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relative humidity, dew point, vapor pressure, wind direction and velocity, sunshine, cloudiness and rainfall, while at Bas Obispo the evaporation experiments above referred to are conducted; at Aucon on the Pacific, and Cristobal on the Atlantic side of the Isthmus, records of the tides and ocean temperature are taken.

Alhajuela, Bohio and Gatun are recording wind direction and velocity, and rainfall. Brazos Brook, Tabernilla, San Pablo, Gamboa, Empire, Camacho, Culebra, Rio Grande and La Boca are recording only rainfall.

The pressure, temperature, relative humidity, wind direction and velocity, sunshine and rain are recorded hourly, thus showing the hour of the day most affected by these elements.

The mean and annual temperature on the Pacific side is slightly higher than that on the Atlantic side of the Isthmus. The mean temperature for the Canal Zone is about 80 degrees Fah.

The year is divided sharply into two seasons, dry and rainy, the latter lasting from April to December. The heaviest rains usually occur in November.

The precipitation is greatest on the Atlantic Coast, whcre the mean annual rainfall is 128.19 inches at Cristobal, and least on the Pacific side, where it is 48.43 inches at Naos.

A table giving a synopsis of the climatological data of the Isthmus follows, as also a statement showing the maximum, minimum and mean rainfall at the stations of Cristobal, Gorgona, Culebra and Panama.

The Bureau of Meteorology and River Hydraulics (afterwards raised to a Division), under which all hydrographic and meteorological studies are made, was established June 14, 1905, by former Chief Engineer Wallace. Mr. Ricardo M. Arango, who had served as Consulting Engineer during the installation of the water and sewerage system of Panama has been in charge of the Division since its inception.

SUNSET AND SUNRISE TABLE

1908.

SUNRISE

SUNSET.

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Mar.

Apr. 1

11

21 May 1

11 21

31 June 10

20

30 July 10

20

30 Aug. 9

19

29 Sept. 8

18

28 Ost. 8

18

28 Nov. 7

17

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H. M.

16 A. M.

19 6 21 6 21 6 20 6 17 6 14 6 08 6 03 5 57

52 5 48

44
11
40
39

40 5 42 5 44 5 46 5 49 5 51 5 51

52
52
50

49 5 49

48 5 48 5 49

51
54
58
04
09
14

H. M. 5 52 P. M.

57 02 06 09 10 11 11 11 10 10

10 6 10 6 11 6 13 6 16 6 18 6 21 6 23

24 6 24 6 22 6 19 6 15 6 10 6 05 5 59

53 47 42 39

36 5 36 5

40 5 44

37

49

6

17

5

55

27 Dec.

7 17

27 1909 Jan. 6

The above table is in local Panama time and is computed for Lati

The New York Restaurant, .

Only Short Order House on the Canal Zone.

Oysters and Fish, a Specialty.

Ice Cream and Candies.

LOCATED

AND CONVEN

NEAR THE PANAMA RAILROAD DEPOT

IENT TO THE TRAVELING PUBLIC.

Quick Service, Reasonable Prices.

GANDOLFO & RAFFO, Proprietors.
EMPIRE,

CANAL ZONE.

tude 8 deg., 57 min., and 16 sec. north; longitude 79 deg., 31 min., and 4 sec. west.

Colon is in Latitude 9 deg., 22 min., 16 sec. north; longitude 79 deg., 52 min., and 27 sec. west, the difference between local Colon time and local Panama time being about two minutes. By deducting therefore two minutes from the figures on the above table will give the correct sunrise and sunset time at Colon.

PANAMA'S MORALS IN THE '70S

Things are looking up in morals.

We have good authority for stating that a mule was baptized the other day, and now the pleasing intelligence comes from Aspinwall that a five-foot alligator went to church in that quiet and respectable town last Sunday. The donkey had the precedence in the entry into Jerusalem, but his morals were not stated, and for the above ceremony they concluded they would have a good mule, no common donkey, but an orthodox mule or none, so they baptized the candidate and branded him with the sign of the holy cross.Panama Star & Herald in 1872.

(5)

NIJE
T, NA
MIOMI

IC
RAINFALL
AT COLON, GORGONA, CULEBRA, & PANAMA.
STATIONS: JANY FEB’Y MARCH APRIL MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEP. OCT. . NOV.
COLON:

(37) (37)
(38) (37) (37) (37) (36)

(36) Mean.

3.99 1.39 1.52 4.31 12.17 13 18 16.19 15.08 12.45 13.81 21.13 Max.

19 20 6.49 9.17 21.73 23.00 22.00 27.68 25.13 22.99 30.32 43.01 (Year)

1902 1899 1886 1895 1891 1872 1899 1883 1890 1872 1862 Min.

0.63 0.01 0.02 0.43 1.63 6.41 9.07 5.78 5.35 5 83 7.05 (Year)

1849 1897 1865 1899 1871 1899 1905 1902 1867 1897 1881 GORGONA:

(5) (4) (5)

(5) (6) (5) (5) Mean.

2 52 0.55 0.88 2 66 13 03 8.21 11.86 3.45 13.87 11.90 11.76 Max.

3.78 2.01 3.31 3.15 25,12 13.51 19.72 19.88 15.98 18.12 17.27 (Year)

1899 1899 1899 95-1900 1897 1897 1900 1898 1897 1894 1894 Min.

1.21 0 08 0.00 1.38 5.01 4.00 5.16 .8.98 11.25 7 72 7.16 (Year)

1897 1897 1897-8 1898 1898 1895 1896 1896 1900 1898 1897 CULEBRA:

(19) (18) (18) (18) (18) (17) (17) (18)

(18) (18) Mean.

1.81 0.43 0.81 3 83 11.10 9.00 9.01 10.81 10.80 11.05 12.67 Max. .

8.60 2.28

3.06 16.70 32,20 14.90 20.26 17.70 18.18 20 63 21.10
(Year)

1902 1899 1896 1896 1897 1907 1906 1896 1895 1886 1896
Min.
0.00 6.00
0.00 0.04 6.29 3.95 2.92 5.35

6.69
(Year)
1895

1907 1881 1903 1888 1885 1906 1888 1899
PANAMA:
(11) (10) (10) (10) (10) (10) (10) (10) (10) (10)

(10)
Mean.

1.51 0 63 0.99 2.36 8.62 9.00 8.52 6.91 7.91 11:03 11.12 Max.

5.61 2.52 5.71 5 55 11.22 13.78 15.82 11.46 15.06 20.27 19.21 (Year)

1899 1879 1879 1879 1900 1881 1900 1880 1901 1900 1879 Min.

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.41 5.00 4.31 4.05 4.05 4.35 6.46 (Year)

1882 1900 1882 18.99 1907 1880 1905 1882 1882 1906 1880 1901

1900-1

(18)

DEC.

(5)

(56) (36) (37)

(5) (5)

5.75

(36)
12.08
30.94
1893
0.94
1873

(4)
5.18
7.91
1897
3.94
1898
(18)

7.86
34.60
1385
0.35
1900
(10)
3.09
5.52
1906
0.98
1879

6.22

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**

NOTE: Nos. in parentheses denote ycars of observation. * 1885, 1887, 1900, 1902, 1903, 1904. ** 1885, 1897, 1898, 1900, 1901.

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While the temperature of Panama is necessarily high and enervating during the day, the nights are comparatively cool and refreshing. The uniformity of temperature prevailing throughout the Isthmus is strikingly illustrated in the record of fifty-six cities and towns situated in widely-scattered parts of the country, some on the Caribbean coast, some on the Pacific coast, and others in the hills in the interior. The coolest town shows a mean temperature of 77

deg Fahr.; the warmest 81.6 deg. Fahr., the average for the entire number being 79.5 deg. Fahr. The extreme range of temperature nowhere exceeds 35 degrees; the thermometer rarely falls below 68 deg. Fahr. or rises above 95 deg. Fahr., though in Colon 104 deg. Fahr. was registered on one occasion. The humidity is excessive reaching as high as 90 per cent, in the mornings during the rainy season, and 75 per cent. in the afternoons.

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