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HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

COMMITTEE ON
INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
SEVENTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

H. R. 1012
A BILL TO AMEND THE CIVIL AERONAUTICS ACT OF

1938, AS AMENDED, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

FEBRUARY 2, 3, 4, 8, 9, 10, 11, AND 12, 1943

lis. Congress. Howe. . Printed for the use of the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce

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COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE

! CLARENCE F. LEA, California, Chairman ROBERT CROSSER, Ohio

CHARLES A. HALLECK, Indiana ALFRED L. BULWINKLE, North Carolina PEHR G. HOLMES, Massachusetts VIRGIL CHAPMAN, Kentucky

B. CARROLL REECE, Tennessee LYLE H. BOREN, Oklahoma

CHARLES A. HALLECK, Indiana MARTIN J. KENNEDY, New York

| CARL HINSHAW, California LINDLEY BECKWORTH, Texas

CLARENCE J. BROWN, Ohio THOMAS D'ALESANDRO, JR., Maryland EVAN HOWELL, Illinois FRANCIS J. MYERS, Pennsylvania

HARVE TIBBOTT, Pennsylvania J. PERCY PRIEST, Tennessee

LEONARD W. HALL, New York OREN HARRIS, Arkansas

THOMAS D. WINTER, Kansas
GEORGE G. SADOWSKI, Michigan

JOSEPH P. O'HARA, Minnesota
RICHARD F. HARLESS, Arizona
JOHN P. NEWSOME, Alabama

ELTON J. LAYTON, Clerk
F. P. RANDOLPH, Assistant Clerk

SUBCOMMITTEE

ALFRED L. BULWINKLE, Chairman CLARENCE F. LEA, California

CHARLES A. WOLVERTON, New Jersey LYLE H. BOREN, Oklahoma

PEHR G. HOLMES, Massachusetts LINDLEY BECKWORTH, Texas

CARL HINSHAW, California FRANCIS J. MYERS, Pennsylvania

EVAN HOWELL, Illinois RICHARD F. HARLESS, Arizona.

JOSEPH P. O'HARA, Minnesota

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CONTENTS

Page

amend the Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938, as amended, and

TPOSes------------------ -----------------------------

Welch, Chairman, Civil Aeronautics Board-------------- 24, 85

Col. Edgar S., president, Air Transport Association of
à------------------------------- ----------- 86, 120, 165, 205
d, Howard C. (legal questions)-------------------------- 220
William A. M., special aviation assistant to the Secretary of
'TC6-------------------------------------------------- 334
Charles I., Administrator of Civil Aeronautics, Department
Inerce------------------------------------------------ 368
S. G., assistant general counsel, Civil Aeronautics Board
is of H. R. 1012)-------------------------------------- 399

rfer, Dr. Francis W., Chief, United States Weather Bureau-- 413
S., vice president and general counsel, Railway Express

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AMENDMENTS TO CIVIL AERONAUTICS ACT OF 1938

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1943

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE,

Washington, D.C.
The committee met, pursuant to call, at 10 a. m., Hon. Clarence F.
Lea (chairman) presiding.
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order. We have met

hairman, presiding in mitte mill come tocan w ho this morning for a hearing on H. R. 1012, a bill to amend the Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938, as amended, and for other purposes.

(H. R. 1012 above referred to is as follows:)

[H. R. 1012, 78th Cong., 1st sess.) A BILL To amend the Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938, as amended, and for other purposes

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the Civil Aeronautics Act of 1943”.

REPORTS TO CONGRESS

TRANSPORTATION OF MAIL

SEC. --. (a) The Civil Aeronautics Board and the Postmaster General, respectively, are empowered and directed to investigate and report to the Congress within one year from the effective date of this Act concerning the feasibility and advantages of transporting by air all classes of mail wherever delivery thereof would be speeded by the use of air transportation, and there shall be included in such reports a plan for accomplishing such transportation and the recommendations concerning the time when such plan should be put into effect.

POST-WAR PLANNING

(b) The Civil Aeronautics Board is empowered and directed to investigate and report to the Congress within one year from the effective date of this Act, or as soon thereafter as may be feasible, concerning the probable technological and commercial developments in air commerce which may be anticipated during the immediate post-war period, and shall include in such report a plan or plans for the sound and swift development of the air commerce of the United States in a manner which will assure preeminence of the United States in the field of aeronautics, and which will assure the most effective accomplishment of the declarations of policy set forth in the Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938, as amended. The Civil Aeronautics Board shall include within the scope of its investigation and report, among other things, a thorough study of the feasibility of transporting property by air, the probable costs of such transportation, and the most desirable means for the development of such transportation.

SEC. 2. Section 1 (2) of the Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938, as amended, is hereby amended by inserting after the word “arrangement" the words "and whether as a forwarder or otherwise” and by striking the proviso and inserting in lieu thereof a new proviso as follows: Provided, That the Authority may by order make the provisions of this Act inapplicable to air carriers who are

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