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not be long lived but they make it up in stature, himself and sons being the tallest family of men in the county. His estate consists of 202 acres, seventy of which are rich in coal, the vein averaging four and a half feet. He keeps fine Norman horses, and is numbered among the horse fanciers of the township. Himself and wife are closely identified with the Presby terian Church.

ROBB, JOSEPH-Was born in Beaver county, Pennsylvania, December 28, 1808. His father, Andrew, was an agriculturalist in that State. When twelve years of age the family removed to Guernsy county, Ohio, where he was raised to manhood and educated. At the age of twenty-five he was married to Miss Mary A. Rambo, after which he engaged in farming in Muskingum county for five years. He then removed to Logan county where he resided for a time. Caine to Iowa in 1848, where he has since been a resident, living in different parts of the State. Came to Marion county in 1877. He has been three times married; by his first wife, Miss Mary Ann Rambo, he had two children: Thomas (killed at the battle of Shiloh), and Andrew Harvey (deceased). By his second wife, Mary Ann Taggart, he had four children: Mary Ann, Rebecca Jane, James Harvey, Ann Margret (now Mrs. S. W. Boyd). His third wife was Nancy McDonald. He is of Scotch and Irish lineage. Politically, he has been an old time Whig, and upon the organization of the Republican party, was found in their ranks. He is an active member of the Presbyterian Church.

ROCKAFELLOW, J. G.-Dealer in hardware and groceries. Is a native of Hunterdon county, New Jersey, and was born on the thirtieth day of November, 1825. When very young he was taken by his parents to Somerset county, where he was principally raised. He learned the trade of pattern-maker in his youth and followed the business until his removal to Iowa in 1855, where he settled on a farm in Marion county, and continued this business until 1863, when he enlisted in company. L, Ninth Iowa cavalry. He was commissioned second lieutenant and afterward promoted to first lieutenant, and then to captain. He was never absent from his reg iment a day, and was in all the battles in which it participated. He was mustered out on the third day of February, 1866. After his return home he commenced his mercantile experience in the grocery business, and in 1875 put in a stock of hardware, and in which he has been fairly successful. He is known as a man of sterling integrity and decided character. He has never been a political aspirant, neither is he a candidate for popularity or public fame. His social qualities are admirable, and his moral character unexceptional. He married Miss Aletta Auten in March, 1852. She is a native of Somerset county, New Jersey. Their family consists of four children: Nathan, Anna, Jennie and Chester. A remarkable instance in his life is that of a company of twelve who left New Jersey and came to this county in 1855, all are still living.

ROGERS, SAMUEL-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 26, P. O. Knoxville. He is the son of Benjamin and Rachel. The former was born in North Carolina and his mother in South Carolina where they were raised. Soon after this they placed their worldly effects on a horse and emigrated to Crab Orchard, Kentucky, and thence to Hamilton county, Ohio, where the son was born on the thirtieth of July, 1812, where he lived until 1820 and then removed with his parents to Jefferson county, Indiana, where he was principally raised; his education was at the schools of the period limited in number and inferior in quality. After he attained to

manhood he opened a farm in Jefferson county, and made it his home until 1854, when he emigrated to Iowa and settled in Marion county where he now resides. His farm consists of 120 acres and is one of the best improved and most attractive places in the county. Since he became a resident of the county his house was used for a church building until the present church edifice was built, which was largely done through his individual efforts and contributions. He found a wife in the person of Miss Rebecca Adkinson and was married April 3, 1833. Mrs. R. is a daughter of Joseph and Rebecca Adkinson who settled in Indiana the year before it became a State. She is a woman of rare virtues and a most excellent manager of household affairs. They have five children living: Elizabeth (formerly Mrs. McFeeters, now Mrs. Money, of Kansas), Harriet (now Mrs. Maddy, of Indiana township), William D. (Indiana township), Martha (now Mrs. Patterson), Benjamin (Clay county, Kansas). They lost three: Srene, Margery and Joseph Rush; the latter died during the war near Springfield, Missouri. He was a volunteer in the Eighteenth Iowa infantry. Himself and family are identified with the Methodist Church. Mr. Rogers has been a member since 1830. During his membership he has been class leader, steward and licensed exhorter. Politically, he has been a life-long Republican.

ROSS, J. E.-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 31, P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Brown county, Ohio, March 21, 1845. When quite young he moved with his parents to Marion county, Iowa, where he was raised to manhood. His early life was spent in tilling the soil and he has always adhered to his adopted profession. In 1861 he removed to Henry county, Iowa, where he was engaged in farming until 1868, when he returned to Marion county. In 1869 Miss J. E. Throckmorton, a native of Iowa, became his wife. They have four children: Oren E., William 1., Orinda M. and Amos J. His estate consists of seventy-one acres, portions of which are rich in coal. He is a thoroughly schooled agriculturist and is making farming a success by combining theory and practice. Himself and family are members of the Methodist Church.

ROSS, W. B.--Farmer. The subject of this sketch is a native of Greene county, Pennsylvania, and was born on the seventeenth of December, 1852, and came to Marion county in 1855. His father, Jesse Ross, is an old and respected_citizen of Knoxville township, and was also born in Greene county, Pennsylvania. The date of his birth was 1839. His wife's maiden name was Miss Anna McClure, also a native of Pennsylvania: The subject of the sketch married Miss Mattie J. Gilson, a daughter of Mr. John C. Gilson, also an old settler of Knoxville township, having been a resident of Marion county for twenty-six years. This marriage was solemnized on the ninth day of November, 1876. The union has been blessed with two children: Lulu A. and Charles Howard. Mr. Ross has a farm of seventy-one acres in Knoxville township, Sec., in a good state of cultivation.

ROUSSEAU, DR. JAMES-No citizen of Marion county figured more conspiciously, during its early days, or was more popularly known, thran Dr. James Rousseau. He was born in Wayne county, Kentucky, August 30, 1812. Came to Iowa in 1843, and to Marion county in 1845. For a number of years he was county suryeyor, and while an incumbent of that office, he laid out the towns of Knoxville, Pella, Bussey, Marysville, Elm Grove and Rousseau, a post office in Polk township, which derived its name from the subject of this sketch. He was closely identified with the county

until 1864, when he went overland to California, locating at San Bernardino, where he is at present a resident.

RUCKMAN, S. M.-Coal-dealer and farmer, Sec. 20, P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Pike county, Ohio, October 10, 1849. His father, David, was a school-teacher in that State. The family, including S. M., emigrated to Iowa in 1851, and in 1852 came to Marion county, where the subject of this sketch was raised and educated. His boyhood days were spent in tilling the soil. His estate, of forty acres, abounds with a quality of coal that will compare favorably with any in the county. The vein averages four feet. For several years he has made coal-mining his specialty, and his increased trade, during the winter season, requires his entire attention. He married, April 29, 1875, Miss A. Curtiss, of Marion county. They have two children: Edmond Erwin and Dorus Emery.

RUFFNER, J. B.-Proprietor of the Amos House. Is a native of Kentucky, and was born October 26, 1831. In 1835 he was taken to Indiana, where he was raised a farmer. He came to Iowa in 1856, and settled in Indiana township, Marion county, and engaged in farming, which he continued for several years, with a good degree of success. He also had a mercantile experience in Attica of four years, and for a number of years was engaged in the stock trade. In 1875 he moved to Knoxville, and sold goods until April 1, 1880, and then engaged in his present business. which his attention to the comfort of his guests, as well as his social and obliging nature, has enabled him to conduct so successfully, and he is entitled to the esteem in which he is held by the traveling public. He has been twice married; first, to Mrs. Sarah C. Kendrick, April 22, 1860. She was born February 14, 1838, and died in December, 1878. His second marriage occurred in 1880, to Mrs. Emma Sharp, a native of Indiana. He has three children by his first marriage: Cameron, Thomas and Ella; lost two. Mrs. R. has one daughter, Maud, by a former marriage.


AVAGE, W. B.-Of the firm of Bittenbender & Savage, machinists. Is the son of W. G. Savage, and was born in Massachusetts, March 3. 1855, and when nine years of age came with his parents to this county. His father was a practical machinist, and the son may be said to have been raised to the business, and is a master of all its details. He was married in 1879, to Miss Elmira Berkey, a native of Iowa. They have one daughter, Minnie.

SCHLOTTERBECK, JOHN-Farmer, Sec. 11, P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Union county, Pennsylvania, March 27, 1805. When but a small boy his father moved to Ross county, Ohio. At the age of twelve years, John, in company with his parents, emigrated to Crawford county, Indiana, where he remained till 1843, when he moved to Iowa, stopping for a short time in Jefferson county, but finally located in Wapello county. where he lived till 1849, when he came to Marion county. In 1851 he moved on to the farm he now occupies. He was married, March 27, 1-26, to Nancy Wyman, born in Washington county, Kentucky. They have six children: George, John, Catharine, Mary, Sarah and Jacob.

SCHLOTTERBECK, MICHAEL-Farmer, P. O. Knoxville, was born in Ross county, Ohio, in 1818. When five years of age he moved with his pa rents to Harrison county, Indiana, where he lived until fourteen years of age, and thence to Crawford county, in the same State, and remained there until 28 years of age, and then moved to Iowa, locating in Wapello county. In 1852 he came to Marion county. Mr. Schlotterbeck's early life was

spent principally upon the farm. By pursuing a straightforward, upright and honest course, he has gained a good reputation, and has secured for himself and family a comfortable home. He was married in 1842 to Miss Joanna Toller, born in Crawford county, Indiana, in the year 1826. They have four children: Elizabeth, Lucy, John and Willie.

SCHLIDT, HENRY-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 5, P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Hessel Cassel, Germany, November 15, 1801. His parents were Henry and Ann Elizabeth. He was raised to manhood and educated in his native county. His early life was that of a farmer boy. In 1832 he came to America, and for a time followed farming in Maryland, after which he removed to Jefferson county, Ohio, where he pursued agriculture for a number of years. He next removed to Allen county, where he resided until 1866. In that year the State of Iowa attracted the attention of Mr. Schlidt, and he emigrated to Marion county, locating where he now resides. He married, the spring of 1839, Mrs. Hannah Dursh, a native of Washingtou county, Pennsylvania. She is the daughter of William and Sarah Jones. By the union they have two daughters: Ann Isabelle and Sarah Amanda. They are ladies of refined tastes and excellent managers of household affairs. Ann Isabelle is the wife of Andrew Huffman. Mr. Schlidt is the architect of his own fortune, as he came to America in very moderate circumstances, and has by untiring industry and his own efforts secured a fine farm and a pleasant home.

SCHMIDT, CHARLES-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 25, P. O. Iola. Was born in France, May 26, 1810. Emigrated to the United States when at the age of twenty years, and located in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, where he remained till 1837, when he moved to Richland county, Ohio. He remained in Ohio for twenty years, and then emigrated with his parents to Iowa and located in Marion county. His death occurred October 5, 1880. Mr. Schmidt was apprenticed to a wagon-maker at the age of fourteen to learn the trade, with whom he remained three years. He devoted the principal part of his time to the prosecution of his trade till 1857, when he engaged in agricultural pursuits. Assiduously pursuing his occupation he acquired considerable wealth. Was a consistent member of the Lutheran Church; one of its staunch supporters. Mr. Schmidt was married June 13, 1837, to Mary M. Clouse, who was also a native of France; born January 27, 1821. He left a family of six children: George, Sarah, Charles P., Louisa, Mary and Henrietta.

SCOLES, H. J.-Physician and surgeon. One of the oldest medical practitioners of Marion county was born in Harrison county, Ohio, on the 11th day of July, 1825. His early life was that of a farmer boy, and followed this occupation until 1850, when he removed to Keokuk, Iowa. His mind, previous to this time, was made up to devote himself to the practice of inedicine, and he commenced reading with Drs. McGugen and Hughes as preceptors, and after the most thorough preparation he attended lectures at the College of Physicians and Surgeons in Keokuk, and was graduated in 1853. In 1856 he came to this county and pursued his chosen calling. During the war he enlisted in the Fourth Iowa infantry, and was appointed assistant surgeon. After he was mustered out of the United States service he returned to his home and resumed his practice. He was married on the 31st day of March, 1852, to Miss Mary E. McKenzie, a native of Knox county, Ohio. They have a family of three children: Charles E., Harry B., Susanna M. One son, Frank, died July 21, 1862.

SCOTT, THOMAS H.-Farmer, Sec. 15, P. O. Knoxville. Was born in Washington county, Pennsylvania, June 6, 1842, and while an infant was deprived of the care of his father by death, and when only ten years of age his mother died. Thus thrown out on the world, he worked at farming during the summer and attended school in the winter, and by close application made rapid progress. He supplemented his education obtained in the common schools by attending an academy in his native town, and then entered Duff's Commercial College, and from which he was graduated. In 1859, in company with an uncle, he moved to Ohio. In the winter of 1861-2 he attended Richmond College. September 9, 1862, he enlisted in company D, Ninety-eighth Ohio volunteer infantry, and served until March 3, 1863, when he was discharged on account of wounds received at the battle of Perryville, October 8, 1862. In 1865 he moved to Illinois and remained a short time, and then came to Marion county. He was married to Mrs. Mary F. Honnold, December 9, 1867. She was born in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania, February 12, 1842, and is the daughter of Robert S. Anderson, born July 30, 1803, and Dorcas Anna S. Anderson, born October 11, 1812. They emigrated from Pennsylvania to Ohio, and thence to Iowa in 1854. Mrs. Scott was formerly married to Samuel D. Honnold, November 17, 1863, by the Rev. P. H. Jacobs, of Knoxville. Mr. Honnold died December 15, 1866, leaving one child, who died at the age of fourteen September 29, 1878. By the present union they have three children: Henry E., Dalla A. and Charles C. They lost four.

SHINNICK, C. C.-Physician and surgeon. Is a native of Zanesville, Ohio, and was born August 12, 1846. He was raised in his native place until eighteen years of age, and was engaged as a clerk in a drug store. He enlisted in the Thirteenth Ohio cavalry February 4, 1864, and was transferred to the medical department and assigned for duty in the United States Hospital, West Buildings, Baltimore, and acted as hospital steward. While here he decided to make the practice of medicine his chosen avocation, and he commenced the study as his time would permit. After leaving the United States service he went to Philadelphia and accepted a position in a drug store, where his practical experience as a chemist has proved a great benefit and aid in his profession. In 1867 he came to Iowa, and in 1870 came to Marion county and engaged in the active duties of his profession, as an allopathic practitioner, and in which he attained a fair degree of success. After practicing a few years his attention was directed to the investigation of homeopathy, and becoming convinced of its superior merits from the best sources of information and practical experience, he placed himself firmly in this system and attended a course of lectures at the Hahnemann Medical College, Chicago, and was graduated in 1878. Dr. S. is purely a self-made man. He commenced life without means and, by industry and close application to professional duty, he has attained a well merited success. His reputation for skill is excellent and he has secured a large practice. To his most thorough qualifications as a physician he adds promptness and energy in professional duty, and ever ready, regardless of distance or weather, to render immediate attention to calls. He married Miss Ella Searle, of Zanesville, Ohio, in 1869, daughter of the Hon. C. W. Searle, of Zanesville. Their family consists of two children: Charles S. and George C.

SMITH, D.-One of Marion county's most esteemed, as well as most worthy citizens, was born in New Brunswick on the sixth day of March,

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