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Authorized positions, Civil Aeronautics Board, Dec. 31, 1942

Washing- ton Field

Office of the Secretary---- ---- 31 I---General counsel----------- - 58 |---Economic Bureau--- ---- 151 1---------Safety Bureau------- ---- 51 Total------------------------------------------------------------------------ 319 34

Employees of Civil Aeronautics Administration as of Jan. 1, 1943

Total

employees District of Columbia 1, 308 Field 7, 105

Grand total - 8, 413

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AMENDMENTS TO CIVIL AERONAUTICS ACT OF 1938

WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1943

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE,

Washington, D. C
The committee met, pursuant to adjournment, at 10 a. m., Hon.
Clarence F. Lea (chairman) presiding.
· The CHAIRMAN. The committee will please come to order..

Mr. Pogue.

STATEMENT OF L. WELCH POGUE, CHAIRMAN, CIVIL

AERONAUTICS BOARD—Resumed
Mr. POGUE. Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of the committee.

The CHAIRMAN. Was there anything further you desire to say this morning before any questions the members of the committee might have? · Mr. POGUE. I believe not, Mr. Chairman, although I might say that in answer to Congressman Boren's question, we have supplied for the record a chart.concerning accidents, covering the period from 1930 to approximately the present time-October 1942—and that chart will show two things in graphic form. It will show that on the basis of passenger fatalities per 100,000,000 passenger-miles flown, the rate was about 55 in 1930. At the present time it is slightly over 5, near 6, per 100,000,000 passenger-miles flown.

Mr. REECE. What was the high point?

Mr. POGUE. The highest point is in 1930. It is about 56 killed per 100,000,000 miles.

The other thing that chart will show is revenue miles flown per fatal accident.

In 1930 they were only able to fly about 4,000,000 revenue miles per fatal accident and in October 1942, that had risen to about 29,000,000 miles of flying, revenue miles flying. Mr. HINSHAW. Mr. Chairman. The CHAIRMAN. Mr. Hinshaw. Mr. HINSHAW. Revenue passenger-miles ? Mr. Pogue. That is revenue miles. The passenger-miles were the first figures I referred to, which will be shown in the graph-of course, the passenger-miles is based on the number of passenger fatalities per 100,000,000 passenger-miles flown, counting 1 passenger carried 1 mile as a passenger-mile. That was the first figure I gave.

The other thing I might say is, in answer to Mr. Wolverton's question, we have prepared for the record, with the cooperation and assistance of the Administrator's Office, because he is involved in the question asked by the Congressman, a chart showing the organization of the Administrator's Office, with a very brief functional description of what the different divisions do and with the name of the person at the head of the division inserted, and the same information with respect to the Board, and I have copies of that chart so that if the committee members desire them they may have them if they do not wish to wait for the record to come out.

The CHAIRMÁN. Are there any questions? Mr. HINSHAW. Mr. Chairman. The CHAIRMAN. Mr. Hinshaw. Mr. HINSHAW. I take it that this bill, H. R. 1012, is in the nature of a departmental bill?

Mr. POGUE. No; not so far as we are concerned. We had nothing to do with it and did not see the bill before it was introduced.

The only suggestions we made thus far about legislation are those in our annual report, although as I said yesterday, due to the comprehensive scope of this ball, there may be some additional suggestions we will have to make now when we comment on the bill, because it covers lots of territory and opens the field up a good deal.

Mr. HINSHAW. I notice that the bill covers three subjects in which I, for one, have been very much interested.

One of them is the declaration on the part of the Congress that the Federal Government should have jurisdiction over the navigable air space; and, secondly, that there should be some control over the use of the air space leading into airports, a very important thing which has developed in the course of the investigations I have been connected with; and, thirdly, the charter aircraft, herein called contract carriers, are also brought under regulation.

Does the Department believe that the legislation as drawn will accomplish the purposes desired ?

Mr. POGUE. Well, on that, Congressman, as I indicated yesterday, our formal comment on that is in process of being prepared, so that if you would permit me to do so, I would rather wait until that formal comment is supplied.

However, I could point this out now, that in our annual report we made recommendations with respect to enlarging the authority for regulation in air commerce and in interstate air transportation. We also made recommendations with respect to contract carriers.

We did not, in our annual report include any recommendations on the zoning problem.

Mr. HINSHAW. Now, that problem of zoning is a very complicated legal one, a technical legal question, and I was just wondering if some one is going to present a discussion of it from the constitutional standpoint.

Mr. POGUE. It does involve a great many questions. We are studying it. No doubt the Administrator is also studying it, because the draft of the bill lodges large functions in him in that field and I assume possibly others. We will be prepared to discuss our part of it-I mean, we will tell you anything we can on it, when you want us to, although the way it is drafted it is primarily the Administrator's jurisdiction.

bill, reference whether the me some red

Mr. HINSHAW. Mr. Chairman, I note that in the drafting of the bill, reference is made to the Civil 'Aeronautics Authority. May I inquire as to whether the reorganization Plan No. 4 so changes things that there ought to be some redrafting of the entire Civil Aeronautics Act to take into acount the effect of the reorganization plan?

Mr. POGUE. I am glad you asked that question, because I think a very simple statement will show the present lines and clarify what is meant by the words “Civil Aeronautics Authority” today.

Under the reorganization plan—there were two plans—reorganization plan No. 3 and reorganization plan No. 4, certain functions that were vested by the Civil Aeronautics Act in the Authority, the five-member Authority, were transferred to the Administrator.

Both the Administrator and the Board were transferred to the Department of Commerce; the Administrator to exercise his functions under the supervision and direction of the Secretary of Commerce and the Civil Aeronautics Board to exercise its functions over economic regulation, safety regulations, and accident investigations, independently of the Secretary of Commerce.

The reorganization plan went on to describe the Civil Aeronautics Authority. I think the easiest way to make that clear is to read this language:

The Administrator of Civil Aeronautics whose functions shall be administered under the direction and supervision of the Secretary of Commerce, and the Civil Aeronautics Board, which shall report to the Congress and to the President through the Secretary of Commerce, shall constitute the Civil Aeronautics Authority within the Department of Commerce.

Now, the Authority as such is not an operating unit; it does not do anything as a separate organization. Its functions are vested either in the Administrator, or in the Board, and to some extent in the Secretary of Commerce.

Mr. HINSHAW. I presume that a little careful study would separate the functions that are referred to here as assigned to the Civil Aeronautics Authority, and to the Civil Aeronautics Board but, I presume study has been given as to whether or not direct reference should be made through the rewriting of the act, using the proper terms that are in force today, by virtue of the reorganization plan, so that there would be no possiblity of mistakes as to who was referred to..

Mr. Pogue. That could be done, and if it were done completely it would be a clarification. Actually it has been some time now since the reorganization plan was made effective, something over 2 years, and in the course of that time we have administratively worked it out so that we know what the respective lines of authority and responsibilities are; but it would clarify the situation, of course. .

Mr. HINSHAW. It would be very helpful, Í should think, if it were redrafted in accordance with the present set-up so that everyone would know; not only those in the Authority, but others who are interested, the demarcation of functions.

Mr. POGUE. Yes. Outside people, unless they have lived with it a great deal, naturally have some problems when they are trying to separate the functions and have some trouble in determining just where to go with their questions.

Mr. HINSBAw. Then, you referred to leaving the discussion of the various sections of the bill to other members of the Board or the Administrator. Mr. Pogue. Yes, or if it is agreeable with the committee, when our formal report comes in, I would be delighted to be called again and answer anything with respect to particular sections that you want to ask me. I suggest that, because the Board formally has not taken its position on a number of these questions and they are very important, and I just thought that it would be better if it is agreeable to you, that I withhold comment until that time. Mr. HINSHAw, Then, there is no departmental report available on the bill as yet? Mr. Pogue. Not as yet, no. It is a large undertaking and we are working vigorously at it but we have not reported as yet. Mr. HINSHAw. That is all. Mr. REECE. Mr. Chairman. The CHAIRMAN. Mr. Reece. Mr. REECE. As a member of the Military Affairs Committee durthe twenties, at the time when that committee had chief jurisdiction over aeronautical matters, and later as a member of this committee, which has exercised jurisdiction over civil aeronautical matters, I have been in reasonably elose touch with the problem over the years, and the Military Committee tried to recognize the importance of this question, and I have been impressed that this committee likewise has recognized it, as a question of the greatest importance, both from a commercial and national defense standpoint, and I have been impressed that both committees have tried to keep abreast of the problem in a legislative way so as to open the door to a full development of the industry, and I am wondering what your views may be from the studies that you have made in recent years of the problems growing out of your very intimate association with it, as Chairman of the Civil Aeronautics Board, as to whether there has been any noticeable lag so to speak in legislation that has had a tendency to retard the development of civil aviation. Mr. PoGUE. No. I have noticed no lag by this committee in dealing with aviation legislation. If there is any further angle to that question you would like to have me expand, I will be glad to do it. Mr. REECE. You have referred to it in a general way, and it is a matter which I had in mind. I have been impressed myself that there has been no phase of our whole transportation problem that has been anticipated as completely in a legislative way as has been the case with aviation and although it may have been dealt with somewhat inadequately, but provision made in some way to make possible the development of the industry without any serious pitfalls being encountered, as was the case in a good many other modes of transportation in development and expansion and requirements to meet new conditions. Mr. PoGUE. I would certainly say this, Congressman: I think that Congress showed broad vision in enacting the Civil Aeronautics Act, and the standards it set up, namely, national defense and the development of commerce, and the provisions in the compensation clause of the act which authorized whatever was necessary to meet the neces

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