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the topic of conversation. The Kashcf, al- of seeing the king of Mahass, a mean look- were sold to a merchant of Siout. Another mnost in a state of insensibility, had not yet ing black, attened by balf a dozen naked contiauce its course northward, and was seen asked me who I was, or what I came for. slaves, armed with shields and lances. From beyond the cataract at Assouan, at Deruu, In the course of half an hour, the whole hence, along the Nile to Sennaar, about thir. one day's march north of that place. camp, was drunk ; inusquets were then ty-five days journies, there are mprards of

The remainder of our quotations here brought in, and a fen-de-joie fired with bull, twenty kings and kingdoms, every independ- are from the general remarks on Nubia, in the huit where we were sitting. I must ent chief being styled Melek. The power with which Mr. Burckhardt concludes confess, that at this moment I repented of of each of these petty sovereigns is very ar

his first narrative. having come to the camp, as a gun might bitrary, as far as relates to exactions upon have been easily levelled at me, or a random the property of his own 81lyjects, but he Nubia is divided into two parts, called ball have fallen to my lot. I endeavoured dares not put any of them to death, without Wady Kenous, and Wady el Nouba (often several times to rise, but was always pre- entailing upon his own family the retaliation namell exclusively Sayd) { the former exvented by the Kashef, who insisted upon of blood by that of the deceased. All the tending from Assouan to Wady Seboua, and my getting drunk with him ; but as I nerer respectable inhabitants of Mahass are mer- the latter comprising the country between stood more in nced of my senses, I drank chants ; they buy slaves in Dóngola, Berler, seboua and the northern frontier of Dónvery sparingly. Towards noon, the whole and in the country of the Sheyrya, and dis- gola. The inhabitants of these two divisions camp was in a profound sleep; and in a few patch a caravan to Cairo twice à vear; are divided by their language, but in inanhours after, the Kashef was susficiently sober Mahass is the nearest place in the Black ners they appear to be the same. to be able to talk rationally to me. I told country, froin whence slave traders ar- According to their own traditions, the prehim that I had come into Nubia to visit the rive at Cairo ; the distance is about a thou- sent Nubians derive their origin from the ancient castles of Ibrim and Say, as being sand miles. A male slave in Mahass is Arabian Bedouins, who invaded the country the remains of the empire of Sultan Selym; worth from twenty-five to thirty Spanish after the promulgation of the Mobammedan that I had had recommendations from Ésne dollars, a female from thirty to forty. At creed, * the greater part of the Christian into himself and his two brothers, and that I Cairo they sell at a profit of one hundred halvitants, whose churches I traced as far as had come to Mahass merely to'salute him and and fifty per cent. ; and the merchandize Sukkot, having either fled before then or his brother, conceiving that I should be guilty taken in return produces from two to three been killed; a few, as already mentioned, of a brcach in good mamers, if I quitted hundred per cent., or even more under the embraced the religion of the invaders, and Say without paying my respects to them. present circumstances, as the Mamelouks their descendants may yet be distinguished Unfortunately, iny letters from Ésne, ad are eager purchasers.

at Tafa, and at Serra, north of Wady Halfa, dressed to the three brothers, were in the Bornou is said to be 25 or 30 days hands of Hassan Kashef, who would not re- distant from Mahass, with but little At present, the political state of the counturn them to me when I quitted Derr, saying water on the road

try may be said to be, nominally at least, the that I should not want them, as he had not

same as when Hossan Coosy (a leader of some given ine permission to go beyond Sukkot.

Dóngola is noted for its breed of horses, Bosnians, sent by the Grand Signior to Nubin, My story was, in consequence, not believed: great numbers of which are imported by the and, in short, what

the Normans were to Eng** You are an agent of Mohammed,” sail the people of Malass; they are chiety, stallious land) took possession of it

. The present yoKashef's Arabic secretary ; “ but, 'at Mahass the natives seldom riding mares. "The breed

vernors, Hosseyn, Hassan, and Mohammed, we spit at Mohammed Aly's beard, and ent

is originally from Arabia, and is one of the are his descendants ; their father was named off the heals of those who are enemies to the finest I have seen, possessing all the supe- Soleyman, and had acquired some reputation Mamelouks.". I assured him that I was not with greater size and more bone. All thuse The title of Kashef, assumed by the three

rior beauty of the horses of that country, from his vigorous system of government. an enemy of the Mamelouks, and that I had which I have seen had the four legs white, brothers, is given in Egypt to governors of waited upon the two Begs at Derr, who had received me very civilly.” The evening there are very few of them without this dis- bute of about 1201. into the treasury of the

as high as the knee, and I was told that districts. The brothers pay an annual tripassed in shap enquiries on one side, and tinctive mark. Prime stallions bear a high Pasha of Egypt, in lieu of the Miry of Nuevasive answers on the other; and the Kashef sat up late with his confidents, to deliberate price, from five to ten slaves being paid for bia, for which the Pasha is accountable to what was to be done with me, while I took one. These horses do not thrive in northern the Porte. In the time of the Mamelouks,

climates, not even at Cairo, though Moham- this tribute was seldom paid, but Mohampost with my camels, under cover, behind his hut. No one had the slightest idea that Grand Signior, for which he gave 750 Spanish three years. The three Kashefs have about

ined Aly has lately sent one as a present to the ined Aly has received it regularly for the last I was an European, nor did I, of course, dollars. l'he greater part of them are fed for one hundred and twenty horsemen in their boast of my origin, which I was resolved to disclose only under the apprehension of im- in the spring, upon the grech crops of bar- tious, or of slaves ; these troops receive no

ten months in the year merely on straw, and service, consisting chiefly of their own relaininent danger.

ley. The Mamelouks, since their irruption regular pay; presents are made to them ocIle is compelled by these rude go into Dóngola, are all mounted upon these casionally, and they are considered to be vernors of Nubia to change his route.

horses. The inhabitants of Mahass pretend to be

There are no elephants in Dóngola ; but upon duty only when their masters are upon descendants of the Aralys Koreysh, the tribe the hippopotamus is very common in the a journey. Derr is the chief residence of the to which the prophet Mohammed belonged, river. "Its arabsie nuine iz Barnik, or Farasse governors ;t but they are almost continually and who, as is well known, were partly Be-el-Bahr; the Nubians call it Ird. It is a naine of Korbadj, are made of the skin of the douing, and partly husbandmen. It is the dreadful plagne on accouat of its voracity, hippopotamus, and form an article of commerce tradition of Mahass, that a large party of and the want of means in the inliabitants to with the Seanaar and Darfour cararans. Koreysh took possession of the Wady at the destroy it. It often descends the Nile as far as *. The greater part of the Egyptian peasants same period when numerous Bedouins from Sakkot: the peasants, as I passed, told me north of Benisouef have the same origin : they the east invaded Egypt and Nubia. The that there were three of them in the river are the descendants either of Moggrebyn or chief, or king of Mahass, is of the family of between Mahass and Sukkot. Last year Arabian tribes. In Egypt I have even met with Djama. lle collects the revenue of his king- several of them passed the Batn el Hadjar, the descendants of Syrian Bedouins. dom, and pays tribute to the governors of and made their appearance at Wady Halfa

+ When the Turkish troops, under Ibrahim Nubia, who receive, annually, from each of and Derr, an occurrence unknown to the Beg, after driving the Mamelouks into the the six principal places in his dominions, oldest inhabitant. One was killed by an Wady Halla, the three princes retired with their

eastern mountains, occnpied Nubia as far as five or six camels, as many cows, two slaves, | Arab, by a shot over its right eye; the pea- followers into Dongola, ayd remained there till and about forty sheep, besides making ex

sants até the flesh, and the skin * and teeth the Turks withdrew towards Assouan, when traordinary requisitions. I had the bonour

* The whips known in the East under the they returned to Derr.



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moiny alwut, for the purpose of exacting , ried to females in almost every considerable nountains; ani their Seuna is of the best the taxes from their subjects, who pay thein village ; losseyn Kashieł has above forty kind. In exchange for these commodities valy or the approach of superior force. sons, of whom tiyenty are married in the same they take linen shirts and Dhurra, the During these excursions, the Kasbefs com

grains of which they swallow raw, as riit acts of great injustice, wherever they The Nubians purchase their wives from dainty, and never make it into breud. ful that there is none to resist them, which the parents : the price usually paid by the Crocodiles seem hardly less dreadeil is frequently the case. Tlie annount of the Kenous is twelve Mahboubs, or thirty-six in some parts than the Ilippopotamus serwue is shared equally aurongst the three piastrex. They frequently intermarry with in others. brutiers; but they are' uil very avaricious, the Arabs Abalde, some of whoni cultivate

Crocodiles are very numerous about Shenextremely jealous at each other, aul each the soil like themselves; an Ababde girl is dy. I have generally remarked that these robs eladestinely as much as he can, i worth six cainels; these are paid to her fa-animals inhabit particular parts of the Nile, estimate their annual income at about ther, who gives back three to his daughter, from whence they seldoin appear to more; 3,44%. each, or from 8 to 10,0001. in the to be the common property of her and her thus, in Lower Egypt, they hare entirely whole. None of them apends more than husband; if a divorce takes place, half the disappeared, although no reasonable cause #0!. a year. Their principal wealth con- value of the three camels goes to the latter. can be assigned for their not descending the sists in dullers and blaves. In their maniers In Upper liyypt, when a wife insists upon river. In Upper Egypt, the neiylbourhood they affect the haughty mien and reportment being divorced, her husband has the right to of Akhmim, bendera, Orment, and Erifoit

, of Turkish grandees; but tlisir dress, which take all her wearing apparel from her, and are at present the favourite haunts of the is worse than what a Turkish soldier would to share her heal: nobody will then marry Crocodile, while few are ever sen in the inlike to wear, it accords with this assuined her till her hair be grown again. The Nu-termediate parts of the river. The same is zir of dignity.

bian is extremely jealous of his wife's how the case in leat parts of Nulvia towards The following is a curious method which nonr: and on the slightest suspicion of inthe governors of Nubia have devisce, of ex- tidelity towards him, woull carry her in the cncountering crocodiles in the river, and we

Dóngola. At Berber noboily is afruil of turting money from their subjects. When night to the side of the river, lay open her fathed there very often, swimring out into any wealthy individual has a daughter of a breast by a cut with his knife, and throw the inidst of the stream Atmonly, on the su table age, they deruani her in marriage; her into the water, “ to be food for the cro- contrary, they are gratly dreadleel; the Arals th: father seldom dares to reinse, and some- codiles," as they term it. A case of this and the slaves and females, who repair to the tires feels flattered by the honour ; but he kind lately happened at Assouan.

shore of the river near the town every mornis soon ruined by his powerful son-in-law,

ing and evening, to wash their linen, and fill who extorts from him every article of his I found the Nubians, generally, to be of a their water-skins for the supply of the town, property under the name of presents to his own kind disposition, and without that propen- are obliged to be continually on the alert, daughter. All the guvernors are thus mar- to theft, so characteristic of the Egyp- and such as bathe take care not to proceel

tians, at least of those to the north of Siout. to any great distance into the river. I was : la Navember 1813, Mohammed Kashef Pilfering indeed is almost unknown amongst several times present when a crecolile maile arrived at Esne, in his way to Siout, for the them, and any person convicted of such a its appearance, and witnessed the terror it purpose of visiting Ibrahim Pasha, the governor crime woull be expelled froin his village by inspired; tle crowd all quickly retiring up of Upper Egypt, who, it is well knowa, enter the unanimous voice of its inhabitants; Il the beach. During my stay at Shaly, a tained hostile designs against Nubia. Being did not lose the most trifling article during man who had been advised to buihe in the BOXIOUS to conciliate the Pasha, he had brought my journey through the country, although river, after having "scupeil the small-pox, with him presents of slaves, dromedaries, and I always slept in the open air in front of the was seized anxi killed by one of these animals. Dungola horses; but the chief object of the house where I took up my quarters for the At Sennaar crocodiles are often brought to Kashef's journey was to complain against Hossern, his eldest brother, who had lately invested night. They are in general hospitable to-market, and their flesh is publicly sold there. his to eldest sons, Daoud and Kualil, with a

wards strangers, but the Kenous and the I once tasted some of the cat at Eno, in share of the government of Nubia, and had people of Sukkot are less so than the other Upper Egypt; it is of a dirty white colour, shired his two brothers to divide the revenne inhabitants. Curiosity seems to be the most not unlike young real, with a slighi fiský equally, with their nephews, thus creating five prominent feature in their character, and smell; the animal had been caught by senne cuvernors of the country. At Fsne, Mohanımed they generally ask their guest a thousand fishermen in a strong net, and was absure thet a troop of about one bundred soldiers, who questions about the place he comes from, twelve feet in lengti. The Governor of had been dispatched by Ibrahim Pasha against and the business which brings him into Nu-Esne ordered it to be brought into his couriSubia ; deeming it useless therefore to proceed bia. farther, he returned towards his home with the

yard, where inore than an hundred balls were

If the government were not so extremely fired against it without any etfeet, till it was Turks, at whose approach his two brothers fled to the island of Okwe, beyond the second cata- despotie, the Nubians might become dange-thrown upon its back, and the contents of raci at Wady Halfa, notwithstanding every pro

rous neighbours to Egypt; for they are of a a small swivel discharged at its belly, the skin nise of safety. The Turks pursued their march much bolder and more independent spirit of which is much sotter than that of the as far as Wady Halfa, collecting from every than the Egyptians, and ardently attached to back. Sakie in the name of Ibrahim Pasha, the land their native soil.

Next to Sennaar. and Cobbé (in Darfour) tar, of which they allowed Mohammed Kashef The Arabs on the mountains between Shendy is the largest town in eastern Soudan, about one-twelfth of the whole amount, for his Nubia and the Red Sea, are an extra- and larger, according to the report of the own subsistence. It was evidently the objeet of

crenants, than the capitals of Dóngola and this exhibition to seize the persons of all the ordinary race. governors; but in this it failed. After staying

The Bisharye, who rarely desceud from Korcofan. It consists of several quarters, Dearly a year in the country, in the course of their mountains, are a very savage people, «ivided from each other by public places, or which they collected the land-tax from the sum- and their character is worse even than that markets, and it contains altogether from mer seed also, the Turks returned to Upper of the Ababde. Their only cattle are cainels eight hundred to a thousand houses. It is Egypt. In 1815, the Turks again visited Nubia, and sheep, and they live entirely upon flesh built upon the sanely plain, at arout half a! ad compellathe peasants to furnish the and milk, cating unich of the former raw; hour's walk from the river; its houses are amount of the impots in camels, instead of accoring to the relation of several Nubians, similar to those of Berber ; but it contains srain; as soon as they withdrew, the Kashefs they are very fond of the hot blood of a greater number of large buildings, im lewa returacd to Derr, and, in their turn also exarted the land-tax from their subjects, who are

slaughtered sheep; but their greatest luxury er ruins. The houses seldom for any re- exposed both to the rapacity of the Turks is said to be the raw marrow of camels. A gular street, but are spread over the plain in ad to their own governors, all equally merci- few of these Arabs occasionally visit Derr or great disorder. I nowhere saw any walks of 238, owing to the uncertain duration of their Assouan, with Senna, sheep and ostrich fea- bunt bricks. The houses of the chief, and to peetive powers.

thers, the ostrich being comipon in their those of his relatives, contain court-yarda


boundless store

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twenty feet square, inclosed by high walls, circumstance by which they particularly dis- the designs and the fine execution of the and this is the general description of the ha tinguish themselves from the true Negroe, engravings : the letter-press descripbitations of Shendy. The government is in whose hands, when touched, feel like wood. tions, however, appear to us to be more the hands of the Mek; the name of the present chief is Nimr, i.e. Tiger. The reigning Persons from the Hedjaz and from Egypt

sentimental and less amusing. It is family is of the same tribe as that which now soinetimes pass by Shendy on their way to not easy for a person who feels them occupies the throne of Sennaar, namely the Sennaar, in search of young monkeys, which Wold Adjid, which, as far as I could under- they teach to perform the tricks so amusing The warbling woodlands, the resounding shore,

Of charms which nature to her votary yields, stand, is a branch of the Funnye. The fa- to the populace in the towns of Arabia, ther of Nimr was an Arab of the tribe of Syria, and Egypt. I was repeatedly asked all that the genial ray of morning gilds,

The pomp of groves, the garniture of fields; Djaalein, but his mother was of the royal whether I had not come in search of mon- And'all that echoes to the song of even; blood of Wold Ajib; and thus it appears that keys, for that my equipments appeared too All that the mountain's sheltering bosom shields, women have a right to the succession. This shabby for those of a merchant. These And all the dread magnificence of heaven agrees with the narrative of Bruce; who monkey-hunters are held in great contempt, to continue writing on the picturesque, found at Shendy a woman upon the throne, because, as the Negroes say, they pass their without becoming more and more inwhom he calls Sittina (an Arabic word mean- whole lives in making others laugh at them. spired with the subject; and, probably, ing our Lady). The Mek of Shendy, like the Mek of Berber, is subject to Sennaar;

there is no species of authorship in

The people of Shendy know little of mubut, excepting the purchase money paid for sical instruments, howerer fond they may be which it is so difficult to communicate his Government, on his accession, and oc- of songs. The lyre (Tamboura) and a kind emotions, as that wherein an active recasional presents to the king and vizier * of of fife with a disznal sound, made of the hol- veller in the profusion of nature endeaSennaar, lie is entirely independent, and go- low Dhonrra stalk, are the only instruments vours to transfuse his refined sensations verns his district, which extends about two I saw, except the kettic-drum. This appears into the mind of a mere passive reader. days journeys further to the south, quite at to be all over Soudan an appendage of roy- That which causes him to exclaim with his own pleasure.

alty; and when the natives wish to designate Gold is the second article in the Sennaar a man of power, they often say the Nogára here ;">' that which throws him into

rapture, “Lo! what a goodly fabric is traile. It is purchased by the merchants of beats before his house. At Shendy the dennaar froin the Abyssinian traders ; but I Mek's kettle-drums were beaten regularly ecstasics ; that on which he dwells with have not been able exactly to ascertain in every afternoon before his house. A favori- ineffable delight;—the cloud capt mounWhat province of western Abyssinia it is rite pastime of the Negroe Arabs, and which tain, living stream, and fairy dell, come found." The principal market for gold ap- is also known among the Arabs of Upper all upon our numbed sense, with a force pears to be Ras el fil

, a station in the cara- Egypt, is the Syredje, a kind of draughts; it not much greater than a dream, or twicevaa route from Sennaar to Gondar, four is played npon sandy ground, on which they told tale vexing the dull ear of a sleepy das' journeys from the former. This route traye with the finger chequers of forty-nine 35 at present much frequented by Sennaar squares ; the picces, on one side, are round

We are, therefore, willing to Prirlers, as well as by that class of Abyssi- balls of camel's dung, picked up in the divide the slight censure we have passed nun merchants called Djehert, who appear street, and on the other those of goats. It is on this volume, and to ascribe part of to be the chief slave and gold traders of that an intricate game, and requires great atten- our languor to our own state of inapticountry.

tion ; the object is to take all the antagonist's tude, and only the remainder to that The name of Youba is given to all the pieces, but the rules are very different froin sort of exaggerated sensibility in Mr. Lacks coming from the slave countries to those of Polish draughts. The people are Rhodes, which, it appears to us, is rathe south of Sennaar. The territory of Sen- uncommonly fond of the game, two persons ther of a Gallic than a British character; Der extends, as far as I could learn from seldom sitting down together without imtoi. merchants of the country, ten days jour- mediately beginning to draw squares in the and sometimes excites a smile instead ney beyond the city, in a south and south- sand. The Mek himself will play with the of sympathy. But we ought to add to tari direction, and is inhabited exclusively lowest slave, if the latter is reputed a good this, that all the remarks contained in ty tree Arab tribes, who make incursions player. If a bye-stander assists one of the the work, are simple, judicious, and mto the more southern moimtains, and carry parties with his advice, it gives no offence to impartial ; and that, generally, we are Chithe children of the idolaters. These the other ; sometimes they play for a gourd carried along with the author in his Nurba slaves (imong whom inust also be of Bouza, but not usually. Chess is not quite glowing pictures of sweet and romantic Tvekoned those who are born in the neigh- unknown here, but I never met with any one borbood of Sennaar, of male Negroes and who played it.

scenery. tem e Abyrsinians; and who are afterwards

(To be continued.)

This Excursion begins at Tidswell, and sold by the masters of the parents) forin a

embraces Buxton with its baths ; the Valley me class between the true Blacks and


of the Wye; Haddon, the ancient haronial ib. ibyssinians; their colour is less dark Or E.xcursions in Derbyshire : made chief- seat of the Rutland family, and the still more tin that of the Negroe, and has a copper

ly, for the purpose of Picturesque Obser- ancient Vernons and Peverils ; Chatsworth, time, but it is darker than that of the free ration. Nustrated with Engravings the princely abode of the Duke of DevonArabs of Sennaar and Shendy. Their fea- by G. Cooke, &c. from Drawings made shire ; and most of the remarkable villages, iurea, though they retain evivient signs of

by F. L.Chantrey, Esq. Sculptor, R. A. views, &c. in this interesting part of Derbyegtoe origin, have still something of what


By E. Rhodes. Part II. Large 4to. isced regular ; their noses, though smaller

The Plates are seven in number, viz.Ciah those of the Europeans, are less flat

Shirbrook Dell; the Wve from Priestcliff ; am those of the Negroes; their lips are

The first part of this pleasing work Monsul Dale ; Rustic Bridge, ibid. Cross in ies thick, and the check-bones not so pro- was published about a year and a half Bakewell Church-yard ; Haddon Hall, and risent. The air of some is woolly: 'but ago, and reviewed in the Literary Gazette Chatsworth House. Of these, Shirbrook Bare the greater part it is similar to the of May 9th, 1818. We there did jus- Dell is singularly beautiful, and extraordihars of Europeans, but stronger, and always tice to its benuty as a specimen of the nary for its natural features, which resemble The palm of their hands is soít, a fine arts, and to its agrecable qualities view of the Wye is also a remarkable land

a mighty portal into an Arcalia beyond : the * The vizier of Sennaar, of the Adelan family,

as a literary composition. The present scape, and, with all the improvement of isend to be the real master there, while the king continuation is in the same style of ex- modern engraving, curiously reminds us of has a were shadow of authority.

cellence, in so far as regards the taste of the Arı in its rudest infancy; but our fa


pp. 126.

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vourite little piece is the Rustic Bridge, the pressed; and by reversing the picture, a sinking into disuse and decay. This may be spirit, and grace, and fidelity of which, con- very different order might be indulged. regretted, as the numerous shells and the stitute a model for the ornamenting of pub- We have looked from the height of a great variety of figures which they contain, lications, where the aid of the arts is required. mountain down upon the grandest pro- riety of vegetable and animal remains, that

when cut transversely, exhibit an infinite vaErery one knows the trouble and difficulty cession of pomp and royalty ; and it is are not less curious than beautiful. The of procuring works from

engravers, the most eminent of whom are eminently tardy not in language to denote how mean black marble here procured is not surpassed, and tiresome in completing the subjects com- and trifling the little puppet-shew look- perhaps not equalled, in any part of the mitted to their charge; insoinuch, that a ed when thus connected with the stu- world; its deep, unvaried colour, and the finished quarto seems often to be a more ea- pendous glories of the surrounding sce-compactness of its texture, fit it to receive sily attainable matter than a finished frontis

the highest polish ; a mirror can hardly preThe figures in Chinoise-om

nery. piere to adorn it. Plates like this last, how | bres afforded the only parallel.-If the sent a clearer or a more beautiful surface: erer, which do not need so much labour,

hence is is highly esteemed, but being diftiare, ' in our opinion, admirably calculated to wilds of Derbyshire possess the sublime cult to work, it is too expensive for common illustrate almost every species of writing; in landscape, rather than the splendour occasions.-In Chatsworth House there are and, except in rare instances, we earnestly of mortal equipments, they seem also some columns of this marble, which are used alrise the adoption of a manner at once so rich in another point, which has, heaven as pedestals for busts, and some ornamented full of effect, and so perfectly adequate to knows how often untruly, been consi- vases of exquisite beauty: Mr. White Watconvey the impression of any object what- dered a blessing in life.

son, in his Delineation of the Strata of Dererer.

As we entered Taddington (says Mr. R.) Wysliire, mentions this material under the sieThe plate of Chatsworth is also very finely which is one of the meanest villages in Der- nomination of "Bituminous Fetid Limeexecuted.

byshire, we visited the church-yard, or rather stone,” and he intimates “ that its colour is With regard to the literary portion the open grass field in which the church owing to Petroleum, with which it abounds." of this production, a few extracts will stands, where we observed an old stone cross,

He farther observes, “ this linestone is subbest display it; and we select them with the shaft of which is ornainented with va- ject to decompose, in which operation the only a view to the variety of their topics. in execution to those at Eyam and Bakewell

, escape, and their interstices are occupied by

rious devices on every side, but all inferior calcareous particles are disengaged and The following is a fuir example of the and altogether different in forin, manner, and water

, the same still occupying the same author's descriptive powers.

character. If long life may be regarded as a space, bulk for bulk, as before ; but on being At Blackwell-Mill

, where the river is blessing, the inhabitants of Taddington ap- squeezed, the water comes out as from a spread out into considerable breadth, the pear to have been peculiarly blessed: the sponge: . On being cxposed to the air, by dale expands and assumes a different charac- grave stones in the church-yard are not nu

laying it in the grass (which it destroys, and ter. Here the stupendous rocky scenery of | merous, yet we observed more than an usual swecter herbage springs up in its place) tilt the Wye subsides, and a series of deep dales proportion that were inscribed to the inc

perfectly dry, the water evaporating leares a succeeds, which are formed by high sloping mory of those who had died at a good old very lightimpalpable substance, calied Rotten hills, that are thinly covered with rerdure, age. From eighty to one hundred years &c."" To those who are acquainted with the

Stone, much esteemed for polishing metals, and in some places crested with craggy knolls seems here the common term of existence. and broken rocks. Within the hollow of The parish clerk shewed us the new

register, peculiar use

of this substance, I need oter those mighty hills which here prescribe the which commences with the vcar 1813. In no apology for this short extract from Mr. course of the river, lies Blackwell-Mill

. the first page only, in the short space of six Watson's account of its formation. The Topley Pike, proad at its base, and lifting months, are recorded the deaths of four in- subject is treated more largely in pages 45 high its pointed summit o'er all surrounding dividuals, whose united ages amounted to and 46 of his work; and I gladly refer

to his objects, is here a giant feature in the land- three hundred and seventy-nine years ; the interesting detail of that curious operation of scape. Along the side of this inagnificent oldest of these venerable personages attained nature by which Rotten Stone is produced, hil the new road from Bakewell to Buxton the age of one hundred and seven, and one and I do this more freely as I understand the has been carried : one would almost wonder of the four has a sister now living in Tadding- Dirtlow Moor, near Bakewell, where the

correctness of his theory has been disputed. at so bold an attempt, but what cannot the ton who is ninety-eight years old. These in- surface is very wet, has the reputation of talent and perseverance of man achieve? stances of longevity are extraordinary in

While I was in the dale below, contem- so small a village, and they shew that the furnishing the best specimens of this very plating the steep acclivity of Topley Pike, 1 reputation Tadelington has obtained for the useful article. was startled from my reverie by the sound of healthfulness of its situation and the sala- At Bakewell there is an ancient ruin a coachman's horn, which came gently upon brity of its air, rests on a good foundation in the Church-yard; but its modern the ear, when I was least prepared to ex- Well might the old woman at Ashford, who, tombs afford us inore curious matter. pect such a greeting. Shortly a stage-coach when she had weathered seventy-eight years appeared, which seemed actually to issue of existence, and found the infirmities of old On a black marble tablet, which is insert from the clouds, and I observed it pass ra- age approaching, express an anxiety to re-ed on a grave-stone near the east end of the pidly along the side of the hill

, where the move her residence and live at Taddington, church, there is the following inscription to eye could scarcely discern the trace of a observing, at the saine time, that “ folk did the memory of a child aged" two years and roall , and where to all appearance a human no die there so young as she was.”

eight inonths. As a specimen of country foot conid with difficulty find a resting-place. Had I supposed this vehicle to have contain the marbles at an adjoining village :

We copy another notice respecting church-yard poetry it has a claim to more

than common consideration. ed in it beings like myself, I might have Ashford has been long celebrated for its

“ Reader! beneath this marble lies shuddered with apprehension, but the coach,

The sacred dust of Innocence; from its great height above me, looked so that afford it shelter, and are cut into form marbles, which are obtained from the hills

Two years he blest his parents' eyes, like a child's toy, and the sound of the hom and polished at the mills originally erected

The third an angel took him hence ; was so soft and unobtrusive-so unlike the

The sparkling eyes, the lisping tongue, Loud blast of a stage-coachman's bugle-and by the late Mr. Henry Watson, of Bakewell,

Complaisance sweet and manners mild, altogether the place was so unfitted for the the advantages of his mechanical skill and

who obtained a patent to secure to himself And all that pleases in the young, intrusion of such an object, that it appeared

Were all united in this child. suore like a fairy scene, or a picture of ima- ingenuity: The grey!marbles dug from the Wouldst thou his happier state esplore ?

To thee the bliss is freely given ; Ination, than any thing real and substantial. quarries in the vicinity of Ashford are less

esteemed than formerly, and the works where Go, gentle reader! sin no more, The feelings here are naturally ex- they are sawn into slabs and polished, are And thou shalt sic this flower in heaven."

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Near the same place, on the contrary siche, on festive occarons was approprinted to for the opposition Journals, as our disgracer of the pathway, there is an epitaph of a dif- unirth and minstrelsy, ocer:pics tiso siles of European statesideu do, he hadle adien to ferent character, in which the writer has er- this apartment. On the wiinscot, near the the banks of the Ganges, and envarked on logised the very ea traordinary vocal powers principal entrance, we observed an iron fast- board of a European vessel, withont caring of the parish-clerk. Some of the rhymes ening of a peculiar structure, which was whither he went; and, as he himself says :are managed with a budil rastic felicity, and large enough to armit the wrist of a man's in the hope that soine accident might pu on reading the inscription I wis indured to hand, and which we were inforine:t had been a period io luis life and luis sorrows.' give it a place in my note-book. This per placed there for the purpose of punishing Prince Mirza arrived in England. There son's name was Roe; his father filled the si- trivial offences. It had likewise another use, he was enchanted by a thousand new objects tuation of parish clerk before him, and if his and served to enforce the laws and regula- He forgot his political disasters, and observed grave-stone fiatters not, with equal ability, tions adopted among the serrants of this cs and described every thing from Windsor it tells us in humble prose, that “ the natu- tablishment. The man who refused duly to Castle to the hunbilest cottage, from the ral powers of his voice in clearness, strength, take his horn of alc, or neglected to perform English kitchen to the institution of the and sweetness, were altogether ineqnailed:” the duties of his office, had his hand loekend jury. England became his favourite country a commendation which is reiterated in verse to the wainscot somewhat higher than his hoivever, the Oriental observer is far froin on the neighbouring toinb-stone.

beau, by tbis iron fastening, when rold approving all the customs of the three King“ The vocal powers here let us mark, water was poured down the sleeve of his doms. The English, he says, linte twelve Of Philip, our late parish-cierk, douilt as a punishment for his offence. vicex or defects :--They are hunghty, volupIn church none never heard a layman One of the oli servants of the family, who tuous, duil, inlulent, choleric, and rain With a clearer voice say " AMEN!" attended upon strangers when I first visited they are atheists, gourmands, spend

ndthrifts. Who now with hallelujalis sound, Haddon, when pointing out the disea to which cgotista, and libertines ; ani they alleet a Like him can make the roofs rebound ?

this curious relique of former times was ap- sovereign contempt for the customs of cther The choir lament his choral tones,

plied, facetiously remarked, that it grew nations. But this condemnation is sucThe town so soon here lic his bones" rusty for want of

ceeled by an enumeration of the gooil gnaAt the west end of the church, on a table Drs. Anne Ratelife, who was a native of lities of the English ; which are, hospitality monument, another inscription occurs still Derbyslure, often visited Hadion Mall, for delicacy, philanthropy, respect for their su mere ainusing, if I may be permitted to use the purpose of storing her imagination with periors, and above all, their profonnd res a phrase so little in harmony with those feel those romantic ideas, and impressing upon pect for fashion. • This arbitrary law ings which generally accompany a contem-it those sublime and awful pictures which obliges the rich to change every year, not plation of the last resting-p!nce of those who she so much delighted to pourtray: some of only the form of their dress, but also their have gone before us to "that bourne from the most gloomy scenery of her « Mysteries houschold furniture. A lady of taste would whence no traveller returns.” An old man of Uilolpho” was studied within the walls of consider herself disgraced, if her drawing and his tiro wires occupy this tonb, where this ancient structure.

roon retained the same furniture for tlig undisturbed by the jealous cares of life, they

These passages furnish grounds for a years in succession. Howerer, this extrasleep together lovingly, so says the legend competent judgment upon the Secondi agance encourages industry, and the lower which nearly corers one side of the tomb- Part of Peak Scenery; and, united with cheap rate, those articles of which the rich

classes of the people may procure at a ren “ Knot, posterity, that on the ath of April, in the excellence of the plates, a have the year of Grace 1757, the rambling remains

are thus obliged to rid theinselres.' of the aboveseid John Dinle were in the enth no doubt, will cause the two remaining But our traveller enters upon ohseria

year of his pilgrimage laid upon his two wives. parts to be looked for with avidity. tions of a more important nature. In hi “ This thing in life might cause sorne jealousy,

quality of ex-numildar, he examines th Here all three sleep together loringly, Trarels af the Persian Prince, Mirza

state of the English finances, calculates theer Here Sarah's chiding John no longer hears,

penditure, and estimates the ways and means And old John's rambling Sarah o more fears;

Aboul - Taleh - Klian, through Asia, like a man of business; and, all things con A period's come to all their toilsome lives, -4frica, and Europe; written by himself, sidered, he deciares that England must, i The goodidan's quiet --still are both his vires." trunslated into French by 11. Charles pruentions he not adopted, sink under th We shall now conclude with a brief Nalo.

weight of her national deb. Prince Mirz allusion to Haddon Hall, which it

observes, that only one more of liquidatio (Rerieired from a French Journal.)

can save England. This expedient, it is tru seems might have served for the study • This Persian Prince, whose portrait still has something oriental about it, which inigh of Cedric's residence in Ivanine. decorates the privt-shops of the Boulevards, naturally startle our European State-Anne

The gallery, which fccupies ncarly the excited extraordinary interest during his late tants. Ple proposes bankruptcy. The wor whole of the south part of Haddon, is a visit to Paris. Onr ladies were all anxious is harsh, but the effect of the measure woul noble apartment: its style of architecture to gain introductions to him, and they would be admirable. Onc party would pay less fixes the date of its erection in the time of liave thonglit him the most charming Am- taxes, the other woulit hare less revenus Elizabeth, in whose reign this rencrable bassador in the world, could he have been crery one would lic satisfied, and would be structure passed from the Vernons into the prevailed on to bring his hair Circassian to the hour when the grand aumildar of Etay possession of Sir John Manners, who was the Opera. It appears, however, that he set foot in England. the second son of the first Earl of Rutland. I visited Europe on a former occasion. About “ The English ladies particularly exc In the windows of the gallery are, the arms twenty years ago, having unexpecteilly for the armiration of the Persian Prince. of both families in stained glass, and the feited the farour of the Persian Court, he was enchanter with the Leauty of 0 boar's head and the peacock, their respective set out on his travels, as it were, by way of features, the clegance of their forms, crests, liberally ornaincut this part of the revenge. Prince Mirza had been betrothed their gracefal deportment: he styles the House. This room is one hundred and ten to the nicce of a Nabab; he irad been ap- angels, celestial houris, tulips, and Dainasi feet long and seventeen wide, and the whole pointed to the oflice of aumildar, which sic- roses. He wrote Persian odes to the E of the floor is said to have been cut out of nifies superintendant of direct and indirect lish fashionables, in which lie compar one oak tree, wuich grew in the park. In taxes ; finally, he had been created a general, them to the toba and the sudrah, the dining hall there is an cicvated platform, for in Asia, the art of levying taxes is very offence to the Sheik of Mecca,) and a general construction in ancient halls, which much like the art of war; and in a great length the poor Ambassador, the ci-dro is still retaineil in many collerzes, wherein victory he has had the honor to kill a Rajah. Jarmildar, the ex-minister, and disivan the high stable is placed, at which the lord in spite of all these titles to public csteem, generile so far lost his senses, so far for of the mansion president at the head of his he was hurled from his exalted rank ; but, his misfortunes and Mahommiet, that he household and his guests. A gallery, wluich instead of retiring to the country, or writing claims in one of his odles ;' Fill my

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