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Young America's Manual
OUR NATIONAL ANTHEM:
THE STAR-SPANGLED BANNER. O say, can you see, by the dawn's early light, What so proudly we hail'd at the twilight's last
gleaming Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the
clouds of the fight* O'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly
streaming ? And the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in
air, Gave proof through the night that our flag was
still there; 0
say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the
On that shore dimly seen through the mists of the
deep, Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence
reposes, What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering
steep, As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses? Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first
beam, * The original text gave "perilous fight” as the ending of the third line. Key revised his text in 1840, and “clouds of the fight," a stronger expression in every way, was substituted. Stedman, in the Library of American Literature, like ourselves, follows the last-mentioned.
In full glory reflected, now shines on the stream; 'Tis the star-spangled banner! O long may it wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the
And where is that band who so vauntingly swore
That the havoc of war and the battle's confusion A home and a country should leave us no more? Their blood has wash'd out their foul footsteps'
pollution. No refuge could save the hireling and slave From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave; And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth
wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the
O thus be it ever, when freemen shall stand Between their loved home and the war's deso
lation ! Blest with vict'ry and peace, may the heav'n
rescued land Praise the power that hath made and preserv’d
us a nation. Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just, And this be our motto — In God is our trust," And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall
wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.
Francis Scott Key. 1779-1843.