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A DIGEST

OF

INTERNATIONAL LAW

AS EMBODIED IN

DIPLOMATIC DISCUSSIONS, TREATIES AND
OTHER INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS, INTERNATIONAL
AWARDS, THE DECISIONS OF MUNICIPAL COURTS, AND

THE WRITINGS OF JURISTS,

AND ESPECIALLY IN

DOCUMENTS, PUBLISHED AND UNPUBLISHED,
ISSUED BY PRESIDENTS AND SECRETARIES OF STATE OF

THE UNITED STATES,
TIIE OPINIONS OF THE ATTORNEYS-GENERAL, AND THE
DECISIONS OF COURTS, FEDERAL

AND STATE.

BY

JOHN BASSETT MOORE, LL. D.,
Hamilton Fish Professor of International Law and Diplomacy, Columbia University,
New York; Associate of the Institute of International Law; Sometime
Third Assistant Secretary of State and Assistant Secre-

tary of State of the United States;
Author of a Treatise on Extradition and Interstate Rendition, of American Notes on
the Conflict of Laws, of a History and Digest of International Arbitra-
tions, of an Exposition of the Spirit and Achievements

of American Diplomacy, etc.

IN EIGHT VOLUMES
(THE EIGHTH BEING INDEXICAL).

VOLUME VI.

WASHINGTON:
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.

1906.

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THE MONROE DOCTRINE.

I. Early expressions of American policy. $ 927.

II. Resolutions as to the Floridas. $928.

III. Revolution in Spanish America. $929.

IV. The Holy Alliance.

1. Treaty of September 26, 1815. $ 930.

2. Anxiety as to Cuba. $ 931.

3. Canning-Rush negotiations. $ 932.

4. Monroe-Jefferson-Madison correspondence. $933.

5. Adams-Tuyll correspondence. $934.

6. Cabinet deliberations. $ 935.

V. Monroe's message, December 2, 1823. $ 936.

VI. Contemporary acts and expositions. $ 937.

VII. English action and opinion. $ 938.

VIII. The noncolonization principle.

1. Controversy with Russia. $ 939.

2. The Panama Congress. $940.

3. President Polk's message, 1845. $ 941.

4. Case of Yucatan. $ 942.

5. Later illustrations. $ 943.

IX. Special applications of Monroe doctrine.

1. Argentine Republic. $ 944.

2. Bolivia. $945.

3. Brazil. $ 946.

4. Central America. $ 947.

5. Chile. $948.

6. Colombia. $ 949.

7. Cuba.

(1) Declarations of policy. $ 950.

(2) Refusal of neutralization. $ 951.

(3) Independence. $952.

8. Ecuador. $953.

9. Hayti. $ 954.

10. Mexico.

(1) European interference opposed, 1825–1860. $ 955.

(2) Reprisals by allied powers, 1861-2. $ 956.

(3) French intervention, 1862–1867. $ 957.

(4) Prevention of Austrian aid, 1866. $958.

11. Peru. $ 959.

12. Santo Domingo.

(1) American-European intervention, 1850–51. $ 960.

(2) Spanish reannexation, 1861–1865. $ 961.

(3) Protocol of February 7, 1905. $ 962.

13. Republic of Texas. $ 963.

14. Venezuela.

(1) Use of good offices. $ 964.

(2) Avoidance of joint action. $ 965.

(3) Territorial integrity. $966.

Boundary with British Guiana; Mr. Olney's instructions,

July 20, 1895; Lord Salisbury's response, November 26,

1895; President Cleveland's special message, December 17,

1895; arbitral settlement.

I. Mode of presentation.

1. Against the United States. $970.

2. Against foreign governments. $971.

3. Petition and proof. $ 972.

II. Prosecution.

1. Discretion as to presentation. $973.

2. Obstacles to presentation.

(1) Objections based on public policy. $ 974

(2) Loss of right to national protection. .$ 975.

(3) Censurable conduct of claimant. $ 976.

(4) Question of unneutral transaction. $977.

3. Discretion as to time and manner of pressure. $978.

III. Conditions of intervention.

1. Citizenship as a rule essential. $ 979.

2. Declaration of intention insufficient. $ 980.

3. Naturalization not retroactive. $ 981.

4. Right of interposition not assignable. $ 982.

5. Not derivable from partnership association. $ 983.

6. Corporations.

(1) Interposition in behalf of the corporation. $984.

(2) Interposition in behalf of security holders. $ 985.

IV. Grounds of intervention.

1. Denial of justice. $ 986.

2. Local remedies must, as a rule, be exhausted. $ 987.

3. Local remedies need not be exhausted.

(1) Where justice is wanting. $ 988.

(2) Where they have been superseded. $ 989.

(3) Where they are insufficient. $ 990.

4. Unjust judgments not internationally binding. $991.

5. Unjust discriminations. $992.

6. Claims to land.

(1) Titles exclusively determinable by lex rei sita. $993.

(2) Denial of justice may afford ground for intervention. $ 994.

7. Contract claims.

(1) Not, as a rule, officially presented. $ 995.

(2) Exception where diplomacy is the only method of redress.

$ 996.

(3) Confiscatory breaches of contract. $ 997.

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