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only caloric. His method of elucidating the effects of the fpark is explained by a diagram; and its object is to thow, that, when the powers which contribute to the aggregation of oxygen and combuftible matter, joined with caloric, are nearly in equilibrio with the forces tending to their explosion, a flight addition of heat may turn the fcale, and produce the deflagration. We are inclined, however, to prefer the more recent doctrine of light being a diftinct and an antagonifing principle to heat. An account of different fulminating fubftances is fubjoined, with a view of illuftrating the opinion of Dr. Higgins.

The reft of the volume is too mifcellaneous to allow us even to notice its contents. We fhall felect only the following obfervations of Dr. Latham, which deferve great attention, though we fufpect that his opinion is not fupported by facts, particularly the appearance of electrical sparks in vacus,

Whilft the electrical sparks were acting in the apparatus for the compofition of water, and in the azotic and oxygenous gaffes of the last mentioned experiment: "Dr. Latham informed the fociety that he had made a discovery which might become important, with refpect to the phenomenon which is generally called the elec tric fpark. He obferved that the appearance which is ufually denominated the electrical spark, is not electrical, but is actual fire produced from the decompofition of any aëriform elastic fluid. That it is extricated and appears in the form of flame, in confequence of an elective attraction taking place between the electric matter and the basis of the elaftic fluid, to the exclufion of the fire which was combined with it. He ftated, in proof of his doctrine, that the fpark is only feen in the line of direction as it paffes from point to point through an elastic fluid; and that as the air is with drawn, in the receiver of an air-pump, the fpark appears lefs vivid, so that in a vacuum there is no evidence of fire at all; and yet that a veffel may be charged with the electric fluid which so paffes from point to point, although it does not manifeft its paffage by the common appearance of sparks.

"He alfo ftated that he was particularly induced to think upon the fubject from obferving the experiment for the formation of water repeated before this fociety; where the hydrogenous gas takes fire upon the discharge of electric matter, when from many circumstances he had previously convinced himself that electric matter had little or no analogy with it.

"He expressed himself fanguine in the hope that many improvements in philofophical purfuits might be derived from his difcovery, and particularly inftanced the theory of lightning and atmospheric meteors, of fubterraneous fires and tepid forings and earthquakes; and mentioned fome other important matters which might hereafter probably receive elucidation from a knowledge of the fact which he communicated.

"He also contended that if the spark really iffued as he fuppofed from the decompofed elaftic fluid, that there might be pollibly

found a method of tranfmitting the electric matter in fuch a manner through fimple gaffes, as at laft to exhibit oxygen, hydrogen, and azot in a folid form." P. 345.

Upon the whole. amidft much parade, and many trifling obfervations, ingenious remarks may occafionally be difcovered in this work. Its chief value, however, confifts in the defcription of feveral inftruments for facilitating the preparations of different chemical fubftances, and in the fuggeftion of many ufeful precautions in various processes and experiments, as well as confiderable improvements in the proceffes themfelves. The practical chemitt may perufe it with advantage; but it will add little to the progrefs of the science.

The Life of Hubert: a Narrative, Defcriptive, and Didactic Poem. (in Continuation.) The fecond and third Books. By the late Rev. Thomas Cole, LL.B. &c. 8vo. 1s. 6d. Law. 1797.

THE first book of Hubert having been already subjected to our criticifm *, the fecond and third books, which (we are informed by the editor) have been found among Mr. Cole's papers, are the objects of our prefent ftrictures. Had the writer lived, he would probably have shown more of the lima labor, than appears. Nevertheless, the fubject, though fimple, is interefting, and the execution ingenious. The au thor reminds us of Mr. Cowper; but the poems of the latter, though, like this piece, they abound with feeble lines, poffefs more invention and imagery.

We shall now prefent our readers with fome extracts from the work.

Hubert and his young companions having employed themfelves in the conftruction of feats in a tree, the pleature which they derived from the completion of their work is thus mentioned.

Our handy work, at leisure, we survey,

With much less pride, though not with lefs delight,
Than either Angelo, or Wren, could feel,
Had both furviv'd the toil of ling'ring years,
To fee their rival domes auguftly rear'd,
In honour of St. Peter, and St. Paul,

At Rome, and London; or that impious king,
Who boasted of his mighty Babylon,
A city vaft, with strongest turret-walls
Well garrifon'd around, and palace grand,
Befring'd with verdant flow'ry plants, most rare,

*See Crit. Rev. New Arr. Vol. XVI. p. 182.


Sufpended high above their native soil, In beds of hanging gardens, at a coft, And labour, moft immenfe; or he, of name Unknown, who built, on Egypt's level fands, From spreading bafe, high tap'ring to a point, That pierc'd the clouds, that regal pyramid, Chief wonder of the world, and form'd to laft Till e'en the world itself fhall be diffolv'd.' P. 5. A convivial meeting is not ill defcribed in, the following paffage of the fecond book.

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• Our fleek mild vicar, and more placid fire,
Alike reluctant ever to refign

Sedate poffeffion of an elbow-chair,
Were yet, for once induc'd, at much request,
Their after-dinner dose not half imbib'd,
In flow, reluctant progrefs, to adjourn
To our alcove; but not without due care
There to transfer, together with themselves,
Good ftore of aids convivial, to prevent
A joyless vifit. Soon as they could fix
On most commodious feats; and, to their taste,
The table saw bespread; with loud report,
From bottl'd beer, brew'd, two Octobers fince,
With Dorfet's beft pale malt, and Farnham hop,
The cork was drawn. The bowl of lip-wax'd pipe,
With cut tobacco of Virginian growth,

By fkilful finger leifurely comprefs'd,
Till quite replete, is kindl'd, bright by fits,
At each inhalant breath, from purest flame
Of waxen taper. Fragrant clouds of fimoke,
In curling volumes, spread, at ev'ry puff;
And the deep glass with emblematic ears
Of bearded barley, round its brim festoon'd,
Is often fill'd: the active airy gas,
Sparkling awhile in all directions, fills
The liquid amber; then, uprising quick,
In creamy mantlings on the furface fmiles.

• Hubert's affociates foon defert their guests;
But he, at once elate with pride, to find
His skill thus honour'd, and still flatter'd more
With profpect of deriving much delight,
And ufeful knowledge, from the blended proofs
Of practis'd wit and wifdom; ftood prepar'd
To catch, with greedy ear, whate'er they faid.
In fmoke and mufing filence long inwrapt,
A strong projected blast denotes at once
Matur'd conception; and from op'ning lips

The pipe is flow withdrawn, to give free vent
For mott profound refearch. With patriot zeal,
To fave the finking ftate, they ably plan
Measures, alas! to miniftry unknown;
Or if before them laid, in council met,
Perhaps rejected with moft fatal fcorn.
In train oracular, they next defcant,
With equal skill, at leaft, on various modes
To manage arable and pasture lands:
On the best breeds, and moft appropriate food,
Of horfes, bullocks, fheep, of hogs, and dogs,
Decifively pronounce. At length quite cheer'd
By heart-expanding draughts, the sparkling eye,
And mouth crifp'd round with pregnant imiles befpeak
More joyous thoughts. Of youthful college pranks
The vicar's tales, though ten times told before,
Are told again, with more than usual glee.
With features quite compos'd, and in a ftyle
Of humour dry, and manner all his own,
Would Hubert's father introduce a fet
Of fhort and pithy anecdotes, most fure
To claim attention, and much mirth excite :
So fingular, and matchless, in his way,
That ableft mimics would attempt in vain
To fpeak his parts, as well as he himself.
But fome droll fally, from another fource,
Would oft provoke a laugh to shake his fides,
By fits fpafmodic, till his breath would fail,

And make his painful mirth flow through his eyes. p. 12.

The third book is written in the fame fpirit, and is equally amufing: but we can only find room for one extract from it, which pourtrays the character of Hubert's mother.

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Handfome in youth, and when the matron ceas'd
To be the breeding mother, ftill the bloom'd,
In more mature, but undiminish'd charms.
Sprightly in converfe; certain to fecure,
By courteous manners, and engaging fmiles,
The hearts of all, whom chance or friendship made
Her cheer'd companions. Still alike polite
To guests of ev'ry class; but nicely skill'd
On each fome mark'd attention to bestow.
Moft lib'ral in her treats, and proud to fee
A fpacious table, deck'd in tafte throughout
With varied plenty. Yet would ne'er difdain,

By manual aid, and economic arts,

To fhow herself, at times, as prompt to fare

All needlefs coft, as generous to spend.

Quick in refentment of an open flight,
From friends profess'd, because she felt herself
Sincerely faithful in her love to them.'

P. 42.

Thus have we exhibited fpecimens of a performance, which, though it does not poffefs much poetical animation, pleases by its fimplicity. It refembles the Dutch pictures, which contain a number of figures, much nature, with all the minutenefs of detail, without elevation or grandeur.

Alumni Etonenfes; or, a Catalogue of the Provofts and Fellows of Eton College and King's College, Cambridge, from the Foundation in 1443, to the Year 1797; with an Account of their Lives and Preferments, collected from original MSS. and authentic Biographical Works. By Thomas Harwood. 4to. 1. Is. Boards. Cadell and Davies.


THE feminary of Eton has produced many diftinguished characters, and fome illuftrious ornaments both of church and state; and that academical foundation at Cambridge which is appropriated to the reception of Etonians, may claim its share of this praife. Biographical sketches of thofe individuals may prove interefting to readers in general, and to the members of thofe eftablishments in particular. The compiler of this work was himself educated at Eton; and he was at first induced by motives of perfonal amufement to make thofe collections which he afterwards thought proper to publish for the gratification of others.

For this catalogue, confidered merely as a lift of names, Mr. Harwood is chiefly indebted to Pote. The manufcripts which enabled him, in fome degree, to improve the skeleton into a body, were thofe of Hatcher, a phyfician in the reign of queen Elizabeth, who was regarded as an able antiquary; of Hinde and Goad, two clergymen of later times; and other elèves of Eton. The publications of various biographers and collectors of anecdotes, from Fuller to Granger, were alfo ufeful to him in his compilation.

The provofts of Eton college are first enumerated. The first perfon elevated to that dignity was Henry Sever, who appears to have been a rapacious pluralift. The moft eminent of his fucceffors were, bifhop Waynflete, fir Thomas Smith, fir Henry Savile, and fir Henry Wotton.

Of the provofts of King's college, the firft was Dr. Willington, who, having difpleafed Henry VI. by his partiality to the natives of Yorkthire, was difmiffed from his ftation. After a fucceffion of obfcure prefidents, Fox, bifhop of Hereford, who was an able negotiator as well as a learned divine, obCRIT. REV. VOL. XXII. April, 1798.


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