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of the ratifications of the said convention at Berne, December 22, 1864, did, by a formal declaration, accept the said adhesion of the United States of America, as well in the name of the Swiss Confederation as in that of the other contracting states;
AND WHEREAS, furthermore, the Government of the Swiss Confederation had informed the Government of the United States that the exchange of the ratifications of the aforesaid Additional Articles of the twentieth of October, 1868, to which the United States of America have, in like manner, adhered as aforesaid, has not yet taken place between the contracting parties, and that thes: articles cannot be regarded as a treaty in full force and effect;
NOW, THEREFORE, be it known that I, Chester A. Arthur, President of the United States of America, have caused the said Convention Treaty of August 22, 1864, to be made public, to the end that the same and every article and clause thereof may be observed and fulfilled with good faith by the United States and the citizens thereof; reserying, however, the promulgation of the hereinbefore mentioned Additional Articles of October 20, 1868, notwithstanding the accession of the United States of America thereto until the exchange of the ratifications thereof between the several contracting states shall have been effected, and the said Additional Articles shall have acquired full force and effect as an international treaty.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington, this twenty-sixth day of July, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eighty-two, and of the Independence of the United States the one hundred and seventh. (L. S.)
CHESTER A. ARTHUR By the President FRED'K T. FRELINGHUYSEN
Secretary of State United States of America, Department of State, to all to whom these
presents shall come, greeting: I certify that the foregoing is a true copy of the original on file in the
Department of State.
In testimony whereof I, John Davis, Acting Secretary of State of the United States, have hereunto subscribed my name and caused the seal of the Department of State to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington, this ninth day of August, A. D. 1882, and of the Independence of the United States of America the one hundred and seventh. (L. S.)
CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION, THE AMERICAN NATIONAL RED CROSS No. 2359. RECORDED APRIL 29, 1893, 11 A. M.
Know all men by these presents, that we, Clara Barton, Julian B. Hubbell, Stephen È. Barton, Peter V. De Graw, and George Kennan, all being persons of full age, citizens of the United States, and a majority residents of the District of Columbia, being desirous of forming an association to carry on the benevolent and humane work of the Red Cross in accordance with the articles of the international treaty of Geneva, Switzerland, entered into on the 22d day of August 1864, and adopted by the Government of the United States on the 1st day of March 1892, and also in accordance with the broader scope given to the humane work of said treaty by The American Association of the Red Cross, and known as the American amendment, whereby the sufferings incident to great floods, famines, epidemics conflagration, cyclones, or other disasters of national magnitude may be ameliorated by the administration of necessary relief; and being desirous of containing the noble work heretofore performed by the American Association of the Red Cross, incorporated in the District of Columbia for the purpose of securing the adoption of the said treaty of Geneva by the United States, for benevolent and charitable purposes, and to cooperate with the Comité International de Secours aux Militaires Blessés;
Now, therefore, for the purpose of creating ourselves, our associates and successors, a body politic and corporate in name and in fact, we do hereby associate ourselves together under and by virtue of sections 545, 546, 547, 548, 549, and 550 of the Revised Statutes of the United States relating to the District of Columbia, as amended and in force at this time; and do make, sign and acknowledge this certificate of incorporation as follows, to wit;
First. The name by which this association shall be known in law is “The American National Red Cross."
Second. The principal office of the association shall be in the city of Washington, District of Columbia.
Third. The term of its existence shall be 50 years, from the date of this certificate.
Fourth. The objects of this association shall be, in addition to the purpose set forth in the above preamble as follows, to wit:
1. To garner and store materials, articles, supplies, moneys, or property of whatsoever name or nature, and to maintain a system of national relief and administer the same in the mitigation of human suffering incident to war, pestilence, famine, flood, or other calamities.
2. To hold itself in readiness for communication and cooperation with the Government of the United States, or any department thereof, or with the Comité International de Secours aux Militaires Blessés,
of Geneva, Switzerland, to the end that the mericiful provisions of the said international treaty of Geneva may be more wisely and effectually carried out.
3. To collect and diffuse information concerning the progress and application of mercy, the organization of national relief, the advancement of sanitary science, and the training and preparation of nurses or others necessary in the application of such work.
4. To carry on and transact any business, consistent with law, that may be necessary or desirable in the fulfillment of any or all of the objects and purposes hereinbefore set forth.
Fifth. The affairs and funds of the corporation shall be controlled and managed by a board of directors, and the number of the directors for the first year of the corporation's existence, and until their successors are lawfully elected and qualified, is five, and their names and addresses are as follows, to wit:
Washington, D. C. PETER V. DE GRAW,
Washington, D. C. DR. JULIAN B. HUBBELL,
Washington, D. C. DR. JOSEPH GARDNER,
Bedford, Ind. STEPHEN E. BARTON,
The names and addresses of the full membership of the association, who shall be designated as charter members, are as follows, to wit: Clara Barton, Washington, D. C.; Adolphus S. Solomons, Washington, D. C.; Peter V. De Graw, Washington, D. C.; George Kennan, Washington, D. C.; Dr. Julian B. Hubbell, Washington, D. C.; Col. Richard J. Hinton, Washington, D. C.; Mrs. Henry V. Boynton, Washington, D. C.; Rev. Rush R. Shippen, Washington, D. C.; Rev. Alexander Kent, Washington, D. C.; Rev. William Merritt Ferguson, Washington, D. C.; General Edward W. Whitaker, Washington, D. C.; Joseph E. Holmes, Washington, D. C.; Mrs. Peter V. De Graw, Washington, D. C.; Mrs. George Kennan, Washington, D. C.; Mrs. R. Delaven Mussey, Washington, D. C.; Mrs. Omar D. Conger, Washington, D. C.; William Lawrence, Bellefontaine, Ohio; Walter P. Phillips, New York, N. Y.; Joseph Sheldon, New Haven, Conn.; John H. Van Wormer, New York, N. Y.; Albert C. Phillips, New York, N. Y.; Mrs. Walter D. Phillips, New York, N. Y.; Mrs. Joseph Gardner, Bedford, Ind.; Dr. Joseph Gardner, Bedford, Ind.: Miss Mary E. Almon, Newport, R. I.; Dr. Lucy Hall-Brown, Brooklyn, N. Y.; John H. Morlan, Bedford, Ind.; and Stephen E. Barton, Newtonville, Mass.
But the corporation shall have power to increase its membership in accordance with bylaws to be adopted.
In witness whereof, we have hereto subscribed our names and affixed our seals in triplicate, at the city of Washington, District of Columbia, this 17th day of April A. D. 1893.
CLARA BARTON, (SEAL]
GEORGE KENNAN, (SEAL Witness:
S. G. HOPKINS.
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, to wit:
I, S. G. Hopkins, a notary public in and for the said District of Columbia, do hereby certify that Clara Barton, Julian B. Hubbell, and Stephen E. Barton, whose names are signed to the foregoing and annexed certificate of incorporation of the American National Red Cross, bearing date of April — A. D. 1893, personally appeared before me, in the said District of Columbia, the said Clara Barton, Julian B. Hubbell, and Stephen E. Barton, being personally well known to me as the persons who executed the said certificate, and each and all acknowledge the same to be his, her, and their act and deed for the purposes therein mentioned.
Given under my hand and official seal this 17th day of April A. D. 1893. (SEAL]
S. G. HOPKINS,
H. R. 5580, FIFTY-THIRD CONGRESS, SECOND SESSION*
H. R. 5580.
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
March 28, 1894
Read twice and referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations
To protect the insignia and the name of the Red Cross
Whereas on the twenty-second of August, eighteen hundred and sixty
four, at Geneva, Switzerland, plenipotentiaries respectively representing Italy, Baden, Belgium, Denmark, Spain, Portugal, France, Prussia, Saxony, and Wurtemburg, and the federal council of Switzerland agreed upon ten articles of a treaty or convention for the purpose of mitigating the evils inseparable from war; of suppressing the needless severity, and ameliorating the condition of soldiers wounded on the field of battle; and particularly providing among other things in effect, that persons employed in hospitals, and in affording relief to the sick and wounded, and supplies for this purpose, shall be deemed neutral and entitled to protection; and that a distinctive and uniform flag shall be adopted for hospitals and ambulances and convoys of sick and wounded, and an arm badge for individuals neutralized; and Whereas said treaty has been ratified by all of said nations, and by
others subsequently, to the number of thirty-six or more, including
the United States of America; and Whereas article seven of said treaty specifies the adoption and use of
a special insignia, which shall be the distinctive sign of the Red Cross alone, under which insignia or sign the purpose of the treaty shall be carried into effect, the same being a red Greek cross on a white ground, and which shall constitute the military hospital flag of all the nations within the treaty and designate all persons serving under it, and the same is adopted and used throughout the world, and
* This bill failed to obtain Presidential approval,