Risk Analysis for Islamic Banks
Islamic finance is emerging as a rapidly growing part of the financial sector in the Islamic world and is not restricted to Islamic countries, but is spreading wherever there is a sizable Muslim community. According to some estimates, more than 250 financial institutions in over 45 countries practice some form of Islamic finance, and the industry has been growing at a rate of more than 15 percent annually for the past several years. The market's current annual turnover is estimated to be $70 billion, compared with a mere $5 billion in 1985, and is projected to hit the $100 billion mark by the turn of the century. Since the emergence of Islamic banks in the early 1970s, considerable research has been conducted, mainly focusing on the viability, design and operations of a deposit-accepting financial institution, which operates primarily on the basis of profit and loss partnerships rather than interest.
This publication provides a comprehensive overview of topics related to the assessment, analysis, and management of various types of risks in the field of Islamic banking. It is an attempt to provide a high-level framework (aimed at non-specialist executives) attuned to the current realities of changing economies and Islamic financial markets. This approach emphasizes the accountability of key players in the corporate governance process in relation to the management of different dimensions of Islamic financial risk.
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AAOIFI accounting standards analysis assessment asset-liability asset-liability management audit balance sheet bank’s Basel II beneﬁt capital adequacy central bank classiﬁcation compliance contract conventional banks corporate governance countries credit risk currency deﬁned depositors deposits disclosure economic efﬁcient ensure equity evaluate external auditors ﬁnancial instruments ﬁnancial intermediaries ﬁnancial markets ﬁnancial risk ﬁnancial services ﬁnancial statements ﬁnancial system ﬁrst framework funds IFSB ijarah income statement inﬂuence International murabahat investing assets investment account holders investors Islamic banks Islamic Development Bank Islamic ﬁnancial institutions Islamic Financial Services Islamic ﬁnancing istisnah liabilities liquidity risk loans loss market risk marking to market ment monitoring mudarabah musharakah off-balance-sheet ofthe operational risk percent policies principles proﬁt proﬁtability ratios reﬂect regulators regulatory risk management risk proﬁle risk weights role sector share shareholders Shariah board Shariah-compliant signiﬁcant speciﬁc stakeholders structure Sukuk supervisory authorities Tier 2 capital transactions transparency trends
Strana 135 - Assets classified loss are considered uncollectible and of such little value that their continuance as bankable assets is not warranted. This classification does not mean that the...
Strana 220 - These are, firstly, that the new framework should serve to strengthen the soundness and stability of the international banking system; and secondly that the framework should be fair and have a high degree of consistency in its application to banks in different countries with a view to diminishing an existing source of competitive inequality among international banks.
Strana 99 - To qualify as an element of Tier 1 or Tier 2 capital, a capital instrument may not contain or be covered by any covenants, terms, or restrictions that are inconsistent with safe and sound banking practices. Redemptions of permanent equity or other capital instruments before stated maturity could have a significant impact on a bank's overall capital structure.
Strana 232 - Supervisors should expect banks to operate above the minimum regulatory capital ratios and should have the ability to require banks to hold capital in excess of the minimum.
Strana 232 - Supervisors should seek to intervene at an early stage to prevent capital from falling below the minimum levels required to support the risk characteristics of a particular bank and should require rapid remedial action if capital is not maintained or restored.
Strana xxiii - EBIT Earnings before interest and taxes EBITDA Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization ED Exposure Draft EPS Earnings per share EStG Einkommensteuergesetz et al.
Strana 232 - Supervisors should review and evaluate banks' internal capital adequacy assessments and strategies, as well as their ability to monitor and ensure their compliance with regulatory capital ratios. Supervisors should take appropriate supervisory action if they are not satisfied with the result of this process.
Strana 107 - Trading positions are understood to mean the bank's proprietary positions in financial instruments 3 which are taken on with the intention of benefiting in the short term from actual or expected differences between their buying and selling prices or of hedging other elements of the trading book, or which are held for short-term resale, or in order to execute a trade with a customer.
Strana 200 - ... discussed in this section (some of them are drawn from the analysis of recent research in chapter lV, and others from actual experience in the crisis period). First, surveillance can fail because countries do not disclose adequate information. Transparency refers to the process by which information about existing conditions, decisions and actions is made accessible, visible and understandable to all stakeholders. ln the context of the Asian crisis, improved transparency might have helped prevent...
Strana 209 - The amount of change in the financial liability's fair value that is not attributable to changes in market conditions; • The method used to determine the effects of the changes from a benchmark interest rate; • Where an impairment of a financial asset is recorded through an allowance account (for example, a provision for doubtful debts as opposed to a direct reduction to the carrying amount of the receivable), a...