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specting the concession of seats in parlia. sidered that the measure would tend ment to the Roman Catholics of Ireland. to attach its objects to government. His general principles are opposed to it; Without proper regulations, he was and the exception, which he admitted in
well aware that it would tend only to their favour, was founded on a state of
excite their ambition, and encourage things, which not only is gone by, but has been succeeded by one utterly and essen
hopes of farther advantages. If given tially at variance with it.”
to them to be enjoyed as a right, and
not to be forfeited, otherwise than by At a subsequent period, he said, such misconduct as the law of the
if amongst our Clergy, (the Roman land would punish, it would have Catholic,) one seditious sermon can be amounted to nothing less than an Estashewn to have been preached, we will blishment. readily admit there is good reason for
* “ Yet such was the measure, which, in continuing the present laws in all their the session of 1825, was actually received force!!”
with favour in the English House of Com. 6 Could the man who wrote this sen- mons; the bill conferring it had an ascertence, and that man, Mr Burke, had tained passage through that House, and he lived to witness the smallest part of that the Roman Catholics of Ireland were system of deliberate outrage and intimida. brought to regard it, not as a boon for tion, which has been adopted by the whole which it became them to be grateful, but mass of Roman Catholics in Ireland, and, as a mere act of scanty justice which the above all, by their Hierarchy and their Legislature besought them to take in good Priesthood,-:could he, I ask, be the advo. part. They had, it is true, shown, from cate and patron of such a cause ? Could the first, no disposition to be satisfied with he give the sanction of his honoured name any pecuniary provisions of a less inde. to the demands of those, who avowedly and pendent nature. Dr Doyle had plainly exultingly proclaim their deadliest hate, told the Committees, that he and his bretheir most active unmitigable hostility, to thren would -rather receive nothing from the Church of Ireland, the Protestant Epis- the State, and that certainly, if they recopal Church there established by law ?” ceived at all, it should be on such terms So much for the opinions of Edmund only as should give them a vested life.
interest in the grant. The obsequious Burke. Now, let us attend to those of House of Commons framed their measure William Pitt. Dr Phillpotts has been accordingly; and Mr O'Connell, when remarked by the enemy for his publica- proached by his less judicious associates tion of Mr Pitt's Letter. He has been for having acceded to an expedient which thanked for it by Mr Butler, by the bore the name, if not the semblance, of a Irish orators, by the Edinburgh Review, security to this Protestant · Establishand by that high-minded gentleman, ment,' justified himself by characterizing plain-spoken politician, consistent po- very truly the prospect of carrying this litical economist, and stanch Tory, Mr
the likelihood of establishing, Huskisson. The letter consists of two
like the Scotch, an Established Church.' parts. First, an able, brief, and compre- Mr Pitt had, it is plain from his hensive statement of all the reasons language, a very different plan in view which are adduced for granting the such a plan, most probably, says claims of the Roman Catholics. « And our author, as is pursued towards the
I know not,” says Dr Phillpotts," that Presbyterian Ministers in Irelandany considerable arguments in favour a regium donum wbich might be withof that measure are there omitted, ex- drawn at any time, but would cercept those which both the king and the tainly never be withdrawn so long as minister would have equally disdained, its objects proved themselves worthy the arguments addressed to the fears of of the bounty of the State. Thirdly, Englishmen.” Secondly, of a clearer Mr Pitt thoughtit indispensably necesand fuller statement of the conditions sary to any tolerable plan for remowhich he proposed to annex to the ving the political disabilities of the concession than has before been given Roman Catholics, that the Popish to the public. These conditions are, clergy should be subjected to superinfirst, a continuance of the oaths al- tendence and control--the plan which ready required to be taken by Roman of all would have been the most diffiCatholics in Ireland. Secondly, a pro- cult to effect, though, on every acvision for the Roman Catholie Clergy, count, the most important. With such with a view of gradually attaching views, would he, to use the strong them to the government.
Under language of Dr Phillpotts, but not “proper regulations,” he wisely con- a whit too strong," have been either
a dupe or an accomplice in the con- himself responsible, in his own individual temptible fraud practised successfully fame, for the results of the policy which on the House of Commons, by the has been pursued. It was only when we bill of 1825 ?” We conclude our re
were given over to divided councils and view of this most admirable pám- the wretched system was adopted, of com
conflicting principles-worst of all, when phlet, with a most admirable quota- promising all difference of opinions, by tion.
acting upon none,-of banishing even the “ Whether the practical difficulties at,
name of Ireland from the deliberations of tending the settlement of such a point
our rulers,- of putting off to a convewould have been found too great even for
nient season' the most perilous and urMr Pitt to overcome, is a question into gent concerns of that distracted country, which it is not necessary now to enter.
i stultâ dissimulatione, remedia potiùs That these difficulties, great in themselves, malorum, quàm mala, differentes;'_it was have, since his time, become incalculably only then, that we reached the full matugreater, is unhappily too manifest; nor rity of our present evils, evils so great, does there appear the smallest reason to
that we can neither bear their pressure, nor believe, had he been spared to his country
endure their cure; but we go on, from day to the present day, that, according to the
to day, from year to year, seeking, by any principles uniformly proclaimed by him,
wretched nostrum the quackery of the age he could now be found among the advo
can furnish, to palliate a corroding plague, cates for concession. It is true, that he
which is fast eating to our very vitals.” never would have endured that the mis. We cannot better conclude our rechief should have reached its present hide. view of Dr Phillpotts' admirable work, ous magnitude, without any attempt to than by the final sentence of the Archkeep it down; he never would have endu: bishop of Tuam's speech in the House red that the known laws of the land should of Lords. Where, pray, on that ocbe outraged with impunity,--that they casion, was the Bishop of Chester ? whose duty it was to execute and enforce those laws, should not only witness their
" Though opposed to the motion of violation with calm complacency, but
the noble lord, and though strenushould, even in their place in Parliament, ously opposed to those who called themselves pronounce the most plausible themselves the advocates of emanci. excuse for past delinquency, and adminis- pation, yet he was a sincere friend to ter the strongest provocative to future ex- emancipation in its true sense.
He cesses : above all, he never would have would emancipate them from the bonendured, that the Majesty of British Le dage of ignorance-he would emancigislation should be made the scorn and pate them from gross darkness-he laughing-stock of Irish demagogues that would emancipate their minds by a lie an illegal association, put down by an ex.
beral and scriptural education ; not press statute in one month, should, in the next, rear its brazen front, without such an education as certain commiseven the decent hypocrisy of a change of sioners had recently recommended to name, should beard Parliament with its the adoption of the legislature-not insolent defiance,-should raise a revenue
such an education as would adapt the for the purposes of disaffection_should Scriptures to the passions and prejueven make the shameless but not the im. dices of men not such an educaprudent avowal, (for confidence, in such a as depended upon a corruption of the case, is strength,) that the collection of this
text, or upon subtractions from it; he revenue is not merely a contribution for
was no advocate for such an educa. past or present charges, but a bond of tion as that, but he was an advocate union and a pledge of future co-operation, in the revolutionary jargon of the day,
for an education founded upon God's it is “ a means of organizing aud affiliating holy word-he was for an education the people.'* _All this, I repeat, woulå which took that word for its standard not have been endured, had Mr Pitt still
Lan education which would tend to guided the helm of government-ay, or
correct the superstitions of Ireland, had any one truly British statesman felt and to improve her moral condition.” +
* “ So it has been lately called by Mr Shiel, who adds, “ Every man, who contri. butes the smallest fraction of money, becomes the member of a vast corporation insti. tuted for the liberty of Ireland.'”
† Since this article was partly printed, a second edition (as it is called) of the pamphlet alluded to a few pages back, has appeared, with the name of the Reverend Richard Shannon on the title-page.
THE TOUR OF DULNESS.
On her foggy and favour'd nation,
In token of approbation.
2. For the north-west wind brought clouds and gloom,
Blue devils on earth, and mists in the air ;
And her empire flourish'd there.
with assuring Dr Phillpotės that it is Christian Charity-if he can--from no business of his to read hinn a lec- the noble eulogy delivered by one of ture on Christian Charity, and yet
the most eminent churchmen over “ He gives it like a tether,
one, who was indeed one of the most
eminent statesmen in England. Fu' lang that day."
“ It can hardly, I hope, be necessary “ How far," quoth Pound-text, for me to assure you, in the outset, that I minister of peace is righteously em- feel most strongly the delicate and solemn ployed in raking together the polemi. nature of the duty I incur, in thus vencal rubbish of former ages of bigotry turing to comment on the obligation of and ignorance, at the risk of rekind my Sovereign's Oath. It is a subject, ling the flame of religious discord,
which, in itself, and under any circuma and with a view to deprive five or six
stances, would demand from a religious millions of his Christian brethren of mind, to be treated with the strictest and their natural rights, it is not my proe
most scrupulous sincerity. But, if it were vince to decide.” And pray, if it be
otherwise possible, in the heat of contro
versy, to forget this duty, the awful event, not his province, whose is it? And which has removed for ever from the scene pray, farther, if it be not, why do it ?
of our contention the ablest and most dis. And pray, farther, if it be done, why tinguished of all the individuals engaged not "let it be done quickly," instead in it, could hardly fail to recall us to bet.' of in a drawling discourse, nearly an ter thoughts, to admonish us, in a voice hour by Shrewsbury, or any other more eloquent even than his own,
o what well-regulated clock He himself shadows we are, and what shadows we very soon begins to lose his own pursue.'
“ Bear with me, I entreat you; for a very temper, and gets, if not mettlesome,
short space, while I do justice to myself, yet almost within a hair-stroke of it,
in speaking of the eminent person to whom very nettlesome indeed, with Dr
I have here alluded. I have been accused, Phillpotts, on account of his Letters
in a late number of the Edinburgh Re. to Mr Canning, whom the preacher, view, of treating him with scurrility ;' a widely and deeply read, no doubt, in charge, which, without stooping to confute the history of the whole world, calls it, I fling back on the head of my accuser. " the ablest statesman of any age
Had I ever addressed to Mr Canning any or country!”. “ The good and gene
language, which a public man, on a pubrous of all parties must condemn your
lic question, would have a right to comattempts to raise a clamour against
plain of hearing, much more, had I ever
used towards him the smallest portion of such an adversary; and I can scarce
that coarse and unmanly ribaldry, which ly doubt that the death of the distin
this very Review, as often as it suited its guished individual whom they were
factious purposes, delighted to heap upon meant to wound, has since awakened
him, I should now feel, what it would recollections in your breast sufficient perhaps be well for my accuser, if he to avenge
himself were capable of feeling. As it is, Here we must pull up the preacher no consideration, not even the call of selfon Christian Charity, and insist on defence, shall prevail with me to violate his paying some regard to Christian the Sanctuary of the Tomb, or to recur to Truth. Dr Phillpotts opposed the
any parts of Mr Canning's character or principles 'advocated by Mr Canning
conduct, but those on which I can offer an
honest, however humble, tribute of respect in Parliament respecting the Catholic
to his memory. His genius, his eloquence, claims. He opposed them boldly,
all the best and noblest endowments of his and like a man, in the spirit of an
highly-gifted mind, devoted by him to the English divine, in the language of an service of his country, during the long English scholar. To the grief of all period of her greatest danger ;-he himEngland, George Canning is dead. self ever foremost, in office and out of of. And what are " the recollections fice, in vindicating the righteousness of which the death of that distinguished her cause, in cheering and sustaining the individual has since awakened in spirit of her gallant people, and elevating Dr Phillpotts' breast ?" And are they them to the level of the mighty exigence, such as to
on which their own freedom and the liberavenge a wrong," nowhere committed but in the fretful meanwhile
, our Constitution at home from
ties of the world depended ;-protecting, fancy of this very paltry person? Let
the wild projects of reckless innovation, Dr Phillpotts speak for himself, and let shaming and silencing, by his unequalled the present preacher learn a lesson of wit, those who were inaccessible to the rea.
soning of his lofty, philosophy : These prevent their entire degradation : he great deservings, be the judgment of pos- afterwards, at a still more calamitous terity on other matters what it may, will period, yielded to a greater curtailensure to him a high and enduring place ment of their power and dignity, for in the proudest record of England's glory. the purpose of preserving the Esta· His saltem accumulem donis, et fungar inani blishment from sinking into Presby
terianism." Now go-thou preacher on Christian
“ Al this is perfectly true; and in the Charity--go to your pet idol the Edin- necessity for such concessions, sincerely and burgh Review, which is manifestly honestly believed by Charles to exist, and the sole political oracle you have ever in that necessity only, do we find the jusconsulted,--and which, without ac- tification of the actions which it caused. knowledgment, you servilely crawl Whenever such a necessity shall again ocafter on your hands and knees-and cur, it will be for the King of England there study the character of George first to satisfy himself of its existence, and, Canning. There you will see
if he be convinced that it really exists, to ablest statesman of any age or country' follow the dictates of the highest species depicted as the basest, meanest, most lances conflicting duties, and decides which,
of prudence, that master-virtue which baprofligate of public men. What “recollections,” think ye, has “ the death however, not according to the shifting ap
in the collision, is to be preferred.decides, of that distinguished individual" awa
pearance of temporal expediency, but ackened in the minds of the libellers, cording to the eternal rules of truth and who honoured him with their sincerest justice. Meanwhile; he will not be very abuse when living, and dishonoured ready to give ear to those, who either af. him with their falsest praise when firm or insinuate, that the necessity is come, dead? Are they such as to avenge
or likely to come. Come when it may, it the wrong? Then must they be bit will, we may be sure, make its presence to ter indeed! But as for you, who be seen and felt; and even in its approach,
it will cast its shadow' long before.' preach about Christian Charity, for
The instance of Charles, however, iş hapsooth, and dare thus to misrepresent pily chosen. It will serve either as an exthe bearing, bold and bright and open ample or as a warning :-As an example, as the day, of one of Mr Canning's should the Sovereign wish to fall with dig. most illustrious opponents on one sub- nity, and, in his fall, to avoid making ject alone,-a great question, affecting shipwreck of a good conscience;' the well-being of that Church of which warning, if he choose rather to preserve himhe is himself a shining light and a self, and all the high and sacred interests strong pillar, and which, as long as committed to his charge, from falling at all." it continues to be so illumined and so Dr Milner has, of course, attempte elevated, will defy all assaults, from ed a little casuistry about oaths, whatever quarter they come, secret very much, indeed, in the style of the and insidious, audacious and declared, Surgeon.
'" In the first place," says —but phoo-phoo-phoo~itisa waste he, “it is evident that a promissory of our wrath to pour out its vials on oath which, at a certain period, was such a head-for, as we said before good and valid, may cease to be obliis it not--the head of a Croppy? gatory by some material change of cire
From such “ frivolous" stuff, it is cumstances, either with respect to the a relief to turn even to Dr Milner's object itself, or' to any of the parties “ Case of Conscience,” which Dr Phill- concerned in it; so that, for example, potts disposes of in a style that would a measure which was originally wise, have astonished the Jesuit. The and beneficial, and desirable, becomes larger portion of the “ Case” is occu- the reverse of all this." pied with an attempt to shew that the Dr Phillpotts rightly observes, that Coronation Oath never prevented our a material change in circumstances is princes from making such alterations here equivalent to an important change in the laws affecting the Church in circumstances; but the “ material (which has nothing to do with the change” which the Jesuits intend, as present business) as on the whole they a ground for evacuating the obligathought fit, and in particular, “ that 'tion of a lawful oath, is a change in Charles I. gave his consent to the bill the matter, not in the circumstances. for excluding Bishops from sitting in Milner's argument, therefore, comParliament, in order, as it appear- mences either sillily or insidiously. ed at the treaty of Uxbridge, to But hear the two Doetors.