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Thou but offend'st thy lungs to speak so loud: The deeds of mercy. I have spoke thus much,
Which if thou follow, this strict court of Venice Duke. This letter from Bellario doth commend Must needs give sentence 'gainst the merchant A young and learned doctor to our court:
there. Where is he?
Shy. My dced's upon my head! I crave the law, Ner.
He attendeth here hard by, The penalty and forfeit of my bond. To know your answer, whether you'll admit him. Por. Is he not able to discharge the money? Duke. With all my heart:-some three or four Bass. Yes, here I tender it for him in the court; of you,
Yea, twice the sum: if that will not suflice, Go give him courteous conduct to this place. I will be bound to pay it ten times o'er, Mean time, the court shall hear Bellario's letter. On forfeit of my hands, my head, my heart:
(Clerk reads.) Your grace shall understand, If this will not suffice, it must appear that, at the receipt of your letter, I am very sick : That malice bears down truth. And I beseech you, but in the instant that your messenger came, in Wrest once the law to your authority: loving visitation was with me a young doctor of To do a great right, do a little wrong; Rome, his name is Balthazar: I'acquainted him And curb this cruel devil of his will. with the cause in controversy between the Jew and Por. It must not be ; there is no power in Venice Antonio the merchant: we turned o'er many books Can alter a decree established : together : he is furnish'd with my opinion ; which, 'Twill be recorded for a precedent; better'd with his own learning the greatness And many an error, by the same example, whereof I cannot enough commend,) comes with Will rush into the state : it cannot be. him, at my importunity, to fill up your grace's re Shy. A Daniel come to judgment! yea, a Daquest in my stead. I beseech you, let his lack of niel ! years be no impediment to let him lack a reverend O wise young judge, how do I honour thee! estimation ; for I never knew so young a body with Por. I pray you, let me look upon the bond. so old a head. I leave him to your gracions accept Shy. Here 'lis, most reverend doctor, here it is. ance, whose trial shall beller publish his commen Por. Shylock, there's thrice thy money offer'd dation,
thee. Duke. You hear the learn'd Bellario, what he Shy. An oath, an oath, I have an oath in heaven: writes:
Shall I lay perjury upon my soul ?
No, not for Venice,
Why, this hond is forfeit; Enter Portia, dressed like a doctor of laws.
And lawfully by this the Jew may claim Give me your hand: came you from old Bellario ? A pound of flesh, to be by him cut off Por. I did, my lord.
Nearest the merchant's heart:--Bc merciful; Duke. You are welcome: take your place. Take thrice thy money; bid me tear the bond. Are you acquainted with the difference
Shy. When it is paid according to the tenor.That holds this present question in the court ? It doth appear, you are a worthy judge;
Por. I am informed thoroughly of the cause. You know the law, your exposition
Duke. Antonio and old Shylock, both stand forth. Whereof you are a well-deserving pillar,
Proceed to judgment: by my soul I swear,
Shylock is my name. There is no power in the tongue of man Por. Or a strange nature is the suit you follow ; To alter me: I stay here on my bond. Yet in such rule, that the Venetian law
Ant. Most heartily I do beseech the court Cannot impugn' you, as you do proceed. To give the judgment. You stand within his danger,' do you not?
Why then, thus it is. [To Antonio. You must prepare your bosom for his knife. Ant. Ay, so he says.
Shy. O noble judge! O excellent young man! Por.
Do you confess the bond ? Por. For the intent and purpose of the law Ant. I do.
Hath full relation to the penalty, Por.
Then must the Jew be merciful. Which here appeareth due upon the bond. Shy. On what compulsion must I ? tell me that. Shy. 'Tis very true: O wise and upright judge!
Por. The quality of mercy is not strain'd; How much more elder art thou than thy looks! It droppeth, as the gentle rain from heaven
Por. Therefore, lay bare your bosom. Upon the place beneath: it is twice bless'd;
Ay, his breast: It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes : So says the bond ;-Doth it not, noble judge ?'Tis mightiest in the mightiest; it becomes Nearest his heart, those are the very words. The throned monarch better than his crown: Por. It is so. Are there balance here, to wcigh His sceptre shows the force of temporal power, The flesh ? The attribute to awe and majesty,
Shy. I have them ready. Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of kings; Por. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on you But mercy is above this scepter'd sway,
charge, It is enthroned in the hearts of kings,
To stop his wounds, lest he do bleed to death. It is an attribute to God himself ;
Shy. Is it so nominated in the bond ? And earthly power doth then show likest God's, Por. It is not so express'd; But what of that? When mercy seasons justice. Therefore, Jew, 'Twere good you do so much for charity. Though justice be thy plea, consider this, Shy. I cannot find it ; 'tis not in the bond. That, in the course of justice, none of us
Por. Come, merchant, have you any thing to say! Should see salvation: we do pray for mercy: Ant. But little ; I am arm'd, and well prepar'd. And that same prayer doth teach us all to render Give me your hand, Bassanio; fare you well!
Grieve not that I am fallen to this for you ; (1) Oppose. (2) Reach or control. For herein fortune shows herself more kind
Than is her custom: it is still her use,
Thou diest, and all thy goods are confiscate. To let the wretched man out-live his wealth, Gra. A second Daniel, a Daniel, Jew! To view with hollow eye, and wrinkled brow, Now, infidel, I have thee on the hip. An age of poverty; from which lingering penance Por. Why doth the Jew pause? take thy for Of such a misery doth she cut me off.
seiture. Commend me to your honourable wise:
Shy. Give me my principal, and let me go. Tell her the process of Antonio's end,
Bass. I have it ready for thee; here it is. Say, how I lov'd you, speak me fair in death; Por. He hath resus'd it in the open court; And, when the tale is told, bid her be judge, He shall have merely justice, and his bond. Whether Bussanio had not once a love.
Gra. A Daniel, still say I; a second Daniel ! Repent not you that you shall lose your friend, I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that word. And he repents not that he pays your debt; Shy. Shall I not have barely my principal ? For if the Jew do cut but deep enough,
Por. Thou shall have nothing but the forfeiture, I'll pay it instantly with all my heart.
To be so taken at thy peril, Jew. Bass. Antonio, I am married to a wise,
Shy. Why then the devil give him good of it! Which is as dear to me as life itsell';
I'll stay no longer question. But life itself, my wife, and all the world,
It is enacted in the laws of Venice, –
If it be prov'd against an alien, Por. Your wife would give you little thanks for That by direct, or indirect attesopts, that,
He seek the life of any citize!, If she were by, to hear you make the offer. The party, 'gainst the which lie lotn contrive,
Gra. I have a wife, whom I protest I love; Shall seize one half his goods; the other half
Ner. 'Tis well you offcr it behind her back; of the duke only, 'gainst all other voice.
That, indirectly, and directly too, 'Would any of the stock of Barabbas
Thou hast contriv'd against the very life Had been her husband, rather than a Christian! of the defendant; and thou hast incurr'd
(Aside. The danger formerly by me rehears'd. We trifle time: I pray thee pursue sentence. Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the duke. Por. A pound of that same merchant's flesh is Gra. Bey, that thou may'st have leave to hang thine ;
thyself: The court awards it, and the law doth give it. And yet, thy wealth being forfuit to the state, Shy. Most rightful judge!
Thou hast not left the value of a cord; Por. And you must cut this flesh from off his Therefore, thou must be hang'datthasiate'scharge. breast;
Duke. That thou shall sce the difference of our The law allows it, and the court airards it.
spirit, Shy. Most learned judge !-A sentence; come, I pardon thee ihy life before thou ask it : prepare.
For half thy wealth, it is Antonio's; Por. Tarry a little, there is something else. The other ball comes to the general state, This bond doth give thee here no jot of blood; Which hunbleness may drive unto a fine. The words expressly are, a pound of flesh: Por. Ay, for the state; not for Antonio. Take then thy bond, take thou thy pound of flesh; Shy. Nay, take my life and all, pardon not that. But, in the cutting it, if thou dost'shed
You take my house, when you do take the prop One drop of Christian blood, thy lands and goods That doth sustain my house ; you take my life', Are, by the laws of Venice, confiscate
When you do take the means whereby I live. Unto the state of Venice.
Por. What mercy can you render him, Antonio ? Gra. O upright judge !-Mark, Jew;-0 learn Gra. A halter gratis; nothing else, for God's sake. ed judge!
Ant. So please my lord the duke, and all the Shy. Is that the law ?
Thyself shalt sec thc act: To quit the fine for one half of his goods; For, as thou urgest justice, be assurd,
I am content, so he will let me have Thou shalt have justice, more than thou desir’st. The other half in use,-to render it, Gra. O learned judge!-Mark, Jew ;-a learned Upon his death, unto the gentleman judge!
That lately stole his daughter : Shy. I take this offer then ;—pay the bond thrice, Two things provided more, --That, for this favour, And let the Christian go.
He presently become a Christian; Bass.
Here is the moncy. The other, that he do record a qrist, Por. Solt;
Here in the court, of all he dies possess'd, The Jew shall have all justice;-soft!-no haste;-Unto his son Lorenzo, and his daughter. He shall have nothing but the penalty.
Duke. He shall do this; or else I do recant Gra. O Jew! an upright judge, a learned judge! The pardon, that I late pronounced here. Por. Therefore, prepare thee to cut off the flesh. Por, Art thou contented, Jew, what dost thou Shed thou no blood; nor cut thou less, nor more, But just a pound of flesh: if thou tak'st more, Shy. I am content. Or less, than a just pound,-be it but so much Por.
Clerk, draw a deed of gift, As makes it light, or heavy, in the substance, Shy. I pray you, give me leave to go from hence; Or the division of the twentieth part
I am not well; send the deed after me,
Get thee gonc, but do it.
Gra. In christening thou shalt have two god-SCENE II.-The same. A street. Enler Portia fathers;
and Nerissa. Had I been judge, thou should'st have had ten
Por. Inquire the Jew's house out, give him thus more,
deed, To bring thee to the gallows, not the font.
And let him sign it; we'll away to-night,
(Exit Shylock. And be a day before our husbands home: Duke. Sir, I entreat you home with me to dinner. This deed will be well welcome to Lorenzo.
Por. I humbly do desire your grace of pardon;
Gra. Fair sir, you are well overtaken:
Hath sent you here this ring; and doth entreat For, in my mind, you are much bound to him. Your company at dinner.
That cannot be: [Exeunt Duke, magnificoes, and train. This ring I do accept most thankfully, Bass. Most worthy gentleman, I and my friend,
so, Have by your wisdom been this day acquiited
pray you, tell him: Furthermore, Or grievous penalties; in licu whereof,
I pray you, show my youth old Shylock's house.
Gra. That will I do. Three thousand ducats, due unto the Jew,
Sir, I would speak with you:We freely cope your courteous pains withal.
I'll see if I can get my husband's ring, (To Portia. Ant. And stand indebted, over and above, Which I did make him swear to keep for ever. In love and service to you evermore,
Por. Thou may'st, I warrant: We shall have Por. He is well paid, that is well satisfied ;
old swearing, And I, delivering you, am satisfied, And therein do account myself well paid ;
That they did give the rings away to men;
But we'll outface them, and outswear them too. My mind was never yet more mercenary:
Away, make haste; thou know'st where I will tarry. I pray you, know me, when we meet again;
Ner. Come, good sir, will you show me to this I wish you well, and so I take my leave.
[Ercunt. Bass. Dear sir, of force I must attempt you surTake some remembrane of us, as a tribute, Not as a fee : grant me two things, I pray you,
Enter Lorenzo and Jessica,
Lor. The moon shines bright:-In such a night Do not draw back your hand; I'll take no more;
as this, and you in love shall not deny mc this.
When the sweet wind did gently kiss the trees, Bass. This ring, good sir,-alas, it is a trifle ;
And they did make no noise ; in such a night, I will not shame myself to give you this.
Troilus, methinks, mounted the Trojan walls, Por. I will have nothing else but only this ;
And sigh'd his soul toward the Grecian tents, And now, methinks, I have a mind to it,
Where Cressid lay that night.
In such a night, the value. The dearest ring in Venice will I give you,
And saw the lion's shadow ere himself, And find it out by proclamation ;
And ran dismay'd away.
Lor. Only for this, I pray you, pardon me.
In such a night,
Stood Dido with a willow in her hand
Upon the wild sea-banks, and wav'd her love You teach me how a beggar should be answer'd.
To come again to Carthage.
In such a night, wise ; And, when she put it on, she made me vow,
That did renew old Æson. That I should neither sell, nor give, nor lose it.
In such a night, Por. That 'scuse serves many men to save their Did Jessica steal from the wealthy Jew: gilts.
And with an unthrill love did run from Venice, An if your wise be not a mad woman,
As far as Belmont.
Jes. And know how well I have deserv'd this ring,
And in such a night, She would not hold out enemy for ever,
Did young Lorenzo swear he lov'd her well; For giving it to me. Wel, peace be with you !
Sicaling her soul with many vows of faith, [Exeunt Portia and Nerissa. And ne'er a true one. Ant. My lord Bassanio, let him have the ring ; Did pretty Jessica, like a little shrew,
And in such a night, Let his deservings, and my love withal, Be valued 'gainst your wise's commandment. Slander her love, and he forgave it her. Bass. Go, Gratiano, run and overtake him,
Jes, I would out-night you, did nobody como: Give him the ring; and bring him, if thou canst, Bui, hark, I hear the footing of a man. Unto Antonio's house:-away, make haste.
Enter Stephano. (E.ci! Gratiano. Come, you and I will thither presently ;
Lor. Who comes so fast in silencc of the night? And in the morning early will we both
Steph. A friend. Fly toward Belmont: Come, Antonio. (Exeunt. Lor. A friend? what friend ? your name, I pray
you, friend? (1) Reflection.
Sleph. Stephano is my name; and I bring word,
When every goose is eackling
, would be thought
My mistress will before the break of day
Enter Portia and Nerissa, at a distance. Be here at Belmont: she doth stray about
Por. That light wc sce, is burning in my hall.
So shines a good deed in a naughty world.
Ner. When the moon shone, we did not see the Sleph. None, but a holy hermit, and her maid.
candle. I pray you, is my master yet return'J ?
Por. So doth the greater glory dim the less • Lor. He is not, nor we have not heard from A substitute shines brightly as a king, him.-
Until a king be by; and then his state But go we in, I pray thee, Jessica,
Emptics itself, as doth an inland brook And ceremoniously let us prepare
Into the main of waters. Music! hark! Some welcome for the mistress of the house.
Ner. It is your music, madam, of the house. Enter Launcelot.
Por. Nothing is good, I see, without respect;
Mcthinks, it sounds much sweeter than by day. Laun. Sola, sola, wo ha, ho, soia, sola!
Ner. Silence bestows that virtue on il, mailan. Lor. Who calls ?
Por. The crow doth sing as sweetly as the lark, Laun. Sola! did you see master Lorenzo, and when neither is attended; and, I think, mistress Lorenzo? sola, sola!
No better å musician than the wren.
llow many things by season scuson'd are master, with his horn full of good news; my mas- Peace, hoa! the moon sleeps with Endymion, ter will be here ere morning.
[Exit. And would not be awak'a ! [ Music ceases. Lor. Sweet soul, let's in, and there expect their Lor.
That is the voice, coming.
Or I am much doceiv'd, of Portia. And yet no matter;-Why should we go in ?
Por. Iic knows me, as the blind man knows the My friend Stephano, signify, I pray you,
cuckoo, Within the house, your mistress is ai hand;
By the bad voice. And bring your music forth into the air.
Dcar lady, welcome home. [Exil Stephano. Por. We have been praying for our husbands' How sweet the moonlight sleeps upon this bank!
welfare, Here will we sit, and let the sounds of music
Which speed, we hope, the better for our words. Creep in our ears; son stillness, and the night,
Are they return'd ? Become the touches of sweet harmony.
Madam, they are not yet ; Sit, Jessica: Look, how the floor of heaven But there is come a messenger before, Is thick inlaid with patines' of bright gold;
To signify their coming. There's not the smallest orb, which thou behold'st,
Go in, Nerissa, But in his motion like an angel sings,
Give order to my servants, that they take Still quiring to the young-cy'd cherubins •
No note at all of our being absent hence ;Such harmony is in immortal souls;
Nor you, Lorenzo ;-Jessica, nor you, But, whilst this muddy vesture of decay
1.1 tuckel? sounds. Doth grossly close it in, we cannot hear it. Lor. Your husband is at hand, I hear his trumpet: Enter musicians.
We are no tell-tales, madam ; fear you not.
Por. This night, methinks, is but the day-light Come, ho, and wake Diana with a hymn;
sick, With sweetest touches picree your mistress' ear,
It looks a litile paler; 'lis a day, And draw her home with music.
Such as the day is when the sun is hid. Jes. I am never merry, when I hear sweet music.
(Music. Enler Bassanio, Antonio, Gratiano, and their Lor. The reason is, your spirits are attentive:
followers. For do but note a wild and wanton herd,
Bass. We should hold day with the Antipodes, Or race of youthful and unhandled colts,
If sou would walk in absence of the sun. Fetching mad bounds, bellowing, and neighing Por. Let me give light, but let me not be light; loud,
For a light wife doth make a heavy husband, Which is the hot condition of their blood;
And never be Bassanio so for me; If they but hcar perchance a trumpet sound, But God sort all! You are welcome home, my lord. Or any air of music touch their cars,
Bass. I thank you, madam: give welcome to You shall perceive them make a mutual stand, Their savage eyes turn'd to a modest gaze, This is the man, this is Antonio, By the sweet power of music: Thercore, the poet To whom I am so infinitely bound. Did fcign that Orpheus drew trees, stones, and Por. You should in all sense be much bound to foods ;
him, Since nought so stockish, hard, and full of rage, For, as I hear, he was much bound for you. But music for the time doth change his nature: Ant. No more than I am well arquitted of. T'ne man that hath no music in himself,
Por. Sir, you are very welcome to our house: Nor is not mov'd with concord of sweet sounds, It must appear in other wars than words, Is fit for treasons, stratagems, and spoils;
Therefore, I scant this breathing courtesy.3 The motions of his spirit are dull as night,
(Gratiano and Nerissa seem to lalk apart. And his affections dark as Erebus :
Gra. By yonder moon, I swear, you do me Let no such man be trusted.-Mark the music.
wrong ; (!) A small A-t dish, used in the administration
(2) A Nourish on a trumpet. of the Eucharist,
(3) Verbal, complimentary form.
In faith, gave it to the judge's clerk:
Which did refuse three thousand ducats of me, Would he were gelt that had it, for my part, And begg'd the ring; the which I did deny him, Since you do take it, love, so much at heart. And suffer'd him to go displeas'd away:
Por. A quarrel, hó, already? what's the matter ? Even he that had held up the very life Gra. About a hoop of goli, a paltry ring Of my dear friend. What should I say, sweet lady ? That she did give me; whose posy was
I was enforc'd to send it aller him ; For all the world, like cutler's poetry
I was beset with shame and courtesy ;
Ner. What talk you of the posy, or the value ? So much besmear it: Pardon me, good lady;
I will become as liberal as you :
No, not my body, nor my husband's bed: Gra. Now, by this hand, I gave it to a youth,– Know him I shall, I am well sure of it: A kind ol' bov; a little scrubbed boy,
Lic not a might from hoine ; watch me like Argus: No higher than thysell, the judge's clerk; If you do not, if I be left alone, A praling bov, that beyg'd it as a fee;
Now, by miné honour, which is yet my own, I could not for my heart deny it him.
T'll have that doctor for my bedfellow: Por. You were to blamne, I must be plain with you, Nor. And I his clerk; therefore be well advis'd, To part so slightly with your wife's lirst gift; How you do leave me to mine own protection. A thing stuck on with oaths upon your finger, Gru. Well, do you so: let not me take him then; And riveted so with faith unto vour Mesh.
For, if I do, I'll mar the young clerk's pen. I gave my love a ring, and made him swear Ant. I am the unhappy subject of these quarrels. Never to part with it; and here he stands; Por. Sir, grieve not you; You are welcome I dare be sworn for him, he would not leave it,
not withstanding. Nor pluck it from his finger, for the wcalth Bass. Portia, forgive me this enforc'd wrong; That the world masters. Now, in faith, Gratiano, And, in the hearing of these many friends, You give your wife tou unkind a causc of grics ; I swear to thee, even by thine osn fair eyes, An'lwere to me, I should be mad at it.
Wherein I see myself,Bass. Why, I'were best to cut my left hand oft,l. Por.
Mark you but that! And swear, I lost the ring defending it. (Aside. In both my eyes he doubly sees himself : Gra. My lord Bassanio gave his ring away
In each eye one :-wear by your double scll, Unto the judge that begy'd it, and, indeed, And there's an oath of credit, Desery'd it too; and then the boy, his clerk, Bass.
Nay, but hear me: That took some pains in writing, he begg'd’mine : Pardon this fault, and by my soul I swear, And neither man, nor master, would talie aught I never more will brcak an oath with thee. But the two rings.
Anl. I once did lend my body for his wcalth; Por.
What ring gave you, my lord ? Which, but for him that had your husband's ring, Not that, I hope, which you receiv'd of me.
[To Portia. Bass. If I could add a lie unto a fault,
Had quite miscarried : I dare be bound again, I would deny it; but you see my finger
My soul upon the forfeit, that your lord Hath not the ring upon it, it is gone.
Will never more break faith advisedly. Por. Even so void is your false heart of truth. Por. Then you shall be his surety: Give him this; By heaven, I will ne'er come in your bed And bid him keep it better than the other. Until I see the ring.
Ant. Here, lord Bassanio ; swear to keep this Ner.
ring Till I again see minc.
Bass. By heaven, it is the same I gave the doctor. Bass. Swcet Portia,
Por. I had it of him: pardon me, Bassanio; If you did know to whom I gave the ring, For by this ring the doctor lay with me. If you did know for whom I gave the ring, Ner. And pardon me, my gentle Gratiano : And would conceive for what I gave the ring, For that same scrubbed' boy, the doctor's clerk, And how unwillingly I left the ring,
In lieu of this, last night did lie with me. When nought would be accepted but the ring, Gra. Why, this is like the mending of highways You would'abate the strength of your displcasure. In summer, where the ways are fair enough:
Por. If you had known the virtue of the ring, What! are we cuckolds, ere we have deserved it? Or hall her worthiness that gave the ring, Por. Speak not so grossly.--You are all amaz'd: Or your own honour to contain the ring, Here is a letter, read it at your leisure; You would not then have parted with the ring. It comes from Padua, from Bellario: What man is there so much unreasonable, There you shall find, That Portia was the doctor; If you had pleas'd to have defended it,
Nerissa there, her clerk : Lorenzo here With any terms of zeal, wanted the modesty Shall witness, I set forth as soon as you, To urge the thing held as a ceremony ?
And but even now return'd; I have not yet Nerissa teaches me what to believe;
Enter'd my house.-Antonio, you are welcome ; I'll die for't, but some woman had the ring.
And I have better news in store for you, Bass. No, by mine honour, madam, by my soul, | Than you expect : unseal this letter soon; No woman had it, but a civil doctor,
There you shall, three of your argosies
Are richly come to harbour suddenly: (1) Regardsul. (2) Adrantage. You shall not know by what strange accident
Nor I in yours,