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auditu Evangelii parvum desiderium sentiunt: quia spiritum Christi non habeat.

"Qui autem vult plene et sapide Christi verba intelligere; oportet, ut totam vitam suam illi studeat conformare."

"The doctrine of Christ exceedeth all the doctrines of holy men; and he that hath the spirit, will find therein the hidden

"But it falleth out, that many, albeit they often hear the Gospel of Christ, are yet but little affected, because they have not the spirit of Christ.

"Whosoever then would fully and feelingly understand the words of Christ, must endeavor to conform his life wholly to the life of Christ."

"The doctrine of Christ surpasseth all the doctrines of the saints; and whosoever hath the spirit will find therein a hidden

"But it happeneth, that many by frequent hearing the gospel are very little affected, because they have not the spirit of Christ. "But he who would fully and with relish understand the words of Christ, must


study to make his whole life conformable to that of Christ."

More important still is the author's reversion to the original order of the books, still following the autograph manuscript. Book III., in the usual order, treats of the communing of the soul with God, internal consolation, after the Holy Communion; Book IV. treats of the union of the soul with God in the Holy Communion. It would surely seem that this is an inversion. The true order, which places internal consolation after the Communion the author finds in the manuscript, and follows it. And this closes the whole work rightly, with the exhortation to place all hope and consolation in God alone, rather than with the negative warning not to search curiously into the Holy Sacrament. It shows with more precision, too, that true Christian mysticism is not apart from the sacramental life, but intimately related to it.

This new rendering of the "Imitation" comes to us at a fitting time, when we are about to contemplate the mystery of the Incarnation.


Our Sunday-school Lessons.

Open Letter to the Members of the Joint Diocesan Committee.

By Alford A. Butler, Member of the Committee.

May I call your attention to the great improvement in the educational methods and leaflets of the International Sundayschool Association, a truly representative body not of two score, but of 2,000 members?

After long and careful consideration that body, three years ago, authorized a course of special, optional Lessons for Beginners, covering the first two or three years of instruction; the only years for building the foundation of a child's faith. During the past three years the optional lessons have been adopted gladly by fully 25 per cent. of the departments for which they are fitted. This year the same representative body has authorized a course of optional lessons for Senior and Bibleclasses. It now has three courses adapted to the actual needs of the three great groups of children found in all Sundayschools: (1) An optional beginner's course for children under eight; (2) An optional advanced course for seniors; (3) A regular course for all other classes of the school. In short the Association gives its teachers liberty-the liberty to adapt their instruction to the actual needs of their children, and provides the proper Biblical material for doing it.

Is there any good reason why we should not do likewise? Is the purpose of our work any different from theirs? Is the nature of our children any different from theirs? Are not the "little ones" in our beginner's classes (as St. Paul affirms), just as childish in speech, childish in thought, and childish in understanding as theirs? Have our main school children, any more than theirs, adult ability or adult experience? And are our Bible-class students inferior to theirs that they need lessons selected for children between nine and thirteen? And if our pupils are like theirs, how can we, with our love for Christ's "little ones," allow our actions even to seem to say: "It does not concern

us, that God has endowed children of different ages with different abilities; it is nothing to us that God has given us widely differing inspired words fitted to the different ages of childhood"? It is easier for us, for our committee, for our editors and for our publishers to select one identical passage for Bible-class and infant class. Ours must remain forever a system of identical Biblical passages and the teachers must do the fitting.

But Sunday-school teachers are no more able to perform miracles than are secular teachers. A public school superintendent who gave children under eight years of age lessons on compound interest, geometry, algebra, and calculus, and then told the teachers that they must fit the lessons to the children, would to-day be counted a lunatic and thrown out of his office. Yet it is just as easy to perform a mathematical miracle as a theological one. Such subjects as Regeneration, Water of Life, Christ's Sermon at Nazareth, The Unjust Steward, The Seven Words from the Cross (all for one lesson), are as supremely unfit for, and as totally unfittable to, children in beginner's classes as lessons in higher mathematics. But all these subjects are found in our present series of lessons which are selected for the little tots of the infant class, and given to them for their spiritual food and nourishment!

I recently visited one of the largest, best organized, best officered, and best conducted Sunday-schools in the Church. To study its work and its methods was an inspiration. Its superintendent, one of the best in the Church, at the close of the session, rose to address the main school on the lesson. He said: "The subject for to-day is the 'Prophet Hosea.' I do not know how it came to be selected; it has no business in our series of lessons." Then, dropping the subject, he gave an admirable address on a related subject.

Now if one of our ablest superintendents could not adapt the subject of Hosea and his adulterous wife, to children from ten to fourteen, how can the average teacher do so? And yet this same lesson was also selected for the little innocents of the infant class. What did their teacher do with it? Nothing; she was wise enough to let it severely alone and devote her precious half hour to something the little souls needed and could understand. I took from her table the child's picture card for the day's lesson. Its editor had tried his best to do the impossible: i.e., to make the subject fit infant understanding; the result was a pitiable failure. The words were those of childhood, the ideas for which they stood were totally outside of a child's experience, and therefore outside of his comprehension.

The sorrow of the present situation is that it is the youngest and tenderest and most easily hurt souls that are suffering from our neglect. Do we begin to realize the greatness of that neglect? There are to-day nearly 450,000 children in the Sunday-schools of our Church. The great majority of them are in small schools made up of younger pupils. It is a low estimate to say that 100,000 of these souls are under eight years of age. The series of lessons most widely used in infant classes is our own "Diocesan Series." Yet our lessons do not, pedagogically, recognize the existence of these 100,000 little souls hungering for divine light and truth.

If we only realized the limitations which God has put upon young children, we would know that neither our present lessons, nor any other upper-grade lessons, have any business in the hands of little children. This is true not only because such children are able to get almost nothing from a system fitted for adults, but because during his first years of instruction the child needs, and must obtain, those elementary truths which are absolutely necessary for his understanding of the truths and doctrines in our present lessons. If a child does not get the first great truths of Christianity in their wholeness and their simplicity during the first three years of instruction, he has absolutely no foundation on which to build an understanding of the multitudinous details of truth which come to him in later instruction. . . . The time has come when we must recognize and use the teaching of Christian pedagogy, or our lesson system will cease to exist. The American Church is already committed to modern educational methods. To the last General Convention the Joint Committee on Christian Education said: "Education has experienced a scientific refor maticn so radical as to justify the term 'New Education.' Pedagogy has become a science. The point of view is changed. It is no longer the material for instruction, but the nature of the child that is chiefly in mind.” Happily our Church is awake to reform and improvement in Sunday-school instruction, by applying the principles of the most scientific pedagogy to the child's nature, as that nature and the laws governing it are revealed by modern psychology. . . . The hope of improving Sunday-school work will be partly in the furnishing of an appropriate system, but chiefly in the preparation of the teacher. The Church must look especially to the Joint Diocesan Lesson Committee for the most improved methods in the former direction. . . And the convention accepted and endorsed this report.



Moreover, the convention appointed a special Joint Commission "to make the Sunday-school more effective"; and the most active workers on that Sunday-school

committee believe, as the convention believes, "that education has experienced a scientific reformation," that to-day the allimportant factor to be considered in instruction is not the lesser matter, but “the nature and needs of the child."

Furthermore, the recent awakening of the whole Church to the supreme importance of the child's Christian nurture has resulted in the forming of over sixty diocesan Sunday-school organizations; and they exist, not to perpetuate old ways of teaching, but to improve ancient prac tices, and bring in new methods based upon the actual needs of the child at each stage of growth. All over the Church the most active workers are demanding graded lessons, and they will have them. If we refuse them optional lessons they will go elsewhere, or will organize a new and progressive committee, secure an enterprising publisher, and issue a modern system of uniform lessons.

The time has passed when a name will float a lesson system. To-day, as never before, the American Church understands the principles and methods of true education. Every lesson system must stand on its own merits. That system will survive which an awakened Church judges to be the best fitted to survive; and the standard by which its fitness will be measured is-its adaptation to the actual needs of God's children at each stage of development. Uniformity may be very precious in our eyes, but all the uniformity in the world is not so precious as one little soul in the eyes of God.

An immense population has entered into this field, great cities have developed, the value of farm lands and of farm products has quadrupled. Has not the Board of Managers a right to ask: “Are you not equal, or nearly equal, to self-support? Are you not prosperous enough to make larger gifts for general missions?" The reply is: "The wealth is not ours. Our people are relatively few in number." True; but should not the failure to produce abundant crops of Churchmen be taken into account by the Board? After the farmer has planted the corn and the blade has sprung up he "cultivates" it twice or three times, he lifts up and he hills up the weak or fallen stalks, then he leaves it to develop for itself the ear and the full corn in the ear. If, after all his early care, it has not strength to develop itself, he says: "This is not good corn land," and he puts his money and labor into fields that will yield an abundant harvest. We would not press this illustration too far; but has it not some suggestive point when applied to a group of missions or parishes that, having received stipends from the General Board for twenty or thirty years, are still small, giving little promise of future growth? The Board of Managers may reasonably say: "This is not a Churchman's country. We must discharge our duty as trustees of the contributions of the faithful for Church extension, by expending the greater sums upon fields that are in the earlier stages of growth and that give promise of larger results."

There are in our Middle West dioceses many parishes and missions whose strength goes out as fast as it comes in or whose inextension is chronic. They have had stipends in the days of the

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. fathers and will need stipends in the days

N. B. All letters intended for this department must be signed by the writers and the names must be for publication.

Don't Give Excuses for Lukewarmness in Missions.

To the Editor of THE CHURCHMAN:

An impression has been given out that we of the Middle West have been badly treated by the Board of Missions, and that we do not now receive the appropriations that properly belong to us. Upon this ground we are encouraged or urged to refrain from strenuous effort to give to general missions the full amount suggested to each diocese as its share of the grand total necessary to carry on the missionary work of the Church. It is further urged that the demands of our diocesan mission fields are so onerous that we should be excused from offerings so large as those suggested to us by the Board.

But do we of the Middle West all agree upon the statement that we have not and do not receive for our fields a fair proportion of the funds entrusted to the Board, and that therefore we should restrict our offerings for domestic and foreign missions? I trust not, and I think not. I, for one, dissent from that criticism upon the management of our missionary funds. In the days, long ago, when this was a border land, a true missionary field, as large appropriations were made as the offerings of the Church then justified. The brave missionary bishops who were pioneers in this region have passed away, and a generation of clergy, having labored here, have gone to their rest. Still, the appropriations to nearly all these dioceses continue. Some have been voluntarily relinquished. Some have been diminished by the action of the Board. But is the Board of Managers to be censured for that?

of our grandchildren. Some of them might be stimulated by being thrown upon their own resources; most of them would die. They are not, in my opinion, suitable beneficiaries of the General Missionary Fund. They should be kept alive by such methods as the local bishops and missionary boards may devise.

I am far from intending to say that in our great Middle West we need no help from the funds administered by the General Board. There are portions of this vast field like the district of Oklahoma and the Indian Territory that need more help than they now receive. There are in our dioceses missionary opportunities in virgin soil; there are fields where the seed is not planted but would germinate and grow strong were we enabled by the aid of the Board to put the requisite number of good men at the ploughhandles and the cultivators; but as I look over the list of appropriations to our dioceses they seem to me, generally, all that we could anticipate when we take into consideration the limitations of the funds in the hands of the Board. The remedy lies back of the Board of Managers. Revive the missionary zeal of the Church! Increase the offerings for missions, and no doubt the Board will be delighted to put, into the hands of our bishops as much as they can use. If the Board had each year "a million for missions" much might be done here to strengthen and expand the work. Schools might then be established and endowed; a propaganda might be founded to disseminate by lectures and literature information about the Church, and other dreams might be realized.

But, unless individual Churchmen and Churchwomen give more, and the funds administered by the Board are increased by several hundred thousand dollars a year, we need not spend much time knocking at the doors of the Missions House, and would better turn our energies upon the development of our own resources. So much for what we would and should re

ceive. What about our ability and duty to give? Are the amounts apportioned to us too great? Are we not able to offer for General Missions in addition to the offerings of the children and of the Woman's Auxiliary to the Board of Missions, amounts for each diocese that would average less than one cent a week for each communicant? as our share in the effort the Church is making to obey her Lord's command to make disciples of all nations? But that is the extent of the burden we are requested to assume. Would it not rather be too small had we the spirit of the apostolic Church, which was poor as no branch of the Church is poor to-day?

But, after all, perhaps it is not so much the unmissionary spirit that hinders us in aggregating the required amount as unbusinesslike and unscriptural methods. We need methods that will reach the individual. A Sunday offering (spoiled perhaps by a shower, by heat or cold) will not accomplish it. The absentees possibly do not hear of the collection, or if it does occur to them during the following week they hesitate, forget, do nothing.



St. Paul said, "Let every man lay by in store." That is our need; every man's It is not easy to reach every To do it someone the parish priest, the missionary of the post, a layman or a woman duly authorized must work very patiently over the details. But we must seek out the individual, teach Then him, interest him, enthuse him. the aggregate of individual offerings for the dioceses of our Middle West will be not far from the high water mark set by the Board of Managers. Perhaps it will be more. God grant it.

By all means let us not by creating an impression of unfairness on the part of the Board in asking offerings or in making appropriations assist our people to find, as many of them are too ready to do, an excuse for lukewarmness in the great cause of missions.

Bishop of Kansas City.

Heroism of Mexican Native

To the Editor of THE CHURCHMAN:

The wisdom of sending a missionary bishop to Mexico has already been justified by the results.

Mexico has an unknown future before it. Americans and Englishmen with their families are coming in increasing numbers to various parts of this country, and the hearty response that these people are making to the efforts of Bishop Aves shows how greatly spiritual ministrations are needed there at the present time.

In a letter which I have just received this week, Bishop Aves says: "Reports from my English-speaking field are encouraging beyond my best hopes. My only solicitude is for the native work. Our little company of native priests and deacons are trying to cover a field that is far too great for them. Their work has outgrown their strength. One missionary, who is trying to minister to eleven congregations, by being in the saddle every day except Sunday, tells me that other communities are asking him to come to them, but that he can do no more. The crying need is for men, but there is practically no present source of supply. The Dean Gray School and Seminary, which has served this purpose in the past, is in a dying condition for the want of support. The numerous applications that are being made for admission must be denied. The amount received for this school during the past


year was $402.50, less than eight cents a day for the support (including board, washing, etc.) of each of its fourteen students. Of course the instruction given these young men is gratuitous and necessarily inadequate. But the native clergy realize that the future of the work to which they are devoting their lives depends upon the fortunes of this training school. And their appreciation of its importance is attested to by the fact that out of their own meagre support (which averages less than $30 a month), these clergymen give each an average of $5 a month for its support. Is there not something heroic in that?"

I think we all will acknowledge that there is not only something heroic but also apostolic in this attitude of the Mexican native priests. Whoever has seen them to know them in the past has been deeply impressed with their earnestness, sincerity and spirituality.

There are other facts of interest in the letter of Bishop Aves, but these are so important that I feel that they ought to be made known to the Church.

Bishop of Washington.

The Church in New York. To the Editor of THE CHURCHMAN:

Under this heading, in your issue of this date, in speaking of the number of communicants, you say: "Here there is in New York an apparent falling off of 1,087"; and then proceed to account for it by referring to "the temporary disappearance of the 900 communicants of All Souls'," and "the 200 dropped from the roll of Christ church, Poughkeepsie." But if you consult the Journal of the diocese for 1904, you will find that this parigh returns 1,911 communicants, while in the Journal of this year the number is 501; which, of itself more than accounts for the "apparent falling off of 1,087." The fact is that I found the roll of communicants had not been gone over for a good many years, all names being retained upon it unless by record they had been transferred to other parishes, or were known to have died. I had not time to complete a revision by June, 1904, when the authorities requested that the parochial reports should be sent in, but this year it was carried out and only the

names of those who were known to be bona fide communicants were counted; the result being as given above. If now you add to the 1,100 accounted for in your article the 1,410 dropped from St. James's list, the falling off of 1,087 is turned into a gain of 1,423, all which only goes to show that statistics are both untrustworthy and unsatisfactory.

St. James's church, New York.

Archdeacon Stuck Appeals for Anti-Diphtheritic Serum.

To the Editor of THE CHURCHMAN:

I write to inquire if there be any institution which can be appealed to through your columns in which the anti-diphtheritic serum is prepared. If this letter should reach the eye of anyone connected with such a place, I would like to set forth for his consideration the situation amongst the natives of the Yukon River in Alaska. Again and again the villages from Anvik to Circle City have been swept by this scourge, and there is always

dread of its appearance and of the high mortality which attends it. Last winter there was an epidemic at Circle City; this summer there was a case at Anvik which involved all the inconveniences of a quarantine during the brief open season. The disease is one of the recognized terrors of the Yukon. And the only means which our people have of fighting it is the oldfashioned means of carbolic acid solutions.


Now I know that the mortality in diphtheria has been so reduced "outside" by the serum treatment that the disease is no longer greatly dreaded. But there are great difficulties in the way of our procuring the serum, and still greater in the way of having it fresh. I am informed that the cultures become inert after three months' time, and that it is necessary to renew them constantly. am informed, moreover, that they are expensive. And it has occurred to me that there might be someone connected with a laboratory where these things are made who would take sufficient interest in the preservation of the lives of the Yukon Indians to arrange that our stations on the Yukon River should receive regular supplies of the product.

It must be remembered that physicians on the Yukon River are exceedingly scarce. There is one at Eagle at the military post-but after that place is passed you shall travel 500 miles down the river to Rampart before meeting another. Circle City has none; Fort Yukon has none; though at each of these places are perhaps 150 natives, with villages here and there on down the river to Rampart. There is a military surgeon at the post at Tanana, but when Tanana is passed you shall travel 800 miles down the river without meeting the next, at the military post at St. Michael's. Several of our missionaries have some medical training, and we have trained nurses at Circle City and Fort Yukon and Anvik. I believe one of the priests at the Roman mission of Holy Cross, at Koserefsky, has medical training. I am looking forward to the time when we shall have a medical missionary whose duty it will be to travel up and down the river and visit the villages. We have a young man now in his third year at a medical school, who designs to offer himself for this work. But meanwhile I am anxious to discover whether or not it is possible to arrange for a continuous fresh supply of this anti

toxin at each of our stations on the river. It could come through all the winter as first-class mail (provided freezing does not destroy it) and I am sure that the proper representations to the postal authorities at Washington would ensure its being "rushed" with the letter mail.

My request is that a sufficient supply be sent regularly to each of our stations. They should be sent as follows: To the Rev. Mr. Hoare, at Eagle; to the Rev. Mr. Rice, at Circie City; to Miss Woods, at Fort Yukon; to the Rev. J. L. Prevost, at Tanana; to the Rev. John Chapman, at Anvik. There should be included the necessary apparatus for the administration of the serum, and full directions for use. And then, whenever a case of diphtheria made its appearance, the whole population of the village could be inoculated.

In these days when large sums of money are expended in the maintenance of institutions where these modern prophylactics are prepared, it does seem that some thought should be given to the unfortunate natives of Alaska, almost annually decimated by this disease; the only natives, by the way, in all United States territory, who are not supported by the Government.

I am leaving this week for a journey into the northern parts of this district, far away from the Yukon, which will keep me away from all mail for more than five months. I hope to penetrate overland to Point Hope, after passing through the Koyukuk country and the Kobuk country; and one of the fears I have is that when I return I may hear of another epidemic at Circle City or Fort Yukon. It would be a very great relief and blessing to all of us who are connected with the Alaskan mission, if the modern perfected means of fighting diphtheria could be provided. It makes one sad to think of the many lives of promising school children which might have been saved in the last few years, had we been equipped to fight for them.

HUDSON STUCK, Archdeacon of Alaska.

Dr. Crapsey to Dr. Van Allen.

To the Editor of THE CHURCHMAN:

Referring to the letter of Dr. Van Allen in the current number of THE CHURCH

MAN, I wish to say that I have always

supposed that a man was to be held responsible to the public only for his public utterances. His private thoughts and opinions, which, because they are private, are held subject to change and revision, are the sacred property of the man himself which he is not obliged to reveal to posed that when a man was accused of an any chance inquisitor. I had also sup

offence and that accusation had been subjected to due and legal investigation and the man had been acquitted, that it was, to say the least, bad form for a bystander to step up and say to the acquitted as he leaves the court room: "Come, now, tell us, aren't you guilty after all?"

I would not deem it necessary to trouble your readers with such elementary principles in morals and good manners if it were not for the closing words of the distinguished rector of the Advent, Boston After dwelling on the enormity of my crime (of which I have been acquitted) and saying that it affects the honor of this and that order of men and this and that institution, he closes by saying that it "concerns the honor of God's Mother and Her Son." This imports an entirely new element into the matter at bar, and I wish to say that if I am guilty in this regard my guilt is the result of my ignorance, for until I read the letter of the gentleman I did not know that God had a mother.


Evangelistic Methods.

To the Editor of THE CHURCHMAN:

The stricture upon the Rev. H. H. Oberly in your last issue is undeserved. The facts justify him. As I took the opposite view, it becomes me to speak for my colleague. Mr. Oberly's description of the unedifying qualities of a revival service is true, only not true enough. "Unedifying" is a very mild adjective for services marked by sentimentalism, cant and irreverence. I know many good people not accustomed to a Prayer Book service who have come from these meetings shocked and offended.

Mr. Oberly said that people accustomed to an orderly and reverent service "would come away unsatisfied and unimpressed." Again the description is far milder than the fact. Not many Episcopalians have attended the revival services here, and of



those who have, the larger part came away saddened or rebellious, certainly unsatisfied. Some of the people of this parish did at my urgent request attend the initial meetings, but the number grew less and less. At a large gathering of men last Sunday night there were two members of my congregation, and one of these was an usher of my appointment. It is sad, and I write in bitter disappointment-the opportunity seemed great. But Mr. Oberly is right. We must use our own methods with our own people. We must rely for services of this sort upon evangelists of our own Church, who know us and our ways. Trinity church, Elizabeth, N. J.

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a church was built last winter at a cost
of $2,000, paid for by St. Mark's parish,
and at each point services have been

maintained by one of the clerical staff
of the parish. Attention will now be
turned to other portions of the fast-
growing residence district.

A parish mission, in which much in-
terest was manifested, and which is
proving very beneficial in its results, was
conducted at Woodville, Rappahannock
county, Va., by Archdeacon Tyler, dur-
ing the first week in December.

of Providence, R. I., St. Mary's Orphanage, East Providence, receives $2,000; St. Andrew's Industrial School, Barring

ton, $2,000, and St. Elizabeth's Home, Providence, $1,000. After private bequests the residue of her estate goes to St. Stephen's church, Providence.

One of the disastrous fires which periodically visit Chinese cities broke out in the populous residence district of Hankow, on Nov. 12. St. Peter's church is immediately opposite the house where the fire started, but although the fire swept both sides of the church and its connecting buildings, it was unharmed. Fully 2,000 houses were destroyed and It seemed impossible that the church property, standing in the midst of acres of burning houses, could be saved, and its escape from destruction has made a deep impression upon the Chinese, Christian and nonnected with St. Peter's lost their homes. Christians. Six of the families At special services of thanksgiving in all the Hankow churches for the preservation of the property, the Chinese Christians made offerings to relieve those who had suffered by the fire.

During the vacancy in the rectorship of Emmanuel church, Greenwood, Va., services are being supplied by Mr. Guy Douglas Christian, a student at the Vir- many lives were lost. J. R. ATKINSON. ginia Theological Seminary. This is a flourishing parish, which has recently been detached from the work of the Rev. F. W. Neve in Albemarle county. In connection with the Church at Greenwood are the chapels of the Holy Cross, and the Good Shepherd, in the same county.


Increasing religious observance marked Christmas Day in Chicago. Most of the reports from the city parishes show an increase in communicants over the record of last year, and there were an unusual number of early communicants. At St. Peter's there were four celebrations, with 725 communicants; at the Epiphany three celebrations, with 419 communicants. In both these cases the festival this year exceed-. ed in communicants and in offerings that of any previous year. The favorite musical settings of the Holy Communion service were Gounod's "St. Cecilia Mass," and Moir's Service in D, some of the other settings being by Stainer and Eyre. In many parishes the choirs furnished music at the early celebrations, as well as at midday.

The Philadelphia City Mission at Christmas time again sent cheer to the sick and needy in their homes and institutions to the number of several hundred. A Christmas festival for poor children was held in old St. Paul's church, where more than 300 were gathered on Wednesday afternoon, Dec. 27, when toys and candies were given. The superintendent, the Rev. Dr. Herman L. Duhring was in charge, and made an address.

Bishops Whitaker and Mackay-Smith were both at the matriculation service of the Philadelphia Divinity School on Friday morning, Dec. 22. The only member of the faculty absent was the Rev. Dr. John Fulton, whose presence was prevented by illness. Bishop Whitaker welcomed the twelve students who matriculated. In his address he gave them as watchwords Consistency, Concentration and Communion. He intreated them to give themselves diligently to prayer. Bishop MackaySmith urged that their prayer might be that the name of Christ should mean something in our hearts and in our experience. All should bring themselves in contact with men's souls. There are thirty-two students, with twenty-nine studying for the degree of B.D. and nine for D.D. in course.

The Junior Clericus of the diocese of Connecticut met on Dec. 19, at the Hotel Garde, New Haven. The Rev. W. H. Garth, of Naugatuck, presided. Two thoughtful and stimulating papers were read, one by the Rev. G. W. Davenport, of Danbury, entitled, "The Incarnation and Holy Baptism," the other by the Rev. F. M. Burgess, of New Haven, on "What is Meant by Authority in Religion.". The reading of the papers was followed by an earnest and helpful discussion.

St. Mark's parish, Seattle, Wash., the Rev. J. P. D. Llwyd, rector, has transferred to the care of Bishop Keator its three mission chapels in the northern portion of the city-St. James's, Fremont, All Saints', University Station, and St. Andrew's, Green Lake. At the Fremont mission a lot was purchased and

Under the guidance of the Rev. J. L. Tryon, of Attleborough, the mission of St. John at Mansfield, Mass., has just made a decided advance. Through the self-denying offerings of members of the mission and the assistance of friends the sum of nearly $600 has been got together, and with this money the entire indebtedness on the valuable lot owned by the mission has been discharged, a small sum remaining wherewith to start a building fund. The Christmas service, held in a private house, by the Rev. Mr. Tryon, was one of the most largely attended in the history of the mission. After the service an adult and two children were baptized.

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The Kansas Theological School has just closed its Advent session. Four instructors and twelve students were in residence, four from Oklahoma. They have returned from the lectures and examinations to their missions.

A parochial mission will be conducted at the Church of the Ascension, ChiIll., cago, commencing on Friday, Jan. 26, and continuing about two weeks, by the Rev. J. O. S. Huntington, assisted by another priest of the Order of the Holy Cross. There have been three parochial missions held in Ascension parish during the past thirty-five years. The first was in 1871, conducted by the Rev. Father Prescott, of the Society of St. John the Evangelist; the second was in 1877, when the present Bishop of Vermont and Father Maturin were the missioners. The third mission was held in 1886, when the Rev. Dr. Mortimer and Father Sword took charge of the services.

Under the direction of the Rev. H. E. Robbins, rector of St. James's church, New Bedford, Mass., and with the assistance of the parochial Brotherhood of St. Andrew, a mission has been started at the North End of New Bedford, which promises to be before long a large and flourishing church centre. Six lay-readers from the Brotherhood membership are at present assisting in the services, which, for the time being, are held in a rented store. The rooms of the new mission are situated in the midst of a population of 31,000 among whom are 1,000 English families. The work is called St. Andrew's mission in honor of the part taken by the Brotherhood in establishing it.

The members of St. Agnes's DeafMute Mission, Grace church, Cleveland, O., gave the founder, the Rev. Austin W. Mann, a reception in the evening of Dec. 16, in the parish house. On the Sunday following, at morning service, the rector, the Rev. E. W. Worthington, presented a large class to the bishop. In the class were two members of the "silent" mission. The Rev. Mr. Mann interpreted.


The parish of Christ church, Woodlawn, Chicago, Ill., has set to work with determination and system to cancel the remaining indebtedness of the parish at Easter. The debt on the church is now $5,000, and one-half of this sum is already pledged, owing to these careful efforts on the part of the vestry.


The Bishop of Cuba has appointed Mr. Albert Wright, chancellor of the district.

The Rev. Edward M. Jefferys, rector of Emmanuel church, Cumberland, and Archdeacon of the western part of Maryland, has been called to the rectorship of St. Peter's church, Philadelphia, Penn. Mr. Jefferys was formerly assistant-minister at St. Peter's, when Bishop Davies was rector.

The Rev. Edward L. Kemp, who recently resigned his charge of the Chapel of the Holy Evangelists, Canton, Md., has, at the earnest solicitation of his parishioners, withdrawn his resignation, and will remain in charge.

The Rev. John C. Cornick, rector of Westover parish in Charles City county, Va., has declined the call recently extended him to become rector of Meherrin parish, Greensville county, in the same state.

The Rev. Frederick T. Bennett has returned to Prescott, Ariz., after a vacation for his health. He reports himself benefited, and hopes to be restored to his old-time vigor.

The Rev. George Selby, of Grace church, Tucson, Ariz., who has had a vacation of two months for his health, has returned and resumed services.

The Rev. Edward McQueen Gray, general missionary for the Pecos Valley, N. M., hopes to organize Church work at Artesia, N. M., on the lines of the Y. M. C. A.

The Rev. Halbert N. Palmer has been sent by Bishop Kendrick to Raton, N. M., to undertake the organization of a mission, services having been requested by Church people there.

The Rev. Marcus J. Brown, formerly a Baptist minister, and lately ordained to the diaconate in Chicago, Ill., has been assigned to Norwood Park and Park Ridge missions, Chicago, by Bishop Anderson.

The Rev. H. B. Brown, a colored student in the diocese of Kansas, has comBy the will of the late Miss Metcalf, pleted his examinations and will soon

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The appointment is to take effect from
Jan. 8, the date of Mr. Falkner's depart-
ure from Maryland to his new work in
Louisville, Ky. Mr. Murray came to
Baltimore with the avowed intention of
carrying the work of the Church into
new fields, having secured the promise
of his vestry that the congregation
would supply money and workers to
prosecute missionary work in that sec-
tion of Baltimore adjacent to their
church. Already this pledge has been
partially redeemed by the erection of
the Chapel of the Guardian Angel and
the starting of a mission known as the
Chapel of the Nativity. The larger
work of missions in the city and
suburbs cannot but profit by such
leadership and supervision.

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DYER. At her home in Brooklyn, Conn., on Saturday, Dec. 16, 1905, Martha White Dyer, wife of the late Henry A. Dyer, in the 83d year of her age.

Burial from "the Old Church."

"Quietness and assurance forever." MASON.-In New York City, Dec. 16, 1905, after a short illness, Miss Sophia C. Mason (formerly of Brooklyn, N. Y.), in the 87th year of her age. "The victory of life is won." Dec. MAYER.-At Philadelphia, Penn., on 18, 1905, the Rev. Gustavus William Mayer, a faithful priest of the Church for forty-three years.

WATSON.-On Thursday, Dec. 21, 1905, at his residence, 445 Park avenue, New York City, B. F. Watson, Brevet Colonel United States of Volunteers, late the "Old Sixth" Massachusetts Regiment, and long-time vestryman of Zion Church and of Zion and St. Timothy.

Funeral at the Church of Zion and St. Timothy, New York City, on Saturday, Dec. 23, at 10:30 A.M. Burial at Lowell, Mass., on Sun

day afternoon.

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Clerical Changes.

The Rev. Newton Black, formerly of Grace church, Chicopee (Western Massachusetts), has been appointed by Bishop Lawrence, minister-in-charge of Christ church, Highlandville, Mass.

The Rev. De Lou Burke has resigned

his position as missionary canon


Topeka, Kan., and accepted the charge of Yates Centre, Eureka and Eldorado,

in the same diocese.

The Rev. Taliaferro F. Caskey, who was recently called to the rectorship of the Church of the Holy Comforter, Baltimore, Md., has signified his acceptance of the call, taking charge on Jan. 1, 1906.

The Rev. H. L. Foote, of St. Michael's church, Marblehead, Mass., has resigned, the resignation to take effect May 1, 1906.

The Rev. George Hinson has resigned St. Andrew's church, Roswell, N. M., and has accepted an appointment by the Bishop to Farmington, San Juan -county, N. M., for the purpose of organizing a mission there.

The Rev. Douglas I. Hobbs has ac-cepted a call from St. Matthew's, Newton, Kan., and takes charge the first of January.

The Rev. J. S. B. Hodges, S.T.D., has resigned from St. Paul's church, Baltimore, Md., after thirty-five years as rector, and will become rector emeritus after Jan. 1. The Rev. E. Briggs Nash has been appointed minister-in-charge after that date. Mr. Nash has been assistant at St. Paul's for the past two years, and has recently declined two .calls to work elsewhere.

The Rev. Otho Fairfield Humphreys has declined the call to the Church of the Holy Apostles, Baltimore, Md., and of accepted the charge St. Mark's chapel, West Orange, N. J.

The Rev. John Gardiner Murray, rector of the Church of St. Michael and All Angels, Baltimore, has been appointed by the Bishop of Maryland to succeed the Rev. William Howard Falkner as Archdeacon of Baltimore and director of the Laymen's Missionary League.




A faithful priest of the Church, Gustavus William Mayer, died at his home in Philadelphia, Penn., Monday night, Dec. 18. He went to his eternal rest after many years of effective work in the service of his Master, his funeral being held in Christ church, Franklinville, Penn., on the Thursday following his death. Mr. Mayer was born in Stuttgart, Germany, and at an early date came to this country, receiving his academic education at Princeton University, from which he was graduated in the class of 1857.

Taking a three years' course in two years at the
Theological Seminary at Alexandria, Va., he was

The Rev. Hubert F. Cowley Carroll was advanced to the priesthood at St. Paul's church, Visalia, Cal., on Ember Friday, Dec. 22, by the Bishop of California. The presentation was made by the Rev. Professor James Otis Lincoln, of San Mateo, and the sermon was preached by the Rev. Dr. Herbert H. Powell, the dean of the convocation, the Very Rev. Harvey S. Hanson being the gospeller. The Rev. Hubert F. C. Carroll remains in charge of St. Paul's church, Visalia, and St. John's, Tulare, Coming East in 1881 he became a missionary where he has served as deacon, and while a candidate for Holy Orders.

The Churchman

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ordained a deacon in 1859 by Bishop Johns, at the Seminary chapel, and in 1862 was admitted to the priesthood at St. Paul's church, Philadelphia, by Bishop Alonzo Potter.

Mr. Mayer labored successfully in Virginia and Maryland, and later in Western New York, where he had charge of several parishes, and from there went to Colorado and California.

in New York City hospitals. He went to Phila-
delphia in 1900, and engaged in mission work
in Franklinville. He was the sole survivor of
the founders of the Chi Phi Fraternity. He
was a man of great learning, of a lovable
disposition-a man of sterling worth; a man be-
loved by all with whom he came in contact.
was a loyal servant of the Church in which he
labored for forty-three years.


A special meeting of St. Paul's parish, Riverside, Conn., was held at the rectory, on Dec. 1, 1905, for the purpose of giving appropriate expression to our deep sense of loss, occasioned Luke by the death of A. Lockwood, LL.D., whom it pleased Almighty God, in His wise providence, to call from his labors in the Church Militant to the rest that remaineth to the people of God.

The members record of this parish here their high appreciation and regard for the noble example and Christian manhood displayed in the life and character of Mr. Lockwood, and of his unsparing labor and generosity toward this parish.

Mr. Lockwood was one of the founders of the Church here and for many years, before it became a parish, he served as lay-reader and superintendent of the Sunday-school. Later he became its first senior warden and treasurer, which offices he held until the time of his death. It is due more to him than to any other agency that the Church was established in this place. To him also this church and parish are indebted for his devotion, zeal, earnest labor and liberality. Working zealously for the cause of the Church himself, he inspired others by his example, and with the aid of his friends and others of this community who co-operated with him, succeeded in establishing, erecting and maintaining the well-appointed church, parish house and rectory, a valuable property, the continued usefulness of which is assured by a well-invested Endowment Fund, created largely through his personal influence and instrumentality.

Not alone this parish, but the diocese, the Church and State, have sustained a serious loss in the death of one whose character and influence was everywhere acknowledged and recog nized as that of a devout Christian, a zealou Churchman, a well-informed and an accepted authority in ecclesiastical matters, a loyal and faithful citizen of the state and nation.

We shall ever hold in loving and reverent memory the noble example of his life, his unswerving fidelity to every trust, his spotless integrity, and his courage in always upholding the right for right's sake.

Truly his was a well-spent life, and we unite our prayers with those of his loved ones: "God rest his soul in peace.'

Resolved: That a page of the minutes of this

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