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CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF WITNESSES—Continued

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Leonard, Richard T., assistant to Walter P. Reuther, president, Industrial

Union Department, AFL-CIO.
Stubbs, Donald M.D., National Association of Blue Shield Medical Care

Plans.
Townsend, Robert C., treasurer; accompanied by John Doyle Elliott,

Townsend Plan for National Insurance.
Baltz, Florence, president, American Nursing Home Association.
Friedrich, Dr. R. H., American Dental Association..
Watters, Frank C., executive director, Group Health Association, Inc.

STATEMENTS

American Dietetic Association, Chicago, Ill., prepared statement.

American Hospital Association, prepared statement-

Andrus, Dr. Ethel Percy, president; accompanied by Mrs. Ruth Lana,

executive secretary, and Leonard Davis, business adviser, National

Retired Teachers Association and American Association of Retired

Persons..

Baltz, Florence L., president, American Nursing Home Association ---

Beirne, Joseph A., president, Communications Workers of America,

prepared statements..

Bortz, Edward L., M.D., president-elect, American Geriatrics Society

Carey, Mrs. Jean Wallace, director of division on aging, Federation of

Protestant Welfare Agencies, Inc.-

Prepared statement.

Carter, Henry, president, National Conference of 40 Plus Clubs of the

United States.-

Cowan, Nathan, chairman; accompanied by James C. O'Brien, assistant

chairman, Committee of Retired Workers, United Steelworkers of

America

Cruikshank, Nelson H., director, department of social security, prepared

statement.

Dunn, William, assistant to President Joseph A. Beirne, and Mrs. Helen

Berthelot, legislative representative, Communications Workers of

America, AFL-CIO.

Ellickson, Mrs. Katherine, assistant director, Department of Social

Security, AFL-CIO.--

Ford, Mrs. J. A., Townsend Plan for National Insurance, prepared state-

ment.

Friedrich, Dr. Rudolph H., American Dental Association.

Gifford, Chloe, president, General Federation of Women's Clubs.-

Prepared statement

Hoffman, Mrs. Helen Duey, the Friendly Seniors of All Souls Church

(Unitarian)
Krették, Miss Germaine, director, Washington office, American Library

Association.---
Larsson, Mrs. Nelda Ross, American Dietetic Association.-
Leonard, Richard T., assistant to Walter P. Reuther, president, Industrial

Union Department, AFL-CIO.

McGuire, Marie C., executive director, Housing Authority of the City of

San Antonio, Tex...

Prepared statement-

McMahon, Gen. John F., commander in chief, Volunteers of America.

Mathiasen, Geneva, executive secretary, National Committee on the Aging-

Mattison, Dr. Berwyn F., executive director, American Public Health

Association

Morgan, Dr. Joy Elmer, president, Senior Citizens of America -

O'Grady, Rt. Rev. Msgr. John, secretary, National Conference of Catholic

Charities.

Prepared statement-

Rabe, Dr. Henrietta, supervisor of education for the aging, Bureau of Adult

Education..

Spilman, Joseph L., first vice president, National Association of Retired

Civil Employees.--

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Stubbs, Donald, M.D., National Association of Blue Shield Care Plans.--

Prepared statement-

Swartz, Dr. Frederick C., chairman; accompanied by John Guy Miller,

staff'associate, Committee on Aging, American Medical Association.---

Thompson, Julia C., Washington representative, American Nurses' Asso-

ciation.

Parepared statement-

Townsend, Robert C., treasurer, Townsend Plan for National Insurance--

Van Ornam, Dr. William T., National Education Association of the United

States...?

Watters, Frank C., executive director, Group Health Association, Inc.--

Prepared statement..

Williamson, Kenneth, associate director, American Hospital Association..

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Article entitled "Labor and the Golden Years".
Amount of dental care required by people 65 and older compared to other

age groups--

Biographical data of members of Tunisia Trade Union leadership training

program.--

Kansas City study.
Letters from:

Voorhis, Jerry, executive secretary, Group Health Association, Inc.,

dated July 24, 1959, to Senator McNamara_
Williamson, Kenneth, associate, American Hospital Association,

dated August 19, 1959, to Senator McNamara.
Montefiore-Beth Abraham Study, New York City
National Institutes of Health supported projects related to oral area aging,

identified by project number..

Pamphlet entitled "The National Committee on the Aging-What It Is-

What It Does”.-

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Letters, including statements, from-Continued

Dunn, Stephen F., vice president, National Association of Manu-

facturers.

Hapgood, L. A., director, program development, Kiwanis Interna-

tional,

Houser, Mrs. Jency Price, president, Housers Foundation.

Hymes, Mrs. Charles, national president, National Council of Jewish

Women..

Gold, Dr. Solomon, executive director, Daughters of Miriam Home

and Infirmary for the Aged, Clifton, N.J..

Jeffrey, Howard, executive secretary, American Recreation Society,

Inc.

Kernodle, John R., M.D., Medical Society of the State of North

Carolina

Ketchum, Omar B., director, Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United

States...

McLain, George, chairman, National Institute of Social Welfare, Los

Angeles, Calif..

Mitnick, Carl T., president, National Association of Home Builders.-

Odell, Charles E., director, Older and Retired Workers Department,

UAW.

Richards, Robert L., executive director, American Society of Internal

Medicine..

Russell, Roger W., executive secretary, American Psychological

Association..

Shore, Herbert, executive director, Dallas Home for the Jewish Aged,

Dallas, Tex.'-

Swope, Chester D., D.O., American Osteopathic Association.

Tanner, Rt. Rev. Msgr. Paul F., general secretary, National Catholic

Welfare Conference..

Tolley, Russell M., National Conference of Health and Welfare Plans,

Trustees and Administrators...

Vick, Hollis, consultant on planning for the aging, United Community

Funds and Councils of America..

Whitten, E. B., executive director, National Rehabilitation Associa-

tion.

Wick, Ralph E., O.D., American Optometric Association, St. Louis,

Mo..

Report of Major Eagle National Programs, 1958-59.

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NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IN THE FIELD OF AGING

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TUESDAY, AUGUST 4, 1959

U.S. SENATE,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON PROBLEMS OF THE AGED AND AGING
OF THE COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met at 10 a.m., pursuant to adjournment, in room 4232, New Senate Office Building, Senator Pat McNamara (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Present: Senators McNamara (presiding) and Randolph.

Subcommittee staff members present: Sidney Spector, staff director, and Dr. Harold Sheppard, research director.

Committee staff member present: Stewart E. McClure, chief clerk; and Raymond D. Hurley, minority professional staff member.

Senator McNAMARA. The hearing will be in order.

Today, tomorrow, and on Thursday, the Subcommittee on Problems of the Aged and Aging will begin to hear from national organizations working with older persons. Up to now we have heard from experts on the problem, and from the Federal agencies whose activities include services and programs for the aged in the United States.

One of the reasons we want to hear from the groups appearing these 3 days is that we are more and more becoming convinced that our older citizens resent bitterly the minority status that other Americans are imposing on them.

Their own organizations, cropping up around the country, as well as other organizations concerned about their problems, want some action to reverse this condition. Obsolete ideas about their inability to contribute to society must be discarded along with such notions that they can get along on a mere subsistence income; or that their housing can be dilapidated; or that the financing of their health needs can take care of itself.

Just yesterday I received one of the many letters which make no attempt to hide their bitterness. This one is from California. Two sentences will suffice to indicate what I am talking about here:

You men of the Senate are well fed, well clothed, and well housed. You live like kings on the taxpayers' backs and lack the decency and sense to treat our cheated impoverished old citizens like human beings in this richest country on earth.

We need to include our aged in the mainstream of American social and economic life, rather than to segregate them as a hostile class apart. The specific measures involved in such a program of "desegregation” include issues like discrimination in employment; effective financing of their health needs; providing adequate public and private housing; insuring an adequate income; and raising the standard of nursing homes and homes for the aged.

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When inviting the organizations appearing in these hearings, we requested that they address themselves to the following items:

(1) A summary of their interest and work in the field of aging. (2) What additional responsibilities they should undertake.

(3) The specific problems of aging as their own organization sees them,

(4) The responsibilities of voluntary groups, local communities, and the State and Federal Governments in meeting these specific problems.

The first group we want to hear from is the United Steelworkers, Committee of Retired Workers-Mr. Nathan Cowan, chairman, and Mr. James O'Brien, his assistant.

Will you gentlemen come forward, please!

STATEMENT OF NATHAN COWAN, CHAIRMAN; ACCOMPANIED BY

JAMES C. O'BRIEN, ASSISTANT CHAIRMAN, COMMITTEE OF RETIRED WORKERS, UNITED STEELWORKERS OF AMERICA

Senator McNAMARA. Good morning, gentlemen. I see you have a prepared statement. Do you want to present your entire statement for the record and summarize it for the committee?

Mr. Cowan. I have a prepared statement here, Senator McNamara. We would like to have it presented for the record. I will not attempt to read from it. It is lengthy and I know that you are rushed for time.

Senator McNAMARA. That will be done. It will be printed at this point in the record.

(The prepared statement of Mr. Cowan follows:)

PREPARED STATEMENT OF NATHAN E. COWAN, CHAIRMAN, COMMITTEE OF RETIRED

WORKERS, UNITED STEEL WORKERS OF AMERICA Gentlemen, I am happy to be here today and it is with a great deal of satisfaction that I approach the role of witness before this committee. At age 73, I have behind me over 60 years of activity since that day at age 12 when I signed my first card in the Miners' Union. It is my understanding that those testifying as witnesses from national organizations are to describe their respective groups' activities and plans, as well as to give their views on needed Federal action. Certainly, I intend to do just this but I would feel remiss, if I did not take this moment to point out that we have come a long way the past half century, for while there are areas of definite need and the financial resources of millions of senior citizens are inadequate or nonexistent, thanks to the growth of social consciousness in our great country, to the legislative revolution that took place through the New Deal, as well as to the tremendous contribution of organized labor, the far blacker picture that existed earlier has been altered considerably. Nearly 1 million members of the United Steelworkers Union are covered by collectively bargained pension agreements. However, it is all too easy to forget that the breakthrough on this front was won only after a long and difficult strike in 1949. Most other unions have undergone similar struggles to obtain and then improve the pension, insurance, hospitalization, supplemental unemployment and other benefits for their members, including of course, the aged and aging among them.

At our eighth annual convention in Los Angeles in 1956 the following resolution was passed : “We recognize that the provision of a pension for our members who retire still leaves unanswered many problems. We recommend that the officers of the union seek to develop programs to make comfortable, enjoyable, and fruitful the lives of pensioners.”

Shortly after my staff and I made a preliminary report to President McDonald and acting on this brief survey he wrote a strong letter to all our directors, local unions, and staff which I think is worth quoting from.

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