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death-bed, with the good king praying over him. There is so much terror in one, so much tenderness and moving piety in the other, as must touch any one who is capable either of fear or pity. In his Henry the Eighth, that prince is drawn with that greatness of mind, and all those good qualities which are attributed to him in any account of his reign. I his faults are not shewn in an equal degree, and the shades in this picture do not bear a just proportion to the lights, it is not that the artist wanted either colours or skill in the disposition of them; but the truth, I believe, might be, that he forbore doing it out of regard to Queen Elizabeth ; since it could have been no very great respect to the memory of his mistress, to have exposed some certain parts of her father's life upon the'stage. He bas dealt much more freely with that minister of the great king; and, certainly, nothing was ever more justly written, than the character of Cardinal Wolsey. He has shewn hi insolent in his prosperity; and yet, by a wonderful address, he makes his fall and ruin th subject of general compassion. The whole man with his vices and virtues, is finely and exactly described in the second scene of the fourth Act. The distresses, likewise, of Queen Katharine, in this play, are very movingly touched ; and, though the art of the poet has screened King Henry from any gross imputation of injustice, yet one is inclined to wish, the Queen had met with a fortune more worthy of her birth and virtue. Nor, are the manners, proper to the persons represented, less justly observed, in those characters taken from the Roman history; and of this, the fierceness and impatience of Coriolanus, his courage and disdain of the common people; the virtue and philosophical temper of Brutus; and the irregular greatness of mind in M. Antony, are beautiful proofs. For the two last especially, you find them exactly as they are described by Plutarch, from whom certainly Shakspeare copied them. He has, indeed, followed his original pretty close, and taken in several little incidents that might have been spared in a play. But, as Í hinted before, his design seems most commonly rather to describe those great men in the several fortunes and accidents of their lives, than to take any single great action, and form his work simply upon that. However, there are some of his pieces, where the fable is founded upon one action only. Such are, more especially, Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet ana Othello. The design in Romeo and Juliet is plainly the punishment of their two families, for the unreasonable feuds and animosities that had been so long kept up between them, and occasioned the effusion of so much blood. In the management of this story, he has shewn something wonderfully tender and passionate in the love-part, and very pitiful in the distress. Hamlet is founded on much the same tale with the Electra of Sophocles. In each of them a young prince is engaged to revenge the death of his father, their mothers are equally guilty, are both concerned in the murder of their husbands, and are afterwards married to the murderers. There is in the first part of the Greek tragedy something very moving in the grief of Electra ; but, as Mr. Dacier has observed, there is something very unnatural and schocking in the manners he has given that princess and Orestes in the latter part. Orestes imbrues his hands in the blood of his own mother. On the contrary, Hamlet is represented with the same piety towards his father, and resolution to revenge his death, as Orestes; he has the same abhorrence for his mother's guilt, which, to provoke bim the more, is heightened by incest : but, it is with wonderful art and justness of judgment, that the poet restrains him from doing violence to his mother. To prevent any thing of that kind, he makes his Father's Ghost forbid that part of his vengeance, and thus distinguishes rightly between horror and terror. The latter is a proper passion of tragedy, but the former ought always to be carefully avoided. And, certainly, no dramatic writer ever succeeded better in raising terror in the minds of an audience than Shakspeare has lone. The whole tragedy of Macbeth, but more especially the scene where the king is murdered, in the second Act, as well as this play, is a noble proof of that manly spirit with which he writ; and both shew how powerful he was in giving the strongest motions to our souls that they are capable of I cannot leave Hamlet without taking notice of the advan. tage with which we have seen this master-piece of Shakspeare distinguish itself upon the stage, by Mr. Betterton's fine performance of that part. A man, who, though he had no other good qualities, as he has a great many, must have made his way into the esteem of all men of letters, by this only excellency. No man is better acquainted with Shakspeare's manner of expression; and, indeed, he has studied him so well, and is so much a master of him, that whatever part of his he performs, he does it as if it had been written on pur. pose for him, and that the author had exactly conceived it as he plays it. I must own a particular obligation to him, for the most considerable part of the passages relating to this life, which I have here transmitted to the public: his veneration for the memory or Shakspeare having engaged him to make a journey into Warwickshire on purpose to gather up wbat remai zs he could, of a naine for wbich he bad so great a veu
Sir John F.LSTAFF.
ROBIN, Page to Falstaff. FENTON.
SIMPLÉ, Servant to Slender.
RUGBY, Servant to Dr. Caius.
Mrs. QUICKLY, Servant to Dr. Caius.
Servants to Page, Ford, &c.
Followers of Falstaff. Nym,
SCENE, Windsor; and the parts adjacent.
agements unto you, I am of the church, and SCENE I.--- Windsor. Before Page's Hurse. will be glad to do my benevolence, to nuake
atonements and compromises between you. Enter Justice SHALLOW, SLENDER, and Sir*
Shal. The Council* shall hear it; it is a riot. Hugh Evans.
Era. It is not meet the Council hear a riot; Shal. Sir Hugh, persuade me not; I will there is no fear of Got in a riot : the Council, make a Star-chamber matter of it: if he were look
you, shall desire to hear the fear of Got, twenty Sir John Falstaffs, he shall not abuse and not to hear a riot ; take your vizamentst Robert Shallow, esquire.
in that. Slen. In the county of Gloster, justice of Shal. Ha! o'my life, if I were young again, peace, and coram.
the sword should end it. Shal. Ay, cousin Slender, and Cust-alorum.t Eva. It is petter that friends is the sword,
Slen. Ay, and ratolorum too; and a gentle and end it: and there is also another device man born, master parson ; who writes himself in my prain, which, peradventure, prings goot armigero ; in any bill, warrant, quittance, or discretions with it. There is Anne Page, obligation, urmigero.
which is daughter to master George Page, Shal, Ay, that we do; and have done any which is pretty virginity. time these three hundred years.
Slen. Mistress Anne Page? She has brown Slen. All his successors, gone before him, hair, and speaks smallt like a woman. have done't; and all his ancestors, that come Eva. It is that fery versor for all the 'orld, after him, may: they may give the dozen wbite as just as you will desire; and seven hundred luces in their coat.
pounds of monies, and gold, and silver, is her Shal. It is an old coat.
grandsire, upon his death's-bed, (Got 'deliver Eva. The dozen white louses do become an to a joyful resurrections !) give, when she is old coat well; it agrees well, passant: it is a able to overtake seventeen years old : it were familiar beast to man, and signifies-love. a goot motion, if we leave our pribbles and
Shal. The luce is the fresh fish; the salt fish prabbles, and desire a marriage between masis an old coat.
ter Abraham, and mistress Anne Page. Slen. I may quarter, coz?
Shal. Did her grandsire leave her seven bun. Shal. You may, by marrying:
dred pour Era. It is marring indeed, if he quarter it Era. Ay, and her father is make her a pettes Shal. Not a whit.
penny: Era. Yes, py'rt-lady; if he has a quarter of Shal. I know the young gentlewoman ; she your coat, there is but three skirts for yourself, has good gifts. in my simple conjectures : but that is all one : Era. Seven hundred pounds, and possibili. If Sir John Falstaff
' have committed dispar- ties, is good gifts. A title formerly appropriated to chaplains, † Custos rutulurum. t By our.
Court of Star-chamber.
Shal. Well, let us see honest master Page: Slen. Ay, it is no matter. Is Falstaff there?
Pist. How now, Mephostophilus ?" Era. Shall I tell you a lie? I do despise a Sien. Ay, it is no matter. liar, as I do despise one that is false; or, as I Nym. Slice, I say! pauca, pauca ;t slice! that's despise one that is not true. The knight, Sir my humour. John, is there; and, I beseech you, ba ruled Slen. Where's Simple, my man ?-can you by your well-willers. I will peat the door tell, cousin ? [knocks] for master Page. What, hoa! Got Era. Peace: I pray you! Now let us underpless your house here!
stand : There is Three umpires in this matter
as I understand: that is-master Page, fideliEnter PAGE.
cet, master Page; and there is myselt, fidelicet, Page. Who's there?
melf; and the three party is, lastly and Eva. Here is Got's plessing, and your friend. I wally, mine host of the Garter. and justice Shallow : and here young maste Page. We three, to hear it, and end it be. Slender; that, peradventures, shall tell you tween them. another tale, it matters grow to your likings. Era. Fery goot: I will make a prief of it in
Page. I am glad to see your worships well: my note-book; and we will afterwards ’ork
Shal. Master Page, I am glad to see you ; can.
Fal. Pistol, did you pick master Slender's
I might never come in mine own great chamber
two shillings and twopence a-piece of Yead Slen. You'll not confess, you'll not confess. Miller, by these gloves.
Shal. That he will not ;- 'tis your fault, 'tis Fal. Is this true, Pistol ? your fault :- 'Tis a good dog.
Era. No; it is false, if it is a pick-purse. Page. A cur, Sir.
Pist. Ha, thou mountain-foreigner!-- Sir
John, and master mine,
Word of denial in thy labras|| here;
Slen. By these gloves, then 'twas he. Eva. It is spoke as a Christians ought to Nym. Be advised, Sir, and pass good huspeak.
mours : I will say, marry trap, with you, if Shal. He hath wrong'd me, master Page. you run the nutbook's humour on me; that is Page. Sir, he doth in some sort confess it. the very note of it.
Shal. If it be confess'd, it is not redress’d; is Slen. By this hat, then he in the red face not that so, master Page? He hath wrong'd had it: for though I cannot remember what me; indeed, he hath ;-at a word, he hath ;- I did when you made me drunk, yet I am not believe me ;-Robert 'Shallow, esquire, saith, altogether an ass. he is wrong'd.
Fal. What say you, Scarlet and John ? Page. Here comes Sir John.
Bard. Why, Sir, for my part, I say, the Enter Sir John Falstaff, BARDOLPH, NYM, gentleman had drunk himself out of his five
sentences. and PISTOL.
Era. It is his five senses: fe, what the igno. Fal. Now, master Shallow; you'll complain rance is! of me to the king ?
Bard. And being fap, ** Sir, was, as they Shal. Knight you have beaten my men, killed say, cashier'd; and so conclusions pass’d the my deer, and broke open my lodge.
careires.tt Fal. But not kiss'd your keeper's daughter? Slen. Ay, you spake in Latin then too; but
Shal. Tut, a pin! this shall be answer'd. 'tis no maiter: I'll ne'er be drunk whilst I live Fal. I will answer it straight;-I have done again, but in honest, civil, godly company, for all this :—That is now answer’d.
this trick: if I be drunk, I'll be drunk with Shal. The Council shall know this.
those that have the fear of God, and not with Fal. "Twere better for you, if it were known drunken knaves. in counsel: you'll be laugh'd at.
Era. So Got 'udge me, that is a virtuous Eva. Pauca verba, Sir John, good worts. mind.
Fal. Good worts !+ good cabbage.-Slender, Fal. You hear all these matters denied, gen.
Slen. Marry, Sir, I have matter in my head Enter Mistress ANNE Page with wine ; Mistress
Page. Nay, daughter, carry the wine in; we'll
(Exit ANNE PAGE. and afterwards picked my pocket. Bard. You Banbury cheese!ş
* The name of an ugly spirit.
+ Few words.
1 King Edward's shilings, used in the game of shuffleCotswold in Gloucestersbire.
Blade as thin as a lattı. I. Lips. + Worts was the ancient name of all the cabbage kind. s If you say I am a thief.
** Drunk Sharders Nothing but paring
# The bounds of good behaviour.
Slen. O heavens! this is mistress Anne Page. Shal. Ay, I think my cousiu meant well. Page. How now, mistress Ford ?
Slen. Ay, or else I would I might be hanged, Ful. Mistress Ford, by my troth, you are very la. well met: by your leave, good mistress.
Re-enter ANNE PAGE. [kissing her.
Shal. Here comes fair mistress Anne: Page. Wife, bid these gentlemen welcomo:Come, we have a hot venison pasty to dinner; Anne!
Would I were young, for your sake, mistress come, gentlemen, I hope we shall drink down
Anne. The dinner is on the table; my father all unkindness.
desires your worships' company. (Exeunt all but SHALLOW, SLENDER, and Evans.
Shal. I will wait on him, fair mistress Anne. Sten. I had rather than forty shillings, I had
Eva. Od's plessed will! I will not be abmy book of Songs and Sonnets here:
sence at the grace. Enter SIMPLE.
[Exeunt Shallow and Sir H. Evans. How now, Simple! where have you been? 1
Anne. Will't please your worship to come
in, Sir. must wait on myself, must I? You have not The Book of Riddles about you, have you?
Slen. No, I thank you, forsooth, heartily; I Sim. Book of Riddles! why, did you not lend
am very well. it to Alice Shortcake upon Allhallowmas last,
Anne. The dinner attends you, Sir. a fortnight afore Michaelmas ?*
Slen. I am not a-hungry, I thank you, forShal. Come, coz; come, coz; we stay for sooth: Go, sirrah, for all you are my man, go, you. A word with you, coz: marry, this, coz; A justice of peace sometime may be beholden
wait upon my cousin Shallow : [Exit Simple.) There is, as 'twere, a tender, a kind of tender, to his friend for a man :-I keep but three men made afar off by Sir Hugh here ;-Do you un- and a boy yet, till my mother be dead: But derstand me? Slen. Ay, Sir, you shall find me reasonable; born.
what though? 'yet I live like a poor gentleman if it be so, I shall do that that is reason. Shal. Nay, but understand me.
Anne. I may not go in without your worship: Slen. So I do, Sir.
they will not sit, till you come. Era. Give ear to his motions, master Slender:
Slen. l'faith, I'll eat nothing; I thank you I will description the matter to you, if you be as much as though I did. capacity of it.
Anne. I pray you, Sir, walk in. Slen. Nay, I will do as my cousin Shallow
Slen. I had rather walk here, I thank you; says: I pray you, pardon me; he's a justice
of I bruised my shin the other day with playing peace in his country, simple though I stand three veneys* for a dish of stewed prunes i
at sword and dagger with a master of fence, here. Era. But that is not the question ; the ques- hot meat since. Why do your dogs bark so ?
and, by my troth, I cannot abide the smell of tion is concerning, your marriage.
be there bears i' the town? Shal. Ay, there's the point, Sir. Era. Marry, is it; the very point of it; to
Anne. I think, there are, Sir; I heard them mistress Anne Page.
talked of. Slen. Why, if it be so, I will marry her, upon
Slen. I love the sport well; but I shall as any reasonable demands.
soon quarrel at it, as any man in England.Eran. But can you affection the 'oman ? Let You are afraid, if you see the bear loose, are us command to know that of your mouth, or of you not? your lips; for dirers philosophers hold, that
Anne. Ay, indeed, Sir.
Slen. That's meat' and drink to me now: I the lips is parcel of the mouth ;-Therefore, precisely, can you carry your good will to the have seen Sackersont loose, twenty times; and maid ?
have taken him by the chain : but, I warrant Shal. Cousin Abraham Slender, can you love you, the women have so cried and shriek'd at her ?
it, that it pass'd :--but women, indeed, canSlen. I hope, Sir,-I will do, as it shall be- not abide 'em; they are very ill-favoured come one that would do reason.
rough things. Era. Nay, Got's lords and his ladies, you
Re-enter Page. must speak possitable, if you can carry her Page. Come, gentle master Slender, come; your desires towards her.
we stay for you. Shal. That you must: Will you, upon good Slen. I'll eat nothing ; I thank you, Sir. dowry, marry her?
Page. By cock and pye, you shall not choose, Slen. I will do a greater thing than that, upon Sir : come, come. your request, cousin, in any reason.
Slen. Nay, pray you, lead the way. Shal. Nay, conceive me, conceive me, sweet Page. Come on, Sir. coz; what I do, is to pleasure you, coz: Can Slen. Mistress Anne, yourself shall go first. you love the maid ?
Anne. Not l, Sir ; pray you, keep on. Slen. I will marry her, Sir, at your request; Slen. Truly, I will not go first; truly, la : I but if there be no great love in the beginning, will not do you that wrong. yet heaven may decrease it upon better ac- Anne. I pray you, Sir. quaintance, when we are married, and have Slen. I'll rather be unmannerly than troublemore occasion to know one another : I hope, some : you do yourself wrong, indeed, la. upon familiarity will grow more contempt:
(Exeunt. but if you say, marry her, I will marry her,
SCENE 11.-The same. that I am freely dissolved, and dissolutely, Era. It is a fery discretion answer;, save,
Enter Sir Hugh Evans and SIMPLE. the faul' is in the 'ort dissolutely: the 'ort is, Eva. Go your ways, and ask of Doctor according to our meaning, resolutely ;-his Caius' house, which is the way: and there meaning is good.
* Three set-to's, bouts, or hits.
+. The name of a bear exhibited at Paris-Garden in * An intended blunder.
Surpassed all expression.
wells one mistress Quickly, which is in the ! Fal. Now, the report goes, she has all the
Pist. As many devils entertain; and, To her,
boy, say I. Era. Nay, it is petter yet :give her this Nym. The humour rises; it is good: humour letter; for it is a 'oman that altogether's ac- me the angels. quaintance with mistress Anne Page; and the Fal. I have writ me here a letter to her: and letter is, to desire and require her to solicit here another to Page's wife ; who even now your master's desires to mistress Anne Page: gave me good eyes too, examin'd my parts I pray you, be'gone; I will make an end of my with most judicious eyliads : sometimes the dinner; there's pippins and cheese to come. beam of her view gilded my foot, soinetimes
[Exeunt. my portly belly.
Pist. Then did the sun on dung-hill shine. SCENE III.-A Room in the Garter i:in.
Nym. I thank thee for that humour. Enter FalsTAFF, Host, BARDOLPH, Nym,
ral. (), she did so course o'er my exteriors Pistol., and Robin.
with such a greedy intention, that the appetite
of her eye did seem to scorch me up like a Fal. Mine host of the Garter,-
burning glass! Here's another letter to her: Host. What says my bully-rook ? Speak she bears the purse too; she is a region in scholarly, and wisely.
Guiana, all gold and bounty. I will be cheatert
me; they shall be my East and West Indies, them wag ; trot, trot.
this letter to mistress Page ; and thou this to Fal. I sit at ten pounds a week.
mistress Ford : we will thrive, lads, we will Host. Thou’rt an emperor, Cæsar, Keisar, thrive. and Pheezar, I will entertain Bardolph ; he Pist. Shall I Sir Pandarus of Troy become, shall draw, he shall tap: said I well, bully And
by my side
wear steel ? then, Lucifer take Hector ?
all! Fal. Do so, good mine host.
Nym. I will run no base humour; here, take Host. I have spoke ; let him follow: Let me the humour letter; I will keep the haviour of see thee froth, and lime : I am at a word ; fol
Fal. Hold, sirrah, (to Roe.] bear you these Fal. Bardolph, follow him; a tapster is a letters tightly;: good trade: An old cloak makes a new jerkin; Sail like my pinnace to these golden shores.å withered servingman, a fresh tapster : Go; Rogues, hence avaunt! vanish like bail-stones, adieu. Bard. It is a life that I have desired; I will Trudge, plod, away, o' the hoof; seek shelter,
(pack ! thrive.
(Exit BARD. Falstaff will learn the humour of this age, Pist. O base Gongarian* wighi! wilt thou French thrift, you rogues; myself, and skirted the spigot wield ?
page. [Exeunt Falstaff and Robin. Nym. He was gotten in drink: Is not the
Pist. Let vultures gripe thy guts ! for gourd humour conceited? His mind is not heroic,
and fullams holds, and there's the humour of it. Fal. I am glad, I am so acquit of this tinder- Tester I'll have
in pouch, when thou shalt lack.
And high and low beguile the rich and poor: box; his theils were too open: his filching was Base Phrygian Turk! like an unskilful singer, he kept not time. Nym. The good humour is, to steal at a mi- be humours of revenge.
Nym. I have operations in my head, which nute's rest.
Pist. Wilt thou revenge ? Pist. Convey, the wise it call : Steal ! foh; a ticot for the phrase !
Nym. By welkin, and her star!
Pist. With wit, or steel? Fal. Well, Sirs, I am almost out at heels.
Nym. With both the humnours, I:
I will discuss the humour of this love to Page.
How Falstaff, varlet vile,
His dove will prove, his gold will hold,
And his soft couch detile.
Nym. My humour shall not cool : I will inam about.
him with yellowness,** for the revolt of mien Pist. Two yards, and more.
is dangerous : that is my true humour. Fal. No quips now, Pistol ; indeed I am in
Pist. Thou art the Mars of malcontents : I the waist two yards about: but I am now second thee; troop on. about no waste; I am about thrift. Briefly, I
[Excunt. do mean to make love to Ford's wife ; I spy
SCENE IV-A Room in Dr. Caius' House, entertainment in her; she discourses, she Enter Mrs. QUICKLY, SIMPLE, and RUGBY. carves, she gives the leer of invitation : I can Quick. What; Jobn Rugby!-I pray thee, construe the action of her familiar style; and go to the casement, and see if you can see my the hardest voice of her behaviour, to be Eng- master, master Doctor Caius, coming: if he lish'd rightly, is, I am Sir John Falstatt"s.
do, i'faith, and find any body in the house Pist. He hath studied her well, and trans- here will be ap old abusing of God's patience iated her well; out of honesty into English. and the king's English. Nym. The anchor is deep: will that humour
* Gold coin. + Eschealour, an officer in the Excheques pa63 ?
© False dior.
Il Sixpence I have in packet. . For Hungarian..