000,000 3,333,333 4,333,333
Six months
6,000,000 20,000,000 26,000,000 Two weeks

500,000 1,666,666 2,166,666 Three months. 3,000,000 10,000,000 13,000,000 One week

250,000 833,333 1,083,333 Six weeks 1,500,000 5,000,000 6,500,000 One day

35,714 119,048 154,762

.

and

Cultivated

CULTIVATION OF THE UNITED KINGDOM. The following statement will be und interesting, as exhibiting the number of acres in cultivation in the United Kingdom, and the different purposes specified, for which they are employed in England and Wales; as well as the number of farms, and the annual amount of property derived from agriculture. Uncultivated

In England & Wales it is calculated that there are
Wastes,

Barren
capable of
Total. 3,250,000

Wheat.
Improvement unprofitable.

Acres employed

Acres.

1,250,000

Barley and Rye. England 25,632,000 3,454,000 3,256,400 32,342,400 3,200,000 Oats, Beans, and Peas. Wales, 3,117,000 530,000 1,105,000 4,752,000 1,200,000 Clover, Rye Grass, &c. Scotland 5,205,000 5,950,000 8,523,930 19,738,930 1,200,000 Roots & Cabbages, by the Plough. Ireland 12,525,280 4,500,000 2,416,664 19,441,944 2,100,000 Acres of Fallows. British Isles 383,690 166,000 569,469 1,119,159 47,000

Hop Grounds. 18,000

Pleasure Grounds. Total 46,922,970 14,600,000 15,871,463 77,394,433 | 17,300,000 depastured

by Cattle.

1,200,000 of Hedge Rows, Copses, and Woods The number of Farms in the United Kingdom is estimated 1,300,000 of Ways and Water-Courses. at 2,000,000, and the property annually derived from 5,029,000 Common and Waste Lands. agriculture in Great Britain and Ireland, at £215,817,624.

37,094,000 Acres Total of England and Wales.

in the
cultivation of

WRITTEN BY THE LATE PRINCESS AMELIA.

LINES
ANCIENT FUNERAL CUSTOM.
AMONG the Funeral Customs more hastily noticed

Unthinking, idle, wild and young, by Mr. Brand, in his Popular Antiquities, is that of a

I laughed and danced, I talked and sung, corpse being carried to burial upon the shoulders of

And proud of health, of freedom vain, friends.

Dreamed not of sorrow, care or pain :
Quoting Durand upon the subject of the pall, he

Oh! then in those light hours of glee,
The same writer informs us, in many quota-

I thought the world was made for me.
says :
tions from the ancient Christian writers, that those of

But when the hour of trial came, the highest orders of clergy thought it no reproach to

And sickness shook my feeble frame, their dignity, in ancient times, to carry the bier ; and

And folly's gay pursuits were o'er,

And I could sing and dance no more, that at the funeral of Paula, bishops were what in mo

Oh! then I thought how sad 'twould be dern language we call under-bearers."

Were only this world made for me.
He then adds a short extract from Izaak Walton's
Life of Mr. George Herbert. Walton, noticing Her-

MY BIRTH-DAY. bert's ordination, says, “at which time the reverend

Not if a thought, a breath, a word, Dr. Humphrey Henchman, now Lord Bishop of Lon

Thy wheels, swift orb of light, could stay, don, tells me, he laid his hand on Mr. Herbert's head, (As once, when Israel's thirsty sword and (alas !) within less than three years, lent his shoul

Drank slaughter through the lengthened day) der to carry his dear friend to his grave."

If but a wish thy car might rein,

Till bidden to roll on again; The practice is directed by one of the Canons of the Toletan Council. Deacons were to carry deacons :

Oh! not from heart nor lip of mine and priests to carry priests. Women, however, were

That wish should spring, that word be spoken; never allowed to act as under-bearers.

Shine on, as thou art wont to shine, It has been suggested that this practice had its

Thy speed unslack’d, thy course unbroken;

And rule, as thou hast rul'd, the skies, origin in what is said in the Acts of the Apostles: From the first hour which saw thee rise! that “devout men carried Stephen to his burial, and

Enough for me the bound assign'd, made great lamentation over him :" but Dr. Zouch

For being, by its Lord's decree; says the custom was derived from the Jews.

The span which measures human-kind, An old English historian, Gervase of Canterbury,

However brief, enough for me. assures us, that in Normandy, Stephen, Earl of Blois,

The blush of Morn, Noon's fervid hours, afterwards king of England, assisted as a bearer to

And Evening's sober smile are ours. the body of King Henry the First : and William of Bat what succeeds? Night, darksome Night, Malmesbury, noticing the bringing of that king's corpse

Cold, silent, solitary gloom;

Unvisited by mortal sight, to Rouen, says, that nobles of the highest rank carried it by turns.

Unjoyous with thy beams, the tomb!

Why shrink from this? when day descends, Golding, in his Treatise of the burning of Bucer To sleep the toil-worn pilgrim bends. and Phagius, speaking of Edmund Grindal, Arch

And when we rise, as rise we shall, bishop of Canterbury, says, “He was so zealous a

Enfranchised from this coil of clay, reformer and admirer of the German divines, who And gathering at the trumpet's call, swarmed under Cranmer's auspices, that, on the death

Revive to Heaven's eternal day; of Bucer, at Cambridge, he actually was one of his

Circled by all that once were men— bearers who personally carried him on their shoulders

Father! Oh, may I shrink not then! to the grave."

Grant me to waken newly born, Dr. Zouch quotes another instance from Fell's Life

To heirdom of the promised sky! of Hammond, p. 276. He says, “ When the good Dr.

Heaven's offspring, on that natal morn Hammond was buried without ostentation or pomp,

Cradled in immortality!

Visions of bliss !-On, lagging sun! several of the gentry and clergy of the country, and We live not till that goal be won. affectionate multitudes of less quality, attending on his

S. obsequies, the clergy with ambition offering themselves to bear him on their shoulders, which accordingly

A SUMMER'S RAMBLE IN THE TYROL. they did, and laid that sacred burden in the burialplace of the generous family, which with such friendAn interesting little book has lately appeared, called ship had entertained him when alive.”

The Pedestrian," or "A Summer's Ramble in the Tyrol Sir Jonah Barrington mentions in his memoirs, and some of the adjacent Provinces,” in 1830, by Mr. that his father was carried to the grave on the shoul- LATROBE. This gentleman published a rew years ders of his four sons, as a last mark of their affection. ago a work called the “ Alpenstock, or Sketches of Swiss

Other examples of this custom may doubtless be Sce and Manners," to which he thinks his present found by a diligent inquirer. The instances here cited, volume may appropriately be considered as a compaare at all events, sufficient to show the practice of it, nion. It abounds with many valuable reflections, and both in England and elsewhere, at different and dis- gives throughout proofs of a religious, benevolent, tant periods. It seems to have been most used by contented, grateful mind. A few extracts cannot be the clergy; and occasionally only by laymen. In otherwise than welcome to our readers. The following very late times, bearing the pall appears to have been sentences breathe the spirit of genuine piety, and inits substitute.

dicate a mind most valuable to its possessor, inesti

mable in its resources of innocent gratification, and in The hours of a wise man are lengthened by his ideas, its habit of self improvement. as those of a fool are by his passions. The time of the “I am a great and ardent admirer of the works of God, one is long, because he does not know what to do with in all of which, from the stars of heaven to the midge sportit; so is that of the other, because he distinguishes ing in the sunbeam, I find abundant food for thought, when

ever I raise my mind to the eamest contemplation of them. every moment of it with useful or amusing thoughts ;

“ Thus, while either seeking to divert my thoughts from or, in other words, because the one is always wishing passing subjects of annoyance, incidental to my mode of trait awav, and the other always enjoying it.--ADDISON. I velling, or sitting down for the sake of repose, I court the

SUNSET AT SEA.

to us.

.nstruction and entertainment derivable from the fixed con- as soothed many a fit of mental impatience and disquiet, and templation of any object that presents itself most readily to I hope I shall never cease to be alive to, and observant of it. my notice. Perchance, while resting by the road-side, I take “ There are few habits more essentially necessary to the into my hand the first lower or insect that comes in my way, enjoyment and comfort of a pedestrian traveller than that of examine the structure of the one, or the form and habits of early rising, and there are few which under all circumstances the other, with earnest and tixed attention. And how many bring so certain a return of advantage. I will not here ditimes have I risen from that silent contemplation with a mind late upon the peculiar beauty of external nature at that hour utterly weaned from the heaviness occasioned by ruminating when the early grey gradually wakes into warmth and colour; over the existence of some petty sorrow,-entirely engrossed or speak of the fresh feeling of enjoyment both in body and with the wonders thus unveiled to me, and a heart filled with soul which he experiences whose feet brush away the heary adoration of the greatness and goodness of that God, who is dews from the meadows.” the maker and sustainer of all things. Examined in this temper of mind, I have seldom belil a flower in my hand which I did not think curious and beautiful enough to have of trial was drawing to an end. I may truly say that whai

“ The sun went down to the horizon, and our second day bloomed in paradise ; and never returned the insect or reptile to its bed of leaves, without a feeling that the link that

ever may have been my feeling of disappointment at seeing binds me to every living thing had become strengthened, and my hopes of soon gaining the destined port so strangely frus

trated-yet sunset, that glorious, inexpressibly glorious, specmy sympathy towards the subjects of my investigation excited and increased.”

tacle to the eyes of those who float upon the bosom of the

wide waters-never failed to bring a season of peace, an hour A CURE FOR TRIVIAL ANOYANCES.

of calm enjoyment, a feeling of resignation, and a disposi“ Mental trouble and exertion are not always to be avoided, tion to humble myself before God, and weigh his infinite let our position be what it may. Circumstances may produce mercies against his mild chastisements. If indeed the oband add physical to moral suffering, and the weight of both jects comprised within the mariner's range of vision are few may seem capable of weighing you to the ground. But take in number and admit of comparatively litile variety; though a heart: you may believe my testimony, that the sum and species of sameness may be said to dwell upon the scene quality and order of your enjoyinents [a cheerful Christian around him for a greater proportion of his hours; yet there are pedestrian he is speaking of) will, when put into the balance seasons when the small number of those objects is materially against your troubles, far outweigh them. Moreover, the favourable to their combining together scenes of, I would mercy and goodness of our Creator has so moulded our minds, almost say, greater sublimity than the variegated face of the that past pleasures and enjoyments can always be vividly re- land, with its endless diversity of objects and forms, ever procalled to our recollection ;-past suffering with difficulty, and duces. The sun, moon and stars, and the clouds above and seldom in detail. I own that, surrounded by flies, fleas, and the ocean with its changeful surface below, are perhaps all musquitoes, it may be some time before you can get your-but they are as an open book to him, the pages of which philosophy and good humour uppermost. However, pray alternately instil delight into his mind, or give warning attempt it, and having once succeeded, do not let them again of danger and peril. It is indeed an awful and delightbe overcome. Sometimes a very slight and trivial circum- ful volume.” stance will give you considerable assistance. I recollect at St. Quirico, after having been repeatedly bitten by my winged WHOEVER wishes, says Augustin, to be with God, assailants, when I would have sunk into transient repose, ought always to pray and often to read: for when we first lost my assumed temper of patience and endurance, and then suddenly took the fancy into my head to see how, in all pray we speak to God, and when we read he speaks the world, they effected their entry into my skin. I need not

The study of the Holy Scriptures works in us say that the very amusement produced by the experiment two effects of grace given. It enlightens and instructs repaid me for the smart: for it was curious to see the little the understanding, and then withdrawing the man blood-thirsty marauder address himself to his work in quite from the vanities of the world, it carries him to the a workmanlike manner,-poise himself upon four of his deli- love of God. cate legs, while the other two were extended laterally to keep him in balance. He then forced in his little transparent

But then (adds Basil) if we speak to God in prayer proboscis deeper and deeper, till I felt him in the quick, we must speak from the heart, for when he speaks to when, holding my hand between my eye and the light, I us by his word, it is to our heart that he speaks. could see that it acted just as well as that of an elephant, and drew up a minute stream of blood into his little thirsty As the rose-tree is composed of the sweetest flowers, stomach. The effort at once turned the tide of my reflections; and the sharpest thorns; as the heavens are someand the circumstance, trivial as it was, led to thoughts which restored to my mind both equanimity and patience.

times fair and sometimes overcast, alternately temIn the same manner I would advise you to attempt by all pestuous and serene; so is the life of man interminmeans to divert your attention from your own person to other gled with hopes and fears, with joys and sorrows, objects. The Providence of God has surrounded us with with pleasures and with pains.—Burton. objects of improving distraction, by considering which we may be led to think of him. If you are attentive you will THE FIRST MONTHLY PART OF THE find that the same hand which, in rocky, heated and thirsty

SATURDAY MAGAZINE lands, has strewed the seeds of the finest aromatic shrubs and

will be ready for delivery on tho 30th instant ; price, with the Supplement, plants, preferably to those of any other species, for the com

Sixpence, sewed in a Neat Wrapper. fort and solace of the passenger; has left no situation how

The MONTHLY PARTS, will be regularly continued on the last day of each

succeeding Month, so that Subscribers in all parts of the Country may receive ever painful or disagreeable where an antidote to your distress them with the Magazines, &c. from London, by giving the necessary orders has not been placed within your reach. But you must rouse to their respective Booksellers. yourself to seek for it.”

LONDON: “ I do not envy the man who can breathe the perfumed

JOHN WILLIAM PARKER, 445, (WEST) STRAND. air of a May morning, and gaze upon the bright face of

Sold by all Booksellers and Newsvenders in the Kingdom. renewed nature without emotion. I am no longer a boy, Hawkers and Dealers in Periodical Publications supplied on wholesale terms by but at such moments seldom fail to find my spirit imbued

W.S. ORR, Paternoster-Row; G. BERGER, Holywell-st., London, with the feelings of one: and fresh, cheering, and delicious

And by the Publisher's Agents in the following places :they are.”

Aberdeen..........Brown and Co.

} George.

Lancashire and Bancks and Co. EVENING CALM AND MORNING FRESHNESS.

Birmingham ..Langbridge.

s Manchester.

. Westley and Co. “ At Kolsass I came to a halt; night having begun to Cambridge. darken around me, and the stars to twinkle over the moun

Newcastle-on-Tyne, Finlay & Charle

ton; Empson tains. I retain a delightful remembrance of the calm which, Derby

Nottingham ..Wright spreading over the face of nature during the last hours of my

..Curry 'Jun. & Co. Oxford

Sheffield evening's walk, shed some portion of its peace and quiet Edinburgh

.Ridge.

Oliver and Boyd. Shrewsbury upon my soul and spirits. There is a tranquillity in the

Penny and Co.

Deighton

Glasgow mood of that hour, in the hues of natural objects, and the

........Griffin and Co hounds and scenes of closing day which I never can resist. It

C. RICHARDS, Printer, 100, St. Martin's Lane, Charing Cross

A MAY MORNING.

Hull

Wilson.

Bath....

Leeds .......

Cheshire

Robinson.
Leicester.......... Coombe.

Bristol

Stevenson
Carlisle

Thurnam.
Colchester ........

Swinborne & Co.

Wilkins and Son.
Dublin
Dundee

Shaw.

.Slatter.

Eddowes

Exeter..

Worcester ......

THE

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UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE COMMITTEE OF GENERAL LITERATURE AND EDUCATION,

APPOINTED BY THE SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE.

ON THE FITNESS OF THE FORMS OF ANI- | and the other beneath it ; that one, also, should feed MALS TO THEIR MODES OF LIFE.

while on land as well as on water, but the other in the SHERE are few things more worthy of observation, or ever well it can swim; and, in consequence, it can

water exclusively. Now the gall cannot dive, howmore pleasing and instructive, than the way in which only obtain such prey, or eatable substances, as are to different animals are fitted for their appointed modes of life. We see in the management of them all such a depth of knowledge, such a wisdom of design, such a power of accomplishment, as is truly worthy of our highest admiration and most serious reflection. Let us even consider so simple a subject as the foot of a bird, and we shall find it full of contrivance and fitness for its purpose. Every part of nature is peopled with inhabitants. The bosom of the sea abounds with the finny tribes, and its surface forms a resting place for many families of the feathered creation. The numerous

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Common Cormorant.

species of gulls, many of the duck tribe, the auks, the be found floating on or near the surface ; but the corguillemots, the petrels, the divers, the cormorants, the morant feeds on fishes, which it pursues under goosanders, and various others, people the rocks and water; and the backward position of the legs, it precipices, obtain their food in the ever restless waves, will be evident, must assist it most materially in and many may in truth be said to have “their home diving after them. You will observe a difference, too, upon the deep."

in the manner in which the foot is webbed in the two Now the foot of a bird is always adapted to its mode species ; in the gull, the back-toe is very small, and of life. If any of these sea birds had a foot like that of not connected with the others; while in the cormoa common fowl, a crow, a magpie, or a pigeon, it rant it is not only of considerable length, but is united would not have served well for swimming; and hence by a membrane to the other three, (as you may obWe see that they are web-footed, like the duck or serve in the off foot of the figure) so that, in this bird, the goose. Their mode of living, however, is not in all the whole four toes are webbed and connected tocases the same, and in order to meet their different gether,—a circumstance which tends to give it great circumstances in this respect, there are corresponding velocity, when diving in pursuit of prey. Montagu, variations in the foot; relating to its form, the degree speaking of a tame cormorant, observes, that, “it is in which it is webbed, the comparative length of the almost incredible, to see with what dexterity this bird leg, or some other particular ; for exampie, we have 'dives and seizes its prey : knowing its own powers bere represented the black-backed gull, and the com- under water, if a fish is thrown in at a great distance, mon cormorant. Both swim, and both have webbed it frequently dives immediatelv, and pursues its course feet, yet there are several points of difference between under water, in a line to the spot : it is observed to them.

fall with vast celerity; and, if the water is clear, takes Why are the feet placed so much further back in the fish with certainty, and frequently before it falls the cormorant? they are so far behind, that the bird, to the bottom." But, in the natural state, how does as you see, stands nearly erect. The reason is this : the cormorant know where the prey

is ? If you were the Creator has determined, in his wisdom, that the one in a boat, even on the calmest day, you could not see bird should seek its food on the surface of the water, la fish from a distance of twenty or thirty feet, at ten VOL. I

6

or twelve below the surface, and still less if there were you a visit to-day or to-morrow. Consider, Sir, if any breeze or ripple. Now how does the bird manage you have actually written any thing; that an innoThe author just quoted states, that, when fishing, it cent line, if misinterpreted, may cost you your life. always keeps its head under water, in order that it That is all I have to say, and I now take my leave. may the more clearly and certainly discover the prey. The only recompense which I ask for a service which

There is still something more in the foot of the cor- I think of some importance, is, that if you meet me morant : but I must first explain to you what I mean in the streets you will not recognize me ; and that in by the foot of a bird; for, anatomically speaking, it case it is too late to save you from being taken, you consists of more than the part merely on which the will not inform against me."-So saying he disapbird rests. Observe a common fowl walking about,- peared, leaving the poor President in great alarm, which is its leg? You point to the pillar covered by His first movement was to run to his secretary, snatch a scaly skin, which stands between the toes and the the papers, and throw them into the fire. feathers. Now suppose that this fowl submits to the Scarcely was that done, when in came Lord Chesusual fate of its race ; that it is killed and dressed, terfield. He soon saw that his friend was in trouble, and that I request you to help me to a leg. Do you and asked him what could have happened. The prefind any difference in the part you send me, from what sident related what had happened ; said, that he had you considered as the leg in the living fowl? In fact, burnt his papers, and ordered a post-chaise to be ready you help me not to the leg only, but also to the thigh; at three o'clock in the morning, that he might quickly while the naked part, which you considered as the leg leave a place where a few moments longer stay might in the living bird, is wanting altogether. From this be fatal. Lord Chesterfield listened calmly to all this, you will see, that what you had considered as the knee and then said: “this is all very well, my dear presiis in reality the ankle or heel ; that what is commonly dent, but let us sit down and examine your

adventure called the drumstick is the leg, and the portion above with our heads cool and calm.”—“You are joking," it, which is attached to the side bone by the round said the President, “it is impossible for one's head to ball, or head of the thigh bone, is the thigh. be at ease when it hangs only by a thread.""

But, If you examine, then, the leg of a duck or goose, pray,” said the earl, “ who is this man who has so you will find, that though it is compressed at the sides, generously exposed himself to danger to save you from still it has considerable thickness in front. These it? This seems not very natural : he may be a birds, however, do not require to swim with great ve- Frenchman; but the love of one's country does not locity; and, in fact, a slow and deliberate examina- lead men to travel into dangers which lie out of tion and search with their bills is the most usual way their way, especially for the sake of a person who is of obtaining their subsistence. But we may readily unknown to them. This man was not a friend of conceive that in a bird, which, like the cormorant, yours?”—“No!”—“Was he badly dressed?"_“Yes; depends chiefly for its success in capturing its prey | very badly.”—“Did he ask you for money?"" “Not on the rapidity with which the latter can be followed, a farthing.'

a farthing."-"Why that is still more extraordinary: such a leg would be less properly fitted, since it would but whence did he learn all that he told you?"_“Oh! offer considerable resistance and retard the velocity. I don't know at all; perhaps from the inquisitors Now here again we have an example of that wisdom themselves.”_" Absurd,” said the earl, “ that counwhich pervades every thing, whether the revolutions cil is the most secret in the world, and he is not the of worlds, the motions of a fly, or the structure of a man to get near them.”—“Perhaps he is one of their bird. The cormorant's leg is so flattened on the sides, spies," said the President." Perhaps not,” said the that the front edge, which cuts the water, is not earl : “ can one suppose a foreigner to be a spy, and thicker than the blade of a carving-knife.Letters to that spy clad like a beggar while he is employed in a a young Naturalist.

calling for which he must be well paid ; and, again,

that spy betrays his masters to you at the hazard of FRENCH WIT AND ENGLISH SENSE.

being strangled if you inform against him, or if he is

suspected of having assisted you to escape! It's all The President Montesquieu and Lord Chesterfield a joke, depend upon it, my friend."-"What can it became acquainted as they were travelling to Italy. be, then?" said the President."-"I am thinking On the road they began to dispute about the merits about it,” said the earl. of their two nations. My lord allowed that the French Having puzzled themselves to no purpose, the had more wit than the English, but said they had no president still persisted in leaving the place immecommon sense. The president agreed to this; but diately: when Lord Chesterfield, after walking about they could not settle the difference between wit and the room, apparently in a deep study, stopped common sense. Before the dispute was ended, they short, and putting his hand to his forehead, as arrived at Venice. Here the president went about if a sudden thought had struck him, said, very every where--saw every thing-asked questions—and gravely: “ President, listen to me: an idea has just talked to every body; and at night noted down his come into my head. Yes! that must be the man : I observations.

have not the least doubt of it!""What man?" said An hour or two after, a Frenchman, shabbily dress-the President; if

you

know who he is, pray tell me ed, came into his room, and addressed him thus : quickly.”—“Oh! yes,” was the answer ; “I know “Sir, I am a countryman of yours. I have lived here him well enough : he was sent by one Lord Chesterthese twenty years, but I have always kept up my friend field, who wished to prove to you by experience, that ship towards my countrymen; and I always think an ounce of common sense is worth a hundred weight myself too happy when I have an opportunity of of wit.”—The president never forgave him for the serving them, as I have you to day. You may do joke.—DIDEROT's Memoirs. any thing in this country, except meddle with affairs of state. One thoughtless word costs a person his head; and have already spoken a thousand. The

A TRUE STORY. you State Inquisitors have their eyes upon you; their spies | Yes! I remember him well, though more than twenty are following you every where : they note down your years have elapsed. I had many opportunities of obplans, and they know that you are going to write a serving his short, neat figure; his small regular feabook. To my certain knowledge they intend to pay tures; his dark complexion, and thick black hair,

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