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no one suspected that his disease was small-pox until it was too late to pre vent a spread of the contagion. It seems that none of the settlers had been vaccinated except the family of Mr. Barker, and upon this family rested the great burden of ministering to the wants of the sick and dying It was a most fearful scourge for the infant settlement, and one which w never be forgotten by those who witnessed the sad scenes and experience the dread of those terrible days. With the exception of this one epidemi the township has been very fortunate in the matter of health.

Clay township has a population of 1,275, and at the late election cast for president 261 votes. The population in 1870 was 1,372; in 1875 it w 1,197, and in 1880 it was 1,275.

The present officers of the township are as follows:

Trustees D. T. Durham, T. M. Herrington and Alvin Goospeed.
Clerk-John Whaley.

Assessor-T. T. McMillan.

Justices-H. F. Durham and L. F. Marsh.

Constables-A. Black and James Larew.

There are in the township eight road districts, ten school districts, for churches, four post-offices and the township is traversed by two lines of rai way, along which have sprung in late years several thriving towns.


is a town located on the A., K. & D. Railroad. It was laid out in October 1875, by Capt. Tracy and S. Merrill.

It contains one general store, post-office, drug store, depot and the use number of professional men. It has a population of about 80.


is located on the line of the C., B. & Q. Railroad. It was laid out by C. E. Durham and William Harvey, in November, 1875. It contains a pos office, two general stores, depot, grain house, shoe shop, blacksmith shop and church.


is located on the C., R. I. & P. R. R. it was laid out by James Harvey, S Wright and E. G. Doughman, in September, 1876. It contains a depot. grain house and grocery store. It has a population of twenty.


Bethel City has one store and a church.


There are in the township three cemeteries: the Bethel Burying-ground. Eureka Cemetery and the McMillan Burying-ground.

Many years ago Mr. Samuel Breckenridge deeded to the trustees an acre of ground for a cemetery in the English Settlement. In 1866 the citizens cleared the lot and seeded it down to grass; the ground having been previ

ously enclosed with a fence. In 1868 funds were contributed in the vicinity, for the purpose of adorning the grounds. Some forty evergreen trees were purchased and set out.



EARD, JONATHAN-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 8, P. O. Durham. Was born in Franklin county, Virginia, December 9, 1820, and ehere lived until twenty-eight years of age, when he moved to Montgomery county, Indiana. Lived there until 1853, then moving to Marion county, Iowa, where he has since lived. He owns 206 acres of land well improved. His wife, who was formerly Miss Mary Ray, was born September 6, 1822, and was a companion of his youth. They were married January 4, 1844, in Franklin county, Virginia, by the Rev. John Bowman. Their family consists of seven children living: Sarah P., Nancy, Benjamin, David C., John B., William J. and Martha E. Mr. B.'s farm is well adapted to the raising of stock, at which he has been quite successful. He also has discovered two fine beds of coal, three and four feet in thickness. BEAVER, MRS. NAOMI-Farmer, Sec. 7, P. O. Durham. Her maiden name was Naomi Wilson, and she was born in Knox county, Kentucky, September 5, 1811, where she lived four years, then moved with her parents to Madison county, where they lived a short time, and thence to Bath county where they lived until she was ten years of age. They returned to Madison county and there resided five years, and inoved to Morgan county, Indiana, where they lived until she was twenty-five years of age. They came to Fulton county, Illinois, and remained there until 1852, when she came with her husband to Marion county, Iowa, and settled on their present place. Mrs. B. now owns ninety-five acres of well improved farining land. She was married to Elias Beaver (who was born October 30, 1799, in Virginia), July 25, 1839. They have had seven children: James A., Samuel L., Nancy J., Sophronia, Franklin C., Sarah E., Joseph W. Jas. A. was born June 1, 1840. He enlisted in company A, Third Iowa infantry, in August, 1862. He received a wound at the battle of Helena and was taken to Memphis, Tennessee, where he died August 17, 1863. Samuel L. enlisted in company K, Seventh Iowa cavalry, and served three months, and had an honorable discharge at the close of the war. Mary J. died July 31, 1846. Mr. Beaver departed this life August 31, 1865.

HRISMAN, J. H.-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 31, P. O. Iola.



born in Clarke county, Indiana, September 1, 1839; moved with his parents to La Porte county, Indiana, when two years of age, where they lived a short time and then moved to Porter county. Here our subject was educated and lived until eighteen years of age. He then went to Missouri and lived there two years, and then came to Marion county, Iowa, and settled on his present place. He enlisted in the late war in company A, Thirty-third Iowa infantry, August 11, 1862, and served three years, and was honorably discharged July 17, 1865. During his service he was under Generals Steele and Grant, and was at the the taking of the Spanish Fort, in Arkansas, Fort Blakely, in Mobile and several other minor engagements. Was also at the surrender of General Kirby Smith. At the close of the war he returned to his home in Marion county, Iowa. His wife, formerly Miss Eliza E. Hoggis, was born in Indiana, April 6, 1847. They were married April 22, 1869. Their family consists of four children, all of whom are living:

William (born November 9, 1870), Orrie G. (born October 25, 1872), Gertie C. (born August 25, 1876), James G. Blaine (born January 26, 18801 COOPER CHARLES--Farmer, Sec. 15, P. O. Tracy. The subject of this sketch is a native of Washington county, Ohio, and was born January the twenty-seventh, 1823. His youth was spent on a farin in his native county. In 1851 he moved to Iowa, and settled in Marion county. H success can be inferred from the fact that he now owns 135 acres of land mostly improved. Has been twice married. Has been twice married. Miss Hannah M. Getchel, of Ohio, first became his wife, February 27, 1848. She died February 19. 1862. Had six children: Lucy H., Sarah M., Chas. B., Lemenl S., Louis F and Alfred M. Was married, second time, to Mrs. Mary Waller, whose maiden name was Edwards, October twenty-eight, 1862. They have seve children: Nettie M., Jessie E., Oliva, Mary E., Robert U., Harry L. and Walter C. Mrs. C. was born in Huntington county, Pennsylvania, March third, 184 Moved with parents at an early age to Licking county, Ohio, where she w married to George Waller, May fifteenth, 1858. Mr. Waller died May fi teenth, 1862, in the late war, leaving a family of two children: Auna A and Maria M. Mr. and Mrs. C. are members of the M. E. Church. M: C. of the. Masonic lodge.


URHAM, C. H.-Fariner, Section 5, P. O. Durham. Among the pioneers worthy of mention, is that of our subject. He is a s tive of Maine, and was born in Waldo county, July twenty-ninth, 1825 When but three years of age, he with parents, David and Nancy, moved to Morgan county, Ohio, residing in said county for about nine years when they moved to McLean county, Illinois, remaining one year. I 1839 they moved to Jefferson county, Iowa; remained two years, thene to Van Buren county, residing there two years. He then became a cin zen. of Marion county, where he has since been engaged in agriculture pursuits. His farm consists of fifty acres. Has been twice married; first. to Miss Julia Cooper, of Ohio, in November, 1852. She died in Decem ber, 1865. By this union have seven children living: Margaret J., James B., Hiram L., Sarah, Geo. D. Amanda and Harriett. Lost two. Second marriage was to Mrs. Diana Roberts, of Berks county, Pennsylvania, in November, 1866.

A ma

DURHAM, D. T.-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 31, P. O: Iola. worthy of special note in the history of our county, and one who has con tributed largely to the development of his community, intellectually s well as morally, being largely endowed with the true principal of industry. integrity and benevolence, is the subject of this brief sketch. He was bor

in Waldo county, Maine, on the twenty-sixth day of February, 1821, where he lived until eight years of age, when his parents moved to Morgan county. Ohio, where they remained one year, and after going to Illinois, and living one year they moved to Jefferson county, Iowa, in May, 1838. There they remained a short time, and then came to Marion county. in April, 1843, and settled at the place, now Durham's Ferry. He now owns 160 acres of well improved land, and his residence, which is both attractive and comfortable. is built of brick. In the years of 1872 and 1873 Mr. Durham represented his county in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth General Assemblies, of the State of Iowa. His wife, formerly Miss Lucretia E. Evans, is a lady of refined tastes and domestic habits, whose graces of mind and person, have endeared her to all. Their family consists of ten children, all of whom are living.

Their names are: George A, Lora A., Telford S., Mary E., Florence M., Herbert M., Alice L., Ella M., Preston J. and Mattie J.

DURHAM, H. F.--Farmer, Sec. 33, P. O. Durham, was born June 3, 1835, in Morgan county, Ohio, where he lived three years, then went with his parents to Illinois, where they lived one year, then came to Van Buren county, Iowa, where they lived five years. They then moved to Marion county, in the fall of 1843. He now owns 140 acres of land, and has a fine brick residence; his barns and outbuildings are conveniently built for the purpose of sheltering and feeding a large amount of stock, which he deals in to a considerable extent. He married Mrs. Elizabeth Lee, November 10, 1861, in Marion county, Iowa. They have four children: William R., Nancy J., Anna M. and David R.

IKENBERRY, M.--Postmaster, Durham, was born in Union county, Indiana, February 22, 1848, where he lived until twenty years of age, and received a thorough common school education. In 1868 he came to Fredric, Monroe county Iowa, where he lived four years, and while there was engaged in the mercantile business. He then moved to Melrose Monroe county, and commenced work in the office of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Company. While there learned telegraphy, and remained in that situation about three years. In December, 1875 he came to Durham Station, and began as telegraphic operator in the office of the C., B. & Q. R. R., which position he held three years and five months. Then on April 27, 1880, he was appointed as general manager of the cooperative store at Durham, and also postmaster. His wife, formerly Miss Silvia Allison, was born in Fredric, Monroe county, Iowa, April 22, 1856. They were married July 26, 1874. They have three children: Orrah L., Etheline F. and Effie J. Mr. Eikenberry enlisted in the late war in February, 1865, in company G, One Hundred and Forty-Seventh Indiana infantry, and was honorably discharged August 25, 1865.

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IBSON, A.-Farmer, Sec. 14, P. O. Tracy. Born in Crawford county, Ohio, January 10, 1826, where he lived until eight years of age. He then moved to Livingston county, Kentucky, where he lived two years, then moved to Marion county, Illinois, where he remained seven years. He then returned to Kentucky, and lived one and one-half years. In the fall of 1845 he came to Iowa, and settled in Mahaska county, where he lived about one year, and then he came to Marion county, and settled in Clay township. He owns 116 acres of land. His wife, formerly Miss Mary A. Stribling, was born in Parke county, Indiana, May 20, 1831. They were married December 4, 1851. They have had one son and daughter: Elizabeth E. and James M.

GORDON, JOHN-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 31, P. O. Iola. Was born in Scotland, May 22d, 1828, where he lived till ten years of age. In 1838 he came to America and settled in Washington county, Ohio, and lived there seven years, then went to Cincinnati and engaged as carpenter and builder four years, then went to New Orleans and remained there nine months. He then went to New York, and for five years followed the sea, during which time he made two trips around the globe. After spending some time in California he returned home to Ohio in 1854. After remaining a few months then followed a cherished desire to see the new State of Iowa, where he afterward made his home. The farm on which he now lives contains 265 acres, and the improvements have all been made by Mr. Gordon. His wife, formerly Miss Martha Dunlap, is also a native

of Scotland, and was born in August, 1832. They were married March 1st, 1855. Their family consists of eight children living: John, Elizabeth, Mary, Jennie, William A., Charles, Jennette, Sarah M. and Edward D. One, Martha E., died February 22d, 1870.

GREGORY, NATHAN-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 24, P. O. Tracy. Among the few old settlers of Marion county who still remain to relate the events of the early settlement of this part of the county is the subject of this brief sketch. He was born in Knox county, Kentucky, March 224 1810, and moved with his parents when two years of age to Harrison county, Indiana, where he lived until ten years of age, then moved to Mor gan county, Ohio, where he resided until twenty-six years of age. In the fall of 1837 he came to Iowa, and after living here five years he was se favorably impressed with the State that he decided to make it his home He returned to Indiana and was married and stayed a few months, ther returned to Iowa and settled in Louisa county, where he lived two years. He came to Marion county in the fall of 1844. He now owns 175 acres of well improved farming land. His wife was formerly Miss Mary Gleason She was born in Courtland county, New York, July 5th 1820. They were married March 23d, 1842. They have had nine children, four of whom are living: Mary E. (born May 5th, 1848), William H. (born July 11th, 1856) Albert A. (born August 10th, 1858), Gilbert E. (born November 19th, 1860), Sarah (born December 24th, 1842, died January 2d, 1848), Martha (born March 29th, 1844, died October 15th, 1844), Adaline (born March 24th. 1846, died September 30th, 1846), Wiley B. (born February 8th, 1851, died December 17th, 1852). An infant was born November 16th, 1854, and died on the 18th inst. Mrs. Gregory's mother is still living and remembers events and dates of nearly a century ago. Her name is Sarah Gleason, and was born in New Jersey, August 13th, 1798. When young she moved t New York, where she spent most of her days. She also spent some years in Indiana, and has been a member of Mr. Gregory's family for thirteen


HAMMOND, J. H.-Farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 36, P. O. Attica Was born in Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, January 10th. 1810, where he lived until six years of age. He then came with his parents to Muskingum county, Ohio, and lived until 1854. In that year he came to Iowa, and settled where he now lives. He has added to his estate from time to time and now owns 163 acres of land, 115 of which are well im proved farming land. He has been a good citizen and the record of his life is one worthy of note. His wife, formerly Miss Elizabeth Reasoner, was born March 10th, 1813, in Muskingum county, Ohio. They were married April 5th, 1832. Their family consists of eleven children: Henry J. (bort February 6th, 1833), Daniel W. (born March 6th, 1835), Greenville (born May 30th, 1837), Jonathan B. (born March 1st, 1839), Emeline (born May 12th, 1841), Elizabeth (born May 4th, 1844), Jacob (born May 11th, 1846), James (born March 22d, 1848), Catherine (born April 15th, 1850), Eley J. (born August 8th, 1852), Harriette (born August 5th, 1855). Elizabeth died October 16th, 1847, Jonathan B. died March 22d, 1849, Greenville died May 5th, 1863, Eley J. died June 21st, 1863. Greenville and Henry J. engaged in the late war of the Rebellion. They both enlisted in com pany A, Thirty-third Iowa infantry. Greenville served nearly one year and died at Helena, Arkansas. Henry J. served three years and had an honorable discharge at the close of the war.

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