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paid for the nursing a thousand : he had some feel-l. Duke. No might nor greatness in mortality ing of the sport; he knew the service, and that in- Can censure 'scape ; back-wounding calumny structed him to mercy,
The whitest virtue strikes : What king so strong, Dike. I never heard the absent duke much de- Can tie the gall up in the slanderous tongue ? tected' for women; he was not inclined that way. But who comes here?
Lucio, 0, sir, you are deceived.
Enter Escalus, Provost, Bawd, and Officers. Lucio. Who? not the duke ? yes, your beggar of Escal. Go, away with her to prison. fifty ;-and his use was, to put a ducat in her clack- Bawd. Good my lord, be good to me; your hodish: the duke had crotchets in him: he would be nour is accounted a merciful man: good iny lord. drunk too; that let me inform you.
Escal, Double and treble admonition, and still Duke. You do him wrong, surely.
forfeit' in the same kind ? This would make mercy Lucio. Sir, I was an inward of his : a shy fellow swear, and play the tyrant. was the duke : and, I believe, I know the cause of Prov. A bawd of eleven years continuance, may his withdrawing.
it please your honour. Duke. Wha, I prythee, might be the cause ? Bard. My lord, this is one Lucio's information Lucio. No, -pardon ;-)tis a secret must be against me: mistress Kate Keep-down was with lock'd within the teeth and the lips ; but this I can child by him in the duke's time, he promised her let you understand,- The greater file? of the sub- marriage; his child is a year and a quarter old, jeci held the duke to be wise.
come Philip and Jacob : I have kept it myself; and Duke. Wise? why, no question but he was.. see how he goes about to abuse me. Lucio. A very superficial, ignorant, unweighing' Escal. That sellow is a fellow of much license : fellow.
- let him be called before us.-Away with her lo Duke. Either this is envy in you, folly, or mis- prison: Go to; no more words. (Ereuni Bawd and taking; the very stream of his life, and the business Officers.). Provost, my brother Angelo will not be he hath helmed, must, upon a warranted need, alter'd, Claudio must die to-morrow; let him be give him a better proclamation. Let him be but furnished with divines, and have all charitable prelestimonied in his own bringings forth, and he shall paration: if my brother wrought by my pity, it appear to the envious, a scholar, a statesman, and should not be so with him. a soldier : therefore, you speak unskilfully; or, if Prov. So please you, this friar hath been with him, your knowledge be more, it is much darken'd' in and advised him for the entertainment of death. your malice.
Escal. Good even, good father. Lucio. Sir, I know him, and I love him.
Duke. Bliss and goodness on you! Duke. Love talks with better knowledge, and Escal. Or whence are you? knowledge with dearer love.
Drike. Not of this country, though my chance is Lucio. Come, sir, I know what I know.
Duke. I can hardly believe that, since you know To use it for my time: I am a brother not what you speak. But, if ever the duke return or gracious order, late come from the see, (as our prayers are he may,) let me desire you to In special business from his holiness. make your answer before him: if it be honest you Escal. What news abroad i' the world ? have spoke, you have courage to maintain it: I am Duke. None, but that there is so great a sever bound to call upon you; and, I pray you, your on goodness, that the dissolution of it must cure it; name?
novelty is only in request ; and it is as dangerous to Lucio. Sir, my name is Lucio; well known to be constant in any kind of course, as it is virtuous the duke.
to be constant in any undertaking. There is scarce Duke. He shall know you better, sir, if I may truth enough alive, to make societies secure ; but live to report you.
security enough, to make fellowships accurs'd: Lucio. I fear you not.
much upon this riddle runs the wisdom of thc world. Duke, 0, you hope the duke will return no more; This news is old enough, yet it is every day's news. or you imagine me too unhurtful an opposite. But, I pray you, sir, of what disposition was the duke ? indeed, I can do you little harm: you'll forswear Escal. One, that, above all other strises, contendthis again.
ed especially to know himself. Lucio. I'll be hang'd first: thou art deceived in Duke. What pleasure was he given to ? me, friar. But no more of this : can'st thou tell, ir Escal. Rather rejoicing to see another merry, Claudio die to-morrow, or no?
than merry at any thing which profess'd to make Duke. Why should he die, sir ?
him rejoice; a gentleman of all iemperance. But Lucio. Why ? for filling a bottle with a tun-dish. leave we him to his events, with a prayer they may I would, the duke, we talk of, were return'd again : prove prosperous: and let me desire to know how this ungenitur'd agent will unpeople the province you find Claudio prepared. I am made to under with continency; sparrows must not build in his stand, that you have lent him visitation. house-eaves, because they are lecherous. The duke Duke. He professes to have received no sinister yet would have dark deeds darkly answerd; he measures from his judge, but most willingly humwould never bring them to light : would he werd bles himself to the determination or justice : yet return'd! Marry, this Claudio is condemned for had he framed to himself, by the instruction of his untrussing. Farewell, good friar; I pr’ythee, pray frailty, many deceiving promises of life; which I, for me. The duke, I say to thee again, would eat by my good leisure, have discredited to him, and mutton on Fridays. He's now past it'; yet, and I now is he resolved to die. say to thee, he would mouth with a beggar, though Escal. You have paid the heavens your function, she smelt brown bread and garlic : say, that I said and the prisoner the very debt of your calling. I 80. Farewell.
(Exit. have labour'd for the poor gentleman, to the ex. (1) Suspected. (2) The majority of his subjects. (6) Have a wench. (7) Transgress, (si Inconsiderate. (4) Guided.15) Opponent. (8) Satisfied.
tremest shore of my modesty; but my brother jus-sis come, even now. I shall crave your forbearance tice have I found so severe, that he hath forced me a little; may be, I will call upon you anon, for to tell him, he is indeed-justice.
some advantage to yourself. Duke. If his own life answers the straitness of Mari. I am always bound to you. [Exil. his proceeding, it shall become him well; wherein, Duke. Very well met, and welcome. if he chance to fail, he hath sentenced himself. What is the news from this good deputy? Escal. I am going to visit the prisoner: Fare. Isab. He hath a garden circummur'da with brick,
Whose western side is with a vineyard back'd; Duke. Peace be with you!
And to that vineyard is a planched gate, (Exeunt Escalus and Provost. That makes his opening with this bigger key: He, who the sword of' heaven will bear,
This other doth command a lillle door, Should be as holy as severe;
Which from the vineyard to the garden leads ; Pattern in himself to know,
There have I made my promise to call on him, Grace to stand, and virtue go;
Upon the heavy middle of the night. More nor less to others paying,
Duke. But 'shull you on your knowledge find Than by sell-offences weighing.
this way? Shame to him, whose cruel striking
Isab. I have ta'en a due and wary note upon't; Kills for faults of his own liking!
With whispering and most guilty diligence, Twice treble shame on Angelo,
In action all of precept, he did show me To weed my vice, and let his grow!
The way twice O'er. 0, what my man within him hide,
Are there no other tokens Though angel on the outward side!
Between you 'greed, concerning her observance? How inay likeness,' made in crimes,
Isab. No, none, but only a repair i' lhe dark; Making practice on the times,
And that I have possess'd' him, iny most stay Draw with idle spiders' strings
Can be but brier for I have made him know, Most pond'rous and substantial things!
I have a servant comes with me along, Craft against vice I must apply:
That stays upon me; whose persuasion is, With Angclo to-night shall lie
I come about my brother. His old betrothed, but despis'd;
"Tis well borne up. So disguise shall, by the disguis'd,
I have not yet made known to Mariana Pay with falsehood salse exacting,
A word of this :-What, ho! within ! come forth! And perform an old contracting.
She comes to do you good.
I do desire the like.
Duke. Do you persuade yourself that I respect SCENE I. -A room in Mariana's house. Mariana discovered silling ; a Boy singing. Mari. Good friar, I know you do; and have SONG,
Dike. Take then this your companion by the Take, oh take those lips away,
hand, That so sweelly were forsworn ;
Who hath a story ready for your ear: And those cyes, the break of day,
I shall attend your leisure; but make haste; Lights thai do mislead the morn:
The vaporous night approaches. But my kisses öring again,
Will't please you walk aside ? bring again, Seals of love, but sea”d in vain,
(Exeunt Mariana and Isabella. seald in vain. Duke. O place and greatness, millions of false Mari. Break off thy song, and haste thee quick are stuck upon thre! volumes of report away ;
Run with these false and most contrarious quests' flere comes a man of comfort, whose advice Hath often stillid my brawling disconteni.
Upon thy doings ! thousand 'scapes of wit
Make thee the father of their idle dream,
(Exil Boy. And rack thee in their fancies !-Welcome! How Enter Duke.
Re-enter Mariana and Isabella.
Isab. She'll take the enterprise upon her, father,
If you advisc it, Duke. 'Tis good: ihough music oft hath such a
It is not my consent, charm, To make bad, good, and good provoke to harm.
But my entrcaty too.
Little have you to say, I pray you, tell me, hath any body inquired for me when you depart fross him, but, soft and low, here to-day ? much upon this time have I promis’d Remember now my brothe. here to meet.
Scar me not. Mari. You have not been inquired after: I have
Duke. Nor, gentle daughter, fear you not at all: sat here all day.
He is your husband on a prc-contráct:
To bring you thus together, 'tis no sin ;
Doth flourish the deceit. Come, let us go; (1) Appearance. (2) Trained. (3) Walled round. (4) Planked, wooden. (7) Inquisitions, inquiries. (8) Sallies. Informed. (6) Waits.
(9) Since. (10) Gild or varnish over.
Our corn's to reap, for yet our tithe’s' to sow. One has my pily; not a jot the other,
[Ereint. Being a murderer, though he were my brother. SCENE II.-A room in the prison. Enter
Look, here's the warrant, Claudio, for thy death:
'Tis now dead midnight, and by eight to-morrow Prov. Come hither, sirrah: can you cut off a Thou must be made immortal. Where's Barnardine? man's head?
Claud. As fast lock'd up in slecp, as guiltless
He will not wake.
Who can do good on him? yield me a direct answer. To-morrow morning Well, go, prepare yourself. But hark, what noise ? are to die Claudio and Barnardine: here is in our
Duke. The best and wholesomest spirits of the
Prov. None, since the cursew rung.
Not Isabel? there?
Duke, They will then, cre't be long.
Prov. What comfort is for Claudio ?
There's some in hope. morrow in your execution : if you think him meet,
Prov. It is a bitter deputy. compound with him by the year, and let him abidé Duke. Not so, not so ; his life is parallel'd here with you: if not, use him for the present, and Even with the stroke and line of his great justice; dismiss him: he cannot plead his estimation with He doth with holy abstinence subdue you; he hath been a bawd.
That in himsell, which he spurs on his power Abhor. A bawd, sir ? Fie upon him, he will dis- To qualifye in others : were he meal'de credit our mystery.'
With that which he corrects, then were he tyrannous; Prov. Go to, sir; you weigh equally; a feather But this being so, he's just.-Now are they come.will turn the scale.
(Knocking within-Provost goes oul. Clo. Pray, sir, by your good favour (for, surely, This is a gentle provost: Seldom, when sir, a good favour you have. but that you have a The steeled gaoler is the friend of men. hanging look,) do you call, sir, your occupation allow now? What noise ? That spirit's possess'd mystery?
with haste, Abhor. Ay, sir ; a mystery,
That wounds the unsisting postern with these
Provost returns, speaking to one at the door.
Duke. Have you no countermand for Claudio yet,
But he must die to-morrow?
None, sir, none.
Ilappily,' man's apparel fits your thief.
You something know; yct, I believe, there comes Re-enter Provost.
No countermand; no such example have we:
Besides, upon the very siege" of justice,
Lord Angelo hath to the public car
Enter a Messenger.
Prov. And here comes Claudio's pardon. 3bhor. Come on, bawd; I will instruct thee in Mess. My lord hath sent you this note; and by my trade; follow.
me this further charge, that you swerve not from Clo. I do desire to learn, sir; and, I hope, if you the smallest article of it, neither in time, matter, have occasion to use me for your own turn, you nor other circumstance.' Good morrow; for, as í shall find me yare : for, truly, sir, for your kind- take it, it is almost day. ness, I owe you a good turn.
Prov. I shall obey him. [Exit Messenger. Prov. Call hither, Barnardine and Claudio: Duke. This is his pardon; purchased by such (Exeunt Clown and Abhorson. sin,
(Aside. (1) Tilth, land prepared for sowing. (2) Fetters. (6) Rearly, (7) Stilly. (A) Moderate, (3) Trade. (4) Countenonce, (5) Honest (9) Dehled. (16) Perhaps, (11) Seat.
For which the pardoner himself is in a
Duke. O, death's a great disguiser : and you Hence hath offence his quick celerity,
may add to it. Share the head, and tie the beard ; When it is borne in high authority :
and say, it was the desire of the penitent to be bo When vice makes inercy, mercy's so extended, bared before his death; you know, the course is That for the fault's love,' is the offender friended.common. If any thing fall to you upon this, more Now, sir, what news?
than thanks and good fortune, by the saint whom Prov. I told you: Lord Angelo, belike, think. I profess, I will plead against it with my life. ing me reiniss in mine office, awakens me with this 'Prov. Pardon me, good father; it is against my unwonted putting on :'methinks, strangely; for oath. he hath not used it before.
Duke. Were you sworn to the duke, or to the Dike. Pray you, let's hcar.
deputy ? Prov. [Reads.] W'halsoever you may hear lo Prov. To him, and to his substitutes. the contrary, let Claudio be executed by four ofl. Duke. You will think you have made no offence, the clock; and, in the afternoon, Barnardine: if the duke avouch the justice of your dealing ? for my better sal is fuction, let me have Claudio's Prov. But what likelihood is in that? head sent me by five. Let this be duly perform'd; Duke. Not a rescmblance, but a certainty. Yet with a thsught, that more depends on it ihan we skice I see you fearful, that neither my coat, inmust yet deliver. Thus fail not lo do your office, tegrity, nor my persuasion, can with casc attempt as you will answer it at your peril.
I'will go further than I meant, to pluck all Wnat say you to this, sir ?
fears out of you. Look you, sir, here is the hand Duke. What is that Barnardine, who is to be and seal of the duke. You know the character, I executed in the afternoon ?
doubt not; and the signet is not strange to you. Prov. A Bohemian born; but here nursed up Prov. I know them both. and bred: one that is a prisoner nine years old." Duke. The contents of this is the return of the
Duke. How came it, that the absent duke had duke; you shall anon over-read it at your pleanot either deliver'd him to his liberty, or executed sure; where you shall find, within these two days him? I have heard, it was ever his manner to do so. he will be here. This is a thing, that Angelo
Prov. His friends still wrought reprieves for knows not: for he this very day receives letters of him: and, indeed, his fact, till now in the govern- strange tenor ; perchance, of the duke's death; ment of lord Angelo, came not to an undoubtful perchance, entering into some monastery; but, by proof.
chance, nothing of what is writ.-Look, the un Duke. Is it now apparent?
folding star calls up the shepherd: put not your. Prov. Most manifest, and not denied by himself. sell into amazement, how these things should be.
Duke. Hath he borne himself penitently in all difficulties are but easy when they are known. prison? How seems he to be touch'd?
Call your executioner, and off with Barnardine's Prov. A man that apprehends death no more head: I will give him a present shrist, and advise dreadfully, but as u drunken sleep; careless, reck- him for a better place. Yet you are amazed ; but less, and fearless of what's past, present, or to this shall absolutely resolve you. Come away; it come; insensiblo of mortality, and desperately is almost clear dawn.
SCENE III. Another room in the same. Enter Duke. He wants advice,
Clown. Prov. He will hear nonc: he hath evermore had the liberty of the prison; give him leave to escape Clo. I am as well acquainted here, as I was in our hence, he would not: drunk many times a day, if house of profession: one would think, it were misnot many days entirely drunk. We have very tress Over-donc's own house, for bere be many of often awaked him, as is to carry him to execution, her old customers. First, here's young master Rash; and show'd him a seeming warrant for it: it hath he's in for a commodity of brown paper and old not mov'd him at all.
ginger, nincscore and seventeen pounds; of which Duke. More of him anon. There is written in he made five marks, ready inoney : marry, then, your brow, provost, honesty and constancy: If I ginger was not much'in request, for the old women read it not truly, my ancient skill beguiles me; were all dead. Then is there here one master Cabnt in the boldness of my cunning, I will lay my-per, at the suit of master Three-pile the mercer, for self in hazard. Claudio, whom here you have a some four suits of peach-colourd satin, which now warrant to execute, is no greater forfeit to the law peaches him a beggar. Then have we here young than Angelo who hath sentenced him: to make Dizy, and young mester Deep-vow, and master you understand this in a manifested effect, I crave Copper-spur, and master Starve-lackey the rapier but four days respite ; for the which you are to do and dagger-man, and young Drop-heir that kill'd mc both a present and a dangerous courtesy. lusty Pudding, and master Forthright the tilter, and Prov. Pray, sir, in what ?
brave master Shoe-tie the great traveller, and wild Duke. In the delaying death.
Half-cann that stabb'd Pots, and, I think, forty Prov. Alack! how may I do it? having the hour more; all great doers in our trade, and are now for limited; and an express command, under penalty, the Lord's sake. to deliver his head in the view of 'Angelo? I may make my casc as Claudio's, to cross this in the
Enter Abhorson. smallest. Duke. By the vow of mine order, I warrant you,
Abhor. Sirrah, bring Barnardine hither.
Clo. Master Barnardine! you must rise and be ir my instructions may be your guide. Let this hang'd, master Barnardine. Barnardine be this morning executed, and his head
Abhór. What, ho, Barnardine! be borne to Angelo.
Barnar. [Within.) A pox o' your throats! Who Proo. Angelo hath seen them both, and will makes that noise there? What are you? discover the favour.'
Clo. Your friends, sir ; the hangman : you must (1) Spur, incitement. (2) Nine years in prison.
be so good, bir, to rise and be put to death. Both Barnardino and Claudio: Ere twice
Barndr.'( Within.] Away, you rogue, away; 1 The sun hath made his journal greeting to am sleepy:
The under generation, you shall find Abhot. Tell him, he must awake, and that your safety manisested. quickly too.
Prov. I am your free dependant. Clo. Pray, master Barnardine, awake till you are Duke.
Quick, despatch, executed, and sleep afterwards.
And send the head to Angelo. (Eril Provost Abhor. Go in to him, and fetch him out. Now will I write letters to Angelo,
Clo. He is coming, sir, he is coming; I hear his The provost, he shall bear them, -whose contents straw rustle.
Shall witness to him, I am near at home;
And that, by great injunctions, I am bound
To enter publicly: him I'll desire Abher. Is the axe upon the block, sirrah? To meet me at the consecrated fount, Clo. Very ready, sir.
A league below the city; and from thence, Barnar. How now, Abhorson ? what's the news By cold gradation and weal-balanced form, with you?
We shall proceed with Angelo. Abhor. Truly, sir, I would desire you to clap into your prayers; for, look you, the warrant's come.
Re-enter. Provost. Barnar. You rogue, I have been drinking all Prov. Here is the head; I'll carry it myself. night, I am not fitted for’t.
Duke. Convenient is it: Make a swift return; Cl. O, the better, sir; for he that drinks all For I would commune with you of such things, night, and is hang'd betimes in the morning, may That want no ear but yours. sleep the sounder all the next day,
I'll make all specd. Enter Duke.
Isab. (Within.) Peace, ho, be here! Abhor. Look you, sir, here comes your ghostly Duke. The tongue of Isabel :-She's come to father; do wc jest now, think you ?
know, Duke. Sir, induced by my charity, and hearing If yet her brother's pardon be come hither : how hastily you are to depart, I am come to advise But I will keep her ignorant of her good, you, comfort you, and pray with you.
To make her heavenly comforts of despair, Barnar. Friar, not l; I have been drinking hard When it is least expected. all night, and I will have more time to prepare me, or they shall beat out my brains with billets: I will
Enter Isabella. not consent to die this day, that's certain. Duke. O, sir, you musé : and therefore, I be
Isab. Ho, by your leave. seech you,
Dilke. Good morning to you, fair and gracious Look forward on the journey you shall go.
daughter. Barnar. I swear, I will not die to-day for any Hath yct the depuity serit iny brother's pardon?
Isab. The better, given me by so holy a man. man's persuasion. Duke. But hear you,
Duke. He hath releas' him, Isabel, from the Barnar. Not a word; if you have any thing to
[Exit. Isab. Nay, but it is not so.
It is no other:
Show your wisdom, daughter, in your close pa.
tience. Drike. Unfit to live, or die : 0, gravel heart!-After him, feHows; bring him to the block.
Isab. O, I will to him, and pluck out his eyes. '[Ereunt Abhorson and Clown. Duke. You shall not be admitted to his sight. Pror. Now, sir, how do you find the prisoner ?
Isab. Unhappy Claudio! Wretched Isabel ! Duke. A creature unprepar'd, unmeet for death; Injurious world! Most damned Angelo!
Duke. This nor hurts him, nor profits you a jot : And, to transport him in the mind he is, Were damnable.
Forbear it therefore; give your cause to Heaven. Pror, Here in the prison, father,
Mark what I say; which you shall find, There died this morning of a cruel fever
By every syllable, a faithful verity: One Ragozine, a most notorious pirate,
The duke comes home to-morrow ;-nay, dry you: A man of Claudio's years; his beard, and head,
eyes; Just of his colour: What if we do omit
One of our convent, and his confessor, This reprobate, till he were well inclin'd;
Gives me this instance: Already hc hath carried And satisfy the deputy with the visage
Notice to Escalus and Angelo; Of Ragozine, more like to Claudio ?
Who do prepare to meet him at the gates, Duke. O, 'us an accident that Heaven provides ! There to give up their power. If you can, pace Despatch it presently; the hour draws on
your wisdom Prefix'd by Angelo : See, this be done,
In that good path that I would wish it go; And sent according to command; whiles I
And you shall have your bosomo on this wretch, Persuade this rude wretch willingly to die.
Grace of the duke, revenges to your heart,
I am directed by you. And how shall we continue Claudio,
Duke. This letter then to Criar Peter give; To save me from the danger that might come,
'Tis that he sent me of the duke's return : If he were known alive?
Say, by this token, I desire his company Duke. Let this be done ;-Put them in secret At Mariana's house to night. Her cause, and yours holds,
I'll perfect him withal; and he shall bring you
Before the duke ; and to the head of Angelo (1) The antipodes, (2) Your heart's desire, Accuse him home, and home. For my poor sell,