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Oh happy obedience! God was pleased with a sacrifice from the house of Baal ; the idolaters are slain; the idols burnt; the house of Baal turned to a draught ; (though even thus less unclean, less noisome, than in the former perfumes ;) and, in one word, Baal is destroyed out of Israel.

Who, that had seen all this zeal for God, would not have said,

Jehu is a true Israelite ?" Yet, he, that rooted out Ahab, would not be rid of Jeroboam : he, that destroyed Baal, maintained the two calves of Dan and Bethel. That idolatry was of a lower rank, as being a misworship of the true God; whereas the other was a worship of the false. Even the easier of both is heinous; and shall rob Jehu of the praise of his uprightness. A false heart may laudably quit itself of some one gross sin, and, in the mean time, hug some lesser evil that may condemn it; as a man recovered of a fever may die of a jaundice or a dropsy. We lose the thank of all, if we wilfully fault in one.

It is an entire goodness, that God cares for. Perhaps, such is the bounty of our God, a partial obedience may be rewarded, with a temporal blessing; as Jehu's severity to Ahab shall carry the crown to his seed, for four generations : but we can never have any comfortable assurance of an eternal retribution, if our hearts and ways be not perfect with God. Woe be to us, O God, if we be not all thine. We cannot but everlastingly depart from thee, if we depart not from every sin. Thou hast purged our hearts from the Baal of our gross idolatries, 0 clear us from the golden calves of our petty corruptions also; that thou mayest take pleasure in our uprightness, and we may reap the sweet comforts of thy glorious remuneration.


2 KINGS XI., XII. ; 2 CHRONICLES XXII., XXIII., XXIV. On the woeful ruins of the house of good Jehoshaphat! Jehu hath slain two-and-forty of his issue ; Athaliah hopes to root out the rest. This daughter of Ahab was not like to be other than fatal to that holy line. One drop of that wicked blood was enough, both to impure and spill all the rest, which affinity had mixed with it.

It is not, unlike, that Ahaziah, betaking himself to the society of Jehoram's wars, committed the sway of his sceptre to his mother Athaliah. The daughter of Jezebel cannot but be plotting. When she hears of the death of Ahaziah and his brethren, inflicted by the heavy hand of Jehu, she straight casts for the kingdom of Judah. The true heirs are infants; their minority gives her both colour of rule, and opportunity of an easy

extirpation. Perhaps, her ambition was not more guilty, than her zeal of Baalism : she saw Jehu, out of a detestation of idolatry, trampling on the blood of Jehoram, Jezebel, Ahaziah, the sons of Ahab, the brethren of Ahaziah, the priests and prophets of Baal, and, in one word, triumphing in the destruction both of Ahab and his gods, out of Israel ; and now she thinks, “ Why should not I destroy Jehoshaphat and his God, out of Judah ?"

Who ever saw an idolater, that was not cruel ? Athaliah must needs let out some of her own blood, out of the throat of Ahaziah's sons ; yet she spares not to shed it, out of a thirst of sovereignty.

O God, how worthy of wonder are thy just and merciful dispensations; in that, thou sufferest the seed of good Jehoshaphat to be destroyed by her hand, in whose affinity he offended, and yet savest one branch of this stock of Jehoshaphat, for the sake of so faithful a progenitor!

Wicked Athaliah, couldst thou think God would so far forget his servant David, though no other of those loins had seconded his virtues, as to suffer all his seed to be rooted out of the earth? This vengeance was not for thy father Ahab. The man according to God's own heart shall have a lineal heir, to succeed in his throne, when thou and thy father's house shall have vanished into forgetfulness.

For this purpose, hath the wise Providence of God ordained a Jehosheba, and matched her in the priestly tribe. Such reverence did Jehoram, king of Judah, though degenerated into the idolatry of his father-in-law, Ahab, bear to this sacred function, that he marries his daughter to Jehoiada, the priest. Even princesses did not then scorn the bed of those that served at God's altar. Why should the Gospel pour contempt upon that, which the Law honoured ?

That good lady had too much of Jehoshaphat in her, to suffer the utter extirpation of that royal seed. She could not, doubtless, without the extreme danger of her own life, save the life of her nephew Joash. With what a loving boldness doth she adventure to steal him, from amongst those bleeding carcasses, in the chamber of death! Her match gave her opportunity to effect that, which both nature and religion moved her to attempt. Neither know I, whether more to wonder at the cunning of the device, or the courage of the enterprise, or the secrecy of the concealment, or the happiness of the success.

Certainly, Athaliah was too cruelly careful, to forget this so late born son of Ahaziah : of all the rest, his age would not suffer him to be out of her eye: in all likelihood therefore, she must needs have missed so noted a corpse, had there not been a substitution of some other dead child in his room. In that age, the favour is not so distinguishable ; especially of a dead face. Without some pious deceit, this work could never have been effected. Else, had the child been secretly subduced, and misled by his bloody grandmother, her perpetual jealousy had both expected a surviving heir, and continued a curious and unavoidable search; both which were now shunned at once, while Athaliah reckons him for dead whom Jehosheba hath preserved. Mischief sometimes fails of those appointments, wherein it thinks to have made the surest work. God laughs in heaven, at the plots of tyrants ; and befools them, in their deepest projects. He had said to David, Of the fruit of thy body, will I set upon thy seat : in vain shall earth and hell conspire to frustrate it. Six

years hath Joash, and his nurse, been hid in a close cell of the temple. Those rooms were destined only to the holy tribe ; yet now rejoice to harbour such a guest. The rigour of the ordinary law must yield to cases of so important necessity.

All this could not possibly be done and continued, without the privity of many faithful priests and Levites; who were as careful to keep this counsel, as hopeful of the issue of it. It is not hard for many honest hearts, to agree in a religious secrecy : needs must those lips be shut, which God hath

sealed up.

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Judah had not been used to such a yoke. Long had it groaned under the tyranny, not of a woman only, but of an idolatrous Sidonian : if any of that sex might have claimed that sceptre, none had so much right to it, as Jehosheba herself; but good Jehoiada the priest, who would rather be a loyal guardian to the king, than a husband to a queen, now finds time to set on foot the just title of Joash, and to put him into the misusurped throne of his father Ahaziah.

In the seventh year, therefore, he sends for the captains and the guard ; and having sworn them secrecy, by undoubted witnesses makes faith unto them of the truth of their native prince, thus happily rescued from the bloody knife of his merciless grandmother; marshals the great business of his inauguration; gives every one his charge; sets every one his station ; and so disposes of his holy forces, as was most needful for the safety of the king, the revenge of the usurper, the prevention of tumults, the establishment of the crown upon the owner's head in peace

There was no one of all these agents, who did not hold the business to be his own. Every true subject of Judah was feelingly interested in this service ; neither was there any of them, who was not secretly heart-burned all this while, with the hateful government of this idolatrous tyranness: and now, this inward fire is glad to find a vent. How gladly do they address themselves to this welcome employment !

and joy.

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One sees

The greatest part of this secret band were Levites; who might therefore both meet together with least suspicion, and be more securely trusted by Jehoiada, under whom they served. Even that holy priest of God, instead of teaching the law, sets the guard, orders the captains, ranges the troops of Judah ; and, instead of a censer, brings forth the spears and shields of David. The temple is, for the present, a field or an artillery-yard, and the ephods are turned into harness. That house, in the rearing whereof not the noise of a hammer might be heard, now admits of the clashing of armour, and the secret murmurs of some military achievement. No circumstances, either of place or calling, are so punctual, as that public necessity may not dispense with their alteration.

All things are now ready for this solemnity. Each man rejoices, to fix upon his own footing ; and longs to see the face of their long-concealed sovereign; and vows his blood to the vindication of the common liberty, to the punishment of a cruel intruder. Now Jehoiada brings forth unto them the king's son, and presents him to the peers and people. Hardly can the multitude contain itself, from shouting out too soon. in his countenance the features of his father, Ahaziah ; another of his grandfather, Jehoram; a third professes to discern in him some lines and fashion of his great grandfather, Jehoshaphat; all find in his face the natural impressions of majesty; and read in it the hopes, yea, the prophecies, of their future happiness.

Not with more joy than speed doth Jehoiada accomplish all the rites of the coronation. Before that young king could know what was done to him, he is anointed, crowned, presented with the book of the law.

Those ceremonies were instructive; and, no doubt, Jehoiada failed not to comment upon them, in due time, to that royal pupil.

The oil, wherewith he was anointed, signified his designation to that high service, and those endowments from heaven, that might enable him to so great a function.

The crown, wherewith he was adorned, signified that glory and majesty, which should both encourage and attend his princely

The book of the testimony signified the divine rules and directions, whereto he must frame his heart and actions, in the wielding of that crown, in the improvement of that oil.

These three, the oil, the crown, the testimony, that is, inward powers, outward magnificence, true piety and justice, make up a perfect prince. None of these may be wanting. If there be not a due calling of God, and abilities meet for that greatness, the oil faileth: if there be not a majestic grace and royalty that may command reverence, the crown is missing : if


there be not a careful respect to the law of God, as the absolute guide of all counsels and determinations, the testimony is neglected: all of them concurring, make both king and people happy.

Now is it time for the people to clap their hands, and by their loud acclamations to witness their joy; which must needs break forth with so much more force, by how much it was longer, upon fears and policy, suppressed.

The court and temple were near together. However it was with Athaliah and the late revolted princes of Judah, according to the common word, the nearer to the church, the further from God; their religious predecessors held it the greatest commodity of their house, that it neighboured upon the house of God.

From her palace, might Athaliah easily hear the joyful shouts of the multitude, the loud noise of the trumpets; and, as astonished with this new tumult of public gratulations, she comes running into the temple. Never had her foot trod upon that holy pavement, till now that she came to fetch a just revenge from that God, whose worship she had contemned.

It fell out well, that her sudden amazedness called her forth, without the attendance of any strong guard ; whose side-taking might have made that quarrel mutually bloody.

She soon hears and sees, what she likes not. Her ear meets with, God save the king : her eye meets with the unlooked-for heir of the kingdom; sitting on his throne, crowned and robed in the royal fashion, guarded with the captains and soldiers, proclaimed by the trumpeters, acclaimed and applauded by the people.

Who can say, whether this sight drave her more near to frenzy or death? How could it be otherwise, when those great spirits of hers, that had been long used to an uncontrolled sovereignty, find themselves so unexpectedly suppressed?

She now rends her clothes, and cries, Treason, treason; as if that voice of hers could still command all hearts, all hands; as if one breath of hers were powerful enough, to blow away all these new designs.

O Athaliah, to whom dost thou complain thyself? They are thy just executioners, wherewith thou art encompassed. If it be treason to set up the true heir of Ahaziah, thou appealest to thy traitors. The treason was thine ; theirs is justice. The time is now come, of thy reckonings for all the royal blood of Judah, which thiñe ambition shed. Wonder, rather, at the patience of this long forbearance, than the rigour of this execution.

There needs no formal seat of justice, in so apparent offence. Jehoiada passes the sentence of death upon her; Have her

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