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ploys emiffaries to ftimulate the Greeks to a revolt; but it is more probable that they will wait till the French are ready to efpoufe their caufe, than unite with Turkish infurgents. The new poffeffors of Corfu are encroaching on the province of Albania; and they will not, we think, long be content with a small tract in that part of Europe, though they are, at prefent, on terms of apparent amity with the court of Conftantinople.


The northern emperor feems to be wholly unmoved by the convulfions of Europe. He is not, perhaps, aware of the effect which the approaching changes in Germany may have on the tranquillity of his dominions: but there is little doubt that the confequences of the aggrandifement and influence of the French will extend even to the Frozen Ocean.

The liberality of Paul to the titular king of France merits our applaufe. He has gratified the royal exile with a handfome allowance; and his bounty is alfo fhared by the prince of Condé and other emigrants. He has even taken into his pay the army which that prince has long commanded.

The ci-devant king of Poland died lately in his Ruffian afylum. He was a prince of confiderable talents and accomplishments; and was attached to the purfuits of literature and science. Though he was not a profound statesman, he was not altogether deficient in political wisdom; and his general aim was to render his people contented and happy.


The negotiations between the American and French republics have excited fo much attention, that our readers. will not be difpleafed if we enter into fome detail upon the fubject.

An important meffage from the prefident of the United States, was communicated, on the 19th of March, to the two legislative affemblies. The fubftance of it may thus


be ftated. Though the exertions of the American envoys for the adjustment of all differences were fincere and unremitted, there was no ground of expectation that the objects of their miffion would be accomplished on terms compatible with the honor or fafety of the nation. It was therefore neceffary, that the two councils fhould adopt fach measures as would tend to the protection of feafaring and trading citizens, to the increase of the ftores of war, and the defence of expofed portions of territory; and fhould provide fupplies for defraying extraordinary expences, and compenfating the deficiencies which might be occafioned by depredations on commerce. They were particularly conjured by the prefident to manifest, in all their proceedings, fuch zeal, vigor, and concert, in de fence of the national rights, as might be proportioned to the danger with which thofe rights were threatened.

At the defire of the houfe of representatives, the prefident fubmitted the dispatches of the envoys to the inspec tion of the legislative body. The contents of these papers are curious.

From thefe documents it appears, that general Pinckney and his diplomatic affociates (Marfhall and Gerry) were treated, on their arrival at Paris *, with great difrefpe&; that fome obfervations made by the prefident † in a fpeech to the congrefs had given offence to the directory; and that an apologetic explanation was demanded, as a preliminary to negotiatory conferences. The person who intimated this demand, added, that a sum of money would be neceffary to fecure a favorable reception from the directory, and that a confiderable loan would alfo be expedient. Another agent, the

* In October, 1797.

+ In May, 1797

The remarks that difpleafed the French were those which referred to the aggreffions committed by them, and which were followed by a spirited exhortation to the congrefs: fuch attempts (faid the prefident) ought to be repelled with a decifion which fhall convince France and the world, that we are not a degraded people, humiliated under a colonial fenfe of fear, fitted to be the miferable inftruments of foreign influence, and regardless of national honor, character, and intereft.'

confidential friend of the minifter Talleyrand, informedthe envoys, that, when an explicit apology fhould have been made, the French republic would prepare for the completion of a treaty which should place the two states in the fame predicament with regard to each other, in which they stood in the year 1778; or, in other words, a treaty which would allow the French the fame advantages that were enjoyed by the English in their trade with the fubjects of the United States; but that an effential part of the agreement would be the advance of money. This loan, he obferved, might be fo disguised, that the British court, which might otherwife confider it as a breach of neutrality, would not be offended. When he was afked whether the directory might not be induced to recede from the de-. mand of an apology, he replied, that he knew only of one mode of application which would tempt them to wave itthat was, the offer of money. The spirit of fordid rapacity which was thus exhibited, difgufted the envoys; and, having expreffed their surprise at fuch demands, they requested time for confulting their employers, promifing, that, if the French would defift from all captures of American ships, one of the three should make an immediate voyage for additional instructions. The agent was diffatisfied with this propofal; and, reverting to the requifition of an apology, he defired to know whether the minifters were ready to comply. They answered, that they had no power to invali-. date any part of the prefident's fpeech; that fuch an attempt would expofe them to the rifque of recail; and that," even if they should difavow the offensive passages, the public opinion refpecting the truth of the imputations would still remain the fame.

The former of the two agents, in an interview which took place foon after the fignature of the definitive treaty with the emperor, affirmed, that the directory had, fince that peace, affumed a higher and more decifive tone towards neutral powers than had before been used, and intended to treat as enemies all nations which should refufe to affiit the French. He therefore urged the expediency of fubmiffion; but Mr. Pinckney declared that he could not acquiefce; and that if the French fhould attack his countrymen, they would have recourfe to the beft means of felfdefence. The agent now renewed the demand of pecu

niary advances; and he did not fcruple to say, that the rulers of France had no regard to juftice, and that money aloné could influence them. The envoys ftill refifted; and, when the Frenchman warned them of the danger of refufal, and boafted of the power of his country, they replied that they were fully fenfible of thofe points, and withed to be on friendly terms with the nation; but that America would not purchase the friendship of any ftate by a furrender of her independence; that he had a right to be neutral; that to advance money for the ufe of a belligerent power would be to deviate from her neutrality; that to agree to fuch a loan, under the lafh and coercion of France, would be to relinquish the government of herfelf, and fubmit to a foreign government, impofed by force;' and that, if the fhould tamely fuffer her rights to be invaded, her reputation would be irretrievably loft.

A private conference foon followed between Mr. Gerry and M. Talleyrand. The French minifter propofed, that 50,000 pounds fterling fhould be given without delay by way of douceur; and that one of the envoys fhould return to America to procure the affent of the congrefs to a loan: but he declared, that, in the mean time, the directory would not receive the two other minifters, and that the commercial depredations were not to be discontinued. This arrogant and domineering behaviour could not be expect ed to prove fuccefsful.

The friend of Talleyrand afterwards made an attempt. which he termed a laft effort to ferve' the envoys, though it tended to the enforcement of ignominious terms. He called their attention to the situation of the United States, and to the power of France. He hoped that they would not deceive themselves with the idea of a full ability of refiftance, on the part of their countrymen, but would reflect on the fate of Venice, which might foon be that of the American republic. They might perhaps truft, he faid, to the probability of a league with Great-Britain; but fuch confidence would be fallacious. army of 150,000 men, commanded by the gallant and able Buonaparte, might be enabled to invade this ifland; in which event, a complete conqueft would enfue: or, if the invasion should not take place, the alarm which the menace of a defcent would diffufe through the realm, would occafion fuch enormous expences as would drive


the miniftry into a peace. But, even if the Englifh fhould be able to continue the war, and the Americans fhould join them, they would not have any opportunities of inflicting much injury upon France. On the other hand, the advantages which the United States might derive from an acquiefcence in the defires of the French, would be very confiderable, and, in cafe of the deftruction of the British government, would be particularly great, as the wealth and arts of the English would pafs over to Ame


The delegates of the congrefs were unmoved by these representations, and difdained the thoughts of fubmiffion. They replied, that the treatment received by the Americans from the French proved an ill return for that friendfhip of which the former had given unequivocal teftimonies, at a time when the latter were threatened with ruin by a confederacy fo powerful and fo decidedly hoftile, that it was even dangerous to be on terms of amity with


To a ftate thus friendly, what (faid the envoys, in a ftyle of manly, indignant, and juft reproach) is the conduct and the language of France? Wherever our property can be found, the feifes it: unprovoked, fhe determines to treat us as enemies; and our non-refiftance produces no diminution of hoftility against us: fhe abufes and infults our government, endeavours to weaken it in the estimation of the people, recalls her own minifter, refuses to receive our's; and, when extraordinary means are taken to make fuch explanations as may remove mifunderftandings, and fuch alterations in the exifting relations of the two countries as may tend to produce harmony, the envoys who bear thefe powers are not permitted to utter the amicable wishes of their country; but it is intimated to them, in the haughty ftyle of a master, that, unless they will pay a fum to which their refources fcarcely extend, the United States may expect, like Venice, to be erafed from the lift of nations; that France will annihilate the only free republic upon earth, and the only nation in the univerfe which has manifested for her a cordial friendship!' This fhort ftatement exhibits a striking picture of French infolence, ingratitude, and iniquity.

In this unfettled ftate the negotiation remained during the winter. At length, the envoys being again defired to declare, whether they would accept or reject the offered terms, Mefirs. Pinckney and Marfhall chofe the latter part of the alternative. Their departure from France was the

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