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This work has been prepared with great care, for the purpose of supplying a want long felt by the reading public, and especially by Heads of Families. Every important event in the history of the United States, from the Aboriginal period to the present time, is presented in a concise, but perspicuous and comprehensive manner, without giving those minute and often tedious details, which are valuable to the student, but irksome to the common reader. "The History of our Republic is herein popularized, and adapted to the use of those who may not find leisure to peruse more extensive works upon the subject. The materials have been drawn from the earlier, most elaborate, and most reliable historians and chroniclers of our continent. The work is constructed upon a new plan, which, it is believed, will be found to be the most acceptable yet offered to the public, for obtaining, with facility, and fixing in the memory, a knowledge of the great events of our truly wonderful history. And having visited a greater portion of the localities made memorable by important occurrences in our country, the writer claims, in that particular, an advantage over his predecessors in this special field, for he has been able to correct errors and give truthful impressions of things and events. An endeavor has also been made to show the cause of every important event, and thus, by developing the philosophy of our history, to make it more attractive and instructive than a bald record of facts. And wherever the text appeared to need further elucidation, additional facts have been given in foot-notes.

The arrangement of the work is new. It is in six Periods, each commencing where the history naturally divides into distinct epochs. The first Period exhibits a general view of the Aboriginal race who occupied the continent when the Europeans came.

The second is a record of all the Discoveries and preparations for settlement, made by individuals and governments. The third delineates the progress of all the Settlements until colonial governments were formed. The fourth tells the story of these Colonies from their infancy to maturity, and illustrates the continual development of Democratic ideas and Republican tendencies which finally resulted in a political confederation. The fifth has a full account of the important events of the War for Independence, and the sixth gives a concise history of the Republic, from its formation to the present time. The Supplement is composed of the most important State Papers connected with that formation, such as the Stamp Act, and papers put forth by the Stamp Act Congress ; the papers presented to the consideration of the world by the First and Second Continental Congresses; the Declaration of Independence; the Articles of Confederation; and the Federal Constitution, with the admirable Farewell Address of Washington. These documents, thus grouped and preserved, will be found valuable as embodying the principles of our government.

The original draft, with the amendments, of the Declaration of Independence, is given; and, in foot-notes, every charge made against the king of Great Britain, in that manifesto, is proven from History. The Federal Constitution is also accompanied by important commentaries.

The system of concordance interwoven with the notes throughout the entire work, is of great importance to the reader. When a fact is named which bears à relation to another fact elsewhere recorded in the volume, a reference is made to the page where such fact is mentioned. A knowledge of this relationship of separate events is often essential to a clear view of the subject, and without this concordance, a great deal of time would be spent in searching for that relationship. With the concordance the matter may be found in a moment. Favorable examples of the utility of this new feature may be found on page 289. If strict attention shall be given to these references, the whole subject will be presented to the mind of the reader in a comprehensive aspect-of unity not to be obtained by any other method.

The engravings are introduced not for the sole purpose of embellishing the volume, but to enhance its utility as an instructor. Every picture is intended to illustrate a fact, not merely to beautify the page.

Great care has been taken to secure accuracy in all the delineations of men and things, so that they may not convey false instruction. Geographical maps have been omitted, because they must necessarily be too small to be of essential service. History may be read for the purpose of obtaining general information on the subject, without maps, but it should never be studied without the aid of an accurate Atlas.

The author has endeavored to make this work essentially a FAMILY HISTORY, attractive and instructive; and the Publishers have generously co-worked with him in producing a volume that may justly claim to be excellent in every particular. With these few observations concerning the general plan and merits of the work, it is presented to the public, with an entire willingness to have its reputation rest upon its own merits.

ILLUSTRATIONS.

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PAGE 1. FRONTISPIECE... 2. SIOUX INDIANS.

9 3. PORTRAIT OF RED JACKET.

9 4. A WIGWAM

13 5. WAMPUM

13 6. INDIAN HIEROGLYPHICS.

13 7. INDIAN WEAPONS..

14 8. CALUMETS.

14 9. INDIAN BURIAL-PLACE.

15 10. INDIAN TOTUM.

15 11. PROFILE OF BLACK HAWK.

18 12. UNCAS'S MONUMENT.

21 13. PORTRAIT OF SAMUEL KIRKLAND.

25 14. SOUTHERN INDIANS..

30 15. COLUMBUS BEFORE THE COUNCIL OF SALAMANCA 34 16. PORTRAIT OF AMERIGO VESPUCCI.

34 17. NORTIMAN.

34 13. NORMAN SHIP..

35 19. OLD TOWER AT NEWPORT.

35 20. PORTRAIT OF COLUMBUS

36 21. PORTRAIT OF ISABELLA.

38 22. THE FLEET OF COLUMBUS..

39 23. BANNER OF THE EXPEDITION

40 24. BALBOA..

42 25. PORTRAIT OF DE SOTO.

44 26. PORTRAIT OF SEBASTIAN CABOT

46 27. PORTRAIT OF VERAGAZZI.

47 28. CARTIER'S SHIP.

48 29. ARMS OF FRANCE..

48 30. FRENCI NOBLEMAX, 1510.

49 31. RALEIGII'S EXPEDITION AT ROANOKE.

53 32. PORTRAIT OF SIR WALTER RALEIGII.

55 33. RALEIGJI'S SHIPS,,,

55 34. ENGLISH GENTLEMAN, 1580.

57 35. PORTRAIT OF HENRY HUDSON

59 36. TIIE HALF-Moox..

59 37. BUILDING JAMESTOWN...

61 38. PORTRAIT OF CAPTAIN JOHN SMITII.

61 39. PORTRAIT OF POCAHONTAS

66 40. SEAL OF NEW NETUIERLAND.

73 41. A PURITAN..

75 42. THE MAYFLOWER...

77 43. GOVERNOR CARVER'S CHAIR...

79 44. PORTRAIT OF CECIL, LORD BALTIMORE

81 45. HOOKER'S EMIGRATION TO CONNECTICUT.

83 46. FIRST MEETING-IIOUSE IN CONNECTICUT.

86 47. PORTRAIT OF ROGER WILLIAMS.

90 48. PORTRAIT OF WILLIAM PENN.....

95 49. TUE ASSEMBLY HOUSE, PENNSYLVANIA

97 50. OGLETHORPE ON TIIE SITE OF SAVANNAII.

101 51. EMBARKATION OF THE PILGRIMS...

104 52. PORTRAIT OF JAMES EDWARD OGLETHORPE. 104 53. CHURCII TOWER AT JAMESTOWN...

112 54. First COLONY SEAL, MASSACIIUSETTS.

117 55. PORTRAIT OF JOIN WINTHROP...

117 56. FIRST MONEY COINED IN THE UNITED STATES.. 122 57. PORTRAIT OF KING PHILIP

124 59. PALLISADED BUILDING.

127 59. PORTRAIT OF CAPTAIN CHURCH.

128 60. PORTRAIT OF COTTON MATHER.

133 61. WILLIAMS'S HOUSE, DEERFIELD

135 62. PLAN OF THE SIEGE OF LOUISBURG

137 63. PORTRAIT OF PETER STUYVESANT.

142 64. CITY OF NEW YORK IN 1664...

144 65. STUYVESANT SURRENDERING FORT AMSTERDAM TO THE ENGLISH.,

145 66. THE CHARTER OAK.

156

PAGE 67. PENN'S HOUSE..

162 68. PLAN OF CHARLESTON IN 1680.

166 69. EARLY NEW ENGLAND HOUSE.

176 70. DUTCHMAN, 1660..

176 71. PLAN OF FORT DU QUESNE.

186 72. PORTRAIT OF BRADDOCK.

186 73. BURIAL OF BRADDOCK..

187 74. PLAN OF FORT EDWARD.

190 75. PORTRAIT OF SIR WILLIAM JOHNSON

190 76. PLAN OF FORT WILLIAM JIENRY....

191 77. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL ABERCROMBIE.

191 78. PLANS OF FORTS AT OSWEGO.

192 79. BLOCK HOUSE.

192 80. MAP OF LAKE GEORGE AND VICINITY.

19+ 81. PORTRAIT OF LORD AMHERST.

196 82. PLAN OF TICONDEROGA..

196 83. RUINS OF TICONDEROGA.

197 84. PORTRAIT OF LORD HOWE.

197 85. PLAN OF CROWN POINT.

200 86. PLAN OF FORT NIAGARA.

200 87. GENERAL WOLFE..

201 88. MILITARY OPERATIONS AT QUEBEC.

202 89. MONUMENT TO WOFLE AND MONTCALM....... 202 90, PATRICK HENRY BEFORE THE VIRGINIA ASSEM

207 91. PORTRAIT OF JAMES OTIS..

207 92. PORTRAIT OF BENJAMIN WEST.

210 93. PORTRAIT OF DAVID RITTENIIOUSE.

211 94. PORTRAIT OF PATRICK HENRY.

214 95. A STAMP.

215 96. PORTRAIT OF CADWALLADER COLDEN

216 97. PORTRAIT OF WILLIAM PITT..

217 98. PORTRAIT OF JOIN DICKENSON.

219 99. PORTRAIT OF SAMUEL ADAMS

221 100. PORTRAIT OF LORD NORTII.

224 101. FANEUIL HALL.

225 102. SNAKE DEVICE.

226 103. PORTRAIT OF CHARLES THOMSON

227 104. CARPENTER'S HALL..

228 105, Joux HANCOCK..

230 106. PLAN OF BUNKER HILL BATTLE.

235 107. BUNKER HILL MONUMENT.

235 109. PORTRAIT OF JOSEPI WARREN

237 109. PORTRAIT OF PHILIP SCHUYLER.

239 110. PLAN OF THE WALLS OF QUEBEC..

242 111. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL MONTGOMERY

242 112. CULPEPPER FLAG..

243 113. UNION FLAG.....

245 114. BILL OF CREDIT OR CONTINENTAL MONEY 245 115. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL LEE...

248 116. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL MOULTRIE.

249 117. STATE HOUSE, PHILADELPHIA..

250 118. PORTRAIT OF BENJAMIN Rusi.

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251 119. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL PUTNAM.

253 120. PLAN OF THE BATTLE ON LONG ISLAND.

254 121. PLAN OF FORT WASHINGTON ...

256 122. RETREAT OF THE AMERICANS FROM LONG ISLAND 257 123. THE JERSEY PRISON-SHIP.

259 124. PLAN OF THE BATTLE AT TRENTON.

263 125. PORTRAIT OF ROBERT MORRIS.

264 126. PORTRAIT OF SILAS DEANE..

266 127. PORTRAIT OF BENJAMIN FRANKLIN.

267 128. PLAN OF THE BATTLE AT PRINCETON

269 129. PORTRAIT OF LA FAYETTE..

273 130. PLAN OF THE BATTLE AT THE BRANDYWINE... 278 131. CHEVAUX-DE-FRISE

274 132. PLAN OF THE BATTLE AT GERMANTOWN...... 275

...

.. 278

PAGE

PAGE 133. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL ST. CLAIR.. 276 208. PORTRAIT OF MARTHA WASHINGTON.

387 134. PORTRAIT OF KOSCIUSZKO.. 277 209. PORTRAIT OF THOMAS JEFFERSON..

389 135. PORTRAIT OF JOSEPH BRANT

.. 278
210. PORTRAIT OF COMMODORE BAINBRIDGE.

391 136. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL BURGOYNE.

278
211. UNITED STATES FRIGATE..

391 137. A TREATY.

212. PORTRAIT OF LIEUTENANT DECATUR.

392 138. BURGOYNE SURRENDERING HIS SWORD TO

213. MOHAMMEDAN SOLDIER.

392 GATES.

279 214. BURNING OF THE PHILADELPHIA AT TRIPOLI.. 393 139. PLAN OF OPERATIONS AT BEMIS'S HEIGHTS 281 215. PORTRAIT OF RUFUS KING..

395 110. PORTRAIT OF FRANCIS HOPKINSON. 284 216. PORTRAIT OF AARON BURR.

396 141. PLAN OF ENCAMPMENT AT VALLEY FORGE 285 217. PORTRAIT OF ROBERT FULTON

398 142. PORTRAIT OF SIR HENRY CLINTON. 287 218. FULTON'S FIRST STEAMBOAT..

399 143. PLAN OF THE BATTLE AT MONMOUTII 288 219. PORTRAIT OF WILLIAM PIXKNEY

400 144. PORTRAIT OF COUNT D'ESTAING... 299 220. A FELUCCA GUN-Boat....

401 145. PORTRAIT OF BARON STEUBEN.. 291 221. PORTRAIT OF JOHN RANDOLPHI

403 146. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL LINCOLN 294 222. PORTRAIT OF JAMES MADISON.

405 147. PLAN OF STONY POINT. 298 223. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL DEARBORN

410 148. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL WAYNE.

298 224. PORTRAIT OF STEPHEN VAN RENNSSELAER. 413 149. PORTRAIT OF DANIEL BOONE. 299 225. SLOOP-OF-WAP.

415 150. PORTRAIT OF GEORGE ROGERS CLARKE. 300 226. PORTRAIT OF GOVERNOR SHELBY.

417 151. CLARKE'S EXPEDITION ACROSS THE " DROWNED 227. PLAN OF FORT MEIGS..

418 LANDS." 301 228. PLAN OF FORT SANDUSKY.

419 152. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL SULLIVAN 304 | 229. MAJOR CROGIIAN....

420 153. PLAN OF THE SIEGE OF SAVANNAH, 305 230. PERRY ON LAKE ERIE..

421 154. PORTRAIT OF COUNT PULASKI.. 305 231. PORTRAIT OF COMMODORE PERRY

423 155. PORTRAIT OF JOHN PAUL JONES 307 232. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL PIKE.

425 156. A GUN-BOAT AT BOSTON... 307 233. FORT NIAGARA IN 1813..

427 157. PORTRAIT OF ADMIRAL HOPKINS. 308 234. PORTRAIT OF CAPTAIN LAWRENCE.

429 158. CIPHER ALPHABET. 309 235. PORTRAIT OF COMMODORE PORTER.

431 159. PORTRAIT OF GOVERNOR RUTLEDGE. 310 236. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL BROWN.

432 160. PORTRAIT OF COMMODORE WHIPPLE. 310 237, MAP OF THE NIAGARA FRONTIER.

434 161. PLAN OF TIIE SIEGE OF CHARLESTON

311 238. PORTRAIT OF COMMODORE MACDOXOLGII. 435 162. PORTRAIT OF DAVID RAMSAY. 312 239. PLAN OF THE BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS.

439 163. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL GATES. 314 240. PORTRAIT OF W.C. C. CLAIBORNE..

440 164. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL SUMTER. 315 241. JACKSON AT NEW ORLEANS...

441 165. PLAN OF BATTLE AT SANDERS'S CREEK... 315 242. PORTRAIT OF JAMES MONROE.

447 166. PORTRAIT OF BARON DE KALB.. 310 243. CAPTURE OF PENSACOLA.....

449 167. PORTRAIT OF COLONEL TARLETON 316 241. PORTRAIT OF EDWARD LIVINGSTOX.

452 168. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL MARION 317 215. PORTRAIT OF JOHN QUINCY ADAMS.

455 169. PORTRAIT OF LORD CORNWALLIS. 318 246. PORTRAIT OF DEWITT CLINTON.

456 170. MARION'S ENCAMPMENT ON THE PEDEC. 321 247. PORTRAIT OF JOIN C. CALHOUN

458 171. PORTRAIT OF GOVERNOR TRUMBULL. 323 243. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL JACKSON

460 172. PORTRAIT OF BENEDICT ARNOLD.. 325 249. PORTRAIT OF ROBERT Y. HAYNE.

463 173. THE CAPTORS' MEDAL. 327 250. PORTRAIT OF OSCEOLA.

466 174. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL GREENE.

331 251. MAP OF TIIE SEAT OF THE SEMINOLE WAR. 467 175. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL MORGAN. 331 252. PORTRAIT OF MARTIN VAN BUREN..

470 176. PORTRAIT OF COLONEL WASHINGTON. 332 253. PORTRAIT OF WILLIAM H. IIARRISOX

474 177. PORTRAIT OF COLONEL HENRY LEE. 333 251. PORTRAIT OF JOIN TYLER...

476 178. PLAN OF THE BATTLE AT GUILFORI).. 333 255. PORTRAIT OF JAMES K. POLK.

479 179. PLAN OF TIIE BATTLE AT HOBKIRK'S IIILL. 334 256. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL SCOTT...

485 180. PORTRAIT OF REBECCA MOTTE..

335 257. MAP OF THE REGION OF TAYLOR'S OPERATIONS 486 181. PLAN OF FORT NINETY-SIX.. 336 258. PORTRAIT OF JOIN C. FREMONT....

488 182. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL PICKENS.

336 259. PLAX OF INTREXCHMENTS AT VERA CRUZ.. 489 183. PORTRAIT OF COUNT DE ROCHAMBEAU

339 260, MAP OF THE ROUTE OF SCOTT'S ARMYIX VEXICO 490 184. PORTRAIT OF COUNT DE GRASSE. 310 261. BOMBARDMENT OF VERA CRUZ

491 185. PLAN OF THE SIEGE OF YORKTOWN. 3-11 262. OPERATIONS NEAR MEXICO..

493 186. PORTRAIT OF BENJAMIN THOMPSON (COUNT 203. GENERAL SCOTT ENTERING TILE CITY OF MEXICO 495 RUMFORD)... 346 264. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL TAYLOR.

498 187. PORTRAIT OF JAMES JACKSON 347 265. PORTRAIT OF HENRY CLAY

500 188. PORTRAIT OF GEORGE CLINTOX 350 266. PORTRAIT OF MILLARD FILLMORE

502 189. PORTRAIT OF JOIN MARSIIALL... 351 267. PORTRAIT OF DANIEL WEBSTER..

503 190. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL MIFFLIN 332 263. PORTRAIT OF JOSEPH SMITH.

504 191. ORDER OF THE CINCINNATI, 352 269. MORMON EMIGRATIOX...

505 192. PORTRAIT OF BISHOP CARROLL. 351 270. PORTRAIT OF PROFESSOR MORSE

507 193. FRANKLIN BEFORE TIIE CONSTITUTIONAL Cox

271. PORTRAIT OF DR. KAXE.

510 VENTION 357 272. PORTRAIT OF FRANKLIN PIERCE

514 194. PORTRAIT OF OLIVER ELLSWORTII. 360 273. PORTRAIT OF SANTA ANNA.

515 195. PORTRAIT OF ALEXANDER HAMILTON 361 274. Av OCEAN STEAMSIIIP.

516 196. PORTRAIT OF RUFUS PUTNAM. 362 275. CRYSTAL PALACE IN NEW YORK.

517 197. INAUGURATION OF WASHINGTON... 364 276. PORTRAIT OF CAPTAIN INGRAHAM

518 198. PORTRAIT OF GOUVERNEUR Morris. 364 277. PORTRAIT OF JAMES BUCILANAN.

532 199. PORTRAIT OF WASHINGTON, 365 278. FOUNDING NEW STATES..

537 200. PORTRAIT OF ROBERT R. LIVINGSTON 366 279. PORTRAIT OF THOMAS JEFFERSOX.

589 201. PORTRAIT OF TENCH COXE.. 369 280. PORTRAIT OF JOHN ADAMS.

589 202. PORTRAIT OF GENERAL Knox. 370 251. PORTRAIT OF DR. FRANKLIN,

589 203. WAYNE'S DEFEAT OF THE INDIANS 375 282. PORTRAIT OF ROBERT R. LIVINGSTON

589 204. PORTRAIT OF JOIIN JAY.... 379 283. PORTRAIT OF ROGER SIEPMAN.

589 205. PORTRAIT OF FISHER AMES. 380 281. PORTRAIT OF CHAPLES CARROLL.

601 206. PORTRAIT OF JOHN ADAMS. 383 285. PORTRAIT OF JUDGE STORY....

012 207. PORTRAIT OF C. C. PINOKNEY.

384

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HISTORY

OF

THE UNITED STATES.

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RED JACKET.

EVERY cultivated nation had its heroic age—a period when its first physical and

moral conquests were achieved, and when rude society, with all its impurities, was fused and refined in the crucible of progress. When civilization first set up its standard as a permanent ensign, in the western hemisphere, northward of the Bahamas and the great Gulf, and

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