Secret Incomes of the Soviet State Budget
Springer, 1. 12. 2013 - Počet stran: 315
As far as I know, relatively little attention has been devoted in the West to the study of various financial problems in the USSR. Among 1 the works I have seen are Gallik et aI. , The Soviet, 1968 -evidently the most important work on this theme; Powell, "Monetary," 1972, in which the statistics of monetary circulation in the USSR are examin ed; Laulan, Banking, 1973, in which some of the questions I examine are also addressed; and CIA, The Soviet, 1977, which is about an analysis of the budget. Moreover, many specialists have turned to the analysis of the expenditures of the budget in an attempt to determine the amount of financing of military expenditures-for example, Holzman, Financial, 1975. Due to the scarcity of data a large number of important problems have remained unstudied in all these works. One of these is the following. If we believe official Soviet statistics, the state budget of the USSR regularly comes out with an excess of revenues over expendi tures; each year a "budget profit" is formed. This in itself already seems quite strange. We all know that the Soviet economy, although it developed quite rapidly (especially in the past), has experienced constant and serious difficulties; we know that the plans are rarely fulfilled and that there were years of great crop failures.
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Classification of the Budget Revenues
Other Budget Revenues
Emission of Cash I 14
Savings of the Population Inflation in Cash
Noncash Circulation and Bank Credit
Sources of Credits
Bank Loans to the Budget Inflation in
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additional allocations amount of credits assets balance billion rubles billions of rubles budget deficit budget expenditures budget profits budget revenues Byudzhet handbooks calculations capital investments cash chapter cited classification commodity turnover corresponding amounts credit resources deductions from profits Denezhnoye emission enterprises and organizations estimate examine example excess expenses explain exports fact financing foreign currency foreign trade funds Garbuzov Gosbank Gosplan Gosstrakh Gosudarstvennyy important included increase inflation kolkhoz farmers kopecks loans long-term credit monetary expenditures monetary income monetary savings Narkhoz 78 Narkhoz yearbooks national economy noted paid payments from profits Pchelin percent population possible precisely production question receipts republic budgets result revenues from foreign savings banks sectors significant social insurance socialist Soviet literature sovkhozes speaking substantially surpluses table I-2 take into account total amount transferable rubles turnover tax union budget union republics USSR State budget Vneshtorgbank wages workers and employees