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Money realized by the railroad on above freight, $40,739.35; money received by the railroad for freight delivered at Pella, $52,930.91; money received for tickets sold during the year, $16,860.65; total, $110,361.31.

Shipments from Pella during six months ending November 30, 1879:

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This temporary check which has been given to the growth of the city is scarcely noticeable except in the statistics of the place, and surrounded as it is by so fertile a country and having tributary to it so large a population of industrious and thrifty people it must ever remain a place of considerable commercial importance.

BUSINESS HOUSES.

There are at present two exclusive dry-goods stores. The proprietors of these stores are J. S. Baker and L. Bach.

There are eleven stores of general merchandise with the following named proprietors: G. F. Stegeman, G. Thomassen, William Slob, Kruidenier Brothers, Beard & Scholte, H. de Booy, C. Rhynsburger, B. G. Bowen, John Dykstra, B. H. van Spanckeren and John Gaass.

There are six firms which deal exclusively in groceries, two hardware stores, two dealers in stoves and tinware, three harness-shope, two furniture stores, three firms which deal exclusively in boots and shoes, the number of dealers in drugs and books is four.

There are three firms dealing in grain, two banks, two lumber yards, two grist mills, two woolen mills, one livery stable, two elevators, five hotels, six saloons, three weekly newspapers and two monthlies.

Among the other enterprises not strictly business may be mentioned: One university, three public school buildings, and twelve churches. There are fifteen ministers, ten physicians, five lawyers, twenty-five teachers and one hundred college students.

CENTRAL UNIVERSITY.

This popular institution of learning is under the control of the Baptist Church, and was founded in 1853. The college building is situated in the midst of ample grounds in the southwest part of the city. It furnishes excellent advantages for the higher education of both sexes, and many annually avail themselves of the advantages here afforded. The instructors are persons of experience and ability, the accommodations are ample and the location is a healthy one.

From a synopsis of the history of the institution from the first down to the year 1871, written by Prof. E. H. Scarff, we glean the following:

The institution was perfected at an educational convention, which met at Oskaloosa, November 10, 1852, when a committee of fifteen was appointed to report at an adjourned meeting, to be held at Pella, June 4, 1853.

At the adjourned meeting at Pella it was decided to locate the institution at Pella, and active measures were at once entered upon.

E. H. Scarff was appointed to take charge of the school, which was car ried on in a brick building on Washington Street till 1856, when it was removed to the new college building. Caleb Caldwell, Julia Tallman and C. C. Cory were the assistant teachers.

At the opening of the spring term of 1857, A. N. Currier, A. B., was added to the corps of teachers.

At the annual meeting of the board, June, 1858, it was resolved to open a regular collegiate course, and Rev. E. Gunn was elected president of the College.

In 1858, Mrs. D. C. A. Stoddard was added to the list of teachers.

From 1857 to 1861, the prospects of the school were very flattering. Classes were formed in the collegiate department as high as the Junior class. The aggregate number of students for the year 1861 was three hundred and twenty-seven.

At the opening of the war, in 1861, many of the students responded to the call for soldiers, and at the close of the suminer term, 1862, there was not an able-bodied man of sufficient age to bear arms in the school. Rev. E. Gunn had resigned the presidency, and Professor Currier enlisted in the army.

In 1865 Professor Currier returned from the army and resumed his place in the school. At the close of the war, many of the former students returned, and the school was greatly enlarged. The aggregate attendance for 1862, was two hundred and ninety-two. Of the one hundred and fourteen students who enlisted in the army, twenty-six were commissioned officers, seventeen non-commissioned officers, and twenty-one fell on the field.

At the annual meeting, June, 1870, it was resolved to raise $10,000 as the nucleus of an endowment fund. The effort was successful.

At the meeting of the Board, June, 1871, the $10,000 having been secured, the Board resolved to prosecute the work of endowment, and elected Rev. L. A. Dunn, of Fairfax, Vermont, president of the College. At the opening of the winter term he delivered his inaugural and entered upon his labors.

Dr. Dunn is one of the most popular and successful educators in the West, and under his energetic and judicious management the college has constantly prospered and extended its range of influence.

In his inaugural address before alluded to he gave a brief outline of the work before him. The following were his closing remarks:

"Among the colleges of the West the Central University of Iowa holds only an humble place, but it is strictly Protestant in its character, and purely American in its ideas; and will labor to the extent of its power to inculcate the great fundamental principle of religious toleration and national freedom that lies at the foundation of our republican institutions. Having its home in the valley of the Des Moines, in the heart of Iowa, and near the center of the great valley of the West, in a city called Pella, a

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name rendered classic by its being the name of the city of refuge to which the Christians fled when Jerusalem was destroyed, and also the name of the capital of Macedonia, the birthplace of Alexander the Great.

Occupying such a central position, and adorning such a city, it hopes to be true to its position and faithful to its high duty and worthy of the confidence of the public.

"It will provoke no controversy; lay no obstacle in the way of any other institution of learning, but in its own quiet and unpretending way will seek to do all it may be able, to counteract all influences deleterious to the interests of our country or to the Christian religion, and to build up in this great valley the principle of sound education and correct religious faith. Embarrassment and discouragements, common to institutions in a new country, have attended the rise and progress of this University, but its growth has been onward and upward, and already it has a history of which it need not be ashamed. But the College, like the State, is yet in its youth, and it is believed that it feels all the strength and vigor of youthful life and will grow with the growth of the people, and that by and by it will ripen with the State into strong and vigorous manhood.

"The prospect for the future is bright and promising; full of hope. It needs but the persevering labor of its friends and the common blessing of Heaven to insure success.

"The work of education in the West, at the present moment, is emphat ically the work. We lose all if we lose the West. And if we lose our hold on the leading minds all is gone.

"Then, in closing, let me say: stand by the education of the West. Our highest good, our self-preservation and the conservation of the world is in this act."

The present official board have principally to do with the general management of the institution:

Board of Trustees.

Officers-L. A. Dunn, president; J. B. Cotton, vice-president; I. J. Stoddard, treasurer; S. West, secretary.

Class I, term expires 1880.-Hon. B. F. Keables, Rev. J. Y. Aitchison, Rev. Wm. Elliott, C. Craven, E. D. Morgan, A. N. Cain, Rev. John Davies, *Rev. J. C. Hurd, M. D., Rev. S. Washington, Hon. E. G. Barker, Rev. S. West, E. B. Ruckman, Rev. H. R. Schermerhorn.

Class II, term expires 1881.-Rev. E. H. Scarff, D. D., Rev. A. Robinson, Rev. Jas. Frey, Jr., Hon. N. Littler, *Byram Leonard, Esq., J. B. Cotton, Prof. A. N. Currier, Prof. C. C. Cory, A. H. Viersen, M. W. Forrest, Rev. W. C. Pratt, Rev. C. Payne.

Class III, term expires 1882.-Rev. L. A. Dunn, D. D., Hon. J. K. Hornish, Rev. I. J. Stoddard, Rev. J. M. Wood, Rev. G. W. Hertzog, Chas. Livingston, E. S. Plimpton, John Nollen, Thos. Ryan, Esq., H. G. Curtis, Esq., R. R. Watts, M. W. Rudd.

Executive Committee.--L. A. Dunn, J. B. Cotton, I. J. Stoddard, B. F. Keables, A. H. Viersen, S. West, Thos. Ryan.

*Deceased.

The practical work of the school, at the beginning of 1880, was under the direction of the following

Faculty and Instructors.

Rev. L. A. Dunn, D. D., president, professor of mental and moral philosophy.

Rev. E. H. Scarff, D. D., professor of mathematics-resigned.

S. F. Prouty, A. B,, professor of Latin and natural sciences.

Rev. H. R. Schermerhorn, A. M., professor of rhetoric and belles lettres -resigned.

I. M. DeLong, A. B., professor of mathematics.

Miss Laura A. Tone, acting principal of ladies department and instructor in English and Latin.

Mrs. A. E. Prouty, A. B., instructor in Greek and German.

Miss Martha Rudd, A. B., instructor in Greek and mathematics-resigned.

Prof. J. B. Cotton, principal in the musical department.

Miss A. E. Cotton, M. B., instructor in music.

John N. Dunn, instructor in reading, and college librarian.

During the collegiate year, ending in June, 1879, there were the following number of students in the several departments:

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The public schools of Pella have long enjoyed the reputation of being among the best in the State. Not only have the people been liberal in voting funds for the erection of school buildings and the payment of teachers' salaries, but what is even more important, they have been careful to vote in

members of the school board who have brought with them to this responsible position, experience and a determination to make of the public school all of which the system is susceptible. They have been fortunate in their selection of a superintendent in the person of Prof. Cory, who has held that position of honor and trust for many years. It has long been demonstrated by experience as it can readily be shown by reason, that the highest efficiency in the public schools can only be obtained by long and uninterrupted tenure of office in the office of superintendent.

There are enrolled in the public schools of Pella between eight hundred and nine hundred pupils; and among the school buildings is a magnificent new brick structure, recently erected at a cost of $20,000.

The following named persons have had the superintendency of the public schools in the past: 1858, C. T. Chapin; 1859, Warren Olney; 1860, E. D. Morgan; 1861, C. B. Boydston; 1862-1865, F. W. Corliss; 1865-1869, W. D. Forsythe; 1869-1871, W. H. Post; 1871-1880, C. C. Cory.

The schools at present are under the control and management of the following officers and teachers:

Board of Directors-S. H. Viersen, President; W. D. Forsythe, B. Buerkens, E. R. Cassatt, H. Neyenesch, H. Wormhoudt. Treasurer-H. Kuyper; Secretary-Wm. v. d. Linden; Superintendent C. C. Cory.

Teachers-High School, principal, C. C. Cory; assistant, Miss Lois Martin; Department No. 2, Miss A. Reynolds; No. 3, Miss E. J. Stallard; No. 4, Miss M. V. Davenport; No. 5, Miss Addie Monohon; No. 6, Miss Alice West; No. 7, Miss Lillie Viersen; No. 8, Miss Mary Forsythe; No. 9, Miss Bertha Tysseling; No. 10, Miss Meta Shaw; No. 11, Miss Orpha Alexander; No. 12, Miss Mary Johnson.

CHURCHES.

First Baptist-This church was organized in the year 1863. The following were some of the first members of the society:

I. J. Stoddard, R. D. Hartshorn and wife, J. Parker and wife, William Hildreth and wife, F. W. Corliss, H. H. Stevens and wife, H. K. Kean and wife, Mary Parker and Mrs. E. C. Julian.

The church building, which is a large and elegant one, was erected in 1873. It cost about $11,000, and was dedicated in August, 1874, by Dr. L. A. Dunn.

The following have been the pastors: Reverends E. H. Scarff, J. R. Shanafelt, E. C. Spinney, T. W. Powell, H. R. Mitchell and Charles Payne. Dr. L. A. Dunn is the present supply.

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The membership at present numbers 150, and in connection with the ular church organization there is a large and flourishing Sunday-school. This church is the outgrowth of the Baptist Church which was the first to be organized in the county. They were in a certain sense organized before the Hollanders came, the Rev. C. C. Curtis preaching for them as a missionary. The first organization seemed to nearly or quite die out, and

this one was established on its ruins in 1863.

The church edifice is not yet entirely completed. The vestry only has been dedicated, while the main audience room is still unfinished.

Second Baptist--This church was organized in 1858. William A. Bartlett, John Bogue and wife, Henry A. Ritner and wife, M. A. Clark and wife, B. G. Bowen and wife, T. W. Whipple and wife, J. G. Howell and wife,

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