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behind with his spear. The moment I saw erted themselves successfully to inspire how matters were situated, I took a delibe them with confidence. On hearing the rerate aim with any arrow; and just as the port of Ibrahim’s matchlock, they conceifellow was rising to make his thrust, he re- ved that he must now be unarmed, and ceived it up to the feather in his heart. Ut they resolved to make a desperate and sitering a loud yell, he fell backwards, check- multaneous attack upon our barricadoes. ing his horse so rudely that it also reared At once the whole party rushed to the outer and fell_blocking up the path so effectually, gateway, some on horseback, some on foot; that had his companions been close at his and regardless of my arrows, which flew heels, they could not have advanced a step.

not without effect, the principal body press" Ibrahim, meantime, had entered and

ed forward to the entrance of the tower, got his horse under cover ; then, calling me while some returned my discharge of ar. to assist him, we hastily, rolled some large rows from their own bows. · Below ! bestones to the entrance, so as to impede the low !' cried Ibrahim, “ we must defend the enemy's progress. This was soon done, entrance to the last; we must not lose our for the stones forinerly used still lay there. horses. Follow me quickly. And he We then hurried above, to defend our castle. rushed down to the gateway of the tower,

" It was full time; for now the whole the barricadoes of which the Toorkomans party of horsemen, sixteen in number, had had already commenced pulling down. come up or were close at hand; and three “My spear now pierced one of the foreor four were entering the outer gateway to- most, while Ibrahim blew out the brains of gether. Scarcely had the first got beyond another on the spot with his pistol. Althe threshold when the report of Ibrahiim's

lah il Allah !' cried they, as they gave matchlock was heard, and the Toorkoman, back for a moment at this unexpected asdropping the reins, rolled on the ground ; sault ; ' they have more guns !' But their the ball had passed through his body. rage and determination was now at its Nor was I less fortunate in my aim : as the height; they returned to the charge, while horse of the second, terrified at the noise we, on our part, dealt them ghastly wounds and fire of the matchlock, reared and turned with our spears and swords. But stone round, my arrow struck the rider behind after stone was now falling, and the large the ear : he fell immediately; and sharp as breaches gave entrance to their spears, his foot still stuck in the stirrup, his ter- which not only prevented our opposing rified horse dragged him at speed down the them so effectually, but slightly wounded steep, scattering in confusion the rest, who us both. We were about to abandon our were all busily ascending.

horses, and to retreat to the platform above, 66 The sudden fate of these men checked there to sell our lives as dearly as possible, the fury of their comrades' onset. Not when a confused noise without struck our possessed of any fire-arms themselves, they ears, and caused a momentary pause in the dreaded the effect of these weapons so much, efforts of our antagonists. that noone cared to expose his person; while

66 The sound came nearer and nearer, Ibrahim, unwilling to expend his ammuni. and was like the tramp of horse. “We tion, would not fire again until certain of are gone,' cried Ibrahim ; : it is a fresh doing execution : my arrows too were pre- party of Toorkomans_let us ascend and cious, for of them no supply was to be had. die hard there !' At this moment, we Thus there was a cessation of hostilities on heard a hurrah! mingled with Kuzzileither side, the enemy having collected un. bash! Kuzzilbash !' and accompanied der shelter of the wall, and we remaining with several shots and loud cries.

Allah on the watch to shoot the first who might hu Akber !' cried Ibrahim, they are my make his appearance.

Kuzzilbashes !- we are safe, praise be to “ This pause was of no long duration; Allah and the Prophet ! Ha, my good we soon became sensible that the enemy steed !' as the horses neighed loud at the had dispatched one or two of their number noise of the tumult, we shall now face the round the walls to see if entry might be villains on equal terms, nor need to fly obtained by some other passage less expo- again.' Up he bounded to the platform on sed than the gateway. The first unfortu. thesummit, whither I quickly followed him; nate spy, however, had no sooner turned and from thence, indeed, we saw an animathe corner, than he became exposed to our ting scene. There were the few remaining shot, and Ibrahim's matchlock sent him Toorkomans flying like chaff before the sorely wounded back to his companions. wind, before a party of 40 or 50 Kuzzilbash

“ The enemy had now lost four of their horsemen, fully equipped, whose matchparty, and the majority of the rest, in all locks every now and then rang upon


ear, probability, would willingly have given up and a horse of the Aliers was seen to fall, or a contest against men so desperate, a fur cap to roll along the ground. Nearer which, at best, so little was to be gained. at hand, fifteen or twenty more of our deBut there were among them some of a more liverers, having put most of the dismounted determined spirit, who urged on the rest to Toorkomans to death, strove who should revenge their fallen companions, and ex. enter first, and release those who had been


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so sorely beleaguered. An officer in rich ap- the thong which suspended the quiver at parel, who had just dismounted from a my side, accidentally becoming loose, it fell noble horse, all foaming with the speed he to the ground, and the few remaining arhad made, now entered the court, and, rows it contained tumbled out. The acci. followed by several soldiers, approached dent attracted the eye of Nader : Truly, the tower. At the entrance he was met by young man,' said he, thy quiver looks like Ibrahim Khan, covered with sweat and that of a soldier returning from the field ; dust and blood. "Who art thou ?' cried thy shafts have been spent, and spent to the officer. “Hussun Allee Beg,' exclaim. purpose, I hear. They say thy arrows tell ed Ibrahim Khan, in reply, is it thou ? sharply and true; come hither, let me see Welcome, by the hand of my brother ! thee use them.' I stood a moment irresowelcome, in any season, to the soul of Ibra. lute, and uncertain of his meaning: 'String him ! but doubly so, when, like the water thy bow,' cried Nader, giving the wellof life to a dying man, thou comest so op- known word of command in use among our portunely in the time of need.'

tribe :--it carried me back to the Desert, This danger past, they reach the and I instinctively obeyed; old habits camp of Nader without further acci- rushed upon my mind, and awakened all dent. The character of this great

its energy.

• Will your Highness permit chieftain is on the whole, perhaps, turning round at the same time to look for

me to have my horse ?'-said I to my chief, the happiest effort of the book. Stern, Boorrauk. Nader smiled at my eagerness. noble, and ferocious, not naturally • What is a bow without a string ? --what bloody, yet shedding blood in profue is å Toorkoman without his horse ? let it sion when it can advance his cause; straight be brought. He praised its figure generous, yet unrelenting, rigid in ex- and its spirit, and turning to Ibrahim, reacting discipline, but profuse in re- marked that we were both wild, active warding valour; full of talent and creatures, well suited to each other. Yah, energy, Nader is represented not only Hyder !—Yah, Allee! cried I'mentally, as in perfect accordance with historical I mounted— help a good Sheah at his truth, but with a strength and vigour need!, for much may depend on this mo

ment.' of delineation, indicative of very high

" I now mounted and waited for orders power in the artist. Ismael is intro- to proceed. The Maidaun before the tents duced by Ibrahim to this great chief- of the chief was the place appropriated to tain, and Nader is pleased with his military exercises, nor were there wanting appearance, and the account given by buits and poles upon which to hang marks Ibrahim of the skilful and courage for the archers to practise at. The motion ous manner in which he bore himself of Nader's arm pointed out the mark at in the combat with the Toorkomans. which I was to aim : the crowd opened Nader, however, is not accustomed to wide in the same direction, and I started take things on trust, and directs our

at full speed after the Toorkoman fashion. hero to give, without delay, a taste of Three times I passed the lofty pole within his qualities as a warrior. The follow

a moderate distance, each time discharging

an arrow: once in approaching, once in ing is the issue :

retreating, and once in the act of wheeling “ After gazing steadily on me for a while, and each time I was fortunate enough to the chief turned to his brother, and said in 'make them ring upon the basin which hung a familiar under-tone, “The youth's ap- suspended by a thong from its summit. pearance is not against him ; he is young, It happened that, as I returned a fourth but hardy-looking, and quite an Affshar in time, a blue pigeon, numbers of which countenance.. -Young man,' continued he, built their nests in the wells and water. turning to me, thou hast commenced thy courses of the neighbourhood, flew over the career favourably; the Zoheir-udowlut is plain, and whether alarmed and confused satisfied with thy conduct, and his good re- by the noise, or sent by Allee expressly to port goes far with me. Thou shalt have do me service, it alighted upon the top of employment, and fair scope to shew thy the pole at which I had been shooting. own value. Men here receive the esteem The thought of making this the mark for and promotion which their own merits de- my last arrow, struck me as I observed it, termine,-nor, however partially we may and I urged my horse to fuller speed, lest be disposed towards thee, for thy services the bird should take wing before to our brother, or our ancient friendship for within distance : just as I reached within thy father, shall the course adopted with a long and difficult shot, I saw the first regard to thee be different. For the pre- flutter of its wing upon the rise ; but my sent, Hussun Allee Beg shall provide for bow was drawn, I uttered an ejaculation thy wants; thou needest refreshment and to Moorteza Allec, and saw my shaft strike repose ; retire and enjoy them freely.' the bird before it had well quitted the pole.

" I bowed low, and was retiring, when It fluttered and fell, while the cries of the



of that usurper.

crowd rent the air, and · Barik'illah !' tion of the war in which Nader was • Mashallah !' Mashallah !' echoed on engaged against Malek Mahmoud, all sides. Many years have passed since and of the events which terminated in that day, but I still can remember the

the recovery of the Holy shrine from thrill of delight with which I picked up the the bird, and galloping to the tent, with


The commencement of the second glowing cheeks laid it at the feet of Na.

volume finds the army of Nader in quiet der.

“. By the head of my father ! youth,' occupation of the city of Mushed. We said he, Ibrahim has not belied thee in now acquire some insight into the modes his praises of thy archery or thy horse

of life and manners of the civil portion manship: these thou hast now fairly pro

of the community, though this part .ved; let thy skill and conduct in other of the subject engrosses less of the authings be but equally conspicuous, and thor's attention than might be wished. thou shalt not lack advancement. But During the period of idleness which this is enough for one day: thyself and ensues, the young military men of thy horse need rest, and, in truth, he is a Nader s army, as might be expected, brave beast, and should be well dealt with; get into all sorts of dissipation. In -Where didst thou get him ? but I need not ask, for every hoof and sinew speaks tion; and we confess, that some of

this respect our hero forms no excephim desert-bred, as well as thee. Thou art, in truth, a strange youth, and I must

the incidents in this portion of the hear thy story at large ;—but not now.

story are not altogether to our taste, Get thee gone for the present thou art

and savour too much of the Arabian welcome!'

Nights, with which work, linked as “ It now occurred to me, that the Ge. it is with a thousand delightful meneral had taken a fancy to my horse. I mories, it must always be perilous to knew that when a great man has once sig- provoke a comparison. nified his admiration of anything belong- In stating this our trivial solitary ing to a dependent, it is deemed equiva. objection, we would wish by no means lent to a demand, and expected that the to be understood as withholding our coveted article shall forth with be tendered

belief in the truth of the pictures of as an offering to conciliate his favour. In the elation of the moment, I felt that I

Persian life presented by the advencould even bear the bitter pang of parting tures in this portion of the narrative; with my faithful steed ; particularly when

or as denying the probability of such I considered, that my future fortune might incidents in a state of society simi, depend upon the sacrifice. Respectfully lar to that of Khorasan. But we bowing, therefore, and taking the bridle think, that in themselves they possess in my hand, I said, “ May the favour of little interest, and, with the great pow. your Highness never diminish! may your ers of invention which the author has servant find grace in your eyes ! the horse evidently at command, he could have of your servant is unworthy of your notice

bad little difficulty in supplying their -but, pardon the poverty of your slave, place by others, of a character better and deign to accept his humble offering !

calculated to elicit the sympathies of So saying, I offered the bridle to an at.

his readers. tendant. No, no, young man ! replied Nader ; “ the horse is a good one, and thou

There is really only one scene in : meritest him well; keep him, and tend

the work in which we think any strihim as he deserves ; I promise thee thou king failure is discernible. We allude shalt need his best service. Meantime, it is

to that in which an attempt is made thou, rather, who mayest look to me for a to interest the feelings of the reader, token of favour: thou hast exhausted thy by a picture of the revolting horros arms; the stock shall be replenished__now connected with the deaths of Fatimah go thy ways !'-—May the happy fortune and Zeeba. The lowest of all humin of your Highness increase ! may your fa: sympathies is that which is excied vour never diminish towards your servant!' cried I, bowing once more, and left the by mere physical suffering. It is tlt, presence with Hussun Allee Beg.”

perhaps, by the rudest of mankind as

powerfully as by the most refred. Ismael finds favour in the eyes of But the chord of this feeling is one Nader, and is constituted one of his which a skilful writer will genrally Gholaums, or Life-guards, an honour refrain from touching. In the dtails bestowed only on persons of distin. of torture and bloodshed, thee is guished merit. The narrative, till the ever something shocking to theimaend of the first volume, is occupied ·gination. Our alms to the bggar, chiefly by an account of the prosecu- who displays his mutilated and dis



torted members, are always accompa- ground. In matters of this sort he is nied with loathing. Thus it is, too, a complete Bourgognoni, vivid, vigoin description Scenes which human

rous, and spirit-stirring, in all his denature would shrink from beholding, lineations of broil and battle.' Our should not be obtruded on the imagi, readers shall not take all this praise nation. Mind is the proper object of upon trust. Let them read the fola sympathy with mind. True, bodily lowing extract, and charge us with anguish may occasionally be thrown exaggeration if they dare : in to heighten the effect, and deepen the colouring, of the picture of mental

“ It was a gallant and spirit-stirring agony, but it must never be suffered

sight to see them bearing down upon us,

more than thirty thousand strong, all adto become the chief object in the

mirably armed and equipped. Hundreds group. Least of all, can we tolerate a

of the small flags of companies, so much in picture, in which the mere horrors of

use among the Affghauns, waved over their corporeal suffering engross the whole and the points of their spears, and powers of the artist's pencil. We are their drawn swords, gleamed with a flicka not quite sure, that in these remarks ering above the dark and compact masses. we have expressed ourselves very

Two of these bodies were entirely compoclearly, but we trust to our author's sed of cavalry, while that which occupied intelligence to seize the precise extent

the centre consisted both of cavalry and and bearing of our objections, and to

infantry, accompanied by the greater part his candour to give them such weight

of their artillery. They moved on gently

and in good order to the brink of the rias they may appear to merit.

ver's bed below them : it was an object Passing over, therefore, this portion

with their leaders, no doubt, to pass this of the story, we come to a long epi. obstacle without the confusion which might sode, which is somewhat clumsily in. attend a more rapid course. But scarcely troduced, in the story of a young mer- had they formed upon the nearer bank, chant, with whom Ismael becomes than uttering a fearful yell, the greater acquainted in the course of his adven- part of their cavalry dashed forward at full tures in Mushed. By this digression speed to the charge. we think an unpleasant break is occa

“ The space between the water-course sioned in the continuity of the story,

and our position might be something less though considered as an isolated story

than half a mile, but we were quite preit is altogether unexceptionable. The pared for this onset ; the word was rapidly

passed along to ep steady till the signal merchant is a great traveller, and car- should be given, and then to pour upon the ries us through many lands, giving advancing enemy the full discharge of our pleasant sketches of the manners of matchlocks and arrows. On they came; the different nations, among whom his the thunder of their innumerable hoofs erratic calling had made him a so- increasing every moment till it shook the journer. We then return to the ad. very earth; their spears in rest and their ventures of Ismael, in whose society naked scymetars gleaming over their heads, we continue to travel on, both plea filling the air with their war-cries. It was santly and profitably, till the end of

a moment of breathless suspense; not a the work. Nader goes on from con

sound was to be heard throughout our host

until the foremost of the Affghauns had quest to conquest; Sultan Mahmoud

reached within eighty yards. Human nais vanquished and slain ; and the glory

ture could have endured no longer, when of the feeble Shah is completely over- the report of three cannon parting in quick shadowed by that of his victorious succession rose above the uproar. Instantly commander. All this portion of the they were answered by a volley from forty Iarrative is full of descriptions of or fifty other pieces, and by the quick nartial exploits, which are executed dropping fire of muskets, which soon in. by a masterly hand. Whether the au- creased to a continued roar. The whole thir belongs to the military profession line was enveloped in smoke, which for a weknow not, but his knowledge, not

few moments hid the enemy from our view; onl of the general character of East

but when the light breeze of morning waftern warfare, but of all minute cir

ed it in part away, a striking change was

seen in their condition. From the close cumstances connected with its tactic

order of the enemy, who had charged in a andstrategy, is evidently very exten

dense body, every shot we fired must have sive His military sketches are com- taken effect, and the front ranks were plet in all their particulars, and he therefore almost totally destroyed : the neve falls into the error of fighting plain was now strewed with men and mere European battles on Persian horses, and those behind, who were spur.

ring up at full speed, increased the con.. that a fresh® reinforcement had come up, fusion by stumbling over the bodies of were checked in their career. their fallen friends. The deadly fire of 6 At this moment, I observed Caleb matchlocks and of arrows still continued ; Allee Beg, who was actively cheering on and ever and anon the cannon scattered his men, hurled with great violence from havoc among the amazed Affghauns, who, his horse to the earth. A cannon-shot confounded at à resistance so determined, had struck him on the shoulder, and carwavered, drew up, and then turned and ried off his arm, with half the muscles of fed beyond reach of our shot.

his side. I flew to him as he lay gasping “ A strong body of cavalry from each on the ground, when, gazing wildly at me wing was immediately dispatched to take for a moment, he recognised me, and said advantage of their disorder, and for a with a ghastly smile, . Ah, my friend, you while the fugitives weré slaughtered al- will not laugh at me now! But go-you most unresistingly; but as they fell back aré required; take my place and do your upon their reserve, and our firé ceased, duty; mine is over ! There was, truly, they recovered somewhat from their panic, no time for delay; consigning him to the and drawing off on either hand, left our care of two trusty men, I flew to the front, horsemen exposed to a heavy fire from the where the ground was still hotly contested, cannon and musketry of their centre divi. though the superiority of the enemy besion. This checked us in our turn; but came every moment more decided. My instead of forming and making an orderly' presence and my voice, calling on them. to. retreat, as they should have done, our remember who they were, exhorting them men, 'flashed with success, thought only to fight for Nader, who was even now at of carrying all before them--of gallop- hand with assistance, restored their sink ing on, and cutting down the topechees of ing spirits ; and by a strenuous effort, we the Affghauns at their guns. This un- once more gained ground upon our adver. lucky mistake was observed simultaneous, saries, and placed them between us and ly by Nader and the enemy: the latter de their own cannon. The junction of a party tached a farther force of horsemen to com. of our comrades, who succeeded in cutting plete the confusion which their fire was their way through to where we stood, enafast effecting among our men, while his bled us to support the struggle with better Highness pushed forward a strong body advantage ; but by this time I discovered of cavalry, including the remainder of his that the body of the guards, of which I. own guards, to support and bring them was now the leader, had been completely off; and moved on himself in good order, separated from the rest of the army in the with the matchloékmen and infantry, to fluctuations of the fight, and was opposed, act as circumstances should determine. unassisted, to a large force of cavalry, with

“ The engagement now became general the infantry and artillery still threatening and furious : what the Affghauns lacked in front. There was nothing for it but in discipline, they possessed in personal to fight while we could; so, shouting strength and courage. They charged the out once more to those around me, that most compact bodies of our cavalry in Nader was driving them before him on parties of ten or twenty, and often broke our left, and that we must open ourselves them with great loss, by dint of determin a path to join him, I called on them to ned bravery; and though their desultory close their ranks, and charge in that direcdevotion generally proved fatal to them in tion. the end, it was not without a serious ex. " The name of Nader, echoed from hun pense of lives to ourselves. So bloody was dreds of tongues in reply, startled the enethe struggle, that even the portion of his my, and aided the force of our charge. Highness's guards which had accompanied Their horsemen were borne down and fed the first detachment in pursuit, thinned before it, and we found ourselves fast clos by discharges of cannon in front, and fu- sing with the line of artillery and muskete riously assailed on either flank by the eers. But from them we did not meet the heavy battle-axes and long spears of the reception I expected ;-they seemed to have horsemen, began to fall into confusion and their attention divided. Charge them give back. I had hastily' collected a small also,' cried I ; charge them, in the name number of men to rally another corps of of God, and they are ours! The spirits of cavalry, which was shrinking under its' my companions were elevated by the suc. heavy loss, when, casting my eyes towards cess of our first effort, and the effect of this my own companions, I saw them strug- order was electrifying; scarcely was there gling with a fresh and powerful troop of time for the guns to be fired, when the Cadanharaes, who were led by some of the gunners were cut and trampled down, and Sultaun's gholaums. The crisis was ur. their infantry were fiying in all directions. gent in the extreme: calling out to my At this moment an unlucky shot struck followers, and shouting aloud the well- our banner-man, and the colours, as they known cry of the Shurtee Naderee !' we fell, were seized upon by one among the charged the new assailants, who, thinking enemy more bold than the rest; fortu: VOL. XXIV.


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