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good upon him: She may, perhaps, call him hall So shall I no whit be behind in duty a score knaves, or so: why, that's nothing; an he To fair Bianca, so belov'd of me. begin once, he'll rail in his rope-tricks.' I'll tell Gre. Belov'd of me,-and that my deeds shal you what, sir,-an she standa him but a little, he prove. will throw a figure in her face, and so disfigure her
Gru. And that his bags shall prove. (Aside. with it, that she shall have no more eyes to see Hor. Gremio, 'tis now no time to vent our lore: withal than a cat: you know him not, sir. Listen to me, and if you speak me fair,
Hor. Tarry, Petruchio, I must go with thee; I'll tell you news indifferent good for either. For in Baptista's keep my treasure is :
Here is a gentleman, whom by chance I met, He hath the jewel of my life in hold,
Upon agreement from us to his liking, His youngest daughter, beautiful Bianca ; Will undertake to woo curst Katharine ; And her withholds from me, and other more Yea, and to marry her, if her dowry please. Suitors to her, and rivals in my love:
Gre. So said, so done, is well:Supposing it a thing impossible
Hortensio, have you told him all her faults ? (For those defects I have before rehears'd,) Pel. I know, she is an irksome brawling scold; That ever Katharina will be woo'd,
If that be all, masters, I hear no harm. Therefore this orderî hath Baptista ta'en ;
Gre. No, say'st me so, friend? What country. That none shall have access unto Bianca,
man? Till Katharine the curst have got a husband. Pet. Born in Verona, old Antonio's son: Gru. Katharine the curst!
My father dead, my fortune lives for me; A title for a maid, of all titles the worst.
And I do hope good days, and long, to see. Hor. Now shall my friend Petruchio do me grace; Gre. O, sir, such a life, with such a wise, were And offer me, disguis'd in sober robes,
strange : To old Baptista as a schoolmaster
But, if you have a stomach, to't, o' God's name : Well seen in music to instruct Bianca:
You shall have me assisting you in all. That so I may by his device, at least,
But will you woo this wild cat ? Have leave and leisure to make love to her,
Will I live? And, unsuspected, court her by herself.
Gru. Will he woo her? ay, or I'll bang her. Enter Gremio; with him Lucentio disguised, with
(.Aside. books under his arm.
Pet. Why came I hither, but to that intent?
Think you, a little din can daunt mine cars? Gru. Here's no knavery! See; to beguile the Have I not in my time heard lions roar ? old folks, how the young folks lay their heads to- Have I not heard the sea, puff'd up with winds, gether! Master, master, look about you: Who Rage like an angry boar, chased with sweat? goes there ? ha!
Have I not heard great ordnance in the field, Hor. Peace, Grumio; 'tis the rival of my love:- and heaven's artillery thunder in the skies ? Petruchio, stand by a while.
Have I not in a pitched battle heard Gru. A proper stripling, and an amorous ! Loud’larums, neighing steeds, and trumpets'clang?
[They relire. And do you tell me of a woman's tongue; Gre. 0, very well ; I have perus'd ihe note. That gives not half so great a blow to the ear, Hark you, sir; I'll have them very fairly bound : As will a chesnut in a farmer's fire ? All books of love, see that at any hand, Tush! tush! fear boys with bugs. And see you read no other lectures to her:
For he fears none. You understand me:-Over and beside
(9side. Signior Baptista's liberality,
Gre. Hortensio, hark! I'll mend it with a largess :'-Take your papers too, This gentleman is happily arriv'd, And let me have them very well perfum'd; My mind presumes, for his own good, and yours, For she is sweeter than perfume itsell,
Hor. I promis'd, we would be contributors, To whom they go. What will you read to her? And bear his charge of wooing, whatsoe'er.
Luc. Whate'er I read to her, I'll plead for you, Gie. And so we will; provided, that he win her. As for my patron (stand you so assur’d,)
Gru. I would, I were as sure of a good dinner. As firmly as yourself were still in place :
(Aside. Yea, and (perhaps) with more successful words Than you, unless you were a scholar, sir. Enter Tranio, bravely apparelled; and Biondello. Gre. O this learning! what a thing it is!
Tra. Gentlemen, God save you! If I may be bold, Gru. O this woodcock! what an ass it is! Tell me, I beseech you, which is the readiest way Pel. Peace, sirrah.
To the house of signior Baptista Minola ? Hlor, Grumio, mum!--God save you, signior Gre. He that has the two fair daughters :-ist Greinio!
(.Iside to 'Tranio.) he you mean? Gre. And you're well met, signior Hortensio. Tra. Even he.' Biondello!
Gre. Hark you, sir ; You mean not her to-Whither I am going ?- To Baptista Minola. Tra. Perhaps, him and her, sir; What have I promisd to inquire carefully
you to do? About a schoolmaster for fair Bianca :
Pet. Not her that chides, sir, at any hand, I prar. And, by good fortune, I have lighted well
Tra. I love no chiders, sir :-Biondello, let's On this young man; for learning, and behaviour,
away. Fit for her turn; well read in poetry,
Luc. Well begun, Tranio.
(Aside. And other books,-good ones, I warrant you. Hor. Sir, a word ere you go ;
Hor. 'Tis well: and I have met a gentleman, Are you a suitor to the maid you balk of, yen,
Tra. An if I be, sir, is it any offence ? (1) Abusive language. (2) Withstand.
(5) Versed. (6) Rate. (7) Present (3) Custody.
(4) These measures. (8) Fright boys with bug-bears.
Gre. No; if, without more words, you will get Kath. Of all thy suitors, here I charge thee, tell you hence.
Whom thou lov'st best: see thou dissemble not. Tra. Why, sir, I pray, are not the streets as free Bian. Believe me, sister, of all the men alive, For me, as for you?
I never yet beheld that special face Gre.
But so is not she. Which I could fancy more than any other. Tra. For what reason, I beseech you?
Kath. Minion, thou liest; Is't not Hortensio? Gre. For this reason, if you'll know,
Biun. If you affect* him, sister, here I swear, That she's the choice love of signior Gremio. I'll plead for you inyselt, but you shall have him. Hor. That she's the chosen of signior Hortensio. Kaih. (), then, belike, you fancy riches more,
Tra. Softly, my masters! if you be gentlemen, You will have Gremio to keep you fair. Do me this right, -hear me with patience.
Bian. Is it for him you do envy me so ? Baptista is a noble gentleman,
Nay, then you je t; and now I will perceive, To whom my father is not all unknown;
You have but jested wiih me all this while; And, were his daughter fuirer than she is, I pr’ythee, sasier Kate, untie my hands. She may more suitors have, and ine for onc. Kath, if that be just, then all the rest was so. Fair Leda's daughier had a thousand wooers;
(Strikes her Then well one more may fair Bianca have: And so she shall; Lucentio shall make one,
Enter Baptista. Though Paris came, in hope to speed alone.
Bap. Why, how now, dame! whence grows Gre. What! this gentleman will out-talk us all.
this insolence?Luc. Sir, give him head; I know, he'll prove a Bianca, stand aside ;-poor girl! she weeps :jade.
Go ply thy needle ; meddle not with her. Pet. Hortensio, to what end are all these words ? For shame, thou hildings of a devilish spirit,
Hor. Sir, let me be so bold, as to ask you, Why dost thou wrong her that did ne'er wrong thee? Did you yet ever see Baptista's daughter? When did she cross thee with a bitter word?
Tra. No, sir; but hear I do, that he hath two; Kath. Her silence flouts me, and I'll be reveng'd. The one as famous for a scolding tongue,
[Flies after Bianca. As is the other for beauteous modesty.
Dap. What, in my sight ?--Bianca, get thee in. Pet. Sir, sir, the first's for me; lei her go by.
(E.cit Bianca. Gre. Yea, leave that labour tó great Hercules ; Kalh. Will you not suffer me? Nay, now I see, And let it be more than Alcides' twelve.
She is your treasure, she must have a husband? Pet. Sir, understand you this of me, in sooth;- I must dance bare-foot on her wedding-day, The youngest daughter, whom you hearken for, And, for your love to her, lead apes in hell. Her father keeps from all access of suitors; Talk not to me; I will go sit and weep, And will not promise her to any man,
'Till I can find occasion of revenge. (Erit Kath. Until the elder sister first be wed:
Bap. Was ever gentleman thus griev'd as I ? The younger then is free, and not before.
But who comes here?
Enter Gremio, with Lucentio in the habit of a An if you break the ice, and do this feat,-
inean man; Petruchio, with Hortensio as a muAchieve the elder, set the younger free
sician; and Tranio, with Biondello bearing a For our access, whose hap shall be to have her,
lute and books. Will not so graceless be, to be ingrate.'
Gre. Good-morrow, neighbour Baptista. Hor. Sir, you say well
, and well you do conceive; Bap. Good-morrow, neighbour Gremio: God And since you do profess to be a suitor, You must, as we do, gratify this gentleman,
save you, gentlemen!
Pei. And you, good sir! Pray, have you not a To whom we all rest generally beholden.
daughter Tra. Sir, I shall not be slack: in sign whereof, Calld Katharina, fair, and virtuous ? Please ye we may contrive this afternoon,
Bup. I have a daughter, sir, callid Katharina. And quaff carouses to our mistress' health ; And do as adversaries do in law, --
Gre. You are too blunt, go to it orderly. Strive mightily, but eat and drink as friends.
Pet. You wrong me, signior Gremio; give me
leave. Gru. Bion. 6 excellent motion!--Fellows,2 let's I am a gentleman of Verona, sir,
begone. Hor. The motion's good indeed, and be it so ;- Her úrability, and bashtul modesty,
That, --hearing of her beauty, and her wit, Petruchio, I shall be your ben venuto. (Exeunt. Her wondrous qualities, and mild behaviour,
Am bold to show myself a forward guest
Within your house, to make mine eye the witness ACT II.
Of that report which I so oft have heard.
And, for an entrance to my entertainment, SCENE I.-The same.
A room in Baptista's I do present you with a man of mine, house. Enter Katharina and Bianca.
Cunning in music, and the mathematics, Bian. Good sister, wrong me not, nor wrong To instruct her fully in those sciences, yourself,
Whereof, I know, she is not ignorant : To make a bondmaid and a slave of me; Accept of him, or else you do me wrong; That I disdain : but for these other gawds, His name is Licio, born in Mantua. Unbind my hands, I'll pull them off myself, Bap. You're welcome, sir ; and he, for your Yea, all my raiment, to my petticoat;
good sake: Or, what you will command me, will I do, But for my daughter Katharine,-this I know, Sowell I know my duty to my elders.
She is not for your turn, the more my grief.
Pet. I see, you do not mean to part with her; (1) Ungrateful. (2) Companions. 13) Trilling ornaments.
(4) Love. (5) A worthless woman.
Or else you like not of my company,
Her widowhood, -be it that she survive me,Bap. Mistake me not, I speak but as I find. In all my lands and leases whatsoever : Whence are you, sir ? what may I call your name? Let specialties be therefore drawn between us,
Pet. Petruchio is my name; Antonio's son, That covenants may be kept on either hand. A man well known throughout all Italy.
Bap. Ay, when the special thing is well obtain'd, Bap. I know him well : you are welcome for his This is,- her love; for that is all in all. sake.
Pet. Why, that is nothing; for I tell you, father, Gre. Saving your tale, Petruchio, I pray, I am as peremptory as she proud-minded; Let us, that are poor petitioners, speak too: And where two raging fires meet together, Baccare !' you are marvellous forward.
They do consume the thing that feeds their fury: Pel. 0, pardon me, signior Gremio; I would sain Though little tire grows great with little wind,
Yet extreme gusts will blow out fire and all: Gre. I doubt it not, sir ; but you will curse your So I to her, and so she yields to me: wooing.
For I am rough, and woo not like a babe. Neighbour, this is a gift very grateful, I am sure of Bap. Well may'st thou woo, and happy be thg it. To express the like kindness myself, that have speed ! been more kindly beholden to you than any, I freely But be thou arm'd for some unhappy words. give unto you this young scholar, (Presenting Lu Pet. Ay, to the proof; as mountains are for winds, centio.) that hath been long studying at Rheims; That shake not, though they blow perpetually. as cunning in Greek, Latin, and other languages, as the other in music and mathematics: his name
Re-enler Hortensio, with his head broken. is Cambio ; pray, accept his service.
Bap. How now, my friend ? why dost thou look Bap. A thousand thanks, signior Gremio: wel so pale? come, good Cambio.-Bui, gentle sir, [To Tranio.] Hor. For fear, I promise you, if I look pale. methinks you walk like a stranger; May I be so Bap. What, will my daughter prove a good mebold to know the cause of your coming ?
sician? Tra. Pardon me, sir, the boldness is mine own; Hor. I think, she'll sooner prove a soldier ; That, being a stranger in this city here,
Iron may hold with her, but never lutes. Do make myself a suitor to your daughter, Bap. Why, then thou canst not break her to the Unto Bianca, fair, and virtuous.
lute Nor is your firm resolve unknown to me,
Hor. Why, no; for she hath broke the lute to me. In the preferment of the eldest sister :
I did but tell her, she mistook her frets, This liberty is all that I request,
And bow'd her hand to teach her fingering; That, upon knowledge of my parentage,
When, with a most impatient devilish spirit, I may have welcome 'mongst the rest that woo, Frets, call you these ? quoth she: I'll fume will And free access and favour as the rest.
them : And, toward the education of your daughters, And, with that word, she struck me on the head, I here bestow a simple instrument,
And through the instrument my pate made way; And this small packet of Greek and Latin books: And there I stood amazed for a while, Il you accept them, then their worth is great. As on a pillory, looking through the lute: Bap. Lucentio is your name? of whence, I While she did call me, -rascal fiddler,
And-twangling Jack;" with twenty such vile Tra. Of Pisa, sir; son to Vincentio.
terms, Bap. A mighty man of Pisa; by report
As she had studied to misuse me so. I know him well : you are very welcome, sir. Pet. Now, by the world, it is a lusty rench; Take you (To Hor.) the lute, and you (To Luc.) I love her ten times more than e'er I did: the set of books,
O, how I long to have some chat with her! You shall go see your pupils presently.
Bap. Well, go with me, and be not so discomfited: Holla, within !
Proceed in practice with my younger daughter ;
She's apt to learn, and thankful for good turns.Enter a Servant.
Signior Petruchio, will you go with us; Sirrah, lead
Or shall I send my daughter Kate to you? These gentlemen to my daughters; and tell them Pet. I pray you do; I will attend her here,-. both,
(Ere. Bap. Gre. Tra. and Hor. These are their tutors: bid them use them well. And woo her with some spirit when she comes. [Exit Servant, with Hortensio, Lucentio, and Say, that she rail; Why, then I'll tell her plain, Biondello.
She sings as sweetly as a nightingale : We will go walk a little in the orchard,
Say, that she frown; I'll say, she looks as clear And then to dinner: You are passing welcome, As morning roses newly wash'd with dew: And so I pray you all to think yourselves. Say, she be mute, and will not speak a word;
Pet. Signior Baptista, my business asketh haste, Then I'll commend her volubility, And every day I cannot come to woo.
And say—she uttereth piercing eloquence : You knew my father well; and in him, me, If she do bid me pack, I'll give her thanks, Left solely heir to all his lands and goods, As though she bid me stay by her a week; Which I have better'd rather than decreas'd: If she deny to wed, I'll crave the day Then tell me,-if I get your daughter's love, When I shall ask the banns, and when be married: What dowry shall I have with her to wife? But here she comes; and now, Petruchio, speak.
Bap. After my death, the one half of my lands: And, in possession, twenty thousand crowns.
Enter Katharina. Pét. And, for that dowry, I'll assure her of Good morrow, Kate ; for that's your name, I hcar,
' have you heard, but something hard (1) A proverbial exclamation then in use.
of hearing ; (2) A fret in music is the stop which causes or regulates the vibration of the string.
(3) Paltre musician
They call me-Katharine, that do talk of me. Pet. Nay, hear you, Kate: in sooth, you 'scape Pet. You lie, in faith; for you are callid plain
not so. Kate,
Kath. I chafe you, if I tarry; let me go. And bonny Kate, and sometimes Kate the curst; Pet. No, not a whit; I find you passing gentle. But Kate, the prettiest Kate in Christendom, 'Twas told me, you were rough, and coy, and sullen, Kate of Kate-hall, my super-dainty Kate, And now I find report a very liar; For dainties are all cates and therefore, Kate, For thou art pleasant, gamesome, passing coure Take this of me, Kate of my consolation ;
teous; Hearing thy mildness prais'd in every town, But slow in speech, yet sweet as spring-time flowers: Thy virtues spoke of, and thy beauty sounded, Thou canst not frown, thou canst not look askance, (Yet not so deeply as to thee belongs,)
Nor bite the lip, as angry wenches will; Myself am mov!d to woo thee for my wife. Nor hast thou pleasure to be cross in talk ; Kath. Mov'd! in good timne: let him that mov'd But thou with mildness entertain'st thy wooers, you hither,
With gentle conference, soft and affable. Remove you hence: I knew you at the first, Why does the world report, that Kate doth limp? You were a moveable.
O slanderous world! Kate, like the hazle-twig, Pet.
Why, what's a moveable? Is straight and slender; and as brown in hue Kath. A joint-stool.
As hazle nuts, and sweeter than the kernels. Pet.
Thou hast hit it: come, sit on me. 0, let me see thee walk: thou dost not halt. Kath. Asses are made to bear, and so are you. Kath. Go, fool, and whom thou keep'st command. Pet. Women are made to bear, and so are you. Pet. Did ever Dian so become a grove, Kath. No such jade, sir, as you, if me you mean. As Kate this chamber with her princely gait ?
Pet. Alas, good Kale! I will not burden thee: 0, be thou Dian, and let her be Kate; For, knowing thee to be but young and light, And then let Kate be chaste, and Dian sportful!
Kath. Too light for such a swain as you to catch; Kath. Where did you 'study all this goodly And yet as heavy as my weight should be.
speech? Per. Should be ? should buz.
Pet. It is extempore, from my mother-wit. Kath.
Well ta’en, and like a buzzard. Kath. A witty mother! witless else her son. Pet. O, slow-wing'd turtle!'shall a buzzard take Pet. Am I not wise ? thee?
Yes; keep you warm. Kath. Ay, for a turtle; as he takes a buzzard. Pet. Marry, so I mean, sweet Katharine, in thy Pet. Come, come, you wasp; i'faith, you are too bed: angry.
And therefore, setting all this chat aside, Kath. Iri be waspish, best beware my sting. Thus in plain terms :-Your father hath consented Pet. My remedy is then, to pluck it out. That you shall be my wife ; your dowry 'greed on; Kath. Ay, if the fool could find it where it lies. And, will you, nill you, I will marry you. Pet. Who knows not where a wasp doth wear Now, Kate, I am a husband for your turn; his sting?
For, by this light, whereby I see thy beauty, In his tail.
(Thy beauty, that doth make me like thee well, i Kath. In his tongue.
Thou must be married to no man but me: Pet.
For I am be, am born to tame you, Kate; Kath. Yours, if you talk of tails ; and so fare- And bring you from a wild cat to a Kate well.
Conformable, as other household Kates. Pet. What, with my tongue in your tail ? nay, Here comes your father: never make denial, come again,
I must and will have Katharine to my wife.
That I'll try:
Re-enter Baptista, Gremio, and Tranio.
[Striking him. Bap. Now, Pet. I swear I'll cuff you, if you strike again. Signíor Petruchio: How speed you with Kath. So may you lose your arms:
My daughter ? If you strike me, you are no gentleman;
How but well, sir ? how but well ? And if no gentleman, why, then no arms. It were impossible I should speed amiss.
Pet. A herald, Kate ? 0, put me in thy books. Bap. Why, how now, daughter Katharine ? in Kath. What is your crest? a coxcomb ?
your duinps ? Pet. A combless cock, so Kate will be my hen. Kath. Call you ine daughter ? now I promise you, Kath. No cock of mine, you crow too like a You have show'd a tender fatherly regard, craven.'
To wish me wed to one half lunatic;
That thinks with oaths to face the matter out.
If she be curst, it is for policy: Kath. There is, there is.
For she's not froward, but modest as the dove; Pet. Then show it me.
She is not hot, but temperate as the morn; Kath,
Had I a glass, I would. For patience she will prove a second Grissel ; Pet. What, you mean my face?
And Roman Lucrece for her chastity:
,—we have 'greed so well togePet. Now, by Saint George, I am too young for ther,
That upon Sunday is the wedding-day. Kath. Yet you are wither'd.
Kath. I'll see thee hang'd on Sunday first. Pet. "Tis with cares.
Gre. Hark, Petruchio ! she says, she'll see thee I care not.
Tra. Is this your speeding? nay, then, good (1) A degenerate cock. (2) Bv.
night our part!
Pet. Be patient, gentlemen; I choose her fori. Tra. That only came well in-Sir, list to me, mysell;
I am my father's heir, and only son:
Within rich Pisa walls, as any one
Old signior Greinio has in Padua; How much she loves me : 0, the kindest Kate!- Besides two thousand ducats by the year, She hung about my neck; and kiss on kiss of fruitful land, all which shall be her jointure.She vied' so fast, protesting oath on oath, What, have I pinch'd you, signior Gremio ? That in a twink she won me to her love.
Gré. Two thousand ducats by the year, of land! ), you are novices ! 'tis a world to see,?
My land amounts not to so much in all :
Tra. Gremio, 'tis known, my father hath no less jvide the feast, father, and bid the guests; Than three great argosies; besides two galliasses, * will be sure, my Katharine shall be fine. And twelve tight gullies: these I will assure her, Bup. I know not what to say: but give me your And twice as much, whate'er thou offer’st next.
Gre. Nay, I have offer'd all, I have no more ; God send you joy, Petruchio! 'tis a match. And she can have no more than all I have ;
Gre. Tra. Amen, say we; we will be witnesses. If you like me, she shall have me and mine.
Pet. Father, and wile, and gentlemen, adieu ; Ira. Why, then the maid is mine from all the I will to Venice, Sunday comes apace:
world, We will have rings, and things, and fine array; By your firm promise; Gremio is out-vied. And kiss me, Kate, we will be married o’Sunday.. Bap. I musi confess, your offer is the best ;
(Exeunt Petruchio and Katharine, strerally. And, let your father make her the assurance, Gre. Was ever match clapp'd up so suddenly ? She is your own; else, you must pardon me : Bap. Faith, gentlemen, now I play a merchant's If you should die before him, where's her dower ? part,
Tra. That's but a cavil; he is old, I young. And venture madly on a desperate mart.
Gre. And may not young men die, as well as old ? Tra. 'Twas a commodity lay fretting by you: Bap. Well, gentlemen, 'Twill bring you gain, or perish on the seas. I am thus resolv'd :-On Sunday next you know,
Bap. The gain I seek is--quiet in the match. My daughter Katharine is to be married :
Gre. No doubt, but he hath got a quiet catch. Now, on the Sunday following, shall Bianca But now, Baptista, to your younger daughter ; Be bride to you, if you make this assurance ; Now is the day we long have looked for ; If not, to signior Gremio: I am your neighbour, and was suitor first. And so I take my leave, and thank you both. (Er.
Tra. And I am one, that love Bianca more Gre. Adieu, good neighbour.-Now I fear thee Than words can witness,or your thoughts can guess.
not ; Gre. Youngling! thou canst not love so dear as I. Sirrah, young gamester, your father were a fool Tra. Grey-beard! thy love doth frecze. to give thee all, and, in his waning age, Gre.
But thine doth fry. Set foot under thy table: Tut! a toy! Skipper, stand back: 'tis age that nourisheth. An old Italian fox is not so kind, my boy. [Erit.
Tra. But youth, in ladies' eyes that flourisheth. Tra. A vengeance on your crafty wither'd hide! Bap. Content you, gentlemen ; I'll compound Yel! have faced it with a card of ien. this strife :
'Tis in my head to do my master good :'Tis deeds, must win the prize; and he, of both, I see no reason, but suppos'd Lucentio That can assure my daughter greatest dower, Must get a father, callid-suppos'd Vincentio; Shall have Bianca's love.
And that's a wonder: fathers, commonly, Say, signior Gremio, what can you assure her? Do get their children; but, in this case of wooing, Gre. First, as you know, my house within the A child shall get a sire, if I fuil not of my cunning. city,
SCE.VE 1.--- 1 room in Baptista's house. Enter Fine linen, Turkey cushions boss'd with pearl,
Lucentio, Hortensio, and Bianca. Valance of Venice gold in needle-work,
Luc. Fiddler, forbear; you grow too forward, sir:
Hor. But, wrangling pedant, this is
Your lecture shall have leisure for as much.
Luc. Preposterous ass! that never read so far
To know the cause why music was ordaiu'd ! (1) To vie and revie were terms at cards now superseded by the word brag.
(5) A large merchant-ship. (2) It is well worth seeing.
(6) A vessel of burthen worked both with sails (3) A dastardly creature.
and oars. (4) Coverings for beds; now called counterpanes. (7) The highest card.