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An act in relation to testimony before the Interstate Commerce Com.

mission, and in cases or proceedings under or connected with an act entitled "An act to regulate commerce," approved February fourth, eighteen hundred and eighty-seven, and amendments thereto.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives

of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That Attendance and testimony of

no person shall be excused from attending and testifying witnesses and or from producing books, papers, tariffs, contracts, agreedocument arty ments and documents before the Interstate Commerce Comsory before the mission, or in obedience to the subpena of the Commisin any case, crim- sion, whether such subpæna be signed or issued by one or wise, in the more Commissioners, or in any cause or proceeding, criminal

or otherwise, based upon or growing out of any alleged violation of the act of Congress, entitled "An act to regulate commerce," approved February fourth, eighteen hundred and eighty-seven, or of any amendment thereof on the ground or for the reason that the testimony or evidence, documentary or otherwise, required of him, may tend to criminate him or subject him to a penalty or forfeiture. But no person shall be prosecuted or subjected to any penalty or forfeiture for or on account of any transaction, matter or thing, concerning which he may testify, or produce evidence, documentary or otherwise, before said Commission, or in obedience to its subpæna, or the subpæna of either of them, or in any such case or proceeding: Provided, That no person so testifying shall be exempt from prosecution and punishment for perjury committed in so testifying.

Any person who shall neglect or refuse to attend and or imprisonment, testify, or to answer any lawful inquiry, or to produce or both.

books, papers, tariffs, contracts, agreements and documents, if in his power to do so, in obedience to the subpona or lawful requirement of the Commission shall be guilty of an offense and upon conviction thereof by a court of competent jurisdiction shall be punished by fine not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five thousand dollars, or by imprisonment for not more than one year or by both such fine and imprisonment.

Public No. 54, approved, February 11, 1893.

An act to promote the safety of employees and travelers upon railroado

by compelling common carriers engaged in interstate commerce to equip their cars with automatic couplers and continuous brakes and their locomotives with driving-wheel brakes, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That Driving wheel

and from and after the first day of January, eighteen hundred and ninety-eight, it shall be unlawful for any common carrier engaged in interstate commerce by railroad to use on its line any locomotive engine in moving interstate traffic not equipped with a power driving-wheel brake and appliances for operating the train-brake system, or to run any train in such traffic after said date that has not a sufficient number of cars in it so equipped with power or train brakes that the engineer on the locomotive drawing such train can control its speed without requiring brakemen to use the common hand brake for that purpose. SEC. 2. Thaton and after the first day of January, eighteen Automatio

couplon. hundred and ninety-eight, it shall be unlawful for any such common carrier to haul or permit to be hauled or used on its line any car used in moving interstate traffic not equipped with couplers coupling automatically by impact, and which can be uncoupled without the necessity of men going between the ends of the cars. SEC. 3. That when any person, firm, company, or corpora

When carriers

may lawfully retion engaged in interstate commerce by railroad shall have fuse to receive equipped a sufficient number of its cars so as to comply necting lines or

shippers. with the provisions of section one of this act, it may lawfully refuse to receive from connecting lines of road or shippers any cars not equipped sufficiently, in accordance with the first section of this act, with such power or train brakes as will work and readily interchange with the brakes in uso on its own cars, as required by this act. SEC. 4. That from and after the first day of July, eighteen Grab frons and

handholds. hundred any ninety-five, until otherwise ordered by the Interstate Commerce Commission, it shall be unlawful for any railroad company to use any car in interstate commerce that is not provided with secure grab irons or hand holds in the ends and sides of each car for greater security to men in coupling and uncoupling cars. SEC. 5. That within ninety days from the passage of this

Standard

height of draw. act the American Railway Association is authorized hereby bars for freight to designate to the Interstate Commerce Commission the standard height of drawbars for freight cars, measured perpendicular from the level of the tops of the rails to the centers of the drawbars, for each of the several gauges of rail

cars.

act.

roads in use in the United States, and shall fix a maximum variation from such standard height to be allowed between the drawbars of empty and loaded cars. Upon their determination being certified to the Interstate Commerce Commission, said Commission shall at once give notice of the standard fixed upon to all common carriers, owners, or lessees engaged in interstate commerce in the United States by such means as the Commission may deem proper. But should said association fail to determine a standard as above provided, it shall be the duty of the Interstate Commerce Commission to do so, before July first, eighteen hundred and ninety-four, and immediately to give notice thereof as aforesaid. And after July first, eighteen hundred and ninety-five, no cars, either loaded or unloaded, shall be used in interstate traffic which do not comply with the standard

above provided for. Penalty for vio

SEC. 6. That any such common carrier using any locomolation of the provisions of this tive engine, running any train, or hauling or permitting to

be hauled or used on its line any car in violation of any of the provisions of this act, shall be liable to a penalty of one hundred dollars for each and every such violation, to be recovered in a suit or suits to be brought by the United States district attorney in the district court of the United States

having jurisdiction in the locality where such violation shall Duty of United have been committed, and it shall be the duty of such distorney. trict attorney to bring such suits upon duly verified infor

mation being lodged with him of such violation having ocDuty of Inter curred. And it shall also be the duty of the Interstate

Commerce Commission to lodge with the proper district

attorneys information of any such violations as may come Exceptions to to its knowledge: Provided, That nothing in this act con

tained shall apply to trains composed of four-wheel cars or to locomotives used in hauling such trains.

SEC. 7. That the Interstate Commerce Commission may to from time to time upon full hearing and for good cause ex

- tend the period within which any common carrier shall comply with this act.

ply with the provisions of this act.

SEC. 8. That any employee of any such common carrier

who may be injured by any locomotive, car, or train in use Employés not contrary to the provision of this act shall not be deemed sume risk of em- thereby to have assumed the risk thereby occasioned, ployment.

although continuing in the employment of such carrier after the unlawful use of such locomotive, car, or train had been brought to his knowledge.

Public No. 113, approved, March 2, 1893.

States districtat

Commission.

the act.

Power of Interstate Commerce Commission extend time of carriers to com

An act supplemontary to the act of July first, oightoon hundred and sixty-two, entitled “An act to aid in the construction of a railroad and telegraph line from the Missouri River to the Pacific Ocean, and to secure to the Government the use of the same for postal, military, and other purposes,” and also of the act of July second, eighteen handred and sixty-four, and other acts amendatory of said first named act.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all railroad and telegraph companies to which the United States has granted any subsidy in lands or bonds or loan of credit for the construction of either railroad or telegraph

Governmont lines, which, by the acts incorporating them, or by any act aided railroad amendatory or supplementary thereto, are required to con- linos must thom

solves maintain struct, maintain, or operate telegraph lines, and all com and operato panies engaged in operating said railroad or telegraph lines shall forthwith and henceforward, by and through their own respective corporate officers and employees, maintain, and operate, for railroad, Governmental, commercial, and all other purposes, telegraph lines, and exercise by themselves alone all the telegraph franchises conferred upon them and obligations assumed by them under the acts making the grants as aforesaid.

SEC. 2. That whenever any telegraph company which shall have accepted the provisions of title sixty-five of the Revised Statutes shall extend its line to any station or office of a telegraph line belonging to any one of said railroad or telegraph companies, referred to in the first section of this act, Conneotingtel.

egraph lines. said telegraph company so extending its line shall have the right and said railroad or telegraph company shall allow the line of said telegraph company so extending its line to connect with the telegraph line of said railroad or telegraph company to which it is extended at the place where their lines may meet, for the prompt and convenient interchange of telegraph business between said companies; and such railroad and telegraph companies, referred to in the first section of this act, shall so operate their respective telegraph lines as to afford equal facilities to all, without discrimination in favor of or against any person, company, or corpo- Equal facilities ration whatever, and shall receive, deliver, and exchange required. business with connecting telegraph lines on equal terms, and affording equal facilities, and without discrimination for or against any one of such connecting lines; and such exchange of business shall be on terms just and equitable.

SEC. 3. That if any such railroad or telegraph company referred to in the first section of this act, or company operating such railroad or telegraph line shall refuse or fail,

merce sion.

its

own motion.

in whole or in part, to maintain, and operate a telegraph

line as provided in this act and acts to which this is supComplaints to plementary, for the use of the Government or the public, Commis- for commercial and other purposes, without discrimination,

or shall refuse or fail to make or continue such arrangements for the interchange of business with any connecting telegraph company, then any person, company, corporation, or connecting telegraph company may apply for relief to the Interstate Commerce Commission, whose duty it shall

thereupon be, under such rules and regulations as said Duties of the Commission may prescribe, to ascertain the facts, and de. whore complaint termine and order what arrangement is proper to be made is mado.

in the particular case, and the railroad or telegraph company concerned shall abide by and perform such order; and it shall be the duty of the Interstate Commerce Commission, when such determination and order are made, to notify the parties concerned, and, if necessary, enforce the same by writ of mandamus in the courts of the United States, in the name of the United States, at the relation of either of said

Interstate Commerce Commissioners: Provided, That the Commission

said Commissioners may institute any inquiry, upon their may institute in. quiries on

own motion, in the same manner and to the same effect as

though complaint had been made. Duty of the At

SEC. 4. That in order to secure and preserve to the United torney-General ander this act. States the full value and benefit of its liens upon all the

telegraph lines required to be constructed by and lawfully belonging to said railroad and telegraph companies referred to in the first section of this act, and to have the same possessed, used, and operated in conformity with the provisions of this act and of the several acts to which this act is supplementary, it is hereby made the duty of the Attorney-General of the United States, by proper proceedings, to prevent any unlawful interference with the rights and equities of the United States under this act, and under the acts hereinbefore mentioned, and under all acts of Congress relating to such railroads and telegraph lines, and to have legally ascertained and finally adjudicated all alleged rights of all persons and corporations whatever claiming in any manner any control or interest of any kind in any telegraph lines or property, or exclusive rights of way upon the lands of said railroad companies, or any of them, and to have all contracts and provisions of contracts set aside and annulled wbich have been unlawfully and beyond their powers entered into by said railroad or telegraph companies, or any of them, with any other person, company, or corporation.

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