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RIGHTLY INSTRUCTED IN GOD'S
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A series of lectures on Christian teaching that every one should read.
THE BIBLE FOR THE SICK
Rev. HENRY KING HANNAH,
THE TEN COMMANDMENTS IN
THE XXTH CENTURY
By the Very Rev. Dr. HART,
Dean St. John's Cathedral, Denver, Col.
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A series of plain, striking addresses on the Ten Commandments.
THE HOLY CHRIST CHILD
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The Faith once delivered unto the Saints
Our Missions Abroad.
The reports from our foreign missions vary more from year to year than do those of the dioceses at home. Naturally, for the totals are small and more influenced by the absence of individual gifts, or by a concurrence of furloughs. There are more lay-readers, more parishes and mission stations, more confirmations and communicants, more Sunday-school scholars than last year; there were not quite so many marriages; there were fewer burials, fewer Sunday-school teachers and more contributions. The essentially missionary jurisdictions gave this year $31,059; last year they gave $20,505, a very notable gain, which, it is gratifying to note, is distributed in nearly equal measure between China, Japan-in spite of the war, -West Africa, Brazil and Hayti. Whether there has been gain or loss in baptisms, the figures as printed leave uncertain, as we shall see presently.
Turning first to the missionary clergy, we find the total, 180, unchanged. There
has been a decline from 28 to 22 in Mexico, from 14 to 13 in Hayti, from 10 to 9 in Brazil, from 26 to 25 in West Africa,
but these losses are counterbalanced by a gain of from 48 to 53 in China, from 48 to 49 in Japan, and from 5 to 9 in Cuba. In candidates for the ministry, there
is an increase from 43 to 45. The increase in lay-readers, from 124 to 137, is due entirely to China and Japan. The gain in the former is from 37 to 47, in the latter, from 31 to 36.
In parishes and mission stations the increase is from 301 to 335; if, as seems certain, the 12 stations attributed to Shanghai are misprinted for 21, which was the number last year. The Annual's detailed report for Shanghai shows no change; that for Hankow a gain of three stations. The larger part of the general gain is due to Mexico, which last year had 34 stations and now 51, thanks to the efficient administration of Bishop Aves. Japan, in spite of the war, has increased her parishes and missions from 83 to 94; Cuba, from 11 to 17; West Africa, from 83 to 95.
There were last year 1,949 baptisms; this year, 1,935, if we are to take the totals as they appear in the Annual; but there is a curious discrepancy in the case of Japan, where the total baptisms for the two dioceses are reported as 486, while adult baptisms total 327, and infant baptisms, 259, figures which, added together, make not 486, but 586. There seems to be a misprint of 100 in the statistics from Kyoto. If we are justified in making this
Saturday, January 20, 1906.
correction, the total baptisms will show a gain over last year of 86. In China, the total has grown from 499 to 603; in Cuba, from 41 to 126; in Hayti from 77 to 105. In Mexico, where none were reported last year, we have now 126. In China, Japan and West Africa, infant and adult baptisms are distinguished. In China there are, as always, many more adults than infants baptized, and the gain in adult baptisms is most marked. In Japan the gain is in infant baptisms, which accords with the more settled condition and the national recognition of Christianity in that empire. In adult baptisms there has been a slight decline, which may be justly attributed to the war. In West Africa, while there was a falling off in the baptisms of infants from 228 to 160, baptisms
of adults increased from 134 to 154, which shows that the Church is winning a hold upon the maturer part of the population.
In confirmations there has been
growth, from 868 to 1,083, but it should be noted that Mexico, which last year had no bishop, reported this year 159 confirma
tions, so that in the other jurisdictions, taken together, there was a gain of only 56. Confirmation statistics in the foreign field are, however, liable to violent fluctua
tion, and it would be as unwise to feel dejected over the decline in Japan-from 421 to 272-as it would to be unduly elated over the gain in China-from 135 to 287. There was a large gain also in Cuba, from 52 to 159; and in Brazil, from 52 to 94. In Hayti confirmations increased from 4 to 39, and in West Africa, from 204 to 209.
THE ROLL OF COMMUNICANTS. The communicant rolls show an increase from 7,386 to 9,528, which is a gain of 2,142. Much of this gain is due to Mexico, which last year reported no communicants and now, 1,422. The Chinese list has grown from 1,634 to 1,916; the West African, from 1,854 to 2,038; the Haytian, from 639 to 702; the Brazilian, from 656 to 695; the Cuban, from 226 to 402. In Japan there has been a slight decline, from 2,357 to 2,353, for which the war amply accounts. An apparent decline in the number of marriages, from 117 to 107, and of burials, from 306 to 268, is due to the absence in the figures for this year of the returns from China and Cuba. The other districts either show a normal increase or hold their own.
The figures in regard to Sunday-school teachers are perplexing. Last year there were 486, this year, 277. The difference is only partly attributable to the absence
of figures from West Africa, which last year reported 58. Cuba and Hayti alone hold their own in teachers. In Brazil there is a small decline, from 74 to 65; in Japan, a great one, from 162 to 93, and this falling off is paralleled in China, where last year there were 154 and now but 81. On the other hand, the number of Sunday-school scholars has increased from 7,670 to 8,573, and the gain is fairly well distributed.
Considering the figures from each foreign district separately, they seem to be most favorable for China and Japan. In every quarter we find the same indication of solid, steady growth that we have noted since we began this annual examination of the missionary statistics. In West Africa the figures show a more favorable condition than for some time past.
A Contrast: 1898 and 1906.
We shall get a juster picture of the Church's progress and find even greater go grounds for encouragement if we back to the year before the new missionary campaign was inaugurated. It was in July, 1898, that this journal began to print and tabulate complete missionary statistics for every congregation in the country and for every mission field. In the Annual for that year, giving, of course, the statistics for the preceding year, all the missions now existing were represented, except Hayti. Leaving aside the "Churches in Europe," which have nothing directly to do with the Missions House or its work, we find that where now the Church supports 180 clergy, she had then 101; where now she has 45 candidates, she had then 38; then there were 8 postulants, now 16. It is true that there are fewer lay-readers now than then, 137 as compared with 148, but this difference is accounted for entirely, and twice over, by the change of methods of work in China and Japan, which have been most fruitful in increased efficiency. That this is the case appears immediately, when we consider the parishes and missions, which have increased from 216 to 326. Eight years ago there were baptized in our foreign missions, 268 infants, last year 649. Then there were 568 adult baptisms reported, now, 854. The total baptisms reported in 1898 were 920; they had increased in 1906 to 2,035. Confirmations have grown in even greater ratio; then there were 436, now 1,083. Of communicants we have now 9,528; then we had only 3,986, with, of course, fewer marriages and burials. There are well over twice as many Sunday-school scholars now as there were then and local contributions have increased fourfold. Surely
such results are a source of encouragement and of thankfulness to those who have shared in the missionary campaign.
The same contrast is even more accentuated when we turn to the contributions for missions at home and abroad. Eight years ago the contributions which could be applied upon appropriations were $402,540.74. Now they are $766,965.18, or nearly twice as much. Gifts from the dead applicable to appropriations were larger than now, $92,615.50, as compared with $42,558.61. So, too, were legacies for investment or for special purposes, $57,975, as compared with $47,305.76, but living Churchmen have shown themselves more generous in their gifts for missions all along the line. The Woman's Auxiliary, for instance, which in 1898 gave $82,000, is credited in 1905 with $151,122.27. "Specials," which in 1898 amounted to $67,084.38, had increased nearly fivefold, to $306,588.17. Subscriptions to missionary periodicals had grown from $22,787.32 to $31,739.78, and the receipts for purposes not relating to current work from $45,623.13 to $95,659.21. Beside these there were in 1905 a number of items to which there is nothing to correspond in 1898; $50,000 to protect the credit of the Society; $173,500 as gifts for investment; $12,000 from the American Church Missionary Society. So that all together, where in 1898 at the beginning of the new missionary campaign the contributions to the Society were $770,626.07, in 1905 they had more
than doubled and reached the encouraging total of $1,677,438.98. Was not Bishop Brewer right when he told the General Convention at Washington that for lack of organization we had not begun to suspect the missionary resources of the Church?
in which Premier Balfour lost, by 1,980, a
Monday confirmed Saturday's verdict, for out of 96 members returned on that day there were but 16 Conservatives. The Liberal and Labor parties, working largely together, had gained 42 seats from the Conservatives and Unionists. There was but one constituency, Hastings, in which a Liberal majority had been converted to a Conservative one. As on Saturday the tricts, and its most striking feature the polling was almost wholly in urban disoverturn in London, where the Unionists once held 20 of the 22 seats, and have kept 6. Among the distinguished Conservatives who have failed of re-election are Mr. Gerald Balfour, Mr. Walter Long and Lord Hugh Cecil, a representative High Churchman and very talented statesman. More noteworthy, perhaps, than any of these personal incidents of the campaign, is the rise of the Labor party, which many in England feel marks the beginning of a new political era. It is evident that the working classes will no longer be content but will develop policies of their own, and to choose between the traditional parties, by the force alike of their number and their convictions, will hasten the evolution of the Liberal party from Whiggery to Democracy.
This election interests us as Americans and as Churchmen. One of the issues is a protective tariff. This, if imposed, would check the trade with the United States, but, by increasing the cost of living in England, might promote our exports to competitive markets. Our agriculturalists would suffer; our manufacturers possibly gain. But such considerations are academic, as there seems not even a distant prospect that England will cease to believe in the wisdom of "fighting protection with free trade." As Churchmen we cannot but feel a poignant interest in the fate of the Conservatives whom a large section of the English Church press strenuously supported, but readers of our English Church News will not forget that strong and growing bodies of opinion in the English Church believe that she has more to gain from liberty than from patronage and look to the triumph of democratic principles without dismay.
The Truth about Panama.
Taft's letter shows that Mr. Bigelow spent but twenty-eight hours on the isthmus and that the only identifiable witnesses among those whom he consulted were Mr. Tracy Robinson and Mr. John Lundie. The former is a real estate owner whom the Government's policy and regulations have not favored; the second, the chief engineer of the ice and electric plant, who has been in controversy with the Government. Indeed a considerable part of a letter which he addressed to the President is
incorporated in Mr. Bigelow's article without quotation. "The writer's willingness," says Secretary Taft, "to draw his facts from such a fountain of manifest malice, injured vanity and disappointed ambition as Lundie's letter, completely refutes his wish to find and state the truth."
Speaking first of the sanitation of Colon, of which Mr. Bigelow drew a gruesome picture, Secretary Taft shows that the death rate is nearly a third lower than that at Panama, which, therefore, was given precedence in the construction of waterworks and sewers. A drainage system is under construction, and water-works already partially in operation. Since Octo
ber five streets have been raised and re-
Inefficiency was charged in prosecuting the excavations at Culebra. It is shown that the steam-shovels, not "dredges," are being used in the construction of roads In short, preparatory to excavation. wherever there has been a specific charge it is specifically and satisfactorily refuted. Congress, which has to appropriate money, is justified in investigating the conditions under which it is to be spent. But the public, after reading Secretary Taft's letter, will feel that the investigators are not likely to learn any more of Panama than the secretary would be able to tell them in his office. His letter shows a complete mastery of the situation, even in its minute details, and reflects credit on the Canal Commission and the heads of departments who were able at an instant's notice to give him with precision and fulness the information he desired.