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and alfo to back warrants of diftrefs. In the execution of the prin cipal defign, however, Mr. Nolan has fucceeded; for the cafes are reported with accuracy and precision, and are well entitled to rank as original, and not mere concurrent, authorities. Influenced by this opinion, we regret to hear that he has not met with fufficient encouragement to warrant a profecution of his first intention, and that at prefent the completion of the volume is not to be expected. This difappointment (for which the author feems to have been prepared, from the copious index which is added to each of the parts) may have arifen from the circumftance of the fame cases being, with few exceptions, reported in the Term Reports; or from the plan adopted by Mr. Williams, of publishing an annual continuation of his Juftice of the Peace, in which all the adjudications and flatutes of the preceding year are inferted, and which muft in fome degree unavoidably fuperfede the demand for any feparate periodical feries of reports in this branch of our law.

The whole Law relative to the Duty and Office of a Justice of the Peace, comprifing alfo the Authority of Parish Officers. By Thomas Walter Williams, Efq. of the Inner Temple, Barvifter at Law. Vol. V. containing the adjudged Cafes from Michaelmas Term 1794 to the End of Trinity Term 1797, and a copious Abridgment of the Statutes paffed in the 35th, 36th, and 37th Years of the Reign of his prefent Majefty. 10s. 6d. Boards. Robinfons. 1797. Mr. Williams has now completed a fifth volume of his Juftice of the Peace, which brings the law relative to that important office down to the prefent period: it consists of three parts, which were published in the fucceffive Michaelmas terms fubfequent to the completion of the original work in 1795. The adjudged cafes and ftatutes of each year are carefully abridged, and arranged with judgment under proper heads; and, to obviate the inconvenience that might be apprehended from the occurrence of the fame titles in different places, the author has fubjoined a clear and copious table of contents, prefenting at one view the principal matters comprised in the volume: there are alfo feparate tables of reference to the adjudged cafes and the statutes.

In reviewing this article, we obferved with confiderable fatisfaction, that one of the happy effects refulting from the operation of the ftatute 35 Geo. 3, c. 101, which prevents the removal of the poor before they become actually chargeable, and which Mr. Williams has inferted in p. 139, (exclufive of the meliorated fituation of the induftrious poor from fuch a provision) is, that a confiderable expenfe muft have already been faved to many parishes from the restraint now imposed on the profecution of orders of removal; as it is evident, from the enumeration of the fettlement cafes referred to the confideration of the court of king's bench in the laft year, and from a comparison of the number decided in that court in former years, that the bufinefs of the different quarter

feffions throughout this kingdom must have declined, upon questions of fettlement, in the proportion of at least two-thirds.

EDUCATION.

Paftoral Leffons, and Parental Converfations. Intended as a Com panion to Mrs. Barbauld's Hymns in Profe. 12mo. 15. Darton and Harvey. 1797.

Thefe leffons are well calculated to accompany Mrs. Barbauld's hymns, of which they are profeffedly imitations. Every attempt to add to the variety of books proper for young minds is worthy of commendation.

Moral Biography; or the Worthies of England difplayed: containing the Lives of Perfons eminently distinguished for their Virtues and Talents. Defigned for the Ufe of private Families and public Schools. 12mo. 25. 6d. Sael. 1797.

This is one of those compilations which challenge no praife, and provoke no cenfure: As it seems to be chiefly intended, however, for young perfons, the author ought not to have confined himself to a dry chronological detail, but fhould have given anecdotes, fayings, &c.

ROMANCE S.

Santa-Maria, or the Myfterious Pregnancy. A Romance. By J. Fox. 3 Vols. 12mo. 10s. 6d. fewed. Kearfley. 1797.

Our modern romance-writers appear to be extremely defirous of afcertaining how far it is poffible to carry extravagance and abfurdity; and the experiment of this author, though not abfolutely decifive, approaches as nearly to decifion as most of the attempts which we have witneffed. He has confiderably improved on his models. Befides copying, with little variation, the mysteries of all the caftles lately built, he introduces the mystery of pregnancy, or what Dr. Hill, in his fatire on the Royal Society, called Lucina fine concubitu a moft delicate fubject in a work principally intended for the amusement and inftruction of females! It would have required abilities of no common kind to conceal the deformity of fuch a story; but, in the hands of Mr. Fox, it is productive of great difguft.

The ftyle of this work accords with the variety of terrific conundrums with which it abounds, being a tiffue of imitations faintly reminding us of feveral popular romances. In the last volume he attempts to make his characters (who are all Italians) fpeak the language of Shakspeare; and he is fuccefsful as far as the fource is pointed out by the repetition of "befhrew me," "ever and anon," and fuch fcraps.As fpecimens of the grand and fublime in romantic writing, the reader may take the following paf Lages.

Cair. Rev. VOL, XXII, Jan. 1798.

I

Vol. i. p. 151. Rodolph eagerly opened the cheft-when-!!! to his infinite astonishment and horror, he beheld —a frightful vacuity!!!'

Thefe marks of admiration are the author's; and the meaning is, in plain English, that Rodolph opened a cheft, and was surprised to find it empty.

Again, vol. ii. p. 178, fpeaking of the veneration of monks for relics, Rodolph says,

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Still will they preferve our mortal relics to gape upon, and to pray to withal, though thefe fame musty bones must bitterly remind them of that awful self-dissolution which they are themselves fo unprepared to meet, and which, [what?] if once reanimated, might publifh to the world fuch confeffionary horrid truths, as would make the hair even of murder, blafphemy, and incest, ftand on end.'

Although we have accufed Mr. Fox of being an imitator, we muft in justice add, that, to the beft of our knowledge and belief, the paffages above quoted are original.

Les Amours de Clitophon et de Leucipp, par Achillés Tatius; traduit du Grec, avec des Notes.

Paris.

The Loves of Clitophon and Leucippe, tranflated from the Greek of Achilles Tatius. 12mo. 1797.

This romance is ufually placed in the next rank to that of Heliodorus. It is amufing, and it intcrefts the feelings: but it does not abound with variety of incident; nor is it fufficiently chafte to be adapted to the perufal of youth, without occafional corrections and fuppreflions.

The editor of this volume has only re-publifhed, with fome engravings, that tranflation which was given to the world by the abbé Des-Fontaines. It is a free rather than a literal verfion; and the notes are appofite and useful.

In the first book, a paffage of confiderable length is omitted by the tranflator. It contains an account of the conversation between Clinias and Clitophon, and of the unfortunate death of the friend of the former; and, with flight alterations, might have been retained without giving the leaft offence to the modefty of the reader. Several pages of the fecond book are more properly omitted, as mere alteration would have been infufficient. But it is requifite that we should defift from our remarks; for it is inconfiftent with our plan to dwell on a new edition of an old tranflation, unless we meet with fome additions or improvements.

Numa Pompilius, Second Roi de Rome, Par M. de Florian. Numa Pompilius, the fecond of the Roman Kings. 12mo. 35. Sewed: Dulau. 1797.

This is merely a London edition of an esteemed romance,

founded on the basis of hiftory; and it claims no other notice than an intimation, that the typographical execution of it is fuperior, in point of accuracy, to that of many French books printed in England.

MISCELLANEOUS LIST.

Suggestions for the Improvement of Hofpitals, and other charitable Inftitutions. By William Blizard, F. R. S. and F. A. S. 8vo. 3s. 6d. Boards. Dilly. 1795.

Among the contents of this little book, are

Reflections upon the fubject of affiftant-furgeons to hospitals written with the intention of strengthening the fentiments of the governors of the London hofpital, when the propofition for affiftantfurgeons was fubmitted to their confideration. They are here introduced, inasmuch as fome hofpitals are still without such an establifhment.' P. vii.

We have alfo an account of a charitable inftitution, called the Samaritan Society, which was established at the London hospital, principally by the exertions of Mr. Blizard. We recommend this charity as a very useful inftitution.

We afterwards meet with observations upon hospitals, which are not very novel or important: they seem, however, to be the fuggeftions of a benevolent fpirit, and may do good by calling the public attention to this fubject; for, as the author has technically obferved,

the mind, excited to a certain degree, will often move on, until it has worked out fomething ufeful, agreeing in tendency with the exciting caufe. P. X.

Afhort: Addrefs to the Profeffors of Surgery throughout his Majefty's Dominions, on the Bill lately brought into Parliament for erecting. the Corporation of Surgeons in London into a College. By a Member of the Corporation. 8vo. 15. Sewell. 1797.

The author difpaffionately defends the conduct of the court of affiftants of the furgeons' company, in difpofing of their hall, and applying to parliament for a confirmation and flight extenfion of their privileges, without acquainting the other members of the fo-, ciety, by faying, that they were legally empowered to tranfact the. bafinefs of the company, and that, with refpect to talents and integrity, they were competent to the due execution of it.

Many have thought it would have been proper to have taken the fenfe of a general meeting on the expediency of disposing of the hall. If there exifted any doubts on the propriety of the measure, where could thofe doubts be more fedately confidered, and every circumftance relative to them be more impaffionately weighed and deliberated on, than in a court of affiftants formed by men of unblemished honour and integrity ? P. 9.

We would, however, obferve, that laws which, like thofe of the Medes and Perfians, vary not, are very unfit for the government of a mutable society; and that thofe regulations which were made by the furgeons when the company was first established, even if they were at that time excellent, may now be inexpedient and improper. If the court of affiftants applied to parliament at all, they ought to have folicited the beft poffible code of laws: but, that they have not done fo, appears to be the opinion of the majority of the company.

We are of opinion, that the only method of checking the progrefs of the confufion which this controverfy has produced, and of re-establishing the affairs of the company, would be to convoke a meeting of the whole body. All party diftinctions would then cease, as the refolutions would become the acts of the whole; and we cannot doubt, that such an assembly would devise the best remedy that can be adopted. We are furprifed, that the author of this addrefs fhould feem to difapprove fuch an expedient.

Obfervations in Defence of a Bill lately brought into Parliament, for erccting the Corporation of Surgeons of London into a College; and for granting and confirming to fuch College certam Rights and Privileges: including a Sketch of the Hiftory of Surgery in England. By Thomas Chevalier, A. M. a Member of the Corporation. Svo. 2s. 6d. Johnfon. 1797.

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Mr. Chevalier, with a view to the present state and exigencies of furgery, has given a correct hiftorical account of the first confufion of the furgeons and barbers in France; of the early ftate of furgery in this country, in which, as upon the continent, it was blended with the occupation of a barber; of the different acts of the legiflature relative to furgery; and of the feparation of the companies of furgeons and barbers in 1745. The judicial regulations of the new corporation of furgeons resembled, however, thofe of the company from which they had lately parted.

The government of the furgeons' company, and the management of all their affairs, were vefted in the court of affiftants, who were to be twenty-one in number, ten of whom were to be exa. miners, and each to hold their refpective offices for life. They were to elect members out of the company at large to fill up vacancies in their own number, and perfons from among themselves to fill vacancies in the court of examiners. They were alfo to choose annually one principal mafter or governor, and two other governors or wardens; and nine members of the court of affiftants, with two of the governors, formed a quorum for the tranfaction of bufinefs.' P. 53.

The author contends, that the prefent regulations are good; and that the additions lately propofed would make them better. It is unneceffary to abridge his arguments, which we think will not induce the difcontented members of the company to alter their pinions.

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