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is well improved and on which he has good buildings. He married Miss Elmira Byers on the 25th of December, 1853. She is a native of Indiana, and was born September 14, 1833. By this union they have three children living: Amanda E., Mary O. and James B. They lost three: Martha A., Clarendo C., David S. Mrs. Foster lived to enjoy life until February 24, 1875. He is an honest, energetic farmer, and one that attends to his own business. His daughter, Ollie, keeps house for him at present.

FRY, G. W.-Farmer, Sec. 35, P. O. Columbia. Was born in Marion county on the 18th of February, 1855, and was raised here on a farm, and is still following his favorite occupation. He received a common school education in his younger days. He married Miss Mary Robinson the 29th of January, 1880. She is also native of this county. He is a thoroughly drilled agriculturalist and stands high in the estimation of the public.

JA!

AMES, EZRA-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 5, P. O. Dallas. Is & native of Muskingum county, Ohio. Was born the 19th of February, 1825. He spent the youthful years of his life on a farm, and received an education in the common schools of that place. In the spring of 1852 he emigrated to Iowa and settled in Lucas county. Was engaged in agricul tural pursuits there for fifteen years. In the fall of 1867 he came to this county and settled where he now resides. He owns 240 acres of fine farm land well improved, on which he has good and comfortable buildings. He was united in marriage to Miss Susanna Murry in 1848. She is a native of Virginia, and was born on the first of January, 1824. By this union they have nine children: Sarah, Franklin, Delila, Alva, Charles E., Henry. Mary E., Emma B. and Clarence. They lost two, David and Lemuel. Mr. James commenced life with limited capital, and by his industry and attention to business has made himself a fine home.

LAFAVER, J. W. Farmer, Sec. 34. P. O. Columbia. Is a native of Morgan county, Indiana, and was born in August, 1835. Was there raised on a farm and educated at Greencastle, Indiana. When eighteen years of age he commenced teaching school, and followed it for two years. Came to this county and settled at Gosport in 1855, and resided there until 1860, when he returned to Indiana. He enlisted in company A, Thirty-third Indiana infantry in August, 1863, and took part in the battles of Johnsonville, Nashville and others. Was mustered out in December, 1864, at Nashville. Tennessee. Came home to Indiana and returned to Marion county in the fall of 1866. He married Miss Sarah Gregory in 1857, at Gosport. She is a native of Indiana. Their family consists of six children: James F., Mary, Jane, Ellen, Rachel and Joseph D. Himself and wife are members of the M. E. Church of Columbia.

LINDSAY, WM. H.-Farmer, Sec. 27, P. O. Columbia. The subject of this brief sketch is a native of Lincoln county, North Carolina, and was born May 29th, 1815, and was principally raised on a farm. In the fall of 1839 he emigrated to Georgia, where he followed agricultural pursuits and school teaching until the winter of 1846. He then returned to his native State and followed school teaching and farming until May, 1851, when he emigrated to Macoupin county, Illinois, where he taught school two terins, then again took up farming and has made that his business exclusively. Came to this county in April, 1865. His farm consists of 200 acres which is well improved. He has held various offices in the township, as justice of the peace and trustee. He married Miss Nancy Ann Falls in the summer of 1839 in North Carolina. She is a native of the above State and

was born January 10th, 1816. By this union they have two children living: Rachel G. and Marcus C. Lost three. Himself and wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church of Columbia, and he is also a member of Tyre Lodge, No. 185, located at Columbia.

LONG, BRUMFIELD-Farmer, Sec. 32, P. O. Columbia. Was born in April, 1819, in Virginia, and emigrated with his parents to Elkhart county, Indiana, when thirteen years of age. He spent the early part of life on a farm and received a common school education. He also worked at the cabinet trade about one year. Came to this county in the summer of 1853 and purchased 200 acres of land. He has added froin time to time and at present his farm consists of 360 acres, besides one that he presented to his son. He kept the Columbia post-office two years. He has been a member of the county board two terms, and was appointed by the Legislature to locate the State road from Bellefontaine to Chariton. He enlisted with the home guards and started for the front, but he was taken sick at St. Joseph, Missouri, and was compelled to return home. His son J. W. enlisted in company I, Thirty-third Iowa infantry, but was obliged to return on account of ill health, and has since died from the effects of disease contracted in the service. Mr. Long was married to Miss Eliza Wyland, a native of Ohio, in 1843. She was born April 29th, 1827. By this union one child is living, Wm. T. Lost one, John W. Himself and wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church of Columbia, in which he has held the office of trustee and steward.

E. Sec. 27, P. O. Columbia. Was born in

June, 1833, in Putnam county, Indiana. Was raised there on a farm and received his education. He also assisted his father in clearing a farm in that county. He removed to this State and settled in this county in April, 1858, and has remained here since, following agricultural pursuits. He now has a farm of 430 acres, well improved. He has good buildings, etc., and one of the best orchards in the township, embracing five acres. He deals in and raises considerable stock. Has held the offices of justice of the peace, assessor, trustee, and others. He married Miss Nancy M. McCorkle in October, 1855. She is a native of Rush county, Indiana, born in May, 1835. They have eleven children: James A., Mary R., John E., Matthew S., Abram Y., Melissa J., Margaret A., Joseph W., David C., Nathan H. and George E. Himself and wife are members of the Presbyterian Church of Columbia, in which he is ruling elder, and also superintendent of the sabbath-school.

MCCREARY, G. C.-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 8, P. O. Dallas. Was born in Crawford county, Ohio, the 4th of September, 1840, and was there raised until nine years of age, then emigrated with his two brothers to Iowa and settled in Marshall county. Resided there on a farm until the spring of 1861, and received an education in the common schools. In April, 1861, he enlisted in company A, First Kansas infantry, and served three years, then re-enlisted as a veteran in company B, First Kansas cavalry and served in that company until the close of the war. He took part in the following battles: Wilson's Creek, Missouri, Pittsburg Landing, Siege of Vicksburg, Corinth, Springfield and others. Was mustered out at Little Rock, Arkansas, August 30th, 1865. He went to St. Joseph, Indiana, where he followed agricultural pursuits three years, thence to Michigan two years, from there to Kansas where he remained four years, thence to Marshall county, Iowa, eventually locating in Marion county. He owns 104 acres

of land. He married Miss Mary Nodrufft, a native of Ohio, in 1866. She was born in 1845. By this union they have two children: Zerldia and Sarah S. He holds the offices of school secretary and road supervisor.

MOKEE, CHARLES-Farmer, Sec. 3. P. O. Gosport. Was born August 8, 1812, in the county of Donnegal, Ireland. He spent his younger days on a farm and received a common school education. In 1829 he came to America, locating in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where he worked in s foundry for a time, then removed to Coshocton county, Ohio, where he remained fifteen years teaching school and farming. He came to this county in the fall of 1851, and has remained here since, following agricultural pursuits. He married Miss Lavina Russell in October, 1851. She is a native of New York, and was born in 1835 in the city of New York. Himself and wife are members of the Methodist Protestant Church, in which he holds the office of trustee.

MCKINON, JOHN-Of the firm of McKinon & Hoffman, carpenters and wagon-makers, Columbia. Was born October 10th, 1838, in Orange county, Indiana, and was raised and educated in the town of Bloomfield. He learned the house carpenter and wagon-maker trades of his father at an early age, and has followed it for a business. He enlisted in company D. Fourteenth Indiana infantry, June 7th, 1861, and participated in the battles of Yorktown, Fair Oaks, Malvern and others, and was honorably discharged June 7, 1864. Came to Marion county and settled at Columbia in April. 1866. In April, 1880, he took in Mr. Hoffman as partner, left the shop in his charge and went to Colorado, remaining there six months prospecting, and then returned home. He is a member of Tyre Lodge, No. 185. located at Columbia. He married Miss Martha A. Jerome on the 24th of October, 1867. She is a native of Ohio, and was born January 24, 1850. By this union they have five children: Luretta, Susan, Lilly, Martha and an infant.

MITCHELL, ALLEN-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 9, P. O. Gosport. Was born the 24th of April, 1841, in Parke county, Indiana. At the age of eighteen months was taken to Buchanan county, Missouri. He was there raised on a farm until eleven years of age, and received an education in the common schools. He came to this county in 1851 with his mother (now Mrs. Nicodemus). He enlisted in company F, Fortieth Iowa infantry in August, 1862, and was mustered out August 2d, 1865, at Fort Gibson, Indian Territory, receiving an honorable discharge. He returned to his home in this county and took up agricultural pursuits again. He now owns 175 acres of fine farming land well improved. He married Miss C. A. Stone on the 11th of February, 1866. She is a native of Iowa, born on the 15th of April, 1841, on the present site of the city of Fairfield. Her father built the first house in that place. They have one child living Laura. Lost two.

MITCHELL, NEWTON-Farmer Sec. 34, P. O. Columbia. Was born January 30th, 1826, in Highland county, Ohio, and at the age of twelve years emigrated with his parents to Decatur county, Indiana, where he was principally raised on a farm, and received most of his education. He enlisted in company I, Sixty-eighth Indiana infantry in 1862. Was at the battles of Hoover's Gap, Chickamauga and many others, and was mustered out at Nashville, Tennessee, in August, 1865. Came to Marion county in January 1866, and settled on the land whereon he now resides, and has made agricultural pursuits his business since that time. He owns a fine farm of 69

acres, and also 19 acres of timber land in Lucas county. He was married to Miss Joan Glass in 1851 in Rush county, Indiana. She is a native of Kentucky and was born in 1833. By this union they have one child living, ira B. Lost two. Himself and wife are members of the United Presbyterian Church of Knoxville. Mrs. Mitchell, during the war, was head cook in the hospital at Louisville, Kentucky, and other points. Mr. Mitchell has held several of the township offices, always filling them faithfully.

RATHER, B. R.-Druggist and physician, Columbia. Is a native of

Bartholomew county, Indiana, and was born March 23, 1823, being raised there on a farm until twenty-one years of age, when he commenced the study of medicine at Asbury University, Greencastle, Indiana, and continued therein until nearly twenty-five years of age. He then itinerated with the Methodist Episcopal Church nine years, then renewed the study of medicine at Moore's Hill, Indiana, and in the year 1859 he commenced the practice of medicine at Hartford, Indiana. Emigrated to LaGrange, Lucas county, Iowa, April 6, 1860. He continued to practice for two years, then helped to make up company G, Thirty-fourth Iowa infantry, and went with them as a private August 15, 1862. He was soon employed as contract surgeon, in which capacity he continued seven months. His health failing him he returned home. In 1876 he moved to Pleasant township, Lucas county, thence to this county in August, 1879, and purchased his present drug store. He is a member of the Masons and Odd Fellows. Has been married three times. His first wife was Miss Mary A. Lind. They were married in 1847 and by this union had one child. Lost one. His present wife was formerly Mrs. Maggie A. Van Dyke, of Knoxville. Himself and wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church of Columbia, of which he holds the office of local elder.

TRAHAN, MRS. S. A.-Sec. 17, P. O. Gosport. Owns 290 acres of fine farm land which is well improved and well adapted to the raising of all kinds of grain and fruit, and on which she has a fine house and a good barn, etc. Is a native of Fleming county, Kentucky, and was born on the first of January, 1818, being there raised and educated in the common schools. At the age of seventeen she removed to Putman county, Indiana, with her parents. She was united in marriage with S. H. Strahan, on the twenty-first of November, 1839. He was a native of Kentucky and was born in September, 1819, and emigrated to Putnam county, Indiana, when young and was raised on a farm. He died February 24, 1879, and was buried at Gosport. He left five children living: J. W., R. Alexander, Mar garet J., Clara L. and Ira N. Lost four. She is a member of the M. E Church.

WHIT

HITLATCH, W. A.-Of the firm of Whitlatch & Meeks, dealers in general merchandise, Columbia. This gentleman is a native of Montgomery county, Indiana, and came to this county with his parents while young. Was here raised on a farm. Commenced the mercantile business at this place in July, 1874, In August, 1880, he took in Mr. J. G. Meeks as a partner. They have a large roomy building filled with a superb stock of goods and are doing a good business and are building up a fine trade. He married Miss N. C. Fletcher on the ninteenth of September, 1871. She is a native of Kentucky and was born in July, 1848. By this union they have one child, Guy. Mrs. Whitlatch died July 27, 1879, and is interred in the Columbia burying ground.

CHAPTER XIII.

INDIANA TOWNSHIP.

Descriptive Geography-Early History-Barkersville-Attica-Miscellaneous-Biographi

INDIANA township corresponds with congressional township 74, range Timber and coal are abundant, and away from the streams the surface or sists of an almost unbroken level prairie. The farming lands of this to ship have the reputation of being the best in the county and the farmer among the most prosperons in the State.

EARLY HISTORY.

Indiana township was at first a part of Round Grove precinct. T precinct, as formed in the early part of 1846, consists of what is now India township, and a portion of what is now Washington township.

The first election held in Round Grove precinct was on the eighth day April, 1846. The following is a copy of the poll-book of the election "Poll-book of an election held at the house of Alexander May, in Rour Grove precinct, on the first Monday, the sixth day of April, 1846. John I Pearce, A. May and Jeremiah Gullion, judges, and James Cade and James M. Walters, clerks, were sworn, as the law directs, previous to entering upon the duties of their respective offices.

"JOHN T. PEARCE,
"Justice of the peace.

"Number and names of electors: Nelson Hill, Noah Whitlatch, John Campton, Wm. D. Greenman, James M. Walters, David I. Deem, John Whitlach, W. T. Smith, Solomon Z. Tumbleson, James Cade, Jeremiah Glion, Alexander Mays, John T. Pearce Esq., Benjamin Spillman, Isaac Wit sey, Martin Neal, Nathaniel Day, Jeremiah Gullion, Jr., Allen Lowe James I. Pennel, John Riddle, John Greenman, Benjamin Sherwood.

"I, John T. Pearce, A. May and Jeremiah Gullion, do solemnly swear that I will perform the duties of judge of the election, according to law and the best of my ability. I will studiously endeavor to prevent fraud, deceit or abuse in conducting the same."

"JOHN T. PEARCE,
"ALEXANDER MAY,
"JEREMIAH GULLION,
"Judges of the election.

"I, James Cade, and James M. Walters, do solemnly swear that I wi perform the duties of clerk of the election according to law and the best of my ability. I will studiously endeavor to prevent fraud, deceit or abuse in conducting the same.

"JAMES CADE,

"JOHN M. WATTERS,

"Clerks of the election.

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