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MEASURE FOR MEASURE.
Vincentio, duke of Vienna.
Cloon, servant to Mrs. Over-done, Angelo, lord deputy in the duke's absence.
Abhorson, an erecutioner. Escalus, an ancient lord, joined with Angelo in Barnardine, a dissolute prisoner.
the depulation. Claudio, a young gentleman.
Isabella, sister to Claudio. Lucio, a fantastic.
Mariana, belrothed to Angelo.
Juliet, beloved by Claulio,
Mistress Over-done, a bawd.
Lords, gentlemen, guards, officers, and other ata A Justice.
tendants, Elbow, a simple conslable. Froth, a foolish gentleman.
Thyself upon thy virtues, them on thec.
Heaven doth with us, as we with torches do; SCENE I. --- An apartment in the Duke's palace. Not light them for themselves : for if our virtues Enter Duke, Escalus, Lords, and allendants.
Did not go forth of us, 'twere all alike
As if we had them not. Spirits are not fincly touch'd, Duke,
But to tine issues :: nor nature never lends Escalus,
The smallest scruple of her cxcellence,
But, like a thrifty goddess, she determines
Herself the glory of a creditor,
In our remove, be thou at full oursoll ;
Take thy commission.
Now, good my lord,
Let there be some more test made of iny metal,
No more evasion : I say, bid come before us Angelo.
We have with a leaven'd and prepared choice
(Exit an attendant. Proceeded to you ; therefore take your honours. What figure of us think you he will bear? Our haste from hence is of so quick condition, For you must know, we have with special soul That it prcfers itself, and leaves unquestion'd Elected him our absence to supply;
Matters of needful value. We shall write to you, Lent him our terror, drest him with our love; As time and our concernings shall importune, And given his deputation all the organs
How it goes with us; and do look to know
To the hopesul execution do I leave you
Yet, give leave, my lord,
That we may bring you something on the way.
Duke. Mý haste may not admit it;
Look, where he comes. Cor need you, on mine honour, have to do Ang. Always obedient to your grace's will,
With any scruple : your scope' is as mine own; I come to know your pleasure.
So to enforce, or qualify the laws, Droke.
As to your soul seems gond. Give me your hand; There is a kind of character in thy life,
I'll prívily away: I love the people, That, to the observer, doth thy history
But do not like to stage me to their eyes : Fully unfold: thysell and thy belongings)
Though it do well, I do not relish well
Their loud applause, and avese vehement;
(5) For high purposes. (6) Interest.
(7) Extent of power. 18) Hailing,
Nor do I think the man of safe discretion,
Lucio. A French crown' more. That does affect it. Once more, fare you well. I Gent. Thou art always figuring diseases in
Ang. The heavens give safety to your purposes ! me: but thou art full of error ; °I am sound. Escal. Lead forth, and bring you back in happi-. Lucio. Nay, not as one would say, healthy ness.
but so sound, as things that are hollow thy bones Duke. I thank you : fare you well. [Exit. are hollow; impiety has made a feast of thee.
Escal. I shall desire you, sir, to give me leave To have free speech with you, and it concerns me
Enter Bawd. To look into the bottom of my place:
A power I have; but of what strength and nature 1 Genl. How now? Which of your hips has the i I am not yet instructed.
most profound sciatica ? Ang. 'Tis so with me:-Let us withdraw to- Bawd. Well, well; there's one yonder arrested, gether,
and carried to prison, was worth five thousand of And we may soon our satisfaction have Touching that point.
| Gent. Who's that, I pray thee? Escal.
I'll wait upon your honour. Bawd. Marry,sir, that's Claudio, signior Claudio.
(Exeunt.! I Gent. Claudio to prison ! 'tis not so.
Bawd. Nay, but I know, 'tis so: I saw him arSCENE II.A street. Enter Lucio and two rested; saw him carried away; and, which is Gentlemen.
more, within these three days his head's to be
chopped off. Lucio. If the duke, with the other dukes, come Lucio. But, after all this fooling, I would not not to composition with the king of Hungary, why, have it so: art thou sure of this? then all the dukes fall upon the king.
Bawd. I am too sure of it: and it is for getting I Gent. Heaven grant us its peace, but not the madam Julietta with child. king of Hungary's!
Lucio. Believe me, this may be: he promised 2 Gent. Amen. Lucio. Thou concludest like the sanctimonious cise in promise-keeping.
to meet me two hours since; and he was ever prepirate, that went to sea with the ten command
2 Gent. Besides you know, it draws something ments, but scraped one out of the table.
near to the speech we had to such a purpose. 2. Gent. Thou shalt not steal ?
I Gent. But inost of all, agreeing with the proLucio. Ay, that he razed.
clamation. I Gent. Why, 'twas a commandment to com
Lucio. Away; let's go learn the truth of it. mand the captain and all the rest from their func
(Exeunt Lucio and Gentlemen. tions; they put forth to steal: there's not a soldier
Bawd. Thus, what with the war, what with the of us all, that, in the thanksgiving before meat, sweat ;' what with the gallows, and what with doth relish the petition well that prays for peace.
poverty, I am custom-shrunk. How now? what's Gent. I never heard any soldier dislike it.
ihe news with you? Lucio. I believe thee; for, I think, thou never wast where grace was said.
Enter Clown. 2 Gent. No? a dozen times at least. I Gent. What? in metre?
Clo. Yonder man is carried to prison. Lucio. In any proportion,' or in any language. Barod. Well; what has he done ? 1 Gent, I think, or in any religion.
Clo. A woman. Lucio. Ay! why not? Grace is grace, despite Barod. But what's his offence ? of all controversy: as for example; thou thyself Clo. Groping for trouts in a peculiar river. art a wicked villain, despite of all grace.
Bawd. What, is there a maid with child by him ? I Gent. Well, there went but a pair of sheers Clo. No; but there's a woman with maid by him: betireen us.
you have not heard of the proclamation, have you ? Lucio. I grant; as there may between the lists Bawd. What proclamation, man? and the velvet: thou art the list.
Clo. All houses in the suburbs of Vienna must 1 Gent. And thou the velvet: thou art good be pluck'd down. velvet; thou art a threc-pil'd picce, I warrant thee: Barod. And what shall become of those in the I had as lief be a list of an English kersey, as be city ? pild, as thou art pil'd, for a French velvet.' Do!, Clo. They shall stand for seed: they had gone I speak feelingly now?'
įdown too, but that a wise burgher put in for them. Lucio. I think thou dost; and, indeed, with Buwd. But shah all our houses of resort in the most painful feeling of thy speech: I will, out of suburbs be pull'd down? thine own confession, learn to begin thy health ;! Clo. To the ground, mistress, but, whilst I live, forget to drink after thee. Bawd. Why, here's a change, indeed, in the
l' Genl. I think I have done myself wrong ; commonwealth! What shall become of me? have I not?
Clo. Come ; fear not you: good counsellors lack 2 Gent. Yes, that thou hast; whether thou art no clients : though you change your place, you need tainted, or free.
not change your trade; I'll be your tapster still. Lucio. Behold, behold, where madam Mitiga- Courage; there will be pity taken on you: you that tion comes! I have purchased as many diseases have worn your eyes almost out in the service, you under her roof, as come to
will be considered. 2 Gent. To what, I pray ?
Bawd. What's to do bere, Thomas Tapster ? let's I Gent. Judge.
withdraw. 2 Gent. To three thousand dollars a year.
Clo. Here comes signior Claudio, led by the proI Geni. Ay, and more.
vost to prison: and there's madam Juliet. [Esce, (1) Measure. (2) A cut of the same cloth.
(4) Corona Veneris. (8) A jest on the loss of hair by the French disease. (5) The sweating sickness,
SCENE III.-' he same.- Enler Provost, Clau- Clanud. I have done so, but he's not to be found
dio, Juliet, and Ollicers; Lucio, and tủo Gen- I pr’ythee, Lucio, do me this kind service: tlemen.
This day my sister should the cloister enter,
And there receive her approbation :: Claud. Fellow, why dost thou show me thus to Acquaint her with the danger of my state; the world?
Implore her, in iny voice, that she make friends Bear me to prison, where I am committed. To the strici deputy ; bid herself assay him ; Prov. I do it not in evil disposition,
I have great hope in that: for in her youth But from lord Angelo by special charge.
There is a prones and speechless dialect, Claud. Thus can the demi-god, Authority, Such as moves men; besides, she hath prosperous Make us pay down for our offence by weight.
art The words of heaven;-on whom it will, it will; When she will play with reason and discourse. On whom it will not, so ; yet still 'tis just.
Lucio. I pray she may: as well for the encourage. Lucio. Why, how now, Claudio ? whence comes ment of the like, which else would stand under this restraint ?
grievous imposition; as for the enjoying of thy life, Claud. From too much liberty, my Lucio, liberty: who I would be sorry should be thus foolishly lost As surfeit is the father of much fast,
at a game of tick-tack. I'll to her. So every scope by the immoderate use
Claud. I thank you, good friend Lucio, Turns to restraint: our natures do pursue
Lucio. Within two hours, (Like rats that ravin' down their proper bane,) Claud. Come, officer, away.
[Ereunt. A thirsty evil; and when we drink, we die.
Lucio. If I could speak so wisely'under an arrest, SCENE IV.A monastery. Enter Duke and I would send for ceriain of my creditors: and yet,
Friar Thomas. to say the truth, I had as liet' have the foppery of
Duke. No; holy father; throw away that thought; freedom, as the inorality of imprisonment. What's
Belicve not that the dribbling dart of love thy offence, Claudio ?
Claud. What, but to speak of would offend again. Can pierce a complete bosom: why I desire thee Lucio. What is it? murder ?
To give me secret harbour, hath a purpose
More grave and wrinkled than the aims and ends Claud. No. Lucio. Lechery?
or burning youth.
Fri. Claud. Call it so.
May your grace speak of it ?
Duke. My holy sir, none better knows than you Prov. Away, sir; you must go. Claud. One word, good friend :-Lucio, a word And held in idle price to haunt assemblies,
How I have cver lov'd the life remov'd ;9 with you.
(Takes him aside. Lucio. A hundred, if they'll do you any good. i have delivered to lord Angelo
Where youth, and cost, and witless bravery keeps.' Is lechery so look'd after ? Claud. Thus stands it with me:-Upon a true My absolute power and place here in Vienna,
|(A man of stricture,° and firm abstinence,) contract,
And he supposes me travell'd to Poland; I got possession of Julietta's bed;
For so I have strcw'd it in the common car,
And so it is receiv'd: now, pious sir,
You will demand of me, why I do this ?
Fri. Gladly, my lord.
Duke. We have strict statutes, and most biting Remaining in the coffer of her friends;
Even like an over-grown lion in a cave,
That goes not out to prey: now, as fond fathers
Having bound up the threat'ning twigs of birch, Claud. Unhappily, even so.
Only to stick it in their children's sight,
For terror, not to use ; in time the rod
Becomes more mock'd, than fear'd : so our decrees, A horse whereon the governor doth ride,
Dcad to infliction, to themselves are dead;
And liberty plucks justice by the nose ;
The baby beats the nurse, and quite athwart
Goes all decorum. Whether the tyranny be in his place,
It rested in your grace Or in his eminence that fills it up,
To unloose this lied-up justice, when you pleas'd: I stagger in :-But this new governor Awakes me all the enrolled penalties,
And it in you more dreadful would have seem'd,
Than in lord Angelo. Which have, like unscour'd' armour, hung by the Mike.
I do fear, too dreadful : wall So long, that nineteen zodiacså have gone round, "Twould be my tyranny lo strike, and gall them
Sithi 'twas my fault to give the people scope, And none of them been worn; and, for a name, For what I bid them do: for we bid this be done, Now puts the drowsy and neglected act
When evil deeds have their permissive past, Freshly on me: 'tis surely for a name.
And not the punishment. Therefore, indccd, my Lucio. I warrant it is : and thy head stands so ticklet on thy shoulders, that a milk-maid, if she I have on Angelo impos'd the office;
father, be in love, may sigh it off. Send after the duke, Who may, in the ambush of my name, strike home and appeal to him.
And yet my nature never in the sight, (1) Gaoler. (2) Voraciously devour, (7) Completely armed. (8) Retired. (3) Yearly circles. (4) Ticklish. 9) Showy dress resides, (10) Strictness, 15) Euter on her probation. (6) Prompt,