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THE SOUTHERN DEPARTMENT
BY HENRY LEE,
LIEUTENANT COLONEL COMMANDANT OF THE PARTISAN DEGION
DURING THE AMERICAN WAR.
-Quæque ipse miserrima vidi
A NEW EDITION, WITH CORRECTIONS LEFT BY THE AUTHOR, AND WITH NOTES
AND ADDITIONS BY Á. LEE, THE AUTHOR OF THE CAMPAIGN OF '81.
PRINTED BY PETER FORCE, NORTH C STREET, NEAR PENN. AVENUE,
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, TO WIT :
BE IT REMEMBẾRED, that on the twenty-sixth day of February, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-seven, and of the Independence of the United States of America the fifty-first, Peter Force, of the said District, has deposited in the Office of the Clerk of the District Court for the District of Columbia, the title of a Book, the right whereof he claims as Proprietor, in the words following, io wit: 6 Memoirs of the War in the Southern Department of the United States. By
Henry Lee, lieutenant colonel commandant of the Partisan Legion during the American war.
Quæque ipse miserrima vidi “ El quorum pars fui.
VIRGIL. A new edition, with corrections left by the author, and with notes and additions
by H Lee, the author of the campaign of '81." In conformity to the Act of the Congress of the United States, entitled “ An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the Authors and Proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned,”—and also to the Act, entitled “ An Act supplementary to an Act, entitled 'An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the Authors and Proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned,' and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching, historical and other prints." (L. 6.]
IN TESTIMONY WHEREUF, I have hereunto set my hand, and affixed
EDM. I. LEE,
A second edition of Lee's MEMOIRS seemed to be required by general demand, and was certainly called for by particular request. Colonel Fenwick, of the United States' army, having substantiated his solicitude by his liberality, and agreed to bear the expense of the edition if I would undertake to prepare it, is, in justice, to be considered the patron of the work. The venerable Col. Howard, glorious for his services in the wars of Greene was not less kind. He contributed his corrections, in a manner which authorizes me to affirm that the narrative, as it now stands, bears the seal of his confirmation.The author, not having been able to superintend the. original impression, took occasion to place on the margin of the copy from which this edition is printed, a number of MS. corrections, the adoption of which, after collating them with his Revolutionary documents, it is believed will be found an improvement. The text I have not of course ventured to alter, unless corrections in regard to such obvious mistakes as to dates, names, and places, as cannot affect the identity of the composition, be considered alterations. One emendation might appear ať variance with this remark, if it were left without a particular explanation. In looking over the original manuscript, my attention was struck by the following sentence: “ To the hand of one of her sons had been committed the sword of defence, and from the lips of another, in obedience to the commands of bis constituents, was proposed our independence;" and I suggested the propriety of adding, that the pen of a third had composed our declaration of Independence. The au
thor observed that this had occurred to him also, but that, as contradictory opinions existed respecting the authorship of that great paper, some ascribing it to Mr. R. H. Lee, and others to Mr. Jefferson, he thought it would be the fairer way to decline any expression on the subject. At the time this conversation took place, the uncertainty alluded to did prevail in the minds of many persons, who inferred from the fact of Mr. Lee's having been chairman of the Committee, raised to report on his proposition of independence, and from a corrected copy of the declaration being found among his papers, that he was the author of the instrument itself. This being now completely removed, I have made the text conform to the amendment, which was declined expressly in consequence of its temporary prevalence; as the reader will find at page 119. Such notes as I have added, it is hoped will increase the interest of the work, and facilitate its accurate comprehension by the military student.
H. LEE. Washington, 1st December, 1826.