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OLERON. — Whence does the French island so sequent volumes of the let Series of “N. & Q."
G. J. S. Nevertheless it has been considered, even by
. 172., gives Uliarus, or consults that cyclopædia of amusement, Dornavii
extremely rare, I shall extract some passages from
exagitent aut deludant, ut ejus fastum et arrogantiam
(si quam forte habet) exstinguant, et humanum, ac fa-
He then compares the initiations in various
sider how the nature of the novitiates “sorteth
He confirms this signification of the ceremonies
Of the par-
, and ing"), our author supplies the same symbolism as
“ Sicut ille (sal) in cibis paulo liberalius aspersus, si
tamen non sit immodicus, adfert aliquid propriæ volupta-
. Hæc aurea mediocritas est per subsequentis in
portunitatem, locum atque tempus in decoro sapientiæ
mur." (Compare Bacon's Advancement of Learning,
book viii. chap. ii., and the authorities cited by Shaw, in
Devey's edition, p. 298.)
In the next article Martin Luther inculcates
the usefulness of these humiliations (depositiones),
(2nd S. ix. 88. 234. 454.)
case. Suppose an appeal to a French critic from
to French than any individual lexicographer here
And what is more, for such injuries and outrages from the press of Firmin Didot Frères, printers
as the original work, containing not less than
me up, and how she had made cock. The work is preceded by a very learned
she could not sleep at night, and Professor of Philosophy, in which, among other
letter into my his Dictionary is excellent. But still, being an
leigh — he was liable to mistakes, of which M.
“ La nomenclature de Cotgrave est riche; on pourrait
même dire qu'elle est exubérante: car des mots créés par
quelquefois. On y trouve, par exemple, le pretendu mot
ARCOTIC, traduit par benumbing, soporifique: c'est évi-
demment une partie du mot narcotique, écrit autrefois
narcotic ; et de cette location un narcotic une oreille mal
exercée, ou tout à fait Britannique, aura fait celle-ci—un
The edition of Cotgrave's Dictionary examined
by the editors of the Complément was that of gined, on which the doctor suffered from the miso1632 : Adam Islip, London. I feel persuaded capnic prejudices of a fair hostess. He writes that those dictionaries that have attached to the
“ In 1774, I, by invitation, visited William Sumner, word the meaning “to fondle, dandle,” &c. have Esq., brother of Dr. Robert Sumner, at Hatchlands. Í been guided by the authority of Cotgrave; and preached at the parish church of Hatchlands, and left the that he himself, or whoever first affixed that place rather suddenly, because ....
... would not permit meaning, was led, by some oversight, to confound me to smoke. Though often asked, I never would go coqueliner with a remarkably similar word, dode- brother, Dr. Sumner, in Great George Street, Westmin
again. She had played the same trick to her husband's liner, which really does mean “to fondle,” &c., ster. The Doctor resisted and prevailed,” &c. and which is thus given in the Complément : But Parr had his revenge in another way, — as
“ DODELINER, V. a (V. lang.) Bercer, Caresser, Remuer he tells us with much naïveté : doucement. Il s'emploie encore aujourd'hui dans le langage familier,"
“She died while I lived at Colchester, and, at the re
John WILLIAMS. quest of her husband, I wrote the epitaph for her, but Arno's Court.
without much praise.” – Memoirs by Johnstone, p. 771.
Parr it appears, as he advanced in life, became
less tyrannical and exacting. I quote the followDR. PARR AND TOBACCO.
ing from an article entitled “Parr in his latter (2nd S. ix. 159.)
Years," in the New Monthly Magazine :The anecdotes of Dr. Parr remind me of ano-|
“After dinner he took three or four glasses of wine, ther, the entire truth of which is, I imagine, and then asked for his pipe, withdrawing from the table somewhat questionable. It is contained in the to the chimney, that he might let the smoke pass up, “ dedication” to a little volume entitled The Social which I discovered to be bis common custom. There he Pipe, or Gentleman's Recreation, 12mo. 1826. began to puff away in clouds, engrossing by far the largest The Doctor, it seems, was on a time invited to share of the conversation, which all were contented to redinner by “a gentleman, whose wife, a fine lady,
sign to him.” — Vol. xvi. p. 481. had an intense aversion to smoking." After din In Parr's copy of the Hymnus Tabaci of Thorias ner the party adjourned to the drawing-room, he had written “See Philips's Latin Verses on where the Doctor began to feel certain cravings Tobacco.” Did he allude to the Ode to Henry for the stimulating fumes of his beloved pipe” St. John, commencing The lady of the house, on the alert, caught the
“Oh! qui recisæ finibus Indicis half whispered word, and at once interposed her
Benignus Herbæ, das mihi divitem veto. The doctor remonstrated : “No pipe, no
Haurire succum, et suaveolentes
Sæpe tubis iterare fumos," &c. ?
I do not know what else in Latin Philips has my king, and it surely can be no offence, or dis- written on the subject. The latter was so fond of grace to a subject to permit me the like indul- tobacco, that, as one of his biographers has obgence.". The lady, however, was inexorable, on served, he has managed to introduce an eulogy which the following colloquy ensued :
upon it in every one of his pieces, except Blen
heim. In his Cyder, in apostrophising Experience, DOCTOR, “ Madam!” WIFE. “Sir!”
he goes rather out of his way to introduce his Doctor. “Madam, you are —"
favourite subject: — WIFE. “I hope you will not express any rudeness,
" To her we owe Sir."
The Indian weed, unknown to ancient times, DOCTOR. (Raising his voice) “Madam, you are -- the
Nature's choice gift, whose acrimonious fume greatest Tobacco-stopper in all England!”
Extracts superfluous juices, and refines
The blood distempered, from its noxious salts; This sally caused a loud laugh, it is said, and Friend to the spirits, which with vapours bland disconcerted the fair and obese counterblaster, but It gently mitigates; companion fit did not procure for the doctor his coveted luxury.
Of pleasantry and wine; nor to the bards Now is it on record that Parr did actually on
Unfriendly, when they to the vocal shell any occasion enjoy the honour of "taking tobac:
Warble melodious their well-laboured songs."
Book i. line 335. co" with the king ? He was on intimate terms with that amateur of pipes and pipeing, the Duke Hawkins Browne will be remembered
The imitation of the same author by Isaac of Sussex, as the letters from his royal highness to Parr, preserved by Dr. Johnstone, vouch, and
“ Little tube of mighty power,” &c. had doubtless smoked many a pipe in his company in the Cambridge Tart, and published separately, at Kensington Palace.
8vo. 1744. The anecdote of Sir Isaac Newton and the to- One more anecdote from the New Monthly Mabacco-stopper is still better known. See Facetiæ gazine :Cantabrigienses, 3rd ed. p. 394.
“ The Doctor's pipes were generally presents from his This was not the only occasion, it may be ima- | friends. Mr. Peregrine Dealtry, in particular, used often
to supply him. Once he received at Hatton a box of Dr. Johnstone tells us that -
“ Whenever be (Dr. Parr) came to Birmingham he from the Prince of Wales. The Earl of Abingdon gave
never failed to smoke his pipe with Mr. Belcher." him a superb Turkish pipe. Trivial as the circumstance This was a highly respectable bookseller in the may be thought, I will just mention that the Doctor, Bull-Ring in that town. when smoking, always held the bowl of the pipe with his finger and thumb, although the heat would not have luded to in the following extract from the Letters
I would also ask the object of the custom albeen endurable by a person unaccustomed to that habit." -New Monthly Magazine, Sep. 1826.
of Charles Lamb by Talfourd ?Parr and his pipe will go down to posterity to
“He (Lamb) had loved smoking 'not wisely but too gether; so thoroughly is the instrument and the well,' for he bad been content to use the coarsest varieties
of the great herb.' When Dr. Parr, who took only the Þabit associated with the man. In a rough mezzo finest tobacco, used to half fill his pipe with salt, and caricature, intended as a “Pre-face to Bellende-smoked with a philosophic calmness, saw Lamb smoking nus,” the doctor is inhaling a pipe of portentous the strongest preparations of the weed, puffing out smoke length, while with clenched 'fist and beetling like some ferocious enchanter, he gently laid down his brows, he puffs out a volume of smoke, amidst pipe and asked him · how he had acquired his power of which we read the minacious legend “ Damn rdv smoking at such a rate ?' Lamb answered, I toiled
after it, Sir, as some men toil after virtue." - Part 2, deiva.” Dawe also, in his very characteristic p. 88. portrait of the doctor, bas placed one of his favourite “churchwardens " in his hand. Thus
I conclude this gossiping paper, which might Frank Vandermine, a Dutch artist who resided in serve to light a pipe with, but for the more valuLondon, and who it is said painted with a pipe in with another quotation :
able matter which will save it from combustion, his mouth, bidding objecting sitters go to another artist, has perpetuated himself in a mezzotint bad consequence to his health, tho' it was often incon
“I am not convinced that this habit was productive of print from his own portrait entitled “The venient to his friends. Tobacco has been called the anoSmoker" (Wine and Walnuts, vol. ii. p. 14.). dyne of poverty, and the opium of the western world.
There would appear to be a strong affinity be. To Parr, whose nerves were extremely irritable, and sentween theology and tobacco. Pope has
sibility immoderate, perhaps it was a necessary anodyne. “ History her pot, Theology her pipe;"
“It calmed his agitated spirits; it assisted bis private
ruminations; it was his companion in anxiety; it was and Swift includes “best Virginia" among those his helpmate in composition. Have we not all seen him things which, in the possession of his Country darkening the air with its clouds when his mind was Parson,
labouring with thought? His pipe was so necessary for “ Are better than the Bishop's blessing."
his comfort that he always left the table for it, and the
house of the person he visited, if it was not prepared. Indeed smoking has ever been the habit of stu. His pipe produced another inconvenience at table: at one dious literary men, especially those of the critical time he selected the youngest lady to light it after the genus. Aldrich, Hobbes, and Newton are known cloth was drawn, and she was obliged to stand within to have been most inveterate smokers ; Boxhor- his arms, and to perform various ludicrous ceremonies. nius, the learned professor of Leyden, was so
Latterly his best friends persuaded him to decline this addicted to the habit , that he had a hole cut in practice.” — Memoirs of Parr, by Dr. Johnstone, p. 815.
WILLIAM BATES. the rim of his hat to support his pipe while study- Edgbaston. ing and writing; and Porson is reported by Rogers (Table Talk) to have said that “when smoking began to go out of fashion, learning be- “FELLOWES' VISIT TO LA TRAPPE," ETC. gan to go out of fashion too.” The extent of THE NOTE ON IT IN WILLIS's CATALOGUE. Parr's addiction to the habit was thought worthy In “N. & Q." (2nd S. ix. 403.) ABHBA asks to of note among his German brethren even. Wolf whom this note refers, and what are the grounds says of him that, “ Er soll es manchmall an einem for the story? The first question is easily answered. Abend, bis zu 20 Pfeifen gebracht haben" (Litt. The Rev. Sir Harry Trelawny, Bart. of Treexaggeration, and that a fourth part of the quan- ber for Tavistock. That he became a Roman tity would be nearer the mark. An interesting Catholic is, I firmly believe, the single grain of letter from Dr.J. Uri, to make a provision for whose truth in the marvellous story. But had he at any old age Parr had exerted himself, is preserved. period of his life been
a disappointed candidate for Writing to Dr. Kett, and alluding to a promised the “Papal Diadem," and in despair buried himvisit of Parr, he says:
self in La Trappe, it is utterly impossible Mr. "Promiserat se sequenti die ante meridiem vehturum. Fellowes's journey could have had any reference Itaque expectans eum lapides nigros super foco large to such an event ... Sir H. T., who was for reposui ; tubos candidos, quibus fumus tabaci exhauriri solet, præparavi; sellus, remotâ paululum mensa, ad about ten years vicar of Egloshayle, was non-reignem admovi; at, eheu! non contigit mihi ipsum vi-sident. A curate attended to the duties of the dere," &c.
parish, but the vicar occasionally visited it from
Anal. iv. 553.); but Dr. Johnstone thinks this an lawny, Cornwall,
grandfather of the Radical
Trelawny; and I find on inquiry that he “cele- have been indifferent to a change to Romanism. brated his last marriage"
there on the 9th April, Some years later Drew must have lamented his 1804." The late Mr. Davies Gilbert (Hist
. of mistaken notion of the baronet's “stability of senCorn., vol. iii. p. 300, 1.) says "he resigned his timent." living on becoming a Roman Catholic." But Lady Trelawny died in Nov. 1822. By the another county historian, C. S. Gilbert, more cor- way, how absurd is the note-writer's fancy that rectly, and probably receiving his information a married man could have been a candidate for from Sir H. T. himself, has given the true reason the “ Papal diadem!" As Pius VII. died in Aug. for the resignation — that Sir H. T. would not 1823, when Drew's book was probably going to undertake to comply with the Act (then passed) press
, Sir H. T.'s change of religion, if it imme"obliging the clergy to residence." " The resig- diately followed his wife's death, must have been nation," he adds, " was matter of deep regret to known to Drew, or at any rate would have been Sir H. T." Though he resigned in 1804, he was too recent to have allowed him to become a canstill a clergyman of our church in 1824, and he didate. Before his own death, in Feb. 1834, there could not therefore have been a candidate for the were, however, two vacancies in the Papal chair : Papal chair previous to Mr. Fellowes' journey in one in 1829, the other in 1831, and it is certainly 1817, or indeed for many years after it, for the possible that so eccentric a person as the baronet very good reason that the next vacancy did not may have aspired to the Popedom; but if he did, occur until 1823, on the death of Pius VII., who his friends never heard of it. had been elected in 1800. A glance at Mr. Fel- Was there then no story respecting him which lowes' book, in which but one chapter is devoted to the heated imagination of the note-writer may La Trappe, will suffice to show that the only per- have magnified ? I can give you one which owed son he there conversed with, " appeared a young its origin to a very trifling circumstance. After man about five-and-twenty." Unluckily for the the baronet had fixed his residence in Italy, and note-writer Sir H. T. was then above sixty years but a very few years before his death, he applied
to the (then) vicar of Pelynt for a certificate of the I have not been able to ascertain in what year death and burial of his lady. Presently, I am inhe became a Roman Catholic, but there is ample formed, there arose in the neighbourhood a evidence that this last of many changes in his “general impression that he was endeavouring to creed occurred very late in his life. In 1816 he obtain the dignity of a cardinal.” Mr. Davies had not “left the church of his Fathers," for Gilbert, however, who was a diligent collecPolwhele (Hist. of Corn., vol. v. new ed. 1816), tor of Cornish gossip, could never have heard after noticing that Sir H. T. had "progressed of this, or he would certainly have printed it, as through every stage of theological opinion," be- he has another rumour respecting Sir H. T., who, coming in turn,“Methodist," "Calvinistical Dissen- “it is said, received the nominal honour from the ter," "Socinian,” and “clergyman,” adds: “about Holy See of being appointed a bishop in partibus two months previous to this his last gradation he infidelium." That Mr. D. G. would not have published a letter on the sin of subscription!" missed recording whatever he picked up may be Eight years later he had not“ left the church of his judged from his description of the funeral cereFathers.” Drew, in the 2nd vol. of his and Hitchins' monies at Trelawny the year after the baronet's Hist. of Cornwall (1824), referring to some ob- death. servations in the ist vol. (for which Hitchins, I cannot discover the way in which the story whose unfinished work he completed, was probably that he buried himself in La Trappe could have responsible) respecting the “ versatility of the originated. I am positively informed that the baronet's theological opinions," regrets they baronet's surviving acquaintances are "perfectly should not have been qualified by remarking" that convinced he neve vas a Trappist.” If the obitustability of sentiment which has accompanied a ary notice in the Gent.'s Mag. for June, 1834, cormaturity of judgment resulting from inquiry, and rectly states that a “ daughter was with him to the rendered permanent by conscientious investiga- last," it is certain he could never have been, even tion. More than forty-six (43 ?) years have elapsed for a short period, the inmate of a Trappist mosince this . pious and worthy country gentle- nastery. man has enjoyed the honour of being a clergyman It may be thought I have occupied too much of of the Church of England,” &c. Drew also calls your space in the refutation of an idle story, alhim the resident proprietor of Trelawn (which though I have, in doing so, been led to give some Drew considered the proper name of the place). notice of an eccentric, but in some respects estiIn 1824, then, Sir H. T. had changed neither his mable and highly-gifted individual. You may, faith nor his residence. Drew, a native of St. however, consider it not undesirable to mark with Austell, within twenty miles of Trelawny, could reprobation the prevailing tendency to render not have been ignorant of Sir H. T.'s where- secondhand books more attractive by connecting abouts, and being a zealous Methodist would not them with stories as absurd and unfounded as that