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Beacom, James M, wounded and captured at Village Creek, Arkansas; returned to company October 29, 1862. +Carr, James.
+Canfield, Orrin, promoted to team
Chambers, Robert H., discharged
Gray, Mathew B., died at Batesville,
Hodgson, David, transferred to veteran reserve corps January 12, 1864.
Honnold, James W., died July 20,
1863, at Jackson, Mississippi. Himes, W. H.
+Honnold, Newton C., promoted to first sergeant; to second lieutenant, July 1, 1862; to captain September 20, 1864.
Hall, Henry C., promoted to sixth corporal.
+Kelly, William A., promoted to corporal.
Kirk, Jacob L., died at St. Louis January 27, 1862. +Lemmon, George W.
Leikei, Richard, killed at Village Creek, Arkansas. +Logan, James.
Millan, Stantón B., promoted to battalion saddle-sergeant September 3, 1862.
+Miller, Josephus, wounded at Village Creek, Arkansas; promoted to commissary-sergeant. Marsh, James, wounded at Village Creek; died August 14, 1863, at Flower's Plantation, Mississippi. +Mumford, James. McVey, Jacob H.
Newsom, Conrad, discharged May 1. 1864.
+Pack, William, promoted to fifth corporal July 21, 1862; captured at Ripley, Mississippi, June 11, 1864; died in rebel prison at +Veteranized January 1, 1864.
Charleston, South Carolina, February 1, 1865. +Packard, Marcus, wounded at Village Creek; promoted to seventh corporal July 20, 1862.
Richardson, William J., promoted to second corporal; reduced to ranks and transferred to Moore's Missouri brigade.
Randel, Israel W.
Roberts, James, discharged December 27, 1861.
+Steele, Patrick H., promoted to bugler November 30, 1861. +Steele, Almer D., promoted to eighth corporal January 31, 1862. Simpson, John W., transferred to company B, Third infantry November 19, 1861; discharged February 12, 1862.
Smith, Geo. promoted to second sergeant; reduced to ranks; promoted to farrier November 1, 1861; died at Batesville, Arkansas, September 1, 1862.
+Terry, Francis M., promoted to
+Pringle, Wesley, November 8;
Jumper, George W., August 5,
Forsythe, Allen W., February 20,
Glenn, Jessie V., February 13, 1864.
Hart, Solomon L., wounded, date
The Fourth cavalry was rendezvoused at Camp Harlan, Mt. Pleasant, and mustered into the United States service November 25, 1861. It was mustered out at Atlanta, Georgia, August 10, 1865; paid and disbanded at Davenport.
The personnel of this regiment was above the average. The schools of Mt. Pleasant were largely represented. It also represented, perhaps more fully than any regiment, the homes of the State. Its outfit was superior; it horses were unusually fine, its colonel being a critical judge of a good horse. The history of its first year's service is indentical with that of the First cavalry-it scoured Missouri, sharing the same labors and trials. In May, 1863, it entered into more active and perilous service. It led the advance of Sherman's corps from Milliken's Bend, Louisiana, to Jackson, Mississippi, and was the only cavalry regiment with Grant from Grand Gulf to Jackson and Vicksburg. From Jackson it went to the rear of Vicksburg, operating on the right rear of the Union army and in front of Sherman's line on Big Bear Creek and Big Black River; thence returned with Sherman after the capture of Vicksburg to Jackson; thence with Bussey to Canton; thence with the expedition to Memphis, across the country via Yazoo City, Lexington, Granada and Panola. In September, 1863, took part in the diversion of the enemy from Sherman's movement from Memphis to Chattanooga. In October, went with McPherson's reconnoissance toward Canton; led the van of Sherman's army in its rapid march from Vicksburg to Meridian. In the spring of 1864, re-enlisted as veterans, took a furlough, returned to the front in April at Memphis; thence with +Veteranized January 1, 1864.
Sturgis, made the expedition against Forest; returned to Memphis, and in September, joined in the pursuit of Price; thence joined the Grierson raid from Memphis down the railroad to Okalona; thence to Vicksburg; thence joined the brilliant march of General Winslow through Alabama and Georgia to Macon. In all these movements the Fourth was a prominent actor, and several times distinguished itself for its bravery and skill.
In 1863, during six months, it took part in thirty different engagements, and traveled over two thousand miles. In 1864, February 4, at Tunnell's Hill, it fought Ferguson's rebel cavalry from sunset till nine o'clock in the evening, driving them ten miles over a mountainous country. At Big Black River, June 22, 1863, a detachment of 125 men from companies A, K, F and I, while scouting, were suddenly surrounded by 600 of the enemy and ordered to surrender, an order the Union boys proceeded to obey by fighting their way ont, after a short and bitter contest, with a loss of 11 men. In the chase after Price the rear-guard of his flying army was overtaken by the Fourth on the 27th of September and routed, but he subsequently took a position on the Osage, and in the glorious charge upon it the Fourth led, crushing his lines, capturing his guns, and routing his whole army. For their bravery the regiment was ordered to inscribe Big Blue and Osage on their banner. In the Macon march, at Selma, where General Winslow met and whipped Forest for the third time, the Fourth, in the final charge rushed on the rebels like the whirlwind, scattering them in every direction. Forest and Price had now learned to fear and respect Winslow's brigade.
During the campaign from Chickasaw, Alabama, to Macon, Georgia, in 1865, the regiment captured in battle 2,436 prisoners; including 146 commissioned officers, 21 pieces of artillery, 16 cassions, 10 battle-flags. 1,650 stand of small arms, 738 horses and 142 mules. It captured and destroyed a vast amount of government property, and the great military supply depot of the Confederacy. It was one of the most brilliant and important achievements of the war. No officer and private failed to do his whole duty. If one gained more prominence than another it was because he happened to be at the right place at the right time. The Fourth never failed to do its duty, and the effectiveness of cavalry is in the promptness and celerity of its movements-its vigorous dash.
The casualties will be found on page 184.
Marion county was represented in companies F, G, K and L.
*Langrak, William, November 11. McCabe, William, October 17.
Blatner, Jacob, January 1, 1862.
*Weaver, Solomon, December 17; from company G; promoted to battalion veterinary-surgeon January 15, 1862; returned to company July 1, 1862.
*Walton, Nathaniel D., September 2,
Carson, John G., October 14, 1861,
Black, George W., October 14.
*Croll, Henry J., October 14; wound-
Vinyard, Lamrick C., December 2; died at Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, January 30, 1862.
*Phelps, Hezekiah J., January 18, 1862; promoted to teamster July 16, 1864.
The Seventh cavalry was organized in the spring of 1863, rendezvoused at Davenport, and on the 27th was divided and six companies took their first experience in the field by a march across the State from Davenport to Omaha, and from thence were sent to various posts in the Territory of Nebraska. On the fifth of September the two remaining companies were sent to Omaha, and from that time the entire service of the regiment was spent on the frontier, at different points in that vast stretch of country from Missouri River to the Rocky Mountains, fighting and chasing Indians --an arduous if not dangerous duty. To give a history of the regiment would necessitate a record of each company, for the regiment never moved in a body-in fact, was never together as a whole. It was scattered in detachments, which took part in every expedition against Indians in the departments of Missouri, Kansas and the Northwest, from 1863 to the fall of 1865, and fought wholly or in part the battles of White Stone Hill, Tahkahokutah, Bad Lands, Little Blue, Julesburg, Mud Springs and Rush Creek. Marion county was represented in companies A, B, C, D, G and E. Companies A and C took a tilt with five hundred Cheyennes on Little Blue River, August 12, 1864, fighting from eleven o'clock in the forenoon until seven in the evening, with a loss of only two men. The distance traveled by the company from its organization to February 28, 1865, was five thousand three hundred miles.
Company C remained at Nebraska City until May 5, 1864, and was employed in hunting bushwhackers, murderers and horse-thieves. It next moved to Cottonwood Springs, where August 31, it joined an expedition
against the Indians at Plumb Creek and returned in September, having marched over one thousand miles. While the company were absent, the garrison at the Springs were surprised by Indians, and two men of company C were killed. January 21, 1865, the company was ordered to guard Beauvois Station, eighty-five miles west of Cottonwood. It was employed in scouting, escorting overland stages, guarding stage stations,
Company D went to Fort Laramie, thence to Fort Halleck, whence, December 8, 1864, returned to Fort Laramie, and went into garrison for scouting, etc.; February eighth was engaged with Indians at Mud Springs, and on the ninth at Rush Creek, I. T., in which one inan of the company was killed and two wounded. June 11, 1865, the company, with a small detachment from A and B, in all 135 men, were detailed to escort about 2,000 Sioux to Julesburg, with their lodges and families. On the morning of the fourteenth, near Fort Mitchell, the Indians revolted, and Captain Fouts was shot, and his body stripped and mutilated. The Indians finally all fled to the hills and bluffs, leaving their lodges and loose plunder. January 6, 1866, companies A, C, D, I and H, constituting the second battalion, with two other battalions, left Fort McPherson (Cottonwood Post) on an expedition against hostile Indians, returning after a severe and long march to the post February 19, and the following day the expedition disbanded. When it is considered that the men had already served out their full time; that this expedition was through a wild and unsettled country, amid the rigor of the severest weather known on the plains, with subsistence short, the men deserve, as they received, the highest commendation from commanding officers and the war department. They did their duty well and won the title of "Hiowa 'ell 'ounds" among the predatory enemies of the settlers on the frontier.
The regiment was not formally mustered out, but was disbanded in detachments. Companies A to K were mustered out at Leavenworth, May 17, 1866. It had become so decimated as to lose its regimental organization. In fact its colonel was not with the regiment for nearly a year before it was disbanded, having been mustered out January 31, 1865. The casualties were: Killed, 145; died, 101; discharged, 246; wounded, 8. Of enlisted men and of officers: killed, 2; resigned, 15; dismissed, 6.
McKinney, Peter, March 15, 1863.
Gibson, Israel, May 19, 1863; died
Bates, Alexander C., November 4, | Walker, Joseph, May 14, 1863; dis
Smith, Harrison, March 17, 1860.
May, James H., January 15, 1863.
charged July 23, 1863.
Barker, George A., Nov. 14, 1864.
Gordie, Franklin, October 4, 1864.