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Part I

PURPOSE AND ORGANIZATION

PURPOSE

Prevention of accidents and the promotion of the general good order, hygiene and sanitation of a manufacturing plant can be most successfully accomplished when there is a hearty coöperation between the management and its employees. It is to their mutual interest to work harmoniously in such matters. While the company loses financially whenever an accident occurs or a worker is obliged to lay off because of sickness, the employee is the greater sufferer in such cases. He must bear the pain, and, regardless of the amount of financial compensation awarded to an employee, it does not equal his earnings.

With this consideration in view a shop safety, sanitation and health organization is instituted to establish .standards for the reasonable and adequate protection of the lives, health and safety of all persons employed by the (insert name of firm).

The (insert name of firm) and those in its employ obligate themselves to maintain such standards to the best of their ability and to the full extent of their

power.

ORGANIZATION

The shop safety, sanitation and health organization shall consist of the following divisions: executives' committee, foremen's committee, workers' committee, and safety supervisor.

Executives' Committee This committee shall be composed of at least three persons from the executive authorities representing the general management and operating or production branch of the plant.

The functions of this committee shall be as follows:

1. Have general charge of and supervision over all matters affecting the safety and health of the employees.

2. Pass upon reports and recommendations made by the foremen's and workers' committees, and the safety supervisor.

3. Pass upon general plans for the conduct of accident prevention and health conservation work.

4. Review comparative data as to accident frequency and severity in the plant.

5. This division shall (should) furnish satisfactory reason to the other divisions whenever it vetoes or modifies recommendations submitted for its consideration.

6. This division shall (should) submit new policies or proposed deviations from established policies to the consideration of the other divisions comprising this organization.

7. This division may delegate as much of its authority as it chooses to other divisions comprising this organization, provided due notice of such action shall be given in writing to all divisions.

8. This division shall meet at least quarterly. (Monthly meetings are preferred by many.)

Foremen's Committee This committee shall be composed of not less than five foremen and subforemen (in some plants membership of all foremen is considered desirable) chosen as follows:

a. By the executives' committee, or

b. By the foremen and subforemen. This division shall choose its chairman from among its membership

Rotation in membership by periodic changes in personnel may be provided for.

The functions of this committee shall be as follows:

1. Make quarterly inspections for the purpose of standardizing the safety, sanitation and health work throughout the plant. (In some plants monthly inspections are considered desirable.)

2. So far as possible investigate at time of occurrence all serious accidents and report thereon.

3. Discuss accidents or near accidents in the plant, determine responsibility and attempt to devise means of preventing recurrence.

4. Consider ways and means of furthering safety, sanitation and health work in the plant.

5. Formulate rules for instructing workers in "safe and sanitary practices.”

6. Consider communications from executives' committee.

7. Consider recommendations and reports of the workers' committee.

8. Consider recommendations and reports of the safety supervisor.

9. Receive reports from individual committee members on personal activity in furthering shop safety, sanitation and health work.

10. Receive information from safety supervisor on accidents, sanitation and health.

11. This division shall meet at least once a month.

Workers' Committee This committee shall be composed of not less than five wage workers from the rank and file of the employees and representing the major departments or occupations. (Workers holding a position of even minor authority, such as “working boss,” or “subforeman,” are not eligible to serve on this committee.)

Members of this committee may be chosen according to any of the following methods:

a. The wage workers of each department or occupation to elect their representative (this method of choosing the workers' committee is the best means of securing the confidence and good will of the employees), or

b. The executives' committee to elect the initial workers' committee, and the wage workers of each department or occupation to fill future vacancies by election, or

c. The executives' committee to select the initial workers' committee, and the members of the latter body to designate from time to time their successors, or

d. By the executives' committee, upon consultation with the foremen.

Rotation in membership by périodic changes in personnel may be provided for.

This division shall choose its chairman from among its membership

This division may upon occasion invite the executives or foremen to its meetings.

Members of this division doing piece, task, bonus or premium work shall be compensated on the basis of their average hourly earnings when attending committee meetings or making inspections during working hours. Members paid by the hour, day or week shall receive the usual pay while attending committee meetings or making inspections during working hours.

Members of this division shall be compensated on the basis of the regular rate of pay when attending committee meetings or making inspections outside of working hours.

The functions of this committee shall be as follows:

1. Make at least monthly (preferably semi-monthly) inspections of the plant — collectively where practicable. If this is not practicable individual committee members may inspect the departments they represent, or that portion of the plant most familiar to them.

At least a quarterly inspection of the whole plant shall be made collectively by the committee.

A report of every inspection should be prepared and signed by the entire committee.

2. So far as possible investigate at time of occurrence all serious accidents and report thereon.

3. Discuss accidents or near accidents in the plant, determine responsibility and attempt to devise means of preventing recurrence.

4. Consider ways and means of improving safety, sanitation and health conditions in the plant.

5. Make recommendations for elimination of unsafe and unsanitary conditions in the plant.

6. Consider communications from the executives committee.

7. Consider recommendations and reports of the foremen's committee.

8. Consider recommendations and reports of the safety supervisor.

9. Consider recommendations and reports of individual committee members, or any other wage workers.

10. Receive reports from individual committee members on personal activity in furthering “safety first” ideas among fellow workers.

11. Receive information from safety supervisor on accidents, sanitation and health.

12. This division shall meet at least monthly (preferably semimonthly).

The duties of individual members of this committee shall be as follows:

1. Committee members shall interest fellow workers in the safety first” idea.

2. Committee members shall caution fellow workers whenever they resort to unsafe and unsanitary practices.

3. Committee members shall present safety, 'sanitation and health suggestions of fellow workers to the workers' committee for action.

Safety Supervisor The Safety Supervisor shall be appointed by and be responsible to the Management. (The Management should authorize the Safety Supervisor to expend reasonable sums of money in furtherance of the safety, sanitation and health work, and to give orders necessary to the carrying out of his duties, his actions to be reviewable only by the General Manager or General Superintendent. His standing should be at least equal to that of head of a department or foreman, and in large plants he should receive clerical and other assistance necessary to relieve him from the routine work.)

The duties of the Safety Supervisor shall include the following:

INSPECTION AND INVESTIGATION 1. Become thoroughly familiar with the structural and other physical conditions of the buildings, and the lay-out of the equipment and premises.

2. With a view to eliminating unsafe, unsanitary and unhealthful conditions inspect plant constantly for:

a. Need of safeguards.

b. Maintenance of old guards, general order and cleanliness.

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