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TOWNSHIP 77, RANGE 18.

Sw qr sec 5, secs 19, 29, 31, 33 and 35.

TOWNSHIP 74, RANGE 19-NONE.

TOWNSHIP 75, RANGE 19.

Sections 1, 3, n hf, se qr, ne qr sw qr sec 5, n bf, w bf se 7r, se qr se qr, De qr ow qr sec 9, secs 11, 13, e hf ne qr, nw qr ne qr, ne qr nw qr sec 15, de gr ne qr sec 23, w hf ne gr, se qr ne gr, ne qr se qr sec 25.

TOWNSHIP 76, RANGE 19.

Sections 1, 3, 5, 7, w hf ne qr, lot 1, se qr and nw qr sec 8, secs 9, 11, 18, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35.

TOWNSHIP 77, RANGE 19. Sw qr sw qr sec 5, sec 7, sw qr sw qr sec 9, se qr se qr, w hf se qr, and sw gr sec. 13, 8 hf ne qr, s hf nw qr, se qr, and sw qr sec 15, secs 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35.

TOWNSHIP 74, RANGE 20-NONE.

TOWNSHIP 75, RANGE 20-NONE.

TOWNSHIP 76, RANGE 20.

Sections 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27 and n hf, n hf se qr, n bf sw gr sec 35.

TOWNSBIP 77, RANGE 20.

Shf, nw qr, s hf ne qr sec 1, secs 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35.

TOWNSHIP 74, RANGE 21—NONE.

TOWNSHIP 75, RANGE 21—NONE.

TOWNSHIP 76, RANGE 21. Sections 1, 3, 5, 9, 11, 13 and nw qr, se gr, e bf sw qr sec 15, and n hf, e bf se qr, nw qr se qr, ne qr sw qr sec 23, and n hf ne qr, ne qr nw qr sec 25.

TOWNSHIP 77, RANGE 21. Sections 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 29, 31, 33 and 35.

Besides this the sixteenth section in each township was donated to the State by the general government for school purposes, and several parcels selected as swamp lands were first donated to the State and by the State to

the county.

REAL ESTATE TRANSFERS.

When the land was once entered it was then subject to transfer. Real estate transactions which are now of such freqnent occurrence and which constitute such a large share of business were formerly of rare occurrence. As it will be a matter of interest to know what were some of the first transactions of this kind we gire a few of them.

FIRST MORTGAGE.

Before the lands in the county were offered for sale and while they were still the property of the United States, claims with the improvements were frequently sold. These sales were always subject to the claim of the United States, and when the land sales occurred they had to be entered and paid for just as other lands. The first claim transferred in this manner was that of Moses Davis to William Tibbott, in November, 1846. The record is as follows:

“Know all men by these presence: That I, Moses Davis, of the county of Mahaska, and Territory of Iowa, for and in consideration of the sum of one bundred and eighteen dollars, in hand paid by William Tibbott, of the county of Marion and Territory of Iowa, have bargained, sold and conveyed unto the said William Tibbott, his heirs and assigns the following claim on the land of the United States, situated in Marion county, Iowa, bounds as follows: On the north by the claim of William Tibbott, on the east by the unclaimed lands of the United States, on the south by the claim of Carter, and on the west by the unclaimed lands of the United States. Which claim was formerly owned by Robert Chamberlain, deceased, and bold at his late vendue to said Moses Davis; to have and to hold the same with its appartenances unto the use of the said William Tibbott, his heirs and assigns forever.. Provided always upon this condition: whereas, the said Moses Davis and the said William Tibbott, his sorety, have evicted their promissory note to De Mo88, the administrator of the estate of Robert Chamberlain, deceased, for the sum of one hundred and eighteen dollars in payment of said claim purchased at the vendue of the deceased, due 12th September, 1847, dated 12th September, 1846. Now if said Moses Davis shall well and truly discharge said note and hold the said William Tibbott harmless from the payment of this said note then these presents to be void, otherwise remain in full force and virtue.

“In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this 28th November, 1846.

“ Moses DAVIS. TERRITORY OF Iowa,

“MAHASKA COUNTY. “ Before me, James B. Boyal, a justice of the peace, of the township of Oskaloosa, in said county, personally appeared the within Moses Davis, perBonally known to me to be the identical person, whose name appears to the within and acknowledges the signing and sealing of the within mortgage to be his voluntary act and deed, this 25th day of November, 1846.

“James B. Boyal, J. P.

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FIRST RECORDED BILL OF SALE.

“Know all men by these presents: That I, Alexander Cayton, of the county of Marion and Territory of Iowa, for and in consideration of the 8nm of three hundred and fifty dollars to me in hand paid by William Drouillard, of the same place, the receipt of which is hereby acknowledged have bargained, sold and delivered, and do by these presents bargain, sell and deliver to the said William Drouillard the following goods and chattels; to-wit., One black horse, one sorle horse, three yoke of cattle, one yoke red, one yoke white and speckeld, one yoke, one darkish yellow, the other one white back and dark sides, one read cow, one two years past heifer, two wagons, one mantle clock, one rifell gun, one sadeli, two log-chains, one bed and beding, to have and to hold said goods, chattels, so bargained and sold to the said William Dronillard, bis executors and administrators and assign to his only purpose and benefit forever, and I the said Alexander S. Cayton, do hereby covenant and agree to and with the said William Drouil. lard that and my heirs, exicutors and administrators will warrant and forever defend the said goods and chattels, so bargained and sold and delivered to the said William Drouillard from and against the rightful claims or claims of all persons whomsoever; of all which said goods and chattels I, the said Alexander S. Cayton, put the said William Drouillard in full possession by delivering to him all the goods and chattels at the time of the sealing and delivering of this instrument unto the said William Drouillard.

"In witness whereof I, the said Alexander S. Cayton, have hereunto set my hand and seal the 21st day of January, 1847.

"ALEXANDER S. CAYTON. “Witness:

“ AUSBUR Brown."

This instrument was acknowledged before Nathan. Tolman, a justice of

the peace.

PLAT OF KNOXVILLE.

The next record is that of the plat of Knoxville, the acknowledgment of which is as follows:

“ STATE OF Iowa,
“MARION COUNTY.

.} “On the eighth day of February, 1847, before the subscriber, clerk of the District Court, within and for said county, personally appeared Samnel Tibbott and David Durham, county commissioners of the county of Marion, and acknowledged the foregoing plat to be their official act and deed, and received by them as such, and desire the same to be subdivided. And I am satisfied from my personal knowledge that the said Samuel Tibbott and David Durham are the persons they represent themselves to be.

“In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand with the seal of said court at Knoxville, this eighth day of February, 1847.

L. W. BABBITT, "Clerk of District Court."

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“This indenture, made this third day of December, 1847, between Jacob H. Majors of Scott township, Mahaska county, Iowa, of the first part, and David F. Laughton of the same township and county aforesaid, of the second part, witnesseth: that the said party of the tirst part, for and in consid. eration of the suin of fifty dollars in lawful money of the United States, to him in hand paid by the said party of the second part, at and before the ensealing and delivering of these presents, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, and the said party of the second part, his heirs, executors and administrators forever released and discharged from the same by these presents here granted, bargained and conveyed, and by these do grant, bargain and confirm unto the said party of the second part, in actual possession now being, and to his heirs and assigns forever, all that certain piece and parcel of land situated as follows:

“Being the southeast quarter of the northeast quarter of section 12, in township 74 north, of range 18 west, together with all the appartenances thereunto belonging or in anywise appertaining, and issues and profit thereof, and also all the rights, title and interest or demand whatever of the said party of the first part in and to the above-described premises, with the said hired tenants and appurtenances, to have and to hold the said premises above-described to the said party of the second part forever. And the said party of the first part, for himself, his heirs and assigns, do forever agree to warrant and defend with the said party of the second part, and his heirs and assigns forever.

"In witness whereof, the said party of the first part has hereunto set his hand and seal this day and year above written. Signed, sealed and deliv. ered in presence of Henry Nooton.

“Jacob H. MAJORS:”

GROWTH OF THE COUNTY.

The official act of the Territorial Legislature authorizing the organization of Marion county, and defining its boundaries, was approved June 10, 1845. Thus it will be seen that it was not organized until some two years after the first settlements were made.

The Indians had left and the whites had not yet appeared in large numbers. Although the county contained but few people the white man had marked it for his own.

During these years the county was in an undefined state of existence or non-existence. In one sense it was a county in another it was not. There was a region of country as early as 1843 inhabited, and to a certain extent improved, now known as Marion county. But there was no county organization, no county government and not even many citizens. It gained the latter rapidly, but in other respects it rernained at a stand-still in its unde. fined state of existence.

The work of organization was only begun when the county was officially named and its boundaries defined. It remained to hold an election and organize a county government.

Thus the early settlers were for a time in a peculiar condition. They dwelt in the county, but were not properly citizens of the county, as the it had no legal existence, its name was not officially recognized, its boundaries were not officially defined, it had no courts or other judicial or executive authority and the people were still under the discipline of another county:

For judicial and other purposes the country was still a part of Wash

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