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1819, and lived there until seven years of age, and then removed to Upper Canada. He was raised a farmer and has followed it as an occupation the most of his life. In 1842 he came to the United States and settled in Rock county, Wisconsin, and thence to Dane county, where he lived until 1865, when he came to Iowa and settled in Marion county, and his residence here has proved him one of the successful agriculturists of the county. He has never been a political aspirant, neither is he a candidate for popularity or public fame. He is a plain, unassuming farmer, social and obliging; as a neighbor, kind and warm hearted; as a friend, hospitable and generous to all, and one whom his adopted county may well be proud to own. He has been twice married; first, November 18, 1840, to Miss Caroline Travese, of Canada. She died in 1877 leaving eight children: Cordelia (now Mrs. Beatty), Jacob, John, Charles, Clark, Edward and Hannah (now Mrs. Bittenbender) and Sarah: His second marriage occurred in 1879 to Mrs. Elizabeth Butterfield whose maiden name was Wilson. She was born in Ohio and has one son, George L., by a former marriage.

SMITH, HENRY-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 25, P. O. Iola. This enterprising citizen was born in Trenton, New Jersey, February third, 1834, is the son of Thomas and Sophia, natives of that State. Henry was raised in the town of his birth until he attained his tenth year. He spent his early life in boating on the Erie Canal, Ohio River and other waters, following those pursuits until the year 1865, when he drifted into Iowa, locating in Wapello county, where he operated a coal mine for a number of years. In 1869 he came to Marion county where he has been actively engaged in farming and coal mining. His estate consists of eighty acres, portions of which are rich in coal. This is Mr. Smith's specialty and during the season he turns out a large amount of a superior article. He married, November thirteen, 1852, Miss Manda Hannan, of Illinois, They have three children: Edward, Daniel and Luellen.

SOLE, JOSEPH-Farmer and stock raiser, Sec. 9, P. O. Knoxville. Is a son of Peter Sole and was born in Tyler county, Virginia, May 16, 1826. When Joseph was in his seventh year the family emigrated to Highland county, Ohio, where he was raised to manhood and educated. His boyhood was spent in tilling the soil of the Buckeye State. In 1852 he removed to Illinois, engaged in farming and resided there until the spring of 1854, when he came to Iowa and became a resident of Marion county, and is deserving of special mention for the active part he has taken in its development. His farm consists of eighty acres, his home is pleasantly located, commanding a view of Knoxville. In 1862 he made a tour of the far west, spending a year of travel in Idaho and California. He married, in 1852, Miss Malinda Duncan, daughter of Alexander Duncan. They have had four children, two of whom are living: Annie M. and Franklin L. Lost two: Thomas C. and Adolphus D.

SPERRY, E. F.--Real estate agent and one of Knoxville's representative business men. Is a native Cavendish, Vermont, and was born on the third day of August, 1841. The first ten years of his life were spent in his native State, New Hampshire, Massachusetts and New York, the greater portion of it in the latter. In 1852 he accompanied his parents to Iowa. In 1855 they removed to this county and settled in Pella. Here until the outbreak of the war the subject of our sketch was engaged in farming, teaming and teaching. He then enlisted in company B, Third Iowa infantry, and on the tenth day of May, 1861, was mustered into the ser

vice of the United States. At the battle of Shiloh on the sixth of April, 1862, he lost his right leg and on the fourth day of August, 1862, he was discharged being then only one day over twenty-one years old. He returned to his home and in 1863 was selected by the Republicans for their candidate for county treasurer and was elected to that office and in scanning the records of the county we find that Mr. Sperry gave a bond worth $200,000, an amount larger than was required at that time of the State treasurer. In his religious preference he is a Baptist, and the society find in him one of its most liberal contributors as well as most earnest and zealous workers. When questions involving the interest of the society and its work arise, an able advocate for its best interests is found in Mr. Sperry. He has long served as the clerk of the church association and he has proved an efficient man in the right place. He was married on the twenty-first day of March, 1866, to Miss Anna Eldridge a native of Coshocton county, Ohio. Their family consists of three children: Loren E., Sylvia A. and Charles E. They lost one son, George E. STAMBACH, P.-Restaurant and billiard-room. Was born in Pennsylvania, on the second day of April, 1824, and raised there, and in youth learned the trade of hatter, but the business not being congenial to his taste he learned the trade of machinist and followed this business and railroading for twelve years. He enlisted in the army during the late war in the Fortysixth Pennsylvania infantry and served four years and three months, participating in all the battles in which the regiment was engaged. In 1871 came to Iowa and settled on a farm, and soon after engaged in his present business for which he is peculiarly adapted, and his genial manners and efforts to please his patrons, have secured for him a large patronage and an enviable reputation. He was married to Miss Matilda Hager, December 23, 1846. She was, born in Philadelphia. They have two children living: Kate (now Mrs. Jno. L. Davis, of Council Bluffs) and Bessie. They have lost three: Joel H., Henry and Laura.

STROUD, W. L.-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 36, P. O. Attica. Was born in Coffin county, Tennessee, May 4, 1833. His father, Peter, and his mother, Rebecca, were among the early settlers in that State. While W. L. was in his infancy Mr. Stroud removed to Logan county, Illinois, with his family where he resided, engaged in agricultural pursuits until 1849, when they came to Iowa, locating in Marion county, where he was closely identified with its growth and prosperity until March, 1863, when the county was deprived by his death, of one of its pioneers and most valued citizens. Mrs. Rebecca Stroud's death was recorded soon after the demise of Mr. Stroud. W. L. was virtually raised and educated in Marion county, although the educational facilities in his boyhood days were very limited. He has during his life applied himself and his entire attention to the pursuits of agriculture, and is thoroughly conversant with that branch. His estate consists of 249 acres; his barn is among the finest in the township, and is arranged for the convenience of his stock raising, and indicates good judgment. His stock consists of good grades. In 1862 he enlisted in company A, Fortieth Iowa volunteer infantry; was honorably discharged in 1865. In October, 1878, Miss Mary Henderson, an estimable lady of Marion county, became his wife. Their union has been blessed by two children: Clark and Edith.

STONE, WILLIAM M.-Ex-Governor of Iowa. Is a native of Jefferson county, New York, and was born on the fourteenth of October, 1827.

When but one year of age he accompanied his father to Lewis county, New York, and six years later to Coshocton county, Ohio. Our subject never attended a school of any kind more than twelve months, and in boyhood he was a team driver two seasons on the Ohio Canal. At seventeen he was apprenticed to the chair-maker's trade, and followed that business until twenty-three years of age, reading law meantime during his spare hours. He commenced at Coshocton, and continued his readings at Akron, finishing at Ravenna. In August, 1851, he was admitted to the bar. After practicing three years in Coshocton with his old preceptor, he, in November, 1854, settled in Knoxville. After locating here Mr. Stone purchased the Knoxville Journal, and was one of the prime movers in forming the Republican party in Iowa, being the first editor to suggest a State convention, which met on the twenty-second of February, 1856. In the autumn of that year he was a Presidential elector on that ticket. In April, 1857, he was chosen judge of the Eleventh judicial district; was elected judge of the Sixth district, when the new constitution went into operation in 1858, and was serving on the bench when the American flag was stricken down at Fort Sumter. In May, 1861, he enlisted as a private; was made captain of company B, Third Iowa infantry, and was subsequently promoted to major. With that regiment he was at the battle of Blue Mills, Missouri, in September, 1861, where he was wounded. At Shiloh he commanded the regiment, and was taken prisoner. By order of Jefferson Davis was paroled for the space of forty days, and afterward had his parol extended fifteen days; was then exchanged. In August, 1862, he was appointed by Governor Kirkwood, colonel of the Twenty-second Iowa infantry, and participated in the battles of Port Gibson, Champion's Hill, Black River and in the charge on Vicksburg when he was again wounded receiving a gun-shot in his left arm. Colonel Stone commanded a brigade until the last of August, when, being ordered to the Gulf Department, he resigned. He had become very popular with the people of Iowa and they were determined to make him Governor. He was nominated in a Republican convention, held at Des Moines, in June, 1863, elected by a large majority, and two years later was re-elected. He was brevetted brigadier-general in 1864 after having been elected Governor. In May, 1857, he married Miss Caroline Mathews, a native of Ohio, then residing at Knoxville. They have one son, William A.

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STUMP, L. Z.-Dealer in groceries, provisions and quecensware. of Knoxville's most successful merchants, is a native of Carrollton, Carroll county, Ohio. Was born on the twelfth day of October, 1845. His early life was passed in his native State, and was engaged in agricultural pursuits. In 1857 he came to Iowa, and during the war he served in the Third Coloorado cavalry. He spent six years in railroad work. In March, 1872, came to this county, and in June, of the same year, commenced his mercantile experience. Starting comparatively without means he has been the architect of his own fortune. Temperate in his habits, honest and upright in motive and action, he is a good illustration of what an industrious man can accomplish and his life has been one of ceaseless activity, and is remarkable for energy and courage. As a business man is endowed with rare good sense and a well balanced mind. He married Miss Savina Kistler, on the sixteenth of December, 1873. She was born in Pennsylvania. They have two children living: Lula Myrtle and Ollie May. They lost one son, Freddie E.

AGGART, JAMES-Of the firm of Taggart & Hindman, proprietors of the City Mills, is a native of Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, and was born on the fifteenth of November, 1831, and when four years of age was taken by his parents to Ohio, where he was principally raised on a farm. He came to Iowa in 1858, and settled in Marion county, and engaged in agricultural pursuits, and now owns an improved farm of 160 acres, and has proved himself a successful agriculturalist. In 1875 he purchased the City Mills, mention of which is made in another part of this work. He has a full share of public patronage, and is building up an enviable reputation for the quality of his manufactures, and among the many successful business men of Marion county, no one has a higher standing for honor and integrity. He married Miss Jane Hindman in 1859. She was born in Ireland. Their family consists of six children: William E., Robert M., Mary E., Addie B., Laura J. and Maggie L.

THOMAS, B. E.-Hygienic physician. Was born in Lee county, Iowa, September 18, 1844, and lived there until nine years of age, and then accompanied his parents to Clarke county, and thence to Peoria, Illinois. Here he went into the water-cure establishment, as an assistant, and pursued the study of medicine, at the same time. He remained here four months, under the direction of Dr. M. Nevins. He then went' to Galesburg, and associated himself with Dr. McCall, a practitioner of note, and a strong believer in the water-cure system. From there he went to the Hygienic Therapeutic College of New York City, as a student and assistant, and took a thorough course under the instruction of Dr. R. P. Trall, president of the college, and graduated March 25, 1867. He returned to Galesburg, and for a short time was connected with the water-cure, and then went to Oskaloosa, Iowa, and accepted a position as teacher of physical culture in the Oskaloosa College, and filled this position two years. He then went to Hannibal, Missouri, to the Spring Valley Hygienic Home, and then spent some time in traveling. He came to Knoxville and engaged in practice, in which he has been very successful. Some of the more prominent principles of his system are: All healing is inherent in the living system; no curative virtue in medicines; nature's materia medica consists of air, light, temperance, electricity, magnetism, exercise, rest, food, drink, bathing, sleep, clothing, passional influence and mechanical or surgical appliances. The true healing art consists in supplying in whatever of the above it can use, under the circumstances. Dr. Thomas was married to Miss Hill, of Indiana, October 30, 1870. She died in 1873. His second marriage occurred January 18, 1880, to Miss J. S. Drummond, a native of Ohio.

NDERHILL, R. H.-Capitalist and salesman, was born in New York, July 25, 1831, and lived there until eighteen years of age, and then went to St. Louis, and lived there until 1850, and received the appointment of city weigher. From St. Louis he went to Philadelphia, and accepted a position as a traveling salesman for a hardware establishment. He came to Iowa in 1857, and a large part of the time since has represented the firm in this State and Missouri. Mr. Underhill has been a careful, prudent man, husbanding his resources, and is one of the solid men of the county. He married in 1858, to Miss Ada H. Collins, a native of Ohio. They have one son and one daughter: Lizzie H. and Benjamin M. AN DER MEULEN, S.-Editor of the Marion County Express, was

years of age, and was educated at Elberfeldt. In 1872 he emigrated to the United States, and settled in Ottumwa. Until 1879 he had a mercantile experience. In 1879 he engaged in journalism, as editor of the Marion County Express, a paper devoted to the interests of the Greenback party, having a large circulation throughout the county. He married Mrs. C. C. McCormack in 1877. She was born in Wapello county. They have one son, W. Herbert. Lost one son, Wiebe.

VAN SYOC, AMOS-Farmer, Sec. 17, P. O. Knoxville. Is a native of Washington county, Pennsylvania. Was born April 18, 1838. When five years of age his father moved to Stark county, Ohio, where he remained until 1854, and then emigrated to Iowa, settling in Des Moines county, and lived there two years, then moved to Warren county, where he died, in 1861. Amos remained at home for two years after his father's death. He received the principal part of his education in the Knoxville public-schools. For several years he followed the occupation of teacher. He early formed a taste for agricultural pursuits, and by diligence and industry he has accumulated considerable property, and a comfortable home. He was married, October 2, 1862, to Sarah E. LaMar. She was born in Lexington, McLean county, Illinois, December 29, 1844. By this union they have three children: Ida M., Eva D. E. and Myrtle May. They have lost two.

W WAGNER, CATHARINE-Whose maiden name was Harnbaker,

was born in Franklin county, Ohio, July 30, 1830, and when young moved with her parents to Illinois. There she resided until twenty years of age. On the eleventh of September, 1851, she was married to Jacob Wagner, who was born in Germany, March 12, 1812. Mrs. Wagner has been identified with the interests of the county for twenty-seven years, and has shared many of the trials, hardships and discouragements attending the settlement of a new country; but she has bravely met them all, and has brought up, successfully, a large family. She has eight children: John, Jacob H., Mary, Rachel, Sophia, Ellen, Nancy and Ada May. Lost three: Joseph D. (died August 25, 1863), Margaret (died May 27, 1879) and Annie (died November 29, 1879).

WELCH, JAMES-Justice of the peace, was born in Washington county, Pennsylvania, on the fourteenth day of February, 1817. He learned the trade of chair-making in his youth, which he followed for a number of years as an occupation. In 1842 he removed to Ohio, and after a residence of four years came to Mahaska county and settled in Oskaloosa, where he continued working at his trade. In 1853 he came to this county and purchased a farm and engaged in agricultural pursuits, and continued the same until 1875, when he retired from the active duties of farın life and moved to Knoxville. He held the office of justice of the peace, and served as assessor for several years, and in the fall of 1880 was elected justice of the peace of this township. But few men have a bettter record, or have achieved more grand results from a small and discouraging beginning. He was married to Miss Jane Thompson, in 1840, a native of Philadelphia. Their family consists of seven children: David T., Harriet (now Mrs. Henderson), Margaret J. (now Mrs. McMillan), Calvin, Jane, Mary (now Mrs. Bender) and Albert; one son, J. Y., enlisted in the Eighth Iowa infantry and died from disease contracted in the army.

WELCH, D. T.-Of the firm of Welch & McMillan, dealers in dry goods, clothing, notions, etc. Is one of Marion county's leading, as well as most successful merchants, and was born in Savannah, Ohio, on the

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