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of land. He married Miss Mary Nodrufft, a native of Ohio, in 1866. She was born in 1845. By this union they have two children: Zerldia and Sarah S. He holds the offices of school secretary and road supervisor.

MOKEE, CHARLES-Farmer, Sec. 3, P. O. Gosport. Was born August 8, 1812, in the county of Donnegal, Ireland. He spent his younger days on a farm and received a common school education. In 1829 he came to America, locating in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where he worked in a foundry for a time, then removed to Coshocton county, Ohio, where he remained fifteen years teaching school and farmning. He came to this county in the fall of 1851, and has remained here since, following agricultural por suits. He married Miss Lavina Russell in October, 1851. She is a native of New York, and was born in 1835 in the city of New York. Himself and wife are members of the Methodist Protestant Church, in which he holds the office of trustee.

McKINON, JOIN-Of the firm of McKinon & Hoffinan, carpenters and wagon-makers, Columbia. Was born October 10th, 1838, in Orange county, Indiana, and was raised and educated in the town of Bloomfield. He learned the house carpenter and wagon-maker trades of his father at an early age, and has followed it for a business. He enlisted in company D. Fourteenth Indiana infantry, June 7th, 1861, and participated in the battle of Yorktown, Fair Oaks, Malvern and others, and was honorably discharged June 7, 1864. Came to Marion connty and settled at Columbia in April

. 1866. In April, 1880, he took in Mr. Hoffman as partner, left the shop in his charge and went to Colorado, remaining there six months prospecting, and then returned home. He is a member of Tyre Lodge, No. 185, located at Columbia. He married Miss Martha A. Jerome on the 24th of October, 1867. She is a native of Ohio, and was born January 24, 1850 By this union they have five children: Loretta, Susan, Lilly, Martha and an infant. MITCHELL, ALLEN-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 9, P. O. Gosport

. Was born the 24th of April, 1841, in Parke county, Indiana. At the age of eighteen months was taken to Buchanan county, Missouri. He was there raised on a farm until eleven years of age, and received an education in the common schools. He came to this county in 1851 with his mother (now Mrs. Nicodemus). He enlisted in company F, Fortieth Iowa infantry in August, 1862, and was mustered out August 2d, 1865, at Fort Gibson, Indian Territory, receiving an honorable discharge. He returned to his home in this county and took up agricnltural pursuits again. He now owns 175 acres of fine farming land well improved. He married Miss C. A. Stone on the 11th of February, 1866. She is a native of ļowa, born og the 15th of April, 1841, on the present site of the city of Fairfield. Her father built the first house in that place. They have one child living, Laura. Lost two.

MITCHELL, NEWTON_Farmer. Sec. 34, P. O. Columbia. Was bort January 30th, 1826, in Highland county, Ohio, and at the age of twelve years emigrated with his parents to Decatur county, Indiana, where he was principally raised on a farm, and received most of his education. He enlisted in company I, Sixty-eighth Indiana infantry in 1862. Was at the battles of Hoover's Gap, Chickamauga and many others, and was mustered ont at Nashville, Tennessee, in August, 1865. Came to Marion county in January 1866, and settled on the land whereon he now resides, and has made agricultural pursuits his business since that time. He owns a fine farm of 69

acres, and also 19 acres of timber land in Lucas county. He was married to Miss Joan Glass in 1851 in Rush county, Indiana. She is a native of Kentucky and was born in 1833. By this union they have one child living, ira B. Lost two. Himself and wife are members of the United Presbyterian Church of Knoxville. Mrs. Mitchell, during the war, was head cook in the hospital at Louisville, Kentucky, and other points. Mr. Mitchell has held several of the township offices, always filling them faithfully.

RATHER, B. R.-Druggist and physician, Columbia. Is a native of

Bartholomew county, Indiana, and was born March 23, 1823, being raised there on a farm until twenty-one years of age, when he commenced the study of medicine at Asbury University, Greencastle, Indiana, and continued therein until nearly twenty-five years of age. He then itinerated with the Methodist Episcopal Church nine years, then renewed the study of medicine at Moore's Hill, Indiana, and in the year 1859 he commenced the practice of medicine at Hartford, Indiana. Emigrated to LaGrange, Lucas county, Iowa, April 6, 1860. He continued to practice for two years, then helped to make up company G, Thirty-fourth Iowa infantry, and went with them as a private August 15, 1862. He was soon employed as contract surgeon, in which capacity he continued seven months. His health failing him he returned home. In 1876 he moved to Pleasant township, Lucas county, thence to this county in August, 1879, and purchased his present drug store. He is a member of the Masons and Odd Fellows. Has been married three times. His first wife was Miss Mary A. Lind. They were married in 1847 and by this union had one child. Lost one. His present wife was formerly Mrs. Maggie A. Van Dyke, of Knoxville. Himself and wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church of Columbia, of which he holds the office of local elder.

TRAHAN, MRS. S. A.-Sec. 17, P. O. Gosport. Owns 290 acres of fine farm land which is well improved and well adapted to the raising of all kinds of grain and fruit, and on which she has a fine house and a good barn, etc. Is a native of Fleming county, Kentucky, and was born on the first of January, 1818, being there raised and educated in the common schools. At the age of seventeen she removed to Putman county, Indiana, with her parents. She was united in marriage with S. H. Strahan, on the twenty-first of November, 1839. He was a native of Kentucky and was born in September, 1819, and emigrated to Putnam county, Indiana, when young and was raised on a farm. He died February 24, 1879, and was buried at Gosport. He left five children living: J. W., R. Alexander, Mar garet J., Clara L. and Ira N. Lost four. She is a member of the M. E Church.

WHIT

HITLATCH, W. A.-Of the firm of Whitlatch & Meeks, dealers in general merchandise, Columbia. This gentleman is a native of Montgomery county, Indiana, and came to this county with his parents while young. Was here raised on a farm. Commenced the mercantile business at this place in July, 1874, In August, 1880, he took in Mr. J. G. Meeks as a partner. They have a large roomy building filled with a superb stock of goods and are doing a good business and are building up a fine trade. He married Miss N. C. Fletcher on the ninteenth of September, 1871. She is a native of Kentucky and was born in July, 1848. By this union they have one child, Guy. Mrs. Whitlatch died July 27, 1879, and is interred in the Columbia burying ground.

CHAPTER XIII.

INDIANA TOWNSHIP.

Descriptive Geography-Early History-Barkersville-Attica-Miscellaneous-Biogaz.

INDIANA township corresponds with congressional township 74, race! Timber and coal are abundant, and away from the streams the surface sists of an almost unbroken level prairie. The farming lands of this t ship have the reputation of being the best in the county and the farmamong the most prosperous in the State.

EARLY HISTORY.

Indiana township was at first a part of Round Grove precinct. T precinct, as formed in the early part of 1846, consists of what is now Ind. township, and a portion of what is now Washington township.

The first election held in Round Grove precinct was on the eighth da April, 1846. The following is a copy of the poll-book of the elect "Poll-book of an election held at the house of Alexander May, in E. Grove precinct, on the first Monday, the sixth day of April, 1846. Jess? Pearce, A. May and Jeremiah Gullion, judges, and James Cade and JazzM. Walters, clerks, were sworn, as the law directs, previous to enter: upon the duties of their respective offices.

"JOHN T. PEARCE,
"Justice of the peace.

"Number and names of electors: Nelson Hill, Noah Whitlatch, J.:Campton, Wm. D. Greenman, James M. Walters, David I. Deem, Jt: Whitlach, W. T. Smith, Solomon Z. Tumbleson, James Cade, Jeremiah Gr lion, Alexander Mays, John T. Pearce Esq., Benjamin Spillman, Isaac W. sey, Martin Neal, Nathaniel Day, Jeremiah Gullion, Jr., Allen L James I. Pennel, John Riddle, John Greenman, Benjamin Sherwood.

"I, John T. Pearce, A. May and Jeremiah Gullion, do solemnly swer that I will perform the duties of judge of the election, according to law r the best of my ability. I will studiously endeavor to prevent fraud, dece or abuse in conducting the same."

"JOHN T. PEARCE,
"ALEXANDER MAY,
"JEREMIAH GULLION,
"Judges of the election

"I, James Cade, and James M. Walters, do solemnly swear that I w perform the duties of clerk of the election according to law and the best c my ability. I will studiously endeavor to prevent fraud, deceit or abuse conducting the same.

"JAMES CADE,
"JOHN M. WATTERS,

"Clerks of the election

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Subscribed and sworn to before me, this sixth day of April, A. D. 1846. "JOHN T. PEARCE,

"Justice of the peace"

"At an election held at the house of Alexander May, in Round Grove precinct, in the county of Marion, and Territory of Iowa, on the first Monlay, the sixth day of April, A. D. 1846, the following named persons received the number of votes annexed to their respective names, for the office of Delegate to the Convention to form a Constitution for the State of Iowa; to-wit,

"For Delegate, James L. Warren has received twelve votes. For Delegate John Conery has received eleven votes.

"We, the undersigned judges and clerks, do certify the above to be correct.

"JOHN T. PEARCE,
"ALEXANDER MAY,
"JEREMIAH GULLION,
Judges.

"JAMES CADE,
"JAMES M. WATTERS,
Clerks."

The first election after the organization of Indiana township of which there is any preserved record, was held at the house of Benj. F. Williams, in Barkersville (now Attica), April 5, 1852. Fifty-three votes were cast, and the following officers elected: Harvey Manners and W. T. Smith, justices; Nathaniel Coclerce, Samuel M. Coolly and Jacob Bonebreak, trustees; Non Bonebreak, clerk, and Allen Lowe and John Champlin, constables.

Indiana was so named in consequence of a large majority of the first settlers being from that State. The following is a list of their names and date of settlement: Alexander May, Noah Whitlatch, Wm. Carlisle, George Henry, Allen Lowe, Samuel Coolly, Wm. Shanks, Samuel Nicholson and John Riddle in 1843; Jeremiah Gullion, Benj. Sherwood, David Sweem and Jas. Cade, in 1844; Isaac Kelsey and Lewis Pierce in 1845, and John Bonebreak in 1846.

Alexander May originally settled in the township, and with several others mentioned in the above list, formed what was known as May's Settleinent. He was born in Henry county, Kentucky, January 5, 1801, emigrated to Orange county, Indiana, in 1816, to Fountain county, same State, in 1827, from thence to Montgomery county, same State, in 1831, and from thence to this county, arriving here June 22, 1843.

David Sweem was born in Ohio, in 1819, moved to Indiana and from thence to this county and township in the autumn of 1844.

Mr. S. was first an exhorter, and during his residence here an itinerant preacher in the M. E. Church. He also took a somewhat active part in politics, by which he became well known in the county. His residence was near Attica, where he died January 15, 1868.

The first gospel preaching was done by Rev. Jas. L. Warren, in the summer of 1843, at the residence of Noah Whitlatch. On this occasion the Doctor, having sent an appointment to preach there at 11 o'clock a. M. on a

certain sabbath, walked the distance between his residence, in Lake Praira and the place appointed, but arrived too late. The people had collected waited a long time, and then dispersed. After they were all gone the Doc tor made his appearance, weary and heated with his long journey After having come so far he was not disposed to return without accomplis ing his mission, so he announced that he would preach at night if the per ple could be notified of it. Thereupon runners were sent abroad to potit them, and he was enabled to hold forth to a goodly number of heares

The first persons married were Samuel Nicholson and Eleanor May daughter of Alexander May, at the residence of the latter, June 1, 1844

The first post-office in this township was kept at Alexander May's, bats what date we have been unable to learn. Benj. Sherwood, postmaster

, mails from Knoxville weekly.

The first school was taught by Fletcher Cain, in a little cabin near wber Attica now is, in 1845. Number of scholars, sixteen. Harvey Mannes taught near the same place in 1847–8. John B. Hays taught two mile south of Attica the same year. Hessey May also taught a school at be own house at an early date.

BARKERSVILLE.

On the twenty-sixth of July, 1849, James Barker and Nathaniel Co clerce caused to be surveyed on the northwest quarter of section 11, a tow that was called Barkersville, in houor of one of the proprietors. Surveyor, James Rousseau. James Barker erected the first house on the survey, s one-story brick, that is now occupied by Wm. Thomas. Barker also sold the first goods, and was, at the same time, first postmaster. Mail onces week. It was first carried froin Knoxville, in a pocket handkerchief, by M. M. Marks. B. F. Williams afterward bought Barker's store, and also took charge of the post-office. Present postmaster, T. S. Cathcart; mail : daily. The first hotel was kept by a German named Michael Himme! haver; fare, ten cents per meal. The house still stands, near the Atties House.

The first school in town was taught by Hessey. May, and the Rev. Mr. Neur organized the first M. E. society there. Not long after Barkersville had been in existence, its, principal proprietor

, James Barker, for whom the town had been named, became so infamons in A criminal attachment for another inan's wife, that the name was regarded as a disgrace to the town, and by common consent it was changed to

ATTICA.

It now contains the following business enterprises: Three general stores: the first by D. P. Cathcart, the second by J. H. Mears, the third by B. N.S Etcher. Two drug stores; first by Bell & McVay, second by Sannuel Buzard. Boots and shoes made and repaired by J. H. Brennan. Harness shop by J. H. MeVay. Two blacksmith shops, James Heffner and Levi Shane; wagon shop by I. B. Sharroj. Grist and saw-mill by C. C. Sharron. Two potteries; one by Joseph Jennings, the other by Ira Kendrick. Sorghummill by R. 8. Halaes. Hotel by S. C. Bell. Post-office by D. P. Cathcart

. Two physicians & C. Bell and Samuel Buzard. Two ministers; Rev. C. H. Montgangery and Rev. Scott. A'school taught by Miss Mary Weigand.

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