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THE TOUR OF DULNESS.
On her foggy and favour'd nation,
în token of approbation.
2. For the north-west wind brought clouds and gloom,
Blue devils on earth, and mists in the air ;
And her empire flourish'd there.
3. The Goddess look'd with a gracious eye
On her ministers great and small; But most she regarded with tenderness Her darling shrine, the Minerva Press,
In the street of Leadenhall.
Her name was most adored,
And breathed the Goddess in every word.
In New Burlington street a while,
In the fashionable style.
6. The Hall, where sits in
of Huskisson's explanation.
7. There above all her darling Hume
As her Apostle shone; The universal legislator. Financier, and emancipator,
And still in all her own.
8. She enter'd not the Chancery Court,
Because she was going a journey, And when in, how to get out no one can tell ;, “But Sugden," quoth she, “ will do as well,
And she left him as her Attorney.
9. Then turning her own Magazine to inspect,
She was rather at fault, as of late The colour and series both were new ; But the Goddess, with discernment true,
Detected it by the weight.
At Dublin; but the zeal
Which fell on Orator Shiel.
The land she loves and its possessors ;
And all Scotch mists and Scotch Professors.
Or a lady on her lover;
TO “ BEAUTY."
The flower is on the lea,
The thrush is on the tree;
And let the breezes mild
And fan my little child-
High from her couch of rest,
Which all night long she press'd.
And pass the sunny hour, The bee within the rose is laid,
And veils him in the flower; Mark not the lustre of his wing, Beauty! be careful of his sting!
A halo deigns to cast
And gilds them to the last ;
Let Memory deign to flee
To cast one beam on me!
THE MISSIONS OF CHRISTIANITY.
The extent to which the efforts of holm has directed its attention tô the great societies now established in this desolate kingdom, and twelve every Protestant kingdom, have urged young men are constantly educated at their missions for the conversion of the king's expense, for preachers the heathen, and for the instruction among the Laplanders. The Rusof the careless, the ignorant, and the sian bible societies are also exerting infidel, among themselves, raises them themselves in this direction ; and, so into one of the grand features of our early as 1815, had distributed 7000 time, or perhaps even into that charac- bibles. teristic by which all others are to be Passing on to the north-east-Rus. thrown into the shade. 'If the fif- sian Asia, a space of four millions of teenth century was the age of natural square miles, with a population of and scientific discovery, the eighteenth about nine millions, is still almost tothe age of infidelity and revolution, the tally heathen. The Edinburghľmisnineteenth may yet bear the illustri- sionary society so far back as 1803 ous name of the age of Christian la- sent two ministers to preach in Tarbours for the enlightening and happi- tary. In 1815, they renewed their ness of mankind.
attempt at Astracan. Three mission, To bring all these labours into one aries of the London missionary sopoint of light, with the double pur.. ciety, have been for some years stapose of shewing us what we have tioned at Selinginsk, about 160 miles done, and what we have still to do, from Irkutz, where the Emperor would be to render a public service to Alexander gave them an estate and the Christian community. But it re- money for building. A printing press quires time and details which are at of the Mongolian has been erected present beyond our power, and we there. They have made extensive must reluctantly content ourselves journeys towards the south and the with a rapid view.
Chinese frontier ; but the poverty of The general population of Europe the soil, the inclemency of the cliis estimated by Humboldt at 198 mil. mate, and the roving nature of the lions, of whom 103 millions are Ro- tribes, offer the most formidable man Catholics, 52 Protestants, 38 fol- obstacles to the diffusion of religious lowers of the Greek ritual, and 5 Ma« knowledge. hometans.
To the south lies one of the most reTo begin at the northern extremity markable regions of the world,--Tibet, of Europe,-Lapland, a space of the Switzerland of Asia, an immense 150,000 miles, or about the extent of succession of hill, valley, dells of exFrance or Germany : In a population haustless fertility, and mountains towperhaps the thinnest in the world—one ering almost twice the height of Mont to every four square miles—Lapland Blanc. The top of the Dwawalaghiri has at present thirteen principal and rises 26,000 feet above the level of the ten filial churches. Three transla.
But the civil constitution is tions of the bible have been printed. still more extraordinary. The nation The Swedish bible society of Stock- is one great convent, with a multitude
of lay brethren to labour for the course in the strongest degree. The monke. It is the centre of Lamaism, lower orders are idolators, but some of a religion spreading from the Volga to the leading sects reject every species Japan. Its tenets are a compound of of image worship, and probably many Christianity-probably learned from among the higher orders, and philoso the Nestorian missionaries of the early phers,- for they have an affectation ages and of the original superstitions of metaphysics, --are scoffers at every of Asia. The Tibetians hold the unity idea of the acknowledgement of a dia and trinity of a Supreme Being; the vine being. But the superstitious are existence and perpetual opposition of deeply superstitious; they make pil. an evil principle ; and an incarnation grimages, they have convents, and which they aver to be a thousand years their rules would do honour to a before that of the founder of our faith; Trappist or a Carthusian. but later corruptions, probably intro- In the early part of the 17th cenduced by the Jesuits in 1624, diversi. tury, Rome established some missions fy this mixture of creeds. They be in Japan. But the popular indignalieve in purgatory, in the efficacy of tion was armed against them, and the prayer for the dead; they have holy missionaries were expelled, after a resiwater, a rosary, and extreme unction. dence of almost a century, during They have priestly robes, a dress for which they perpetually sent pompous the nuns, three orders of initiation into accounts of conversions to Europe, the priesthood, superior priests, equi- but seem to have done little more than valent to cardinals, six grand lamas or trade, offend the national prejudices patriarchs, presiding over the three by their ill-directed efforts, and dedivisions of Tibet Proper, and the grade Christianity by the example of three of the southern provinces, or their lives and doctrines. In 1715, the Bootan, and at the head of all a great Abbe Juidott attempted to renew the Supreme, the declared " vicegerent of Roman mission. His fate is not omnipotence," the Teshoo Lama, who known. Jesuits and monks of other “ never dies;" an infant born on the orders followed and failed, and since day of his apparent decease being ap- 1748 Japan has been rendered nearly pointed to his throne, and receiving inaccessible, by a severe strictness that his spirit thus transmitted into a new has had no parallel in the world. form. Hence this Pope of the Him- China, with its two hundred mil, malaya is named
“ Lama Kaku," the lions of people, and variety of tribes, eternal father. The convents are as is at present, perhaps, in the state numerous and as fully peopled as which must precede ihe reception of might be presumed, under this holy Christianity in an Asiatic empire. Its oligarchy. The high convent of Tea religion is broken up by furious sects, shoo Lumba contains 3700 priests. which alternately assume the charac,
The Capucins in 1707 sent out ter of spiritual disputants and rebels missions, which, like those of their in arms. The “ Pelinkin," or "enes more vigorous predecessors, the sons mies of foreign religions,” agitate the of Loyola, failed of making converts. north. The “ Kedufis,” or “ Heaven Yet they were enabled to found two and earth one," a race of levellers, houses of their order, which lasted proclaim equality of men and commu. during a century. A Protestant misa nity of property in the west and sionary, Schroter, unfortunately died south; and the “ society of the three when, in 1820, he was preparing him- powers, heaven, earth, and man," self, at Calcutta, for translating and makes war against all authority whatpropagating the scriptures among this The Jesuits planted their misextraordinary people.
sions in China in the middle of the At the extremity of the east, Japan sixteenth century. Multitudes of no. exhibits the most determined resista minal Christians were made ; but the ance to every attempt at conversion. suspicious spirit of the government The country has reached that precise appears to have nearly extinguished rank of civilization which makes a their advance. So late as 1815, an impation jealous of foreign knowledge, perial ordinance commanded that the without the power of adding to its introducers of Christianity should be own. The spiritual and temporal put to death. The Protestant misauthorities are distinct and defined, sionaries are prohibited from going beand both repulsive of European inter- yond Canton.
But this prohibition may have been people, one of the most tasteful and fortunate, in its compelling the misa? ingenious of the East, is a loose Islamsionaries to attend to perhaps the only ism. But among the higher ranks way of impressing the mind of China. are thousands who disdain the religion It has led them to prepare tracts and of the vulgar, or all religion, and are versions of the Scriptures in the land called Suffees, or Freethinkers guage of the country. Doctors More The Russian invasion has laid open rison and Milne made a translation of the northern frontier, and from the the Old and New Testaments; and facility with which the people of the Morrison's great Chinese Dictionary conquered districts have adopted the and Grammar have laid open the lan- tenets of the Greek Church, it may be guage to the European stúdent for all augured that Islamism would still more time to come. An Anglo-Chinese cole readily give way to the intelligent lege has been established at Malacca, zeal, and pure doctrines, of the miswith some Chinese schools. But the sionaries of England, an ally bearing circulation of the Scriptures in China the Scripture. is at present rendered extremely diffi- The immense Archipelago of the cult by the Government, which, dis- Indian isles is almost wholly untouchturbed by fear of insurrection, and ed by missionary labours. The final unable to distinguish between political conquest of Ceylon, in 1815, put into and religious change, has prohibited our hands the « Sacred Island” of Inat once all religious meetings, and all dia, the original seat of Buddhism, books of Christianity.
with a population of 300,000. Schools Hindostan, the finest portion of Asia, have been established, and the forms called by its people, " The Garden of of British government and laws introGod," a territory of a million of square duced. In this spot the conversion of miles, and with a population of
a hunc the Archipelago may be prepared. dred and twenty millions, is kept in Africa is still a blot upon civilizaawe by twenty thousand British troops, tion and religion. The characteristics and governed by three thousand Bri- of its nations are deep ignorance, satish functionaries, at a distance of vage superstition, furious passions of eight thousand miles from home,-the every kind, and a reckless love of most singular instance 'of possession blood. Everything is done for plunder, in the history of empire.
and done in slaughter. From AbyssiThe renewal of the Company's char- nia, down the immense eastern coast, ter, in 1813, gave some hope of making almost the whole territory is Pagan, a solid religious impression on India. brutish, and hostile alike to European An English bishop was sent to Cal life and knowledge. eutta, where a college was erected in The conquest of the Cape by the 1821. Schools are supported through British, in 1805, opened a field for the the provinces ; many English, Pro- missions. The subsequent emigrations testant, and Lutheran Missions are lo from England have afforded a still cated, and a striking spirit of improve higher opportunity, by acquainting ment is displaying itself, in the efforts the natives with the peaceable and inof some of the Rajahs and men of high telligent character of the English peocaste, to acquire European literature; ple. They are no longer insulted, in the gradual inclination for Euro- robbed, and shot, as in the time of the pean intercourse, and the extinction of Dutch; a fair trade is carried on with some cruelties and many prejudices. them; their children are frequently But actual Christianity has hitherto educated in the Cape schools, and a made' but a slight impression. The series of humane and equitable regubabits of the people, their natural re- lations are adopted for the commerce luctance to the religion of strangers, of the colony with the Hottentots and their ignorance of our language, and Caffres. On the faith of this mutual the fatal distinction of castes, raise good understanding, the missionaries formidable obstacles against the ef- are penetrating the country, and some fective progress of religion.
of them have advanced even seven In Persia, the Jesuits had attempt- hundred miles among tribes, who, a ed but little, which forms a ground for few years ago, could not have been the Protestant missionaries to hope for approached but with the certainty of much. The popular belief of the death.