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PART I

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTORY

THE art of reading consists in speaking the words of another so as to bring out their full meaning. But words are not important in themselves; they are only the signs of things, of ideas about things, or of feelings awakened by these. That is, we usually speak, not to utter sounds merely, but to tell others what we think or feel or to describe what we have seen or heard.

Literature is the effort of man to express himself by written language, and to read literature aloud requires not merely command of the voice, but complete understanding of and sympathy with the thoughts and emotions of the author.

When the poet writes : —

I would not enter on my list of friends

(Though graced with polished manners and fine sense, Yet wanting sensibility) the man

Who needlessly sets foot upon a worm.

-COWPER, The Task.

it is not merely for the amusement of composing verse. but because he hates cruelty and wishes to express his sentiments in language that shall not only be adequate to his meaning, but which, being cast in poetic form, will be more likely to be read and remembered than if it were in prose. So, the reader of these lines must regard his art, not as a mere means of playing with sounds and emotions,

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PART I

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTORY

THE art of reading consists in speaking the words of another so as to bring out their full meaning. But words are not important in themselves; they are only the signs of things, of ideas about things, or of feelings awakened by these. That is, we usually speak, not to utter sounds merely, but to tell others what we think or feel, or to describe what we have seen or heard.

Literature is the effort of man to express himself by written language, and to read literature aloud requires not merely command of the voice, but complete understanding of and sympathy with the thoughts and emotions of the author.

When the poet writes:

I would not enter on my list of friends

(Though graced with polished manners and fine sense,

Yet wanting sensibility the man

1

Who needlessly sets foot upon a WOFIL.

COWPER. The Task.

it is not merely for the amusement of composing verse. but because he hates cruelty and wishes to express Lis sentiments in language that shall not only be adequate to his meaning, but which, being cast in poetic form will b more likely to be read and remembered that if it were So, the reader of these lines must rege mere means of playing with sounds i

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