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of the pioneer, Christopher C. Fee. When G. W. was in his fifth year he emigrated with his parents to Marion county, where he was raised to manhood, receiving the benefits of the Marion county schools. He has always been a farmer and, being a man of practical ideas, has made it a success. On the 6th of September, 1867, he married Miss Mary Emily Wartel, of Marion county. She is the daughter of John B. and Lucinda M. Warfel. They have a family of three children: Charles L, George A. and Lillie Belle. His landed estate consists of 169 acres. He is an enterprising goahead man, which is characteristic of the Fee family.

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FEE, J. H.--Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 10, P. O. Knoxville. born in Shelby county, Indiana, February 26, 1836. His parents were Christopher and Susan. They were among the early setters of that State. When J. H. was in his ninth year he removed to Van Buren county, in 1846, being among the early settlers; then came to Marion county in 1849. On July 9, 1857, he married Miss Mary A. Terry, of Marion county. They have a family of eight children: Jerome T., Amanda A., Joseph H., S. A., Chris. L., Charles L., Daniel W., S. L. His farm consists of 123 acres, well located in close proximity to Knoxville.

FEE, C. C.--Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 2, P. O. Knoxville. This pioneer was born in Virginia, July 5, 1808. His parents, Henry and Nellie Fee, were natives of that State. C. C. was raised to manhood in the State of his birth, receiving a very limited education. His vocation in early life was working in tobacco and cotton; in winter would be engaged in distilling. About the time he attained his majority removed to Shelby county, Indiana, residing there seventeen years; thence to Crawford county, which was his home until 1849, when he came to lowa, locating in Marion. His estate consists of 300 acres. Few men who have been residents of the county for thirty years can show a clearer record for honesty and integrity than Old Kit Fee, as he is usually called. In 1833 he married Miss Susan Means, of North Carolina. They have, by this union, thirteen chil dren: Joe Henry, Elizabeth A., Lucinda, John F., Aleck J., Geo. W., C. C. Jr., James A., Eliza, William, Charles E., Franklin, Martha A.

FEE, JAMES A.-Farmer, P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Marion county, Iowa, December 12, 1850. His early life was that of a farmer-boy, assisting his father on the farm during the summer season and attending school during the winter. By close application to his studies and persevering energy succeeded in obtaining a fair school education. Was married March 6, 1878, to Marcella Beliel; born in Canada, in April, 1854.

FEE, JOHN F.--Farmer, P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Crawford county, Indiana, August 11, 1841. When young his father emigrated to Iowa and settled in Van Buren county, and lived there ten years and then came to Marion county. He was raised on a farm and has followed it as an occupation. During the late war he enlisted in the Fortieth Iowa volunteer infantry August 12, 1862, and served three years. He was inustered out as color bearer in 1865. He participated in the battles of Saline River, Jenkins' Ferry, Little Rock, and others of less importance. After he was mustered out of the service he returned to his home and engaged in his former avocation. He married Miss S. O. Clark in 1867. She is a native of Dade county, Georgia. They have two children living.

FERGUSON, R. C.-Farmer and stock-raiser, Secs. 20 and 29, P. O. Knoxville. This Hawkeye agriculturist was born in Mahaska county, Scott township, March 15, 1853, and is the son of William and Elizabeth Fergu

son. They were natives of Indiana, and were among the pioneers of Mai haska county, coming in 1840. R. C. is the youngest of a family of six. He was raised to manhood, and educated in his native county, and township, following the profession of his father, that of farming. In 1876 he came to Marion county, and engaged in farming. On the ninth of August. 1877, he married Miss Josephine Tannehill, a native of Marion county. Her father lost his life in the late Rebellion, and her mother died when Josephine was an infant. They have two children by this union: Lillian Ethel and Mytle Ora. His estate consists of 120 acres of fine land. His house, which is a model of neatness, indicates comfort and prosperity. He makes a specialty of stock-raising, and keeps grades that will average well with the majority of Marion county stock.

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FRUSH, F. M.-Of the firm of Johnson & Frush, merchants, was born in Rockbridge county, Virginia, on the second day of April, 1822, and. when young, was taken by his parents to Ohio, where the subject of our sketch was raised. He was raised a farmer, and made the best use of his educational advantages, and prepared himself for a teacher, which he fol lowed for a considerable period as an occupation. In 1850 he came to this county; and in 1851 was elected county surveyor, and served in this capacity four years. In 1855 he was elected county judge, and held that office six and one-half years. He was admitted to the bar, and for some years practiced his profession. In 1864 he engaged in his present business, and in which he has been eminently successful. He has been closely identified with the interests of Marion county, and in the building of the court-house. and the school-buildings of the city, he has proved himself an able financier, and one who has guarded well the public interests. He was married in 1857, to Miss Harriet L. Joselyn, a native of Putnam county, Ohio. They have two children: Mattie J. and Frank M.

FRY, JOHN-Farmer and stock-raiser, P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Columbia county, Pennsylvania, September 9, 1819. At the age of eighteen he went to Indiana, where he remained until 1854, when he came to Iowa, and located in Marion county. In 1857 he moved on to the farm he now occupies. Mr. Fry justly ranks among the foremost farmers of the county. Emigrating to the county with little means, he has, by economy and untiring perseverance and industry, succeeded in accumulating a nice property. Mr. Fry was married, August 12, 1843, to Hannah Davis, who was born in Ohio. They have seven children: Malinda, Mary E., William M., Daniel F., Julia, Ann Eliza and Marion D. Was

FULLER, E. P.- Farmer and gardner, Sec. 20, P. O. Knoxville. born in Guernsey county, Ohio, January 15, 1819; was there raised to manhood, receiving a limited education. When he attained his twenty-first year he came to Peoria, Illinois, where, on the twenty-sixth of March, 1840. he married Miss Sarah A. Richardson, a native of Muskingum county. Ohio, daughter of Nathaniel and Nancy. In the spring of 1840 they came to Jefferson county, Iowa, and engaged in farming. In April, 1843, Mr. Fuller started from Fairfield on foot, on a prospecting tour of what was soon to be the organized county of Marion. When he arrived at what is now the John Gamble farm, north of Knoxville, he blazed a number of the trees, as a sign of taken, and with the assistance of a few fur-traders erected a log hut; after which he returned to Jefferson county, and brought up his breaking-team, with which was turned the first furrow of Knoxville township soil. On the third of July, 1843, his family came to his pioneer

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home. Mrs. Fuller is supposed to be the first white woman to cross the Des Moines, on the Marion county boundary. The Fullers had many drawbacks to contend with. The family coffee-mill, Mrs. Fuller as miller, furnished them with flour for many a day. The Indians were their neighbors, but were very friendly. In June, 1843, his corn-crop was entirely washed ont. In July, 1844, he returned to Jefferson county, Mrs. Fuller going down the Des Moines in a keel-boat. After a residence of one year in Jeffer son county, they removed to Lee county. Mr. Fuller was one of the guards at Montrose during the Mormon excitement, and saw the temple at Nauvoo reduced to ashes. In 1848 he returned to Knoxville, and engaged in brickmaking and lime-burning, in connection with farming. In 1865 he reconstructed the Marshall mill, on Whitebreast Creek and was doing a good trade, when the high water completely destroyed the building, besides carrying away a large amount of his household effects. With limited resources he engaged in farming, and his success may be inferred from the fact that he has a fine farm of 110 acres, which is rich in coal and building-stone. He makes a specialty of the vegetable trade, and raises sweet potatoes that will compare with any in the State. They have had a family of ten children, six of whom are living: Eliza (Mrs. Swim), Lucetata (Mrs. Fisher), Martha (Mrs. Petitt), Eunice, (Mrs. Reno), Jane (Mrs. Burnside), Joseph and Jessie Olive. Lost four: Mary and Ladora, and two in infancy.

AMBLE, J. D.-Attorney. One of the early settlers of Marion county, Was born in Piqua county, Ohio, on the eighth day of November, 1836, and when one year of age was taken by his parents to McLean county, Illinois, where he lived until 1849, and then came to this county. He was raised a farmer until nineteen years of age, and then attended McGee College, Missouri, for two years, after which he was engaged in teaching for one year and read law in the office of Mathews & Atherton, and was admitted to the bar in September, 1860, and settled in Decatur county, and engaged in the practice of his profession until July 6, 1861. Then enlisted in the Fourth Iowa infantry as a private and was mustered out as first lientenant. After his return to Iowa he served as deputy-provost marshal of Poweshiek county. In 1865 he was elected a member of the Iowa State Legislature and served with credit to himself and to the entire satisfaction of his constituents. He followed agricultural pursuits for two years, and in 1868 resumed his practice until 1869, and was then elected cashier of the Marion County Bank. In 1870 he removed to Kansas and returned to Knoxville in 1875, and has since been actively engaged in practice with satisfactorily results. He married Miss C. J. Wright, in 1864. She was born in Putnam county, Indiana. They have a family of three children: Myrtle, Ira and Eddie. Lost one son, James G.

GAMBLE, JOHN-Retired farmer. One of the pioneers of Marion county. Was born in Fayette county, Ohio, in 1814. He was raised in his native State, and was a farmer. In 1836 he removed to McLean county, Illinois, and lived there until 1848, and then came to Iowa. He owns a fine farms of 142 acres adjoining the city. He married Miss Rachel O'Neal in 1836. She was born in Mason county, Kentucky. Their family consists of eight children living: James D., Mollie E. (now Mrs. Henderson), WilJiam A., John R., Levi L., Joseph W., Marion M., Edward H. and Charles. Lost Joshua R. and Joseph W.

GAMBLE, W. A.-Coal operator, Knoxville. Was born in McLean

county, Illinois, February 15, 1840, and lived there until seven years of age and came to this county with his parents in 1847, and was raised a farmer. In 1860 he went to Idaho and California and spent sixteen years. In 1876 returned to Marion county, and in 1877 commenced his mining operations and is doing a good business and furnishing a good quality of coal. He has been twice married; first, in 1864, to Nancy Gibson, a native of Iowa. She died in 1872, leaving two children: Edward L. and Wm. L. His second marriage occurred in 1877, to Miss Florence Cunningham. She was born in Knoxville. They have two children: Carl C. and an infant.

GARRISON, WILLIAM H.-Farmer, Sec. 30, P. O. Knoxville. This pioneer citizen 'was born in Dearborn county, Indiana, August 21, 1819. His parents were Silas and Eliza, the former a native of Pennsylvania, the latter of New York. He traces his lineage to English, Irish and Dutch ancestry. He resided in Dearborn county until he attainded the age of thirteen years, receiving the benefits of the select county schools. In 1832 the family removed to McLean county, Illinois, where W. H. resided until 1841, when he came to Iowa locating in Jones county, where he remained for a short period; married Miss Rebecca Cronkhil. By this union they had fourteen children: Sarah, Silas, Eliza Ann, Omer, Samantha and Lincoln; they lost eight: Abraham, Willie, Eliza, the balance died in infancy. Jones county not proving congenial to his taste, he returned to McLean county, Illinois, and, resided until 1843, when he again came to Iowa locating in Wapello county, remaining until the spring of 1845, when he located in Marion county. He staked out a claim which now includes the court-house square and the entire east part of the city of Knoxville. He dug the first well inside of what is now the corporation limits; at that time there was not a solitary building in that territory. Mr. Garrison threw up his claim after retaining it a short time and entered the land that he now occupies. Dr. Conry took possession of the same claim that he relinquished. He was at the christening of the town of Knoxville, and voted at the first election held in that locality. He had many trials and privations to contend with during the first few years. Mr. Garrison's estate consists of 226 acres; his residence, which is one of the finest in the township, is pleasantly situated and surrounded by a handsome evergreen forest and a thrifty old orchard.

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GARRISON, OMER-Farmer and stock-raiser, P. O. Knoxville. born in Marion county, July 16, 1857; he is the eleventh of a family of fourteen children. He has been educated and raised to manhood in this county. March 1, 1880, Miss Harriet C. Betterton became his wife.

GARRISON, JOHN-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 20, P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Parke county, Indiana, December 11, 1839. His father, William, was an agriculturist in that State; he was among the early settlers of Indiana and took an active part in the development of Parke county. In 1850 he came west, locating in Marion county, where the subject of this sketch was educated and raised to manhood. On the fifth of August, 1862, he enlisted in company G, Thirty-third Iowa infantry. On account of sickness contracted soon after his enlistment was in the hospital employ the greater portion of the time until December 26, when he was honorably discharged. He was married September 13, 1868, to Miss Dortha Little, & native of Elkhart county Indiana, daughter of James and Elizabeth Little, who were among the pioneers of that State. The family consists of seven children: 1ra Emerson, James William, Charles Wesley, Ida May, David

Franklin, Purdy Elvin and John. His estate of eighty acres is conveniently located to Knoxville.

GARRETSON, I. H.-Proprietor of planing mill. Was born in Warren county, Ohio June 27, 1838, and raised there on a farm. In 1868 he came to Iowa and settled in Mahaska county and lived there until 1873, and then came to this city, and had a mercantile experience. In 1879 he engaged in his present business. He has been twice married, first to Miss M. E. Rogers, in September, 1859. She was born in Warren county, Ohio, She died in March, 1872. By this marriage has three children: Laura, Margaret A. and Margaretta S. He married for his second wife Mrs. Josephine Atherton, who has three children by a former marriage: Carrie B., Cora D. and Frances M.

GIFFORD, MANLY - Retired farmer. Was born in New York, September 8, 1816, and when young was taken by his parents to Ohio, where they lived one year and then removed to Fayette county, Indiana, where he was principally raised on a farm. In 1843 he came to Iowa and settled in Jasper county, near Monroe, and engaged in farming, and experienced all the hardships of the early pioneers in the settlement of the county. He came to Knoxville in 1870. He is one of the stockholders of the Knoxville National Bank also of the Marion County National Bank. He has been twice married, first to Miss Sallie Danes, December 13, 1838. She was born in Ohio. She died December 2, 1865, leaving seven children: Ellis, William R., John M., Nancy J., Alfred, Mary E. and Sallie E. His second marriage occurred December 14, 1873, to Miss Matilda T. Bain, of Pennsylvania.

GILLILAND, T. F.-Of the firm of Gilliland & Co., grain-dealers. Among the enterprising men for which Knoxville is noted no one has contributed more for its advancement. Was born in Seneca county, New York, June 16, 1834, and lived there until fourteen years of age, then moved with his parents to Michigan, and in 1848 located in Albion. Here he commenced his education, continuing in school until 1852. He then went to California, stopping at a place called Michigan Bar, remaining two years, during which time was engaged in mining. He returned to Michigan, his former home, and in 1855 removed to Sterling, Illinois. While here the hard times swept away a greater part of his effects. He went back to Michigan and from there to Chicago. Being short of funds he went to work on the dock at sixty-two and one-half cents per day; from that to piling lumber and afterward accepted a position as teller in a bank. Failing health induced him to cross the plains. He returned to Chicago, engaging in the lumber and grain business; in 1876 came to Knoxville, Iowa, establishing his present business, where he has built up an enviable reputation for honesty and fair dealing, richly meriting the confidence and esteem so generously conferred upon him by his patrons. He married Miss Elizabeth Sheldon, the twenty-seventh day of November, 1855. She is a native of New York. Their family consists of two child. ren: Emma (now Mrs. Daugherty) and John S.

GOODENOUGH, ERI-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 20, P. O. Knoxville. Was born the 23d day of January, 1828, in Bradford county, Pennsylvania, on the Sesquehanna River, and there resided until he attained the age of nine years, when his father, Alvin, removed with his family to La Salle county, Illinois, where they resided for a time; thence removed to McLean county, where the subject of this sketch was raised to manhood,

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