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Mayor-John Nollen. Recorder-H. Nevenesch.

Overkamp. Marshal-O. H. Parish, N. P. Earp.

1862.

Treasurer-Isaac

Mayor-John Nollen. Recorder-H. Neyenesch. Treasurer-Isaa Overkamp. Marshal-N. P. Earp.

1863.

Mayor-J. Nollen. Recorder-H. Neyenesch. Treasurer-I. Ore kamp. Marshal-N. P. Earp, H. Van Vliet.

1864.

Mayor-Wm. Fisher. Recorder-H. Neyenesch. Treasurer-I. Ove kamp. Marshal--John Von Driel.

1865.

Mayor-Wm. Fisher. Recorder-H. Neyenesch. Treasuer-L. Orekamp. Marshal-William Holbrook.

1866.

Mayor-William Fisher. Recorder-H. Neyenesch. Treasurer-Iss Overkamp. Marshal-H. Kraai.

1867.

Mayor-H. Hospers. Recorder H. Neyenesch. Treasuer-I Overkamp. Marshal-H. Kraai.

1868.

Mayor-H. Hospers. Recorder- H. Neyenesch. Treasurer Isas Overkamp. Marshal-H. Kraai, H. Synhorst.

1869.

Mayor-H. Hospers. Recorder-H. Neyenesch. Treasurer - Isa: Overkamp. Marshal-A. Lee.

1870.

The city abandons its old charter and is organized under the general law. The officer heretofore called recorder is hereafter called clerk.

Mayor-H. Hospers, H. Neyenesch. Clerk-H. Neyenesch, W. D. Forsythe. Treasurer—Isaac Overkamp. Marshal-A. Lee.

1871.

Mayor-H. M. McCully. Clerk-W. D. Forsythe. Treasurer-Isaac Overkamp. Marshal-A. Lee.

1872.

Mayor-H. M. McCully. Clerk-A, H. Viersen. Treasurer—Isaac Overkamp. Marshal—A. Lee.

1873.

Mayor-H. M. McCully. Clerk--H. F. Bousquet. Treasurer-Isaac Overkamp. Marshal-A. Lee.

1874.

Mayor--H. Neyenesch. Clerk-H. F. Bousquet. Treasurer—I. Overkainp. Marshal - A. Lee.

1875.

Mayor-E. F. Grafe. Clerk-H. F. Bousquet. Treasurer--I. Overkamp. Marshal-P. H. Kennedy.

1876.

Mayor-H. Neyenesch. Clerk--P. C. Lankelma. Treasurer--I. Overkamp. Marshal-W. W. Brown.

1877.

Mayor-H. Neyenesch. Clerk-P. C. Lankelma. Treasurer--I. Overkamp. Marshal-- A. Lee.

1878.

Mayor-H. M. McCully. Clerk-P. C. Lankelma. Treasurer-I. Overkamp. Marshal --A. Lee.

1879.

Mayor-H. M. McCully. Clerk--J. H. Stubenrauch. Treasurer - I. Overkamp. Marshal-A. Synhorst.

1880.

Mayor-H. M. McCully. Clerk--J. H. Stubenrauch. Treasurer--I. Overkamp. Marshal-A. Synhorst.

GROWTH OF BUSINESS AND POPULATION.

It has already been seen that the first town plat of Pella had been surveyed, a few buildings had been erected, a post-office established and one or two business houses located there prior to 1850; that in 1855 the towi was incorporated and there were seventy-six votes cast. After the incorportion of the town its growth was continuous and rapid, but its growth and prosperity have been most marked since the completion of the Des Moines Valley Railroad, which fortunately for Pella passed through that town before any of its rivals had any road, and by reason of which it became the only shipping point in Marion county, and in a few years became the chief trading point for a large and productive region of country. The Des Moines Valley Railroad was completed to Eddyville at the county line between Wapello and Mahaska counties in 1861 where the terminus of the road continued to be until 1866 when it was completed to Des Moines From 1866 till 1875 Pella enjoyed remarkable advantages which were improved to the fullest extent. By the completion of two other lines of rail. road through Marion county, Pella has lost a portion of its trade and as a shipping point is not a place of as much importance as formerly. Though still a place of great business activity it will be seen that it has fallen of somewhat, during the past five years in population. According to the census of 1875 it then had a population of 2,536, while in 1880 it was but 2,435. By comparing the amount of shipments for the year 1873 with the shipments during the last six months of the year 1879, it will be seen that there has been a falling off.

Business done by railroad at Pella during the year 1873, pounils: 11 cars of horses.

220,000 143 cars of cattle...

.2,516,000 476 cars of hogs.

.6,734,000 13 cars of sheep

156,000 Mess pork...

955 Lard and tallow....

115,125 Hides ....

86,095

53,770 Wheat...

..3,843,750 Corn..

120,000 Vats.

.4,659,735

.1,093,960 Grass seed...

46,730 Potatoes.

.1,982,905 Wool....

20,000 Stone and brick.

894,070 Agricultural implements.

115,270 Eggs and butter...

709,445 Household goods..

87,420 Merchandise...

306,570

Wool...

Flour...,

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Money realized by the railroad on above freight, $40,739.35; money received by the railroad for freight delivered at Pella, $52,930.91; money received for tickets sold during the year, $16,860.65; total, $110,361.31. Shipments from Pella during six months ending November 30, 1879: Oats.

.167 car loads. Corn..

35 Wheat.

53
Butter and eggs.

40
Potatoes.
Hogs.
Cattle.

31

17 Merchandise....

12 Household goods..

20 This temporary check which has been given to the growth of the city is scarcely noticeable except in the statistics of the place, and surrounded as it is by so fertile a country and having tributary to it so large a population of industrious and thrifty people it must ever remain a place of considerable commercial importance.

.183 . 146

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BUSIXESS AOUSES.

There are at present two exclusive dry-goods stores. The proprietors of these stores are J. S. Baker and L. Bach.

There are eleven stores of general merchandise with the following named proprietors: G. F. Stegeman, G. Thomassen, William Slob, Kruidenier Brothers, Beard & Scholte, H. de Booy, C. Rhynsburger, B. G. Bowen, John Dykstra, B. H. van Spanckeren and John Gaass.

There are six firms which deal exclusively in groceries, two hardware stores, two dealers in stoves and tinware, three harness-shope, two furniture stores, three firms which deal exclusively in boots and shoes, the number of dealers in drugs and books is four.

There are three firms dealing in grain, two banks, two lumber yards, two grist mills, two woolen mills, one livery stable, two elevators, five hotele, six saloons, three weekly newspapers and two monthlies.

Among the other enterprises not strictly business may be mentioned: One university, three public school buildings, and twelve churches. There are fifteen ministers, ten physicians, five lawyers, twenty-five teachers and one hundred college students.

CENTRAL UNIVERSITY.

This popular institution of learning is under the control of the Baptist Church, and was founded in 1853. The cɔllege building is situated in the midst of ample grounds in the southwest part of the city. It furnishes excellent advantages for the higher education of both sexes, and many annually avail themselves of the advantages here afforded. The instructors are persons of experience and ability, the accommodations are ample and the location is a healthy one.

From a synopsis of the history of the institution from the first down to the year 1871, written by Prof. E. H. Scarff, we glean the following:

The institution was perfected at an educational convention, which met at Oskaloosa, November 10, 1852, when a committee of fifteen was appointed to report at an adjourned meeting, to be held at Pella, June 4, 1853.

At the adjourned meeting at Pella it was decided to locate the institution at Pella, and active measures were at once entered upon.

E. H. Scarff was appointed to take charge of the school, which was carried on in a brick building on Washington Street till 1856, when it was removed to the new college building. Caleb Caldwell, Julia Tallman and C. C. Cory were the assistant teachers.

At the opening of the spring term of 1857, A. N. Currier, A. B., was added to the corps of teachers.

At the annual meeting of the board, June, 1858, it was resolved to open & regular collegiate course, and Rev. E. Gunn was elected president of the College.

In 1858, Mrs. D. C. A. Stoddard was added to the list of teachers. From 1857 to 1861, the prospects of the school were very flattering. Classes were formed in the collegiate department as high as the Junior class.

The aggregate number of students for the year 1861 was three hundred and twenty-seven.

At the opening of the war, in 1861, many of the students responded to the call for soldiers, and at the close of the suminer term, 1862, there was not an able-bodied man of sufficient age to bear arms in the school. Rev. E. Gunn had resigned the presidency, and Professor Currier enlisted in the army.

In 1865 Professor Currier returned from the army and resumed his place in the school. At the close of the war, many of the former students returned, and the school was greatly enlarged. The aggregate attendance for 1862, was two hundred and ninety-two. Of the one hundred and fourteen stadents who enlisted in the army, twenty-six were commissioned officers, seventeen non-coin missioned officers, and twenty-one fell on the field.

At the annual meeting, June, 1870, it was resolved to raise $10,000 as the nucleus of an endowment fund. The effort was successful.

At the meeting of the Board, June, 1871, the $10,000 having been secured, the Board resolved to prosecute the work of endowment, and elected Rev. L. A. Dunn, of Fairfax, Vermont, president of the College.

At the opening of the winter term he delivered his inaugural and entered upon his labors. .

Dr. Dunn is one of the most popular and successful educators in the West, and under his energetic and judicious management the college has constantly prospered and extended its range of influence.

In his inaugural address before alluded to he gave a brief outline of the work before him. The following were his closing remarks:

“Among the colleges of the West the Central University of Iowa holds only an humble place, but it is strictly Protestant in its character, and purely American in its ideas; and will labor to the extent of its power to inculcate the great fundamental principle of religious toleration and national freedom that lies at the foundation of our republican institutions.

Having its home in the valley of the Des Moines, in the heart of Iowa, and near the center of the great valley of the West, in a city called Pella, a

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