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with assuring Dr Phillpotts that it is Christian Charity-if he can—from no business of his to read him a lec- the noble eulogy delivered by one of ture on Christian Charity, and yet

the most eminent churchmen over

one, who was indeed one of the most “ He gives it like a tether,

eminent statesmen in England. Fu' lang that day.

“ It can hardly, I hope, be necessary “How far," quoth Pound-text, for me to assure you, in the outset, that I minister of peace is righteously em- feel most strongly the delicate and solemn ployed in raking together the polemie nature of the duty I incur, in thus vencal rubbish of former ages of bigotry turing to comment on the obligation of and ignorance, at the risk of rekind my Sovereign's Oath. It is a subject, ling the flame of religious discord, which, in itself, and under any circuma and with a view to deprive five or six

stances, would demand from a religious millions of his Christian brethren of mind, to be treated with the strictest and

most scrupulous sincerity. But, if it were their natural rights, it is not my prom otherwise possible, in the heat of controvince to decide.' And pray, if it be

versy, to forget this duty, the awful event, not his province, whose is it? And

which has removed for ever from the scene pray, farther, if it be not, why do it ? of our contention the ablest and most dis. And pray, farther, if it be done, why tinguished of all the individuals engaged not " let it be done quickly," instead in it, could hardly fail to recall us to bet. of in a drawling discourse, nearly an ter thoughts--to admonish us, in a voice hour by Shrewsbury, or any other

more eloquent even than his own, what well-regulated clock He himself shadows we are, and what shadows we very soon begins to lose his own pursue.' temper, and gets, if not mettlesome, short

space, while I do justice to myself


« Bear with me, I entreat you, for a very yet almost within a hair-stroke

of it, in speaking of the eminent person to whom very nettlesome indeed, with Dr

I have here alluded. I have been accused, Phillpotts, on account of his Letters

in a late number of the Edinburgh Re. to Mr Canning, whom the preacher, view, of treating him with scurrility ;' a widely and deeply read, no doubt, in charge, which, without stooping to confute the history of the whole world, calls it, I fling back on the head of my accuser. “ the ablest statesman of any age

Had I ever addressed to Mr Canning any or country!”. “ The good and gene language, which a public man, on a pub rous of all parties must condemn your plain of hearing,

much more, had I ever

lic question, would have a right to comattempts to raise a clamour against used towards him the smallest portion of such an adversary; and I can scarcely doubt that the death of the distin

that coarse and unmanly ribaldry, which

this very Review, as often as it suited its guished individual whom they were factious purposes, delighted to heap upon meant to wound, has since awakened him, I should now feel, what it would recollections in your breast sufficient perhaps be well for my accuser, if he to avenge


himself were capable of feeling. As it is, Here

we must pull up the preacher no consideration, not even the call of selfon Christian Charity, and insist on defence, shall prevail with me to violate his paying some regard to Christian the Sanctuary of the Tomb, or to recur to Truth. Dr Phillpotts opposed the any parts of Mr Canning's character or

can offer an principles advocated by Mr Canning conduct, but those on which in Parliament respecting the Catholic honest,

however humble, tribute of respect claims. He opposed them boldly, all the best and noblest endowments of his

to his memory. His genius, his eloquence, and like a man, in the spirit of an

highly-gifted mind, devoted by him to the English divine, in the language of an service of his country, during the long English scholar. To the grief of all period of

period of her greatest danger ;-he himEngland, George Canning is--dead. self ever foremost, in office and out of of. And what are the recollections fice, in vindicating the righteousness of which the death of that distinguished her cause, in cheering and sustaining the individual has since awakened in

spirit of her gallant people, and elevating Dr Phillpotts' breast?" And are they them to the level of the mighty exigence, such as to

on which their own freedom and the liber. avenge a wrong, where committed but in the fretful meanwhile, our Constitution at home from

ties of the world depended ;-protecting, fancy of this very paltry person? Let the wild projects of reckless innovation, Dr Phillpotts speak for himself, and let shaming and silencing, by his unequalled the present preacher learn a lesson of wit, those who were inaccessible to the rea.

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soning of 'nis lorty muiuseony:

EN great deservings, e de ungme. O terity an other natters in 1 ms. in 2. ensure to inim a nga ana em made in the proudest recom or dos para His saitem secumniem cionis, S. Now ge—thou reaches SE Charity —,o tu pour des de 35 burgh Review, wnica s EST the sole poidai yracle ou sve I. R consulted, -und wich. Tim

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公範: knowledgment, you eier over scheint after on your anus mu sees

: : 就是 建 there study the anarace i SS 27 Des Canning. There you wil e . ** i Th. ablest statesman of myger sur depicted as the basest, neans, thus

རྩ ་ས ཎ ན ཐག་ པོའི་

སྨན་ profligate of puble men. ***

- SUATUTE collections," think ve. Tas Be of that distinguishei muina" in part

s m de kened in the minds I ne inelas 9 the x Thua Tua* fast ** who honoured him with her ses JASIES run til N A abuse when living, ni zistunutrae rugthx en with the him with their taisest rus via in T Smas, ihal te kwi 2 ***** dead? Are they such is user Beu am cume sene the wrong? Then mest DieT te ne

Filmat je sin mai mare ter indeed! bat as for you, vie sa mu ti * * preach about Christian Cları, ix.

El as she sooth, and dare thus to riserest T XI. Revel4* ****


In Jumalan pertanian the bearing, bold and brigt: Dispaa as the day, of one of Mr Carsin's stevia Sevid med en

mus s varnegie most illustrious opponents on one sebe , and is file ** avoid the region ject alone, a great question, affecting gevus os al es *** y of the well-being of that Church of which warning, at he che vi ruthor **AH rguhe is himself a shining light and a seil, and all the high and sw***

ified strong pillar, and which, as long as committed to his charachute ***** it continues to be so illumined and so Dr Milner has, of course, a

er to elevated, will defy all assaults, from ed a little casuisay about what

terwhatever quarter they come, secret very much, inderd, in the nelow the

to the and insidious, audacious and declared, Surgeon. “In the tirse party" **** estion -butphoo-phoo-phoo-itisa waste he, “it is evident that a p**** Y

vas it, of our wrath to pour out its vials on oath which, at a certain priod, we

tances, such a head-for, as we said before is it not-the head of a Croppy?

good and valid, may oeuwe' t *** comote From such “ frivolous” stuff, it is

gatory by some material ***

cumsiances, either with its own the a relief to turn even to Dr Milner's object itself, or to any of ile puede

ent con* Case of Conscience,” which Dr Phillconcerned in it; so that, for why

e before pats disposes of in a style that would Lave astonished the Jesuit.

a measure which was originally

The lezzer portion of the “ Case” is occu. and beneficial, and clothly, boompi

is on the the reverse of all thin."

lics) was ped with an attempt to shew that the

season, by (topation Oath never prevented our razs from making such alterations here equivalent to an imporumi hanno

likely to be the laws affectivg the Church in circuinetane bullore " poubenil

at language th has nothing to do with the changed" which the Juulia inaw,

Mr 0°Cons sest business) as on the whole they

ir friend the

tter to Baron szading Bishops from sitting in

, in more full carcat, in order, as it agat.

inciple which 2 the treaty of l'ibridas,

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“ Was the French Revolution," says that are under him to stand to its defence. Dr Milner, "expected in those days ? In : If these should be either such fools, or one word, is it from the side of Popery, or rogues, or cowards, as to neglect their from the opposite quarter of Jacobinism, that duty, and counsel him to yield to the rethe Established Church is most in danger quisition, while he has the means to resist: at the present day? If this question be it; he will not hesitate to send them about answered in the manner in which it must their business, and take some honest sound. be answered, then I apprehend the very hearted fellows in their places.". obligation of maintaining this Church to the utmost of the Sovereign's power re

But Dr Milner goes on to shew, as quires a different line of conduct and po

he thinks, that the King's Coronation lītics from that which was pursued at his Oath need give very little trouble to Majesty's accession to the Crown.” anybody--for that a valid promissory

" It is possible,” says Dr Phillpotts, oath may be evacuated by the abrogam

that this may be so; and we only ask tion of it by those who have proper that Dr Milner and others will allow his authority, for this purpose, over the Majesty to decide for himself, and accord- parties, or over the subject matter of ing to his own conscience, what is the line of conduct, which the obligation of his the Parliament, as having competent

the Oath. He is pleased to consider oath, being equally valid as at the first, does now require. But Dr Milner under? authority both over the Oath itself, took, and his argument required him, to

and over the subject matter of it, the shew, when an oath, originally valid, bea

Church of England, to enable it to comes invalid ;-and' he ends with admite abrogate the Oath. That such an auting of the oath in question, that it is as thority exists in Parli quoth he, valid as ever !”

in both those particulars, it would be But Dr Milner goes farther, and

treason to deny. “ Then I am guilty gives an illustration—“ a fearful,

of this treason,” says Dr Phillpotts, though, I am very ready to admit,

« for I scruple not to deny both." says Dr Phillpotts, a most apposite “By Parliament, I suppose, Dr Milner illustration."

means the King in Parliament ; for with.

out the King, the Parliament has no au. “ Suppose you had thought proper to thority, rather it has no existence whatexact an oath from your head steward, the

ever. But taking it as the King in Parpurport of which was, that he would

watch liament, I venture to affirm, that his Ma. over and preserve every part of your pro- jesty has no more right (his Majesty him. perty to the utmost of his power; and that

self has nobly proclaimed the same truth) some time afterwards, in your absence, a

to abrogate the obligation of the Oath he lawless mob, or a crew of pirates, had has taken, than the meanest of his subjects made a certain requisition of corn or cattle has to absolve himself from the Oath of at his hands, to be complied with, under

Allegiance. the threat of burning down your house, “ The reason, which Dr Milner gives and despoiling your whole property, would for his position, is the following

:-- The you hold him bound by the letter of his

present Coronation Oath owes its authority oath, in such new and unforeseen circum

and its very existence to Parliament.' stances ? Would you not expect from his The same,' he adds, “must be said of the sense and integrity, that he should rather

Church itself, in whose favour this Oath attend to, and be guided by, the spirit of was devised ;'--A sneer too contemptible it?

to merit refutation, or any further notice.” “ Most reasonable men,” says Dr Phill.

We wish that we could follow our potts,

66 would expect a person to be bound by the spirit of his oath, rather

author in his exposure of the weakthan by the letter, under all circum.

ness of Mr Charles Butler's “ Letter stances. In the supposed case, the stew- on the Coronation ;" but our limitsard must certainly comply with the re- already transgressed-forbid—and we quisition. But in the case which is must bring our article to a close with really in question, matters, happily, have weightier matter. not yet gone so far. True, there is 6

The meaning of the Coronation Oath lawless mob,' a' crew of pirates, who tell us very plainly what they wish, and hope celebrated letter to Sir Hercules Lang

was brought into discussion in Burke's But they have not yet got the

rishe in 1792. He entered into an means of doing it; and our steward has sense enough to see, and honesty enough argument to prove that there was noto feel, that he is bound by his oath, not thing in the Oath which forbade his only not to supply the pirates with ships, Majesty to assent to any bill conferand the mob with arms, but to take care to ring on the Roman Catholics of Ireland barricade our storehouse, and require all the particular indulgences they then


to do.


sought. He said rightly, that if such poisoned all the rest has perverted what means can with any probability be was meant for a cup of blessing,-a wellshewn, from circumstances, to add spring of mutual love and lasting tranquil. strength to our mixed ecclesiastical lity, into a source of bitterest and deadand secular constitution, rather than liest hatred,—a stimulant to the most insato weaken it, surely they are means

tiable and turbulent ambition ; I mean the infinitely to be preferred to penalties,

unrestricted grant of the elective franchise.” incapacities, and proscriptions, conti- Attend to Burke's language in his nued from generation to generation. letter to Sir H. Langrishe. He sets In consenting to such a statute, the out with stating, that he knows not Crown, he thinks, would act agreeably with certainty what the Roman Ca. to the Oath. But, at the same time, tholics intended to ask, but that he his whole argument, to which we have “conjectures something is in agitanow only alluded, takes for granted tion towards admitting them, under that the King is bound to withhold certain qualifications, to have some his assent from bills which would share in the election of members of really endanger the safety of the Parliament;' and afterwards, he asks Church--and he says,

why it is inconsistent with the Co• There is no man on earth, I believe,

ronation Oath of the King, to restore more willing than I am to lay it down as a to his Roman Catholic people, in such fundamental law of the Constitution, that the manner and with such modification as Church of England should be united and the public wisdom shall think proper even identified with it: but allowing this, to add, some part in those franchises I cannot allow that all laws of regulation,

regulation, which they formerly had held without made from time to time, in support of that fundamental law, are, of course, equally conclusion of the whole, he says ex

limitation at all?” And at the

any fundamental and equally unchangeable : -none of this species of secondary and

pressly, “ the object pursued by the subsidiary laws have been held fundamen

Roman Catholics, is, I understand,

and have all along reasoned as if it were It is apparent, therefore, that the so, in some degree, or measure, to be authority of Burke must be added to again admitted to the franchises of the those of all public men, whose senti- Constitution;" and this being so, with ments on the subject are on record, up

what fairness, asks Dr Phillpotts, can to the end of the last century; they it be pretended that the authority of all recognised the Coronation Oath as

Mr Burke, as given in this very argubinding the conscience of the Sove ment, is in favour of the unqualified reign in all the acts of the kingly of concession of every franchise ? fice; and, above all, in the most im- But Burke wrote another letter to portant of all his acts as Legislator. Dr

Sir H. Langrishe on the same matterPhillpotts, who is at all times above in which he says, with reference to the dissembling, declares that Mr Burke former one, " In the Catholic question did indeed argue the point in a man

I only considered one point: was it, ner highly favourable to the views of at the time, and in the circumstances, the Roman Catholics ; but he also de, a measure which tended to promote clares his belief-and gives his rea

the concord of the citizens? I have no sons for it—that were Burke alive difficulty in saying that it was; and now, he would, of necessity, be adverse as little in saying that the present conto their present claims. Burke argued cord of the citizens (he wrote before in favour of the concessions then the Rebellion, and before any indicasought; and this one expression, “then tion of increased expectations on the sought," is the answer to all, or al part of the Roman Catholics) was most all, the arguments founded on

worth buying, at a critical season, by Burke's authority on the question. All granting a few capucities, which prothat was then sought, and in one most bably no man now

living is likely to be important particular, more than all, served or hurt by.Is that language has, long ago, been granted.

particularly acceptable to Mr O'Con66 The Irish Act, of 1793, gave to the

nell and Mr Shiel, and our friend the Roman Catholics all that Mr Burke laSurgeon ? boured, by that letter, to obtain for them ;

Then attend to his Letter to Baron and it nioreover threw into the chalice one Smith, in which he states, in more full fatal ingredient, which has corrupted and and express terms, the principle which VOL. XXIV.


guided and directed all his views. My sume to the prejudice of the establishwhole politics at present centre on one ed Church, &c.” On this valuable point ; and to this the merit or de- document Dr Phillpotts remarks: merit of every measure with me is " It is valuable on many accounts, but referable, that is, what will most pro- most especially, as affording the plainest mote, or depress, the cause of Jacobin- evidence of what Mr Burke considered to ism ;” and again, “ I am the more be the necessary and indispensable duty of serious on the positive encouragement Parliament in every case, in which it is to be given to this religion, (the Ro- proposed to remove any of the existing seman Catholic,) because the serious and

curities of the Established Church. It is earnest belief and practice of its profese Mr Burke was found among the advocates

an obvious consequence, that, whenever sors, form, as things stand, (January for any change of the law on this funda1795,) the most effectual barrier, if not

mental point, he must be always underthe sole barrier, against Jacobinism."

stood as meaning either to provide some Burke has, indeed, often been laughed stronger bulwark for the Church by the at-yes, Edmund Burke laughed at proposed change, or, at least, not to dimi. for « his insane horror of Jacobin- nish its existing security. Carrying this ism.” But he, and such as he, stayed principle with us, and adding to it the the plague. Here Dr Phillpotts clen- evidence derived from other parts of his ches the matter with a nail driven in writings, we shall find it easy to shew that forcibly and at the right point, nor is

Mr Burke, like Mr Pitt, if he were now there a hand of Jacobin alive able to

alive, would, of necessity, be adverse to wrench it out.

the present claims of the Roman Catho

lics." “Would that be his opinion now? Could it be so ? Where is the spirit of Jacobinism

Farther, whatever his opinion might now most active ? Where are all its energies be of the fitness of Burke's concession, most strongly, most unceasingly exerted ? it was professedly influenced by a view -Where, but in the Association, the of what were then the existing facts of Mock-Parliament at Dublin ?-_Whither the case, which facts have since been are now the wishes, the hopes, the san- changed in a degree scarcely to be guine and ardent longings, of every Jaco- estimated. « On a fair canvass," says bin in the King's dominions directed, but he, “ of the several prevalent parliato the same stirring scene ? And would Mr 'mentary interests in Ireland, I cannot, Burke have leagued himself with such a

out of the three hundred members, of band ? Would he have become, in his old

whom the Irish parliament is compoage, the champion of Jacobinism,' the zealot of that unholy cause, abhorrence of sed, discover that above three, or-at which mastered every other passion and

the utmost four, Catholics, would be feeling of his heart,-could suspend the

returned to the House of Commons.” anguish of his almost frenzied grief, How stands the case now-and what could make him for a while forget the bea would Burke have thought now ? reavement of the one sole object of his

" Is this the case now ? Is it not, on earthly hopes,and rouse him to exertion even from the listlessness of despondency?

the contrary, found, by experience, that The supposition is absurd.”

neither the influence of property, nor here

ditary attachment to ancient and honour. In the posthumous works of Burke able names, nor the ties of gratitude, nor a Political Test,” drawn up motive, can avail against the mandates of

the hope of future favour, nor any earthly with much deliberation, and intended spiritual authority? Is it not certain that to have been proposed to Parliament

a very large portion, and only uncertain in 1790, which shews his intense an- how large, of the representation of Ireland, xiety for the preservation of the Pro- is in the hands of the Priests ? Mr O'Contestant religion, and for the protection nell has scrupled not to say, that the whole, of the Established Church. We can- or almost the whole, will soon be in the not now quote it, but it contains this same hands; and, in proof of his own reclause, — " That I never will employ has scrupled not to proclaim his readiness

liance on the accuracy of this assertion, he any power or influence which I may

to offer himself as candidate to represent a clerive from any power or influence, &c. to come, to be elected into any

county (the county of Cavan) in which he

has not (as I am informed) a single acre of corporation, or into. Parliament, give ground, on the mere strength of his merit any vote in the election of any member

as an agitator. or members of Parliament, &c. or with 6. This is the answer to every argument any hope that they may promote the drawn from the authority of Mr Burke, re

we find

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