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Copyright, 1897






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The Capitol at Washington

The Battle of Tippecanoe
Death of Captain Lawrence of the Chesapeake
The Battle Between the Constitution and the Guerrière
The Battle of New Orleans
Perry at Lake Erie
James Monroe (portrait)


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(Sketch of his home on tissue)
Elizabeth Kortright Monroe (portrait)
The Battle of Lundy's Lane.
Facsimile of Page of Monroe Doctrine
The Battles of Plattsburg and Lake Champlain
Battle of Chippewa Plains, Canada, 1814
The Battle of the Thames-Death of Tecumseh
The Esser Being Cut to Pieces
Facsimile of Letter of Monroe to a Friend
The Unfinished Capitol Burned by the British, 1814
White House-East Room
The Vanguard of Western Expansion
John Quincy Adams (portrait)

(Sketch of his Braintree home on tissue)
Louisa Catherine Adams (portrait)
Facsimile President J. Q. Adams' Proclamation of Tonnage

Opening of the Erie Canal
Buffalo, New York, 1815
White House-The State Dining Room
The First Cotton Gin

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edicts against our neutral commerce, copies of the act were immediately forwarded to our ministers at London and Paris, with a view that its object might be within the early attention of the French and British Governments.

By the communication received through our minister at' Paris it appeared that a knowledge of the act by the French Government was followed by a declaration that the Berlin and Milan decrees were revoked, and would cease to have effect on the ist day of November ensuing. These being the only known edicts of France within the description of the act, and the revocation of them being such that they ceased at that date to violate our neutral commerce, the fact, as prescribed by law, was announced by a proclamation bearing date the ad day of November.

It would have well accorded with the conciliatory views indicated by this proceeding on the part of France to have extended them to all the grounds of just complaint which now remain unadjusted with the United States. It was particularly anticipated that, as a further evidence of just dispositions toward them, restoration would have been immediately made of the property of our citizens seized under a misapplication of the principle of reprisals combined with a misconstruction of a law of the United States. This expectation has not been fulfilled.

From the British Government no communication on the subject of the act has been received. To a communication from our minister at London of a revocation by the French Government of its Berlin and Milan decrees it was answered that the British system would be relinquished as soon as the repeal of the French decrees should have actually taken effect and the commerce of neutral nations have been restored to the condition in which it stood previously to the promulgation of those decrees. This pledge, although it does not necessarily import, does not exclude the intention of relinquishing, along with the orders in council, the practice of those novel blockades which have a like effect of interrupting our neutral commerce, and this further justice to the United States is the rather to be looked for, inasmuch as the blockades in question, being not more contrary to the established law of nations than inconsistent with the rules of blockade formally recognized by Great Britain herself, could have no alleged basis other than the plea of retaliation alleged as the basis of the orders in council. Under the modification of the original orders of November, 1807, into the orders of April, 1809, there is, indeed, scarcely a Dominal distinction between the orders and the blockades. One of those illegitimate blockades, bearing date in May, 1806, having been expressly avowed to be still unrescinded, and to be in effect comprenended in the anders in council, was too distinctly brought within the purview of the act of Congress not to be comprehended in the explanation of the requisites to a compliance with it. The British Government was accordingly apprised by our minister near it that such was the light in which the subject was to be regarded.

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