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COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS

THOMAS E. MORGAN, Pennsylvania, Chairman CLEMENT J. ZABLOCKI, Wisconsin

WILLIAM S. MAILLIARD, California WAYNE L. HAYS, Ohio

PETER H. B. FRELINGHUYSEN, New Jersey L. H. FOUNTAIN, North Carolina

WILLIAM S. BROOMFIELD, Michigan DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida

J. IRVING WHALLEY, Pennsylvania
CHARLES C. DIGGS, JR., Michigan

H. R. GROSS, Iowa
CORNELIUS E. GALLAGHER, New Jersey EDWARD J. DERWINSKI, Ilinois
ROBERT N. C. NIX, Pennsylvania

VERNON W. THOMSON, Wisconsin
JOHN S. MONAGAN, Connecticut

PAUL FINDLEY, Illinois
DONALD M. FRASER, Minnesota

JOHN H. BUCHANAN, JR., Alabama
BENJAMIN S. ROSENTHAL, New York SHERMAN P. LLOYD, Utah
JOHN C. CULVER, Iowa

J. HERBERT BURKE, Florida
LEE H. HAMILTON, Indiana

SEYMOUR HALPERN, New York ABRAHAM KAZEN, JR., Texas

GUY VANDER JAGT, Michigan LESTER L. WOLFF, New York

ROBERT H. STEELE, Connecticut JONATHAN B. BINGHAM, New York

PIERRE S. DU PONT, Delaware GUS YATRON, Pennsylvania

CHARLES W. WHALEN, JR., Ohio
ROY A. TAYLOR, North Carolina

ROBERT B. (BOB) MATHIAS, California
JOHN W. DAVIS, Georgia
MORGAN F. MURPHY, Nlinois
RONALD V. DELLUMS, California
OGDEN R. REID, New York

ROY J. BULLOCK, Staf Administrator

SUBCOMMITTEE ON INTER-AMERICAN AFFAIRS

DANTE B. FASCELL, Florida, Chairman JOHN S. MONAGAN, Connecticut

J. IRVING WHALLEY, Pennsylvania ABRAHAM KAZEN, JR., Texas

H. R. GROSS, Iowa BENJAMIN S. ROSENTHAL, New York PETER H. B. FRELINGHUYSEN, New Jersey JOHN C. CULVER, Iowa

ROBERT H. STEELE, Connecticut ROY A. TAYLOR, North Carolina

CHARLES W. WHALEN, JR., Ohio RONALD V. DELLUMS, California

MARIAN A. CZARNECKI, Staff Consultant
ROBERT MICHAEL FINLEY, Subcommittee Staff Consultant

BERNADETTE M. KUWIK, Staff Assistant

(TI)

FOREWORD

WASHINGTON, D.C.,

October 10, 1972. This document is designed to provide the members of the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the membership of the House with a single source of current and important reference material dealing with interAmerican affairs.

The material contained herein was selected, compiled and organized by Barry Sklar and Virginia Hagen, of the Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, under the guidance of the staff of the Committee on Foreign Affairs and with the assistance of the Permanent Mission of the United States to the Organization of American States on the sections devoted to inter-American organizations.

This document supersedes: U.S. Congress, House of Representatives, Committee on Foreign Affairs. Regional and Other Documents Concerning United States Relations with Latin America. 89th Congress, 2d Session. Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1966.

THOMAS E. MORGAN, Chairman, Committee on Foreign Affairs.

(III)

CONTENTS

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I. ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES (OAS).

A. Description...

B. OAS Charter.

C. Protocol of Amendment to the OAS Charter.

D. OAS Organizational Chart..

E. Special Committee for Consultation and Negotiation

(CECON)-

F. OAS Conferences and Meetings --

1. Pan American Conferences, 1826–1972---

2. Meetings of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Af-

fairs, 1939-1972...

3. Formal Peacekeeping Activities, 1948–1972.

G. Specialized Organizations of the OAS.

1. Inter-American Children's Institute.

2. Inter-American Commission of Women.

3. Inter-American Indian Institute --

4. Inter-American Institute of Agricultural Sciences -

5. Pan American Health Organization.--

6. Pan American Institute of Geography and History--

H. Special Agencies and Commissions of the OAS.

1. Inter-American Defense Board.

2. Inter-American Statistical Institute..

3. Inter-American Nuclear Energy Commission.

4. Special Consultative Committee on Security -

II. INTER-AMERICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK.

A. Description.-

B. Articles of Agreement Establishing the Inter-American

Development Bank..

C. Inter-American Development Bank Act.

Provision against providing funds of the Bank for coun-

tries which have nationalized or expropriated U.S.

property or have failed to take steps to prevent nar-

cotics from entering the United States (Secs. 21 and

22 of Public Law 92-246, March 10, 1972).

D. Social Progress Trust Fund Agreement.

1. Protocol to the Social Progress Trust Fund Agree-

ment, February 17, 1964 -

2. Protocol to the Social Progress Trust Fund Agree-

ment, September 7, 1966..

III. U.N. ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR LATIN AMERICA

(ECLA).

Page 139 153 155 156 158 164

167

181

189

194

210

221

225

22€

V. SELECTED FORMAL ACTIONS, ETC.-Continued
A. OAS and Other Documents, etc.-Continued

2. American Treaty on Pacific Settlement (Pact of

Bogotá), 1948.
3. Caracas Declaration of Solidarity, 1954.
4. Declaration of Caracas, 1954.
5. Declaration of San José, 1960-
6. Act of Bogotá, 1960.--
7. Declaration of Punta del Este, 1961.
8. The Charter of Punta del Este, Establishing an Al-

liance for Progress, 1961.-
9. Resolutions Adopted at the Eighth Meeting of Con-

sultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs, Punta
del Este, Uruguay, January 22–31, 1962 (exclusion
of Cuba from participation in the Inter-American

system)
10. Resolutions Adopted at the Ninth Meeting of Con-

sultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs, Wash-
ington, D.C., July 21-26, 1964 (economic and

diplomatic sanctions against Cuba)
11. Declaration of the Presidents of America, Punta del

Este, April 1967----
12. Latin American Consensus of Viña del Mar, May

1969.-
13. Resolution 21 of the VII Inter-American Economic

and Social Council (CIES), Panama, September
1971, on Economic Measures Adopted by the

United States..
14. Manifesto of Latin America, XI Special Meeting of

the Special Commission for Latin American Co

ordination CECLA, Buenos Aires, September 1971.
15. Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in

Latin America, 1967 - -
16. Additional Protocol II to the Treaty for the Pro-

hibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America,

1968
17. OAS Convention to Prevent and Punish the Acts

of Terrorism, 1971.-
B. Regional Integration..
1. Organization of Central American States (ODECA)-

a. Description --
b. Charter of the Organization of Central Amer-

ican States (ODECA).
2. Central American Common Market (CACM).

a. Description----
b. General Treaty for Central American Eco-

nomic Integration (Managua Treaty), 1960-
3. Latin American Free Trade Association (LAFTA).

a. Description ---
b. Treaty Establishing a Free Trade Area and

Instituting the Latin American Free Trade

Association (Montevideo Treaty), 1960.--
4. Andean Group --

a. Description.
b. Agreement Establishing the Andean Subre-

gional Group (Agreement of Cartagena),

1969.-
5. Caribbean Free Trade Association (CARIFTA).

a. Description---
b. Agreement Establishing the Caribbean Free

Trade Association, 1968.-
C. Natural Resources..

1. Sugar
2. Coffee

a. The International Coffee Organization.
b. The International Coffee Agreement, 1968.
c. An Act to Extend the International Coffee

Agreement of 1968.

243

245 249 249 249

251 256 256

264 275 275

278 299 299

300 331 331

333 353 353 354 354 356

363

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