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say, I accept and repeat the statements of the Creed, but I deny the historical facts on which they are based, does challenge the Church to a determination whether, abandoning the testimony of the Christian consciousness, it shall folTow this new leader and make his premature assumptions, and accept a philosophy which as stated seems altogether impossible.'


The bishop continued: "If the statements which guard the Catholic faith are to be declared to have no historical foundation, then sooner or later the Prayer Book must be laid aside, for it is saturated with the worship of Christ, and apart from Nicene theology such worship is idolatry. To study, to discuss, to write or state tentatively is one thing, but to attack the faith as held, and then to use language in the public

offices of the Church like that of the Collects and Proper Prefaces directly contrary to the pulpit utterances seems so inconsistent as to indicate either a great confusion of thought or lack of moral heroism, to say nothing of perfect intellectual honesty. Such a priest is not to be thrust out of the Church, but the Church must withdraw the commission to represent her which she gave him." The bishop said that what he was pleading for was thoroughness and sincerity and loyalty.

The bishop passed on to some of the social aspects of Christianity, and the application of Christ's teaching and spirit and method to all the affairs of life, urging that the need of the day was that Christianity should be brought more thoroughly into life of the people. There were three special difficulties of the age which he asked them to face: (1) The intense activity and strain in modern life, and the exaggerated estimate of wealth and luxury and amusement. (2) The fact that the average man does not easily adjust the faith which he has received with the current knowledge and accepted theories of the age. (3) The fact that the Church so often seems to have no clear message, no warning or guidance, no condemnation or blessing in the social or economic affairs of life. He urged not merely the duty of the clergy but of the laity, to face these problems and help to their solution.

The rest of the address dealt with the wonderful opportunities of the laity and pleaded for more earnestness in the fulfilment of their religious duties, and especially for faithfulness on the part of Church officers and vestrymen in dealing with the temporalities delivered to their care.


The second morning of the convention was occupied as a missionary session in conjunction with the Woman's Auxiliary. The speakers were Mrs. W. F. Madeley, of Japan, the Rev. Frank Du Moulin, of Chicago, and the Rev. W. D. Williams, D.D., of Iowa City, and Miss Susanna H. Weare, president of the Iowa Woman's Auxiliary. As indicating the increased interest in missions, the bishop was authorized to appoint a diocesan commission to further the cause in

the diocese.

In connection with the convention there was a meeting of representatives of most of the chapters of the Brotherhood of St. Andrew in Iowa on the evening of the second day. A permanent organization was effected, with Prof. L. H. Pammel, of Ames, as president, and Mr. J. Berkley, of Waterloo, as secretary. A conference was held concerning the work. On the evening of the first day the Rev. Charles Scadding delivered his lecture on "The Church in America." The annual meeting of the Sundayschool Institute of the diocese of Iowa convened on Thursday, May 17, at the close of the convention.

The next convention meets in Christ church, Burlington, in May, 1907.

Kansas City.

Rt. Rev. E. R. Atwill, D.D., Bishop. The seventeenth annual council of the diocese of Kansas City met in Christ church, St. Joseph, Mo., on Tuesday and Wednesday, May 15 and 16. Twentyfour clergymen and thirty lay delegates were in attendance.


The opening service of the council was held on Tuesday morning when the bishop delivered his annual address and celebrated the Holy Communion, assisted by the Rev. E. H. Eckel, the Rev.

Robert Talbot and the Rev. H. K. Dunn,

Bishop Atwill began his address by commenting on the remarkable progress of St. Joseph, and then spoke of the encouraging outlook of the diocese, where the opportunity for effective work had never been so great or the need of more men and money greater. Three new churches had been completed during the past year, two of stone; a fourth had been purchased. A parish house had been erected; another was soon to be. Debts had been paid or reduced. The diocesan property was in good condition. He appealed strongly for more candidates for Holy Orders. The clergy should watch for them and parents should consecrate children to this service. More had been confirmed during the past year than before, but there should have been more still. The bishop urged strongly the cause of general missions, without which work at home would not prosper as it might. Systematic effort by the clergy would bring much greater results. The people needed information about the mission fields and instruction in their duty. The secret of success was to reach the individual.

Then Bishop Atwill spoke of the public efforts for civic reform, the decrease of Sunday crime, and urged a more law-abiding spirit. There was no excuse, he said, for resort to unusual methods for the punishment of any crime, however bestial. Then he spoke of loyalty to the Church in this day of doubt and trial, when it was not always easy to distinguish between variable opinions of men and the eternal verities of faith. With irreverent


destructive criticism he had, of course, no sympathy. Even the results of But devout thinkers were dismissing their reverent criticism sometimes caused pain. alarms. Alluding then to the case of Dr. Crapsey, he recognized that there was "some latitude of construction and deduction anticipated and reconcilable with the fundamental verities held by the Church, but those verities one continuing to minister as an officer of this Church must, in consistency and honesty, hold and teach." Then he urged a more loyally Christian observance of Sunday, saying that the percentage of our own people attending divine service on Sunday morning was not large, and that "we are ashamed when we note the handful present at afternoon or evening service." Nevertheless these afternoon services should be

maintained; in form, perhaps, as different as the Church would allow from those of the morning and addressed to special classes. The clergy should stand firm and bring the people up to the standard set by the Church. "Fidelity in these duties because they are duties strengthens the fibre of Christian character."

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City, and C. A. Kelley, of St. Joseph. Owing to a non-concurrence of orders, the choice of the third clerical member was left to the committee.



The bishop's address and the reports of the various officers and boards showed the diocese to be in an encouraging condition. There have been 366 confirmations. There are 3 candidates for Holy Orders and 31 clergy canonically connected with the diocese. Three new churches have been completed and occupied during the year, one mission frame building at Aurora, and two commodious and elegant stone churches, St. John's and St. Paul's, in Kansas City. A parish other work projected. The new plan for house has been built at Sedalia, and collecting assessments for diocesan expenses, adopted last year, has proved to be a success. Under this plan ten per cent. discount is allowed on payments made within thirty days from the beginning of each quarter.

The council was full of a missionary spirit, and unanimously adopted an apportionment plan proposed by the bishop for raising $4,300 for diocesan missions the coming year. This is a larger amount by at least $1,000, than has ever been raised before in the diocese, and the unanimity with which the plan was accepted and adopted by the council augurs well for its practical


The report of St. Luke's Hospital, Kansas City, showed the progress of the institution. It is proposed to raise $20,000 in order to secure permanently the building it is now using. The hospital is in charge of the Church Charity Association of Kansas City, of which the bishop is president.

Messages of greeting were exchanged with the councils of the dioceses of Missouri and Nebraska, then in session.



On Tuesday evening a missionary seradvice, held in Christ church, was dressed by the bishop, the Rev. J. D. Ritchey, of St. Paul's church, Kansas City, the Rev. R. H. Hulse, of New York, and the Rev. Rufus W. Clark, D.D., Field Secretary of the Fifth and Sixth Missionary Departments. and the necessity of spreading the ChrisRitchey spoke of "The Missionary Idea" tian religion through missionary movements; Mr. Hulse of "The Men's Missionary Thank-offering"; and the Rev. Dr. Clark gave an outline of missionary activity, referring to the growing to

interest in this work, owing the territorial acquisitions of the United States and other causes, and concluded with a fervent appeal to young men and women to enter the missionary field. At the next day's session the council by resolution unanimously expressed its sympathy with the general missionary cause.

The council adjourned Wednesday after a long business session and a hearty vote of thanks to the parish and people of St. Joseph. On Wednesday evening a largely attended reception was given the bishop, delegates and visitors at the rectory.


On Thursday the annual meeting of the Woman's Auxiliary of the diocese was held with a large attendance of delegates. The sermon was preached by the Rev. Julius A. Schaad, the new archdeacon of the diocese. The annual election of officers was held, and generous pledges made by the various branches for the coming year.

The next annual council will be held in St. Paul's church, Kansas City.


Rt. Rev. C. E. Woodcock, D.D., Bishop. The seventy-eighth annual council of the diocese of Kentucky was held at Grace church, Paducah, on Wednesday, May 16. At the opening service on the previous evening, the Rev. Wm. K. Marshall, of Christ church, Bowling Green, preached from St. John iv. 34. The Holy Communion was celebrated on Wednesday morning by Bishop Woodcock, assisted by the Rev. Messrs. R. L. McCready, A. E. Whatham, and D. C. Wright.

The council was immediately after
called to order in the parish house. St.
Mark's church, Crescent Hill, Louisville,
was admitted as a parish into union
with the council. The treasurer of the
Board of Missions stated that the fi-
nances of the Board were in a most en-
couraging condition, only two missions
failing to make their offering.

Mr. B. Castleman presented his report on the Bishop Dudley Memorial Endowment Association, showing net balance in hand $656.95.

The report of the Clergymen's Life Insurance Association showed 109 members, and receipts of $415. More interest was asked on behalf of this im


portant association, which should be capable of affording substantial aid to the widows and families of deceased clergy of the diocese.

The following existing committees were reappointed without alteration: The Standing Committee; Ecclesiastical Court; Examining Chaplains, Board of Diocesan Missions; and Board of Directors of Clergymen's Life Insurance. The secretary, treasurer, and chancellor were re-elected. The historiographer resigned, his place being filled by the Rev. A. E. Whatham.

Canons 4 and 5 were so amended that henceforth candidates for the office of vestryman must be twenty-one years of age, confirmed, and in good standing.


The bishop commenced his second annual address by testifying that in his efforts to promote the welfare of the diocese he had been met with more ready aid and hearty support than his most sanguine hopes had led him to anticipate. He briefly commented upon the recent controversy on the faith of the Church which had resulted in the trial of a presbyter. The Church was large and broad enough, he intimated, for the expression of all warranted individual belief, but she would ever protect and keep intact the faith once committed to her. The summary of his official acts showed that during the year he had delivered 218 sermons and addresses, baptized 14 infants and 3 adults; confirmed 260 persons; ordained 1 priest and 1 deacon, and admitted 2 candidates for Holy Orders; transferred 3 priests and received 7; and consecrated 1 church.


A missionary meeting was held in the church in the evening, the speakers being the bishop, the Rev. W. H. Falkner, the treasurer of the Board of Diocesan Missions, William A. Robinson, and the archdeacon, who gave a stereopticon lecture on the missions of the diocese. At the close of the meeting a reception was given by the ladies of the congregation in the parish house.


The second day's session opened with the celebration of the Holy Communion at 7:30 A.M., and Morning Prayer at 9:30. A report on the state of the Church was read by the Rev. Dr. J. K. Mason, showing a most satisfactory condition of all parochial and diocesan

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Rt. Rev. L. W. Burton, D.D., Bishop.
The annual council, which was one of
the most enthusiastic and practical ever
held, met on May 15 at Christ church
cathedral, Lexington. It was preceded,
as usual, by the annual Woman's Auxil-
iary meeting, presided over by Miss
Mary E. Harrison, which commenced its
labors on Monday afternoon, May 14,
and continued until Tuesday evening,
with supplementary meetings on Wed-
nesday. Many members from all parts
of the diocese were present, with a large
increase in the number of junior mem-
bers. The full assessment for the year
was made up; pledges were given for
next year's assessment as well as for the
Triennial Offering; and a communion
service was presented to the Rev. A.
Patterson for use in the Lee county mis-



The council itself opened on Tuesday
night, May 15, with Evensong, the mu-
sic and singing by the large cathedral
choir conducted by Professor Croxton
being most inspiriting. The main work
of the council was mapped out in the
bishop's address, which dwelt almost en-
tirely upon a proposed agreement with
the Board of Domestic and Foreign Mis-

The agreement, which was heartily adopted by the council, is to this effect: That upon raising $3,000 a year for the mission and school work in this diocese over and above present apportionments, assessments and expectations, they will meet it with a corresponding $3,000 a year over and above the appropriations they already made to the diocese; this agreement to remain in force for five years. Energies will thus be stimulated to the utmost, and the council, upon the adoption of the proposed agreement, immediately set to work to further adopt a plan for the systematic raising of these funds. The bishop was authorized to appoint some one to collect offerings for this purpose, and to make necessary arrangements as to work and sal



The following officers were elected:
Treasurer, Mr. T. B. Wood; secretary,
the Rev. Robert C. Caswall; assistant
Standing Committee: The Very Rev. W.
secretary, the Rev. George H. Harris.
T. Capers, the Rev. A. B. Chinn, the
Rev. F. A. MacMillen, Mr. T. B. Wood,
Mr. Frank Dudley, Mr. J. L. Amsden.

reading of the Prayer for the Church Militant, the bishop referred to Bishop Morris, of Oregon, and to the five members of the last convention who had died during the year.


At the close of the service the bishop called the convention to order. The Rev. Robert Rogers was unanimously re-elected secretary; the Rev. J. H. Sattig, assistant secretary; Mr. Alexander E. Orr was re-elected treasurer, and the bishop appointed the standing committees for the ensuing year.

Upon the reassembling in the afternoon, St. Stephen's church, Port Washington, was admitted to union with the convention. Mr. Alexander E. Orr read the financial reports of the seven funds of which he is treasurer. The Aged and Infirm Clergy Fund, during the year, paid out in stipends $3,648; its principal is $124,084, an increase since last report of $4,569. The Episcopal Fund amounts to $101,309. The Bishops' Salary Fund had received $7,249; and paid out $6,274. The Diocesan Fund had received $2,727, and paid $2,159. The Widows and Orphans' Fund had received $1,395, and paid $1,000. Mr. Orr moved that the yearly assessment for the Bishop's Salary Fund be reduced from two per cent. to one and one-half This per cent. of the rectors' stipends. was carried. In consideration of the recent sale of property at Maspeth, giving the diocese an additional annual income of $12,000, on motion of Mr. Orr, the convention expressed its gratitude to the Misses Maurice.


Bishop Burgess, after reviewing his episcopal activity in a year, during which he had confirmed 2,071 persons, noted that the entire debt of the Church Charity Foundation had been liquidated, and that the diocese must now press forward to make its hospital and other institutions rank with the best in the country. They must not lean on municipal help. It was decidedly un-American for any private charity to be supported by taxation. The City or the State should do its own work, build its own libraries, manage its own schools, administer its own hospitals and homes, and so should the Church.



length on the authority of the Church. In closing the bishop spoke at some He would not belittle higher criticism; he gloried in every one of its victories. He believed that the new method of studying the Bible had deepened the spiritual life of scholars and affected the whole body of believers. But higher criticism could not claim to be the final judge. The moment scholarship tried to touch the Person of Christ it passed its mark. "What then shall be the attitude of the Church toward those who hardly recognize the right of the Church to dogmatic teaching and who doubt the facts asserted in the creeds? Let me say, then, it should be one of toleration. We do not wish to multiply heresy trials. The Church is entrenched in her own fortress.

Long Island.

Rt. Rev. Frederick Burgess, D.D., Bishop. The annual convention of the diocese She need not fear. Mankind is inherentof Long Island met at the Cathedral of The normal conscience will the Incarnation, Garden City, on Tues- ly honest. day, May 15. The bishop of the diocese not permit a man to go on saying the celebrated the Holy Communion. The Creed and not believing it." The Church Rev. F. W. Norris, rector of the Church would recognize that doubt was not alof St. Matthew, Brooklyn, preached the ways exclusive of faith, that sometimes sermon from the text, "The common the hold on one or another of the Chrispeople heard him gladly." Before the tian verities might have been relaxed.

He spoke then of the revelations of corruption in the business world, and of the lesson it enforced of more diligent attention to the administration of trust funds and parochial finances. Especially should those responsible abstain from bad methods of raising money, lotteries at fairs, card parties and the like. The Church should set an example of integrity..

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With such men the Church would be tained, consisting of the Rev. C. F. Lee,
the Rev. E. A. Newbegin, the Rev. F. L.
gentle. She would not commission them
to teach their doubts, but would have Vernon, Robert H. Gardiner, John M.
them wait in prayer for light. That was Brown and William G. Ellis.
what the convention pastoral had meant
by the words, "Be silent, or withdraw."
"My office is rather to encourage than
dishearten the honest doubters and lead
them on to faith. I subscribe to the senti-
ment of John Stuart Mill, who said: 'I
hold entirely with those clergymen who
elect to remain in the National Church, so
long as they are able to accept its arti-
cles and confessions in every sense, or
with any interpretation consistent with
common honesty, whether it be the gen-
erally received interpretation or not.' But
the real difficulty lies in that expression
'common honesty.' And those who dis-
tinctly throw over the Church's authority
and publicly, or in print, say that the
facts of the Creed may be denied, can
hardly fail to be tried and condemned.
No obloquy attaches itself in these days
to the term 'heretic.' Huxley, Emerson,
Carlyle, Sidgwick, Froude, are all hon-
ored names. But history will not honor
the men who put strained constructions
on the Creed and say the liturgy with
constant apologies for the medieval su-
There can be no compro-
mise here. The Church's missionary life
is at stake. It has become a question be-
tween naturalistic ideas and those deeper
and more mysterious views of the Sacra-
ments and the Person of our Lord, which
were held by the apostles, by St. Paul, by
the evangelists, and with unbroken
descent by the great teachers and saints
of the Church to the present time. Take
this faith away and let a naturalistic re-
ligion, with a humanitarian Christ, be a
legalized doctrine for our pulpits, and you
have taken away the missionary motive
from the Church. . . . The world then is
watching us in this struggle around the
manger cradle of the Son of God."



Bishop Codman, after reviewing the
progress of the work during the year,
noted the difficulty that arose when par-
ishes admitted into the convention as self-
below that
supporting afterward fell
standard, yet could not be excluded. The
result was in Maine, as in other dioceses,
that many parochial bodies, dependent on
missionary support, were not under effec-
He thought the
tive episcopal control.
convention ought to have power of exclu-
sion as well as of admission, and that
hopeless parishes should be dropped and
cease to be ecclesiastical corporations.
They might remain civil bodies as long as
the Legislature chose to keep them so.
He thought it particularly important to
make it worth while for laymen to at-
tend the convention, and while it was not
well to deprive a set of constituents of a
vote, it would be well to give an addi-
tional vote to those who made a self-sup-
porting parish. He discussed further the
conditions that should govern admitting
a mission to union with the convention
and noted the aversion of the laity in cer-
tain places to elect rectors. They pre-
ferred, he said, to "hire a clergyman.'
Naturally the clergy did not like it.
wished "they could always be sent by the
bishop rather than wait for a call.
would teach the people and parish the
true character of the mission." On the
other hand an irksome relation sometimes
proved difficult to dissolve. He suggested
a canon authorizing the bishop to ask the
vestry from time to time whether it was
their wish to continue the existing rela-
tion. Such a law would protect the rec-
tor and the laity also. The address
closed with a brief but earnest reference
to the necessity of holding full and intact
the facts of the Incarnation. There was
no chance that the Church would ever




On Wednesday, the Rev. J. G. Bacchus and Judge Augustus Van Wyck were re-elected members of the Standing Committee.

Diocesan missions were made the order of the day at 11 o'clock. Archdeacons Russell, of Brooklyn, Bryan, of Queens and Nassau, and Holden, of Suffolk gave most encouraging accounts of their respective mission fields.

The trustees of the Clergy Pension and Retirement Fund are now incorporated. The same trustees were appointed for the Aged and Infirm Clergy Fund and for the Fund for the Widows and Orphans of Deceased Clergymen in order that they might be incorporated.

The latter part of the convention was devoted to the report of the committee on canons. Their suggested changes were adopted. The questions of the status of a bishop coadjutor; of the rule

that a minister must be in canonical

residence for three months; that a lay

delegate to convention must be a com-
municant, aroused some discussion.

Canon Chase read selections from the
printed report of the Social Service
Committee. He referred to correspond-
ence with the American Automobile As-
sociation regarding Sunday observance,
to the work of Mr. C. H. Warner, the
committee's probation officer, to the re-
port of the Rev. J. H. Melish, the com-
mittee's fraternal delegate to the Brook-
lyn Central Labor Union, and to the pre-
vention of a race course being estab-
lished in the neighborhood of Garden


Rt. Rev. Robert Codman, D.D., Bishop.
The eighty-seventh annual convention
of the diocese of Maine met at St.
Luke's cathedral, Portland, on Wednes-
day, May 16. The Rev. William F. Liv-
ingstone was elected secretary.

The old Standing Committee was re

of the reports was most hopeful. Sev-
eral of the priests in charge of parishes
and missions announced that in the
coming year their congregations would
be able to raise a larger sum for the
support of their work, thus reducing the
obligation of the Board and enabling
them to undertake new work. The cen-
tralization of funds, which has been
adopted as the policy of the diocese, is
seen to have worked well, and the
clergy and laity are enthusiastic in its
The second meeting of the
missionary society was held Wednesday
evening and discussed missionary prob-
The bishop announced three
topics: (1) "How Shall We Reach the
Unchurched?" (2) "What is the Secret
of Spiritual Power in the Mission
Field?" (3) “Họw Can Missionary Work
Be Done without Money?" Nearly all
the clergy took part in the discussions,
in which they were led by the three arch-
deacons. This is the first meeting of
the sort that has been held by the so-
ciety and the results were most gratify-

change or modify, add to or subtract from
the Creed.

"But there always have been in the
Church earnest and sincere men who
take their idea of God from philosophy
and then try to read that idea into
the Incarnation.
They meet at once
with the facts that enshrine the mystery
and then wrestle with the facts, making
them allegorical or symbolical or any-
thing but literally true. The struggle that
follows is not a matter of faith or doc-
trine, but of honesty: Can a man say with
his lips words which in their natural
meaning he cannot accept in his heart?
He may do so for a time, deceiving him-
self, but in the end honesty must and will
prevail. If he loves truth, if he loves
freedom, he cannot be content with that
which seems to be a false imprisonment.
So the honest Puritan left the Church of
England. So Dr. Channing left the or-
thodox Puritan Church. But the Creed

they questioned and denied still lives,

stronger than ever. They teach us that
honesty will prevail in the human soul,
and truth will remain with the Church.


A canon was passed providing a form of constitution for organized missions, but this form may be varied, provided the variations meet with the approval of the bishop and Standing Committee.

The Standing Committee on finance brought forward a system of book-keeping which was recommended for use by the parishes and missions throughout the diocese.

The business of the convention was merely routine, most of the interest being centred in the meetings of the Maine Episcopal Missionary Society. At the meeting of the Society on Tuesday evening, May 15, in the parish house of the cathedral, the Board of Missions of last year was re-elected, consisting of the Rev. Messrs. George F. Degen, George B. Nicholson, and Frank L. Vernon, and for the laity Robert H. Gardiner, H. Van B. Nash and W. G. Ellis. The Rev. George B. Nicholson continues as secretary, and W. G. Ellis as treasurer

The meeting was devoted to hearing reports from the missionaries in the field, and several of the rectors of parishes, whose work is of a missionary character, told of their work. The tone


A resolution was also passed asking for an impartial enforcement of the proState. hibitory law throughout the There was some fear that the passage of this resolution would commit the convention to an opinion with regard to the prohibitory law in itself; as finally passed it simply puts the convention on the side of those in the State who are opposed to the nullification of an existing law, without expressing any opinion as to the wisdom of the present system.

A memorial from the Twentieth ConRace, asking for an opinion as to the gress of Workers among the Colored methods to be pursued in dealing with problems, presented by the work of the tabled, on the ground that the convenChurch among the colored people, was tion did not feel competent to make suggestions in the matter.

The Maine branch of the Woman's
Auxiliary met at St. Luke's cathedral
on Tuesday, May 15, with sixty-seven
delegates present from twenty-two par-
ishes and missions. The election of of-
ficers for the coming year resulted as
follows: President, Mrs. C. T. Ogden;
vice-president, Mrs. M. H. Blake; sec-
retary, Harriet S. McCobb; treasurer,
Elizabeth H. Smith. Miss Amy Glidden
as president of the Junior
Auxiliary, and the appointment of
successor was left with Mrs. Ogden.

Miss Jessie Degen is secretary and
treasurer of the Juniors. The reports
showed a total of over $2,500 for the
offerings of the year. Over $800 of this
amount is the cash value of the boxes
sent into the mission field.
were made for the Mary Floyd Neely
memorial scholarship, a sum of $250 to
be given to some clergyman's daughter
in the diocese of Maine. In looking
over the reports the president, Mrs. Og-
den, has discovered that in boxes, num-
ber of branches, delegates at the an-
nual meeting, and monies raised, the
Auxiliary has exactly doubled the rec-
ord of six years ago.

In the afternoon the Auxiliary was addressed by the Rev. Charles F. Sweet, of Tokyo, Japan. Mr. Sweet spoke of the life of the Japanese women and of the great need of women workers among them. He spoke particularly of the work of Miss McCrea and Miss Bristowe at Sendai.



Rt. Rev. D. S. Tuttle, D.D., Bishop. The sixty-seventh annual convention of the diocese of Missouri, held at Christ church cathedral, St. Louis, May 15-17, has what is freely acknowledged the most gratifying record in the history of the diocese. There was not only the largest attendance, but the amount of real work done, inspired by a sustained enthusiasm, was exceptional.


A supreme effort was made, for which there had been no little previous preparation, to secure a distinct advance in the missionary work of the diocese, and the effort was eminently successful. Heretofore there have been four separate departments of work with as many different funds, each under a sub-committee appointed by the diocesan missionary board. The proposition before the convention was to merge these departments, rural missions, city missions, hospital missions, and specific settlement work, under one control with one united fund, which was also to include the support of an archdeacon. Previous to this year the pledges for diocesan missions had not risen above $4,200. To carry out the plan of unification $10,000 was the minimum amount proposed. To the glad surprise of the bishop and convention, more than that amount was pledged. The success of the movement is largely due to Dean Davis and the Rev. E. Duckworth.


Bishop Tuttle, in his twentieth address to the convention of Missouri, noted that since his consecration 150 men had been made bishops of the American Church and 90 bishops had died. After a brief review of the events of the year the bishop went on to speak of stations vacant or abandoned, explaining why he had not sent missionaries where local authorities were not ready practically and helpfully to cooperate. He noted the excellent progress made at St. Louis, at Hannibal, Ferguson and Monroe City, and that the number confirmed last year, 632, was the largest since the division of the diocese. He urged the importance of enlarging the Church's work at Columbia, the seat of the University of Missouri, and a more efficient affiliation with the University of the South. He congratulated the diocese on its general missionary finances and commended the Tercentenary Thank-offering, which he thought "well calculated to touch the heart and set on fire the imagination." He closed with some practical suggestions, first to the clergy that they should be loyally and scrupulously true to the Prayer Book, using no unlawful abbreviations or substitutions; then to the people, that they should seek confirmation and not let habits of family prayer or the blessing before food sink out of sight. Family religion, he said, was "the very best kind of religion and the truest."


The committee on the state of the Church reported progress in most directions, the highest mark being reached in the number of baptisms and confirmations, and mentioned the pressing need of facing the fact that there are thirty counties in the diocese in which the services of the Church were never heard. A memorial tribute to the late Rev. William Short, D.D., and the Rev. B. Newton was adopted and ordered placed on the pages of the convention journal. A vote of congratulation to the bishop of the diocese was rendered in celebration of the twentieth anniversary of his episcopal supervision of the diocese of Missouri, together with the pledge, as a special honor to the bishop, that the


full apportionment of $5,500 of the diocese should be paid before Aug. 31. The Very Rev. C. M. Davis, T. Ewing White, and H. Leverett Chase were elected to represent the diocese as commissioners to the University of the South. A resolution was adopted in behalf of the Missionary Thank-offering, and beside the diocese arrangecommission for the ments were made for appointing a committee in each parish for bringing it to the attention of every man in the dio


A special interest in Sunday-school work was awakened by the election of a commission, consisting of the Rev. Messrs. H. W. Mizner, L. F. Potter and Mr. J. A. Waterworth, to report next year on plans of organization.

The question looking to a change of

the name of the diocese of Missouri to diocese of St. Louis, by a vote of 45 to 43 was laid on the table.


The movement for merging the diocesan Aged and Infirm Clergy Fund with the General Clergy Relief Fund postponed to next year. The parish of All Saints' (colored) is negotiating for the purchase of a Unitarian church offered for sale, which lies within the prescribed distance of the Church of the

Holy Communion. The consent of the convention was given to the consummation of the purchase. A change was made in the form for parochial reports which should include the number of confirmed persons in the parish, and in refto communicants the word "lapsed" was changed to "dropped from the list."



Dean Davis was re-elected member of the Standing Committee, the Rev. L. F. Potter was elected in place of the Rev. Dr. Short, deceased, and the Rev. J. Courtney Jones in place of the Rev. Dr. Winchester, removed. The secretary of the convention, Mr. H. H. Denison, and the treasurer, Mr. I. Shreve Carter, were re-elected. The Missionary Board consists of six clergymen and nine laymen. New members elected were Dean Davis, Messrs. S. M. Phelan, Alex. M. Davis. Delegates to the council of the Sixth Missionary District: The Rev. Messrs. C. F. Blaisdell, L. F. Potter, F. M. Weddell, James Noble, B. T. Kemerer, Messrs. S. M. Phelan, S. G. Hopkins, C. P. Ellerbe, J. A. Waterworth, Charles Sparks.

The missionary meeting was held at the Church of the Holy Communion, the speakers being the Rev. J. Courtney Jones, on foreign missions; Mr. S. M. Phelan, on the Missionary Thank-offering; the Rev. F. M. Weddell, on Alaska, the Rev. E. Duckworth, on missions in city and country.

In its tone and in its work the convention indicated a marked quickening and widening of life throughout the dio




Rt. Rev. E. S. Lines, D.D., Bishop. The diocesan convention, held Trinity church, Newark, May 15 and 16, was largely attended to the end. Very important reports were made about the finances, looking to the building up of the inadequate funds for the support of the bishop. The diocese was formed by the unsatisfactory expedient of giving parish bonds of the amount of the rectors' salaries at the time some thirty years ago. Changes in the strength of the parishes have made great inequalities and have led to the giving up of the bonds in a generous way by about two-thirds of the parishes, in order to accept an apportionment of the amount necessary, made as equitable as possible at present time. The diocese is strangely deficient in permanent funds and an effort is now being made to build them up, so that the apportionments upon the parishes may be less burdensome.

The spirit of the convention was ex

cellent. More hospitality than was ever shown in Newark. Many new plans and projects for the welfare of the diocese were considered.



The bishop's address was delivered immediately after the opening service. Among its notable utterances were strong words on the recent disclosures of the conduct of men at the head of great corporations, and comments on the fight made for the passage of the "bishops' bills" at the last session of the State Legislature.

After dwelling at length on the revelations of the insurance investigation, the bishop, speaking of the remedy for the evils disclosed, said:

"We must put the emphasis upon character and responsibility and duty, and by patient work try to bring up a new generation free from the senseless worship of material success, of wealth and high place. Fondness for display, supposed social demands, desire to live as others do, thought of luxuries as necessities, extravagance, are making men and women selfish, clannish, artificial, superficial and taking them out of sympathy with those who are doing the world's hard work and bearing the world's heavy burdens. We become used to many things which are inconsistent with the plain teaching and example of the Master, and we must not think in our pride and prosperity that we can change the Gospel or make other standar or rules of living than those fixed forever for all who bear Christ's


"The present duty is to emphasize the simple Christian principles of honesty and justice and brotherhood and make men ashamed to think of money-making and selfish enjoyment as the main business in life, ashamed to live in luxury and extravagance with so much to be done to make miserable conditions about them better. We must begin at the beginning and train a generation to live simply and honestly, to fear God and love their fellow-men, and to have a sense of public responsibility.

"If there have been many things to discourage us in the last year in the withering of reputations before publicity, there has been much to encourage us also in the response to the appeal to public opinion and the public conscience. The heart of the people is sound and there is a response to the appeal for truth and righteousness and to the leadership of any man of courage and conviction. We have seen wrongs which seemed entrenched. forever corrected. We have seen bad men driven from power. It becomes us to keep the Church, whether by the utterance of her teachers or the action of her laymen, as good citizens and right-minded men in their various callings, in the place of leadership in this contention for better things in our political, social and business life."

Closing his account of the "Bishops' Bill" agitation, he said: "As regards most questions in legislation, the clergy do well to plead with men to do, the duty of good citizens, with high sense of responsibility for the public good, and stop there. Our people who are reading and thinking all the week upon public questions and current topics do not wish to hear them discussed in the church on Sunday. They need a message concerning things divine to help them keep the heavenly vision in the world's common work. But on these questions concerning morals and manners we must speak and act. We do well to let the world know that this Church, whose sons we are, is deeply interested in whatever makes for sobriety and the higher life of the community. Constant fighting for what is better is the condition of better life in our cities and towns, and we make a great mistake if we allow ourselves to be put on the defensive."

The address urged Church extension

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The old Standing Committee was reelected: The Rev. Drs. Holley and Jenvey, the Rev. Messrs. Reazor and Edmunds, with Judge Emery and Messrs. Gifford, Lewis and Wood. The old Board of Diocesan Missions was reelected.

The Diocesan Commission on Religious Instruction made an interesting report through the Rev. Mr. Forbes, and was continued. The committee on diocesan paper reported through Archdeacon Cameron, and was continued with power. The Commission on Church Architecture, of an advisory character, was voted, with the Rev. Mr. Gwynne

and Mr. Mabie as two of its members. It was decided to leave the appointment of the archdeacons in the hands of the bishop. Meetings of the archdeaconries for conferences on mission work were approved. Archdeacons Jenvey and Cameron were reappointed by the bishop, and the Rev. James W. Van Ingen was appointed an examining chaplain. The Board of Diocesan Missions will study the subject of the enlargement of the work among the colored people.

There was an interesting discussion as to changing the constitution so as to permit priests appointed by rectors as their assistants to vote in the convention as well as those who are elected by the vestries. The subject goes over for another year. A proposition to consider a cathedral foundation was adopted. The basis of apportionments to the parishes for diocesan obligations will remain the salaries of the clergy-although current expenses are favored by many persons. The salaries of the clergy of the diocese aggregate about $115,000.

The endowments of the two Church hospitals, St. Barnabas's, Newark, and Christ Hospital, Jersey City, are about $80,000 each; each has a debt of about $40,000, and each is doing excellent work with considerable difficulty as regards current expenses.

Reports concerning diocesan missions were favorable, and a very well attended meeting in the interest of Church extension was held on the evening of the first day's session, with addresses by the Rev. Dr. Manning, the archdeacons and the Rev. Mr. McCleary.

The proposition to hold the convention meetings hereafter in a secular hall did not carry.

Rhode Island.

Rt. Rev. W. M. McVickar, D.D., Bishop. The 116th annual diocesan convention of Rhode Island was held at St. Michael's church, Bristol, May 15.



After organization Bishop McVickar made his annual address, in which he called attention to two pressing themes.

The first was the so-called alienation of the masses from the Church, as shown by the small proportion of the population in attendance at public worship. The reasons assigned for this alienation, said the bishop, "are that the Church has little sympathy or care to bestow on this class of people; that although Christ was their Friend and the 'common people heard Him gladly,' His followers are no longer of His mind and spirit; that the Gospel which they preach is a Gospel rather for the wellto-do, not for those who labor and are heavy laden; that the churches which they build are little else houses and clubs for the rich who come together to thank God that they are not as other men are and who have no welcome for their less favored neighbors, nor any message other than patience and submission to their unequal lot with a promise of another world's reward by and by. Whatever morsel of truth there may be in this sweeping arraignment the Church must not only disavow the charge, but must in every way go out to these people and show them their mistake and win them back to her courts. And she must do this by making them really feel that the Church is for them, not by sufferance and a few free seats or in outlying chapels, but of right-that their cause is her cause. They must be made to feel that the clergy are their best friends, not only at their deathbeds but at their benches and in. the black mines, when they have true grievances to urge; should preach not only the Fatherhood while above all special application they of God but the wide brotherhood of man with all its claims and inexorable duties unflinchingly presented. That is what the Church must be recognized as standing for, the rights and duties of man. She must herself symbolize it in a wider hospitality. Her doors must stand wide open, as if in themselves uttering to every man the unlimited invitation, 'Unto you, O men, I call, and my voice is to the sons of men.'"

The other topic was the ominous condition of society and the world, as seen in the growing disregard for the highest things, in a neglect of the religious eral secularization of life. education of children, and in the genThis last is strikingly evident in the attitude of the well-to-do class toward sacred things, as seen in their frequent devotion to games of chance, to tippling and to gossip. "And when we ask, What is the Church doing to stem and turn this hapless tide?" the bishop continued, "we are told that her own skirts are not clear of taint and responsibility. That is the saddest thing about it, that some of the very leaders in all this are Church members themselves who have broken through and broken down the old barriers, that it is their houses and parties which are the scenes and sources of the condition I have described, setting the example which others, with no such tradition, are not slow to follow. And now, is it strange that in a society ideals are luxury and diversion and the breathing such an atmosphere, whose gold by which they can be obtained, there should be these terrible moral catastrophes such as these last months have brought to light, or that there should be those constant delinquencies in marital and family life which we deplore, and from which, in their worst form, even the society which made them possible, at last turns with disgust. I appeal to you to take this message to your hearts and to your closets when you return to your homes and parishes, and not to rest until you have done what you can by prayer and work and spreading influence to set up the altar which has been thrown down and to bring again Zion, and the days of the past, when God's candle shined upon your heads and His secret upon your tabernacle."



The bishop's address gave the first official announcement of his desire that St. John's church, Providence, should become the cathedral of the diocese, on account of the advantage of having a representative centre for diocesan and missionary operation as well as a great free people's church. The project was referred to a committee of thirteen, to report at the next diocesan convention.


The Missionary Canon was so altered as to provide for two convocations in the diocese instead of three, the former Newport convocation being now made a part of the Providence convocation. The duties of the deans of the convocations were also enlarged, to include an annual visitation of every mission station and a quarterly report concerning each station to the bishop. The Men's Missionary Thank-Offering at the next General Convention was commended to the churches by special vote.

A memorial was adopted regarding the recent death of the Rev. James W. Colwell, of St. Thomas's church, Greenville.

The Episcopal Fund was reported to be $109,348. The Widows', Orphans' and Clergy Fund is over $83,000, and $4,135 has been paid the past year to beneficiaries.


The Rev. Samuel H. Webb was reelected secretary, and the following Standing Committee was elected: The Rev. Messrs. George McC. Fiske, D.D., E. H. Porter, D.D., F. J. Bassett, D.D., A. M. Aucock; Messrs. Rathbone GardSamuel R. Dorrance, John H. Stiness, James A. Pirce.


The next diocesan convention will be held May 21, 1907, at St. Paul's church, Wickford, in commemoration of the 200th anniversary of that parish.

Southern Ohio.


Rt. Rev. Boyd Vincent, D.D., Bishop.

The thirty-second annual convention of assembled in the diocese St. Luke's church, Greenville, on Wednesday, May 16. The opening service was a celebraAt the tion of the Holy Communion. close of this service the convention or

ganized for business by the election of

the Rev. John H. Ely as secretary.



The bishop's address dealt chiefly with diocesan affairs. "Notwithstanding few adverse facts and figures, the diocese was never stronger or more prosperous than to-day. Everywhere there is evidence of increased spiritual life, Christian activity and growth in churchly intelligence and devotion. Several churches have been much improved, and one new houses have been erected. stone church built, and several parish Parts of large parish debts have been paid off, notably at St. Paul's, Columbus, and Trinity, Newark. Really remarkable results have been reached in the brief ministries at Marietta, Zanesville, Circleville, and Gallipolis. One of the best things done dëring the year is Archdeacon Edwards's work at Middletown. This church, after being closed and reopened several times during the past fifteen years, has again been put upon its feet, to stay there, I think. The archdeacon spent several months in the work, and left the parish with an acceptable rector, the property greatly improved, a united and interested people, paying their own way with some temporary help from the diocese. The number of clergy to-day is double that of seventeen years ago, when I was consecrated. The year's total of

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